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See detailEuropean legislation on methods for antibiotics detection in milk
Scippo, Marie-Louise ULg

Conference (2008, September 22)

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See detailEuropean market trend for fishery and European regulations for imported fishery
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg

in Development orientations of shrimp production chain in Bac Lieu Province, July 1-2, 2008 : actes du colloque (2008)

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See detailEuropean Migration Dialogue, Migration Policy Group
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2003, May 23)

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See detailEuropean military higher education: War-Integrated Learning
Paile, Sylvain ULg

Conference (2009, December)

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See detailThe European Modules on Migrant Integration: a Source of Inspiration for the Member States?
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2011, October 23)

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See detailEuropean multicentre evaluation of the Super Aution SA-4220 urinalysis analyser
Galimany, R.; Arambarri, M.; Biosca et al

in Clinical Chemistry & Laboratory Medicine (1998), 36(12), 947-58

A multicentre evaluation of the urine test strip analyser Super Aution-4220 was carried out in six laboratories. The analytical performance of the instrument with regard to imprecision, linearity ... [more ▼]

A multicentre evaluation of the urine test strip analyser Super Aution-4220 was carried out in six laboratories. The analytical performance of the instrument with regard to imprecision, linearity, detection limit, drift, carry-over and method comparison was studied. Using the Aution stick 8 test strip the pH, glucose, protein, ketones, bilirubin, blood, urobilinogen and leukocyte esterase were analysed. Specific gravity measurements were performed by refractive index method. Within-run and between-run imprecision determined at three levels of analyte were good. No carry-over was observed. Obtained results were linear through all the described analytical range. No significant drift was detected. Method comparison with some quantitative methods was performed and showed a good correlation with most of the analytes. The study of interferences showed minor interferences by common therapeutic drugs with the measurement of some analytes. During the assessment period of about 6 months no breakdown occurred in any laboratory. The Super Aution urine analyser appeared to be a highly automated analyser of urinary test strips. The operation was simple and the maintenance required only a few minutes a day. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean multicentre validation study of the accuracy of E/e' ratio in estimating invasive left ventricular filling pressure: EURO-FILLING study.
Galderisi, Maurizio; Lancellotti, Patrizio ULg; Donal, Erwan et al

in European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging (2014)

AIMS: The non-invasive estimation of left ventricular filling pressures (LVFPs) represents a main goal in the clinical setting. Current recommendations encourage the use of pulsed-wave Tissue Doppler for ... [more ▼]

AIMS: The non-invasive estimation of left ventricular filling pressures (LVFPs) represents a main goal in the clinical setting. Current recommendations encourage the use of pulsed-wave Tissue Doppler for calculating the ratio between the preload-dependent transmitral E velocity and the average of septal and lateral early diastolic velocities (e') of the mitral annulus. Despite its wide use, real utility of the E/e' ratio has been recently challenged in patients with either very advanced heart failure or preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. However, only few studies performed the invasive and non-invasive estimation of LVFP simultaneously. The EURO-FILLING Study will validate the E/e' ratio (and additional non-invasive estimates) against simultaneously measured LVFP obtained by left heart catheterization in a multicentre study involving reference European echo laboratories collecting a wide population sample size of cardiac patients with and without heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: The EURO-FILLING study is a large, prospective observational study in which simultaneous assessment of invasive and non-invasive measurements of LVFP will be acquired in eight reference European centres. Centralized reading of the collected parameters will be performed in a core laboratory. Not only standardized echo Doppler measurements but also novel echo parameters such as LV global longitudinal strain and global atrial strain (obtainable by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography) will be tested for predicting invasive measurements of LVFP. CONCLUSIONS: The EURO-FILLING study is expected to provide important information on non-invasive assessment of LVFP and to contribute to the standardization of this assessment in clinical practice. [less ▲]

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See detailThe European Multilingual Space. What are Consequences for Language Teaching?
Lucchini, Silvia ULg

in Makowich, G. V. (Ed.) The Common European Space of Education, Science, Culture (2005)

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See detailEuropean National Society Cardiovascular Journals. Background, rationale and mission statement of the "Editors' Club" (Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology).
Alfonso, Fernando; Ambrosio, Giuseppe; Pinto, Fausto J. et al

in Acta Cardiologica (2008), 63(3), 281-7

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See detailThe European Neighbourhood Policy in the Eastern Region: The Practices Perspective
Korosteleva, Elena A.; Natorski, Michal ULg; Simão, Licínia

in East European Politics (2013), 29(3), 257-375

The EU continuously searches for more effective policy towards its eastern neighbourhood, which is reflected in the on-going adaptation of its existing approaches, discourses and policy strategies to the ... [more ▼]

The EU continuously searches for more effective policy towards its eastern neighbourhood, which is reflected in the on-going adaptation of its existing approaches, discourses and policy strategies to the new challenges of its external environment. In order to understand the complexity and limitations of the EU framework under the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and the Eastern Partnership Initiative (EaP) – that is, to consider the interface between policy instruments, institutional structures, and multiple agents – one needs to adopt an original analytical perspective of practices to comprehensively assess the policies’ outcomes. This volume therefore offers an examination of social practices as implemented through the use of policy instruments and subsequently embedded into the existing/emergent social structures which shape and determine the EU-neighbours’ relations. To gauge success of the ENP in the eastern region, the manuscript pulls together a rich collection of geographical and thematic case-studies, joined by the overarching conceptual framework of practices.This study’s principal aims are to discern patterns of social practices which guide agents’ interactions in different policy areas; to explore the origin and effect of these practices (the role of dominant discourses, logistical imbalances, deliberate strategies, etc.); and to explicate the nature of the emerging social structures being established in the eastern region. This approach is distinctive from other constructivist undertakings as it allows to synergise the meanings of social actions (through the focus on agents and instruments), and their structural extensions (through the focus on emergent structures) across geo- and bio-political localities of the EU and its eastern neighbourhood. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Nonproliferation Policy 1993-1995 - Chapitre consacré à la Belgique
Michel, Quentin ULg

in Müller, Harald (Ed.) European Nonproliferation Policy 1993-1995 (1996)

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See detailEuropean Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) 08957 phase II study of topotecan in combination with cisplatin as second-line treatment of refractory and sensitive small cell lung cancer
Ardizzoni, A.; Manegold, C.; Debruyne, C. et al

in Clinical Cancer Research : An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research (2003), 9(1), 143-150

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the activity and toxicity of a combined regimen of topotecan and cisplatin in "sensitive" (s) and "refractory" (r) small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients ... [more ▼]

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the activity and toxicity of a combined regimen of topotecan and cisplatin in "sensitive" (s) and "refractory" (r) small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients treated previously. Experimental Design: Patients with measurable SCLC and progressive disease after one first-line regimen were eligible for the study. Patients were enrolled in two separate groups: r group (patients who failed first-line treatment <3 months from treatment discontinuation) and s group (patients who responded to first-line treatment and progressed 2:3 months after treatment discontinuation). Cisplatin was given i.v. at the dose of 60 mg/m(2) on day 1, and topotecan was administered as a daily i.v. infusion at the dose of 0.75 mg/m(2) from day 1 to 5, every 3 weeks. Results: A total of 110 eligible (68 s and 42 r) patients were enrolled from 24 institutions. The main patient characteristics were as follows: median age 60 (s) and 55 (r) years, median performance status 1 for both (s) and (r). Seventy-four percent (s) and 67% (r) had extensive stage disease, including 22% and 36%, respectively, with brain metastases. A total of 398 chemotherapy courses were administered [median 4 (s) and 3 (r) per patient]. The most frequent and serious toxicity was myelosuppression. Grade IV neutropenia occurred in 62% (s) and 49% (r) of patients, with a 19% (s) and 15% (r) incidence of febrile neutropenia, and grade IV thrombocytopenia in 54% (s) and 44% (r). Most of these toxicities occurred during the first chemotherapy course and led to topotecan dose reduction and/or delay in the following courses. Grade III-IV nonhematological toxicity was uncommon. Five deaths possibly related to toxicity occurred among s patients only. Objective responses have been documented in 20 s patients, 19 partial responses and 1 complete response, (29.4% response rate; 95% confidence interval, 19-42), whereas, among r patients, 10 partial responses have been observed (23.8% response rate; 95% confidence interval, 12-39). Median survival for s and r was 6.4 and 6.1 months, respectively. Conclusions: The combination of cisplatin and topotecan, at this dose and schedule, shows activity and promising results in patients with refractory SCLC, with reversible myelosuppression being the main side effect. Additional development of this regimen, using better-tolerated schedules, is warranted in patients with refractory SCLC. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean outbreak of atypical myopathy in the autumn 2009.
Van Galen, Gaby ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg; Busschers, Evita et al

in Journal of Veterinary Emergency & Critical Care (2010)

Background: Atypical myopathy (AM) is an acute, severe rhabdomyolysis occurring in grazing horses. Since In the beginning of October 2009, a new outbreak affects started in several European countries ... [more ▼]

Background: Atypical myopathy (AM) is an acute, severe rhabdomyolysis occurring in grazing horses. Since In the beginning of October 2009, a new outbreak affects started in several European countries. Geographic, demographic and clinical data of the reported cases in the month October 2009 are described. Key Findings: The survival rate over the month October 2009 was 25%. The most frequently observed clinical signs were congestedive mucous membranes, dyspnea, tachycardia, depression, weakness, stiffness, recumbency, trembling, transpirationsweating, and myoglobinuria. Non-survivors were significantly more often likely to be recumbent than survivors. Prognostic factors, symptomatic treatment and preventive measures are discussed. Significance: Slight differences were encountered during the described outbreak of AM in October 2009 compared to previous studies. Equine practitioners should be alert aware that previous epidemiological studies have shown that after a high prevalence this autumn, for new cases are likely to occur in the upcoming spring 2010. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean outbreaks of atypical myopathy in grazing horses (2006-2009): Determination of indicators for risk and prognostic factors
Van Galen, Gaby ULg; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Marcilllaud Pitel, Christel et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal (2012), DOI: 10.1111/j.2042-3306.2012.00555.x

Appropriate management of atypical myopathy (AM) requires the establishment of an accurate diagnosis and prognosis. Furthermore, preventive measures to avoid AM need to be refined. The aims of the study ... [more ▼]

Appropriate management of atypical myopathy (AM) requires the establishment of an accurate diagnosis and prognosis. Furthermore, preventive measures to avoid AM need to be refined. The aims of the study were as follows: 1) to improve the diagnosis of AM; 2) to identify prognostic predictors; and 3) to refine recommended preventive measures based on indicators of risk factors. [less ▲]

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See detailThe European Parliament within the global governance of culture: voice and influence
Vlassis, Antonios ULg

Conference (2015, June 23)

Abstract: The paper deals with the international actorness of the European Parliament (EP) within the global governance of cultural industries, and in particular with its ability to promote the ... [more ▼]

Abstract: The paper deals with the international actorness of the European Parliament (EP) within the global governance of cultural industries, and in particular with its ability to promote the Convention on diversity of cultural expressions (CDCE) on its international relations and on the EU international agreements. In this respect, it attempts to analyse empirically not only the EP’s interests and strategies about the CDCE and its place within the EU external relations, but also the ways that the EP shapes the process of the global governance of cultural industries, challenging its political asymmetries and hierarchies. In this sense, the paper draws five main conclusions: a. it illustrates a recent multiplication of EP resolutions and of written parliamentary questions towards the culture in EU external relations, and especially the link between trade agreements and culture; b. the EP seeks to promote a more normative position for the global governance of cultural industries, taking cultural concerns seriously into account; c. the negotiations between EU and United States reveal that the EP does not follow the pro-liberalization agenda of the European Commission and especially of DG Trade. On the contrary, the EP sided with the French government and the cultural professional organizations and it interpreted the CDCE as a normative tool protecting and promoting the cultural policies in the context of the trade negotiations; d. the EP’s votes towards the culture in EU external relations follow more the national cleavages existing within the European Council rather than a left-right divide, showing that the national lines seem to be a substantial factor in order to understand the EP’s preferences; e. despite the establishment of an international normative framework towards the cultural sector and the inclusion of the culture as a component of the EU foreign policy, the EP’s diplomacy has not yet fully integrated the culture among its priorities. In this sense, the different aspects of the cultural sector such as the cultural and creative industries or the tangible, natural and intangible cultural heritage are absent from the discussions of the EP with national and other regional parliaments. [less ▲]

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See detailThe European partnership with MERCOSUR: a Relationship based on Strategic and Neo-liberal principles
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Journal of European Integration (2005), 27, 3

Since the early 1990s, the European Union has developed new instruments to consolidate its external action, especially in ‘low politics’. These new instruments include the signing of interregional ... [more ▼]

Since the early 1990s, the European Union has developed new instruments to consolidate its external action, especially in ‘low politics’. These new instruments include the signing of interregional arrangements with other regional groups. The EU’s region–to–region strategy towards the Common Market of the South (Mercosur) is in keeping with the latest trends of interregionalism. Since the birth of Mercosur, the EU has given technical, financial and diplomatic support to South America’s new regional- ism. The long–term goal is to conclude a region–to–region agreement in the political, cooperation and trade fields. By providing this support, the EU plays a role as an ‘exter- nal federator’ for new regional experiences through its interregionalist projects. Although ‘new interregionalism’ is a corollary of the new regionalism, interregionalism can contribute to the consolidation of regionalism. Moreover, by encouraging economic multilateralism, interregional arrangements can improve the governance of globalisation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe European Partnership with MERCOSUR: a Relationship Based on Strategic and Neoliberal Principles
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Söderbaum, Frederik; Van Langenhove, Luk (Eds.) The EU as a Global Player: The Politics of Interregionalism (2006)

This article deals with the European Union’s Latin-American strategy and especially the relations that the European regional space has developed with the MERCOSUR since the early 1990s. The goal of the EU ... [more ▼]

This article deals with the European Union’s Latin-American strategy and especially the relations that the European regional space has developed with the MERCOSUR since the early 1990s. The goal of the EU is to conclude a bloc to bloc Association Agreement with the MERCOSUR which would cover both the political and cooperation aspects and which would include an ambitious free trade area for goods, services and investment. [less ▲]

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See detailA European patient record study on diagnosis and treatment of chemotherapy-induced anaemia
Ludwig, H.; Aapro, M.; Bokemeyer, C. et al

in Supportive Care in Cancer (2014), 22

Purpose – Patients with cancer frequently experience chemotherapy‐induced anaemia (CIA) and iron deficiency (ID). Erythropoiesis‐stimulating agents (ESA), iron supplementation and blood transfusions are ... [more ▼]

Purpose – Patients with cancer frequently experience chemotherapy‐induced anaemia (CIA) and iron deficiency (ID). Erythropoiesis‐stimulating agents (ESA), iron supplementation and blood transfusions are available therapies. This study evaluated routine practice in CIA management. Methods – Medical oncologists and/or haematologists from nine European countries (n=375) were surveyed on their last five cancer patients treated for CIA (n=1730). Information was collected on tests performed at diagnosis of anaemia, levels of haemoglobin (Hb), serum ferritin and transferrin saturation (TSAT), and applied anaemia therapies. Results – Diagnostic tests and therapies for CIA varied across Europe. Anaemia and iron status were mainly assessed by Hb (94%) and ferritin (48%) measurements. TSAT was only tested in 14%. At anaemia diagnosis, 74% of patients had Hb ≤10g/dL, including 15% with severe (Hb <8g/dL) anaemia. Low iron levels (ferritin ≤100ng/mL) were detected in 42% of evaluated patients. ESA was the most commonly used treatment (63%) and 30% of ESA‐treated patients also received iron supplementation. Most iron‐treated patients (74%) received an oral iron; intravenous iron was administered to 26%. 52% of patients received transfusions and in 76% of these, transfusions formed part of a regular anaemia treatment regimen. Management practices were similar in 2009 and 2011. Conclusion – Management of anaemia and iron status in patients treated for CIA varies substantially across Europe. Iron status is only assessed in half of the patients. In contrast to clinical evidence, iron treatment is underutilised and mainly based on oral iron supplementation. Implementation of guidelines needs to be increased, particularly the minimisation of blood transfusions. [less ▲]

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