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See detailFreezing of water bound in lichen thallus as observed by H-1 NMR. 1. Freezing of loosely bound water in Cladonia mitis at different hydration levels
Haranczyk, Hubert; Grandjean, Jean ULg; Olech, M.

in Colloids and Surfaces B : Biointerfaces (2003), 28

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See detailFreezing vortex rivers
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Kramer, R. G. B.; Van de Vondel, J. et al

in Physica C: Superconductivity (2010), 470(19), 726-729

We demonstrate experimentally and theoretically that the dissipative state at high current densities of superconducting samples with a periodic array of holes consist of flux rivers resulting from a short ... [more ▼]

We demonstrate experimentally and theoretically that the dissipative state at high current densities of superconducting samples with a periodic array of holes consist of flux rivers resulting from a short range attractive interaction between vortices. This dynamically induced vortex-vortex attraction results from the migration of quasiparticles out of the vortex core. We have directly visualized the formation of vortex chains by scanning Hall microscopy after freezing the dynamic state by a field cooling procedure at constant bias current. Similar experiments carried out in a sample without holes show no hint of flux river formation. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailFremdsprachen für die Kinder Europas : Ergebnisse und Empfehlungen der Forschung
Blondin, Christiane ULg; Candelier, M.; Edelenbos, P. et al

Book published by Cornelsen Verlag (1998)

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See detailFrench adaptation and validation of the SinoNasal Outcome Test (SNOT)-22: a prospective cohort study on quality of life among 422 subjects.
de Dorlodot, Clotilde; Horoi, Mihaela; Lefèbvre, Philippe ULg et al

in Clinical otolaryngology : official journal of ENT-UK ; official journal of Netherlands Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology & Cervico-Facial Surgery (2014)

OBJECTIVES: ENT surgeons are facing an ever-increasing demand to demonstrate their efficacy. The 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) is a fully validated and easy-to-use outcome measure in rhinology ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: ENT surgeons are facing an ever-increasing demand to demonstrate their efficacy. The 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) is a fully validated and easy-to-use outcome measure in rhinology. Our goal was to translate and validate the SNOT-22 in a cohort of 422 French-speaking subjects. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The French version of the SNOT-22 was obtained by forward and backward translations by 6 independent interpreters. Five experienced rhinologists compared the translations to each other and a group of 12 naive patients selected the most appropriate translation of each item. To evaluate this questionnaire, we conducted a prospective cohort study on 376 rhinological patients and 46 healthy volunteers in 3 University-affiliated teaching Hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: reproducibility (test-retest reliability), internal consistency, known group differences, responsiveness to treatment, validity and correlation to other clinical instruments (visual analogue scale, Nasal Obstruction Symptoms Evaluation score and Lund-Mackay score). RESULTS: The test-retest reliability coefficient was 0.78, indicating a good reliability when administering the instrument on two different occasions. The internal consistency was high with a Cronbach's alpha value of 0.93. Our questionnaire was able to detect differences between rhinological patients and control subjects (p<0.0001) and improved significantly after nose and sinus surgery (p<0.0001), indicating a good responsiveness. There was a relative correlation with visual analogue scale and NOSE score, but no correlation with Lund-Mackay score. CONCLUSION: The SNOT-22 is a reliable and valid tool to assess quality of life in French-speaking patients and correlates well with known indices of disease severity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailFrench Adaptation of the Childhood ExecutivFe Function Inventory (CHEXI): Confirmatory Factor Analysis in a Sample of Young French-Speaking Belgian Children
Catale, Corinne ULg; Lejeune, Caroline ULg; Merbah, Sarah ULg et al

in European Journal of Psychological Assessment (2013), 29(2), 149-155

Thorell and Nyberg (2008) recently developed the Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI), a new rating instrument for executive functioning in day-to-day life that can be divided into four ... [more ▼]

Thorell and Nyberg (2008) recently developed the Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI), a new rating instrument for executive functioning in day-to-day life that can be divided into four subscales: working memory, planning, inhibition, and regulation. By using an exploratory factor analysis on data from young Swedish children attending kindergarten, Thorell and Nyberg (2008) found a two-factor solution tapping working memory and inhibition. In the present study, we explored the psychometric characteristics of the French adaptation of the CHEXI. Ninety-five parents of 5- and 6-year-old children completed the CHEXI. Eighty-seven children from this sample were given clinical inhibition and working memory tasks. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the two-factor solution based on inhibition and working memory that was identified in the original study of Swedish children. Supplementary results indicated good internal and test-retest reliability for the entire scale, as well as for the two subscales identified. Correlation analyses showed no relationship between cognitive measures and the CHEXI subscales. Possible clinical applications for the CHEXI scales are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailA French adaptation of the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale: Confirmatory factor analysis in a sample of undergraduate students
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; d'Acremont, M.; Zermatten, A. et al

in European Journal of Psychological Assessment (2006), 22(1), 38-42

Impulsivity is an important and multifaceted psychological construct. Recently, Whiteside and Lynam (2001) have developed the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale that distinguishes four dimensions of ... [more ▼]

Impulsivity is an important and multifaceted psychological construct. Recently, Whiteside and Lynam (2001) have developed the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale that distinguishes four dimensions of impulsivity: Urgency, lack of Premeditation, lack of Perseverance, and Sensation seeking. In the present study, we investigated the psychometric properties of a French adaptation of the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale. Two hundred and thirty-four undergraduate students completed the UPPS Scale. Exploratory and confirmatory analyses revealed a four factors solution similar to that found in the original study. Also, the results indicated that there was good to very good internal reliability for the four subscales. [less ▲]

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See detailFrench Admiration for Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper
Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Pedretti, Carlo (Ed.) Catalogue of the exhibition Leonardo da Vinci & France (Amboise, Château du Clos Lucé) (2010)

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See detailFrench Affirmative Action Based upon Spatial Inequalities: the case of inner city “Neighborhood Law and Justice Centres”
Lejeune, Aude ULg

Conference (2009, May 29)

In 1998, the French Parliament enacted a law regarding the struggle against discrimination . In response to this legislation, the French Minister of Justice implemented a new judicial structure (the ... [more ▼]

In 1998, the French Parliament enacted a law regarding the struggle against discrimination . In response to this legislation, the French Minister of Justice implemented a new judicial structure (the "Houses of Law") in areas which had been defined as "districts in difficulty" or "areas where the law is not applied anymore." The purpose of this structure was to provide advice to inner city inhabitants within these Houses of Law with the aim to reduce inequalities between the citizens who can hire private lawyers and the ones who cannot. First, this research examines the means by which the French Government implemented these affirmative action policies, which are an obstacle in the state's pursuit of the principle of equality; a fundamental precept of the French Republic . Instead of focusing on people, governmental policy targeted geographic areas, specifically inner city. Secondly, this research studies the work of private lawyers operating within the public sector judicial structures and asks whether these "Houses of Law" are equitable arrangements for all citizens due to their locational situation. [less ▲]

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See detailFrench good practice guidelines for the management of the low back pain risk among workers exposed to manual handling
Petit, Audrey; Mairiaux, Philippe ULg; FASSIER, Jean-Baptiste et al

Poster (2014, September 29)

Background Manual handling of loads (MHL) is a widespread practice in the workplace and is the leading cause of work accidents. In particular, MHL is associated with a risk of low back injuries which can ... [more ▼]

Background Manual handling of loads (MHL) is a widespread practice in the workplace and is the leading cause of work accidents. In particular, MHL is associated with a risk of low back injuries which can compromise staying at work and worker's career in the case of recurrence or chronicity. This communication aims to set forth the French occupational Guidelines for the management of the low back pain (LBP) risk among workers exposed to MHL, published in October 2013. Methods These Good Practice Guidelines were written according to the Clinical Practice Guidelines method proposed by the French National Authority for Health. They emanated from a synthesis of the literature by a multidisciplinary working party of 24 experts and were peer reviewed by a committee of 50 experts. These Guidelines are designed to define the components of an appropriate surveillance program for all workers exposed to MHL activities at the workplace and especially suffering from LBP and still at work, or suffering LBP and on sick leave. Results Because of the potential impact on workers’ fears and beliefs, the information provided by the various actors must be consistent, or even reassuring in relation to the prognosis of LBP. Among LBP workers, it is recommended to look for signs of severity or an underlying disease at the acute, subacute and chronic stages of LBP; to encourage continuation or resumption of physical activity; situate the current episode of LBP in the worker’s work history (recent changes of working conditions) and evaluate the impact of LBP on the worker’s job. In the case of persistent or recurrent LBP, it is recommended to evaluate biopsychosocial and socioeconomic risk factors likely to influence chronicity, prolonged incapacity and delay return to work. If workers are on prolonged and/or repeated sick leave for LBP, a pre-return-to-work visit is recommended to evaluate the pain and functional disability and their repercussions, as well as the main factors of prolonged work incapacity; encourage and help the worker to develop a return to work dynamic; identify the main difficulties related to work and possible job adjustments and evaluate the need to initiate a job staying at work approach. Conclusions Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention are necessary for the management of low back pain at work. [less ▲]

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See detailThe French History of Leonardo da Vinci's Painting
Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Pedretti, Carlo (Ed.) Catalogue of the exhibition Leonardo da Vinci & France (Amboise, Château du Clos Lucé) (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (3 ULg)
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See detailFrench Mnemonics for the Periodic Table
Olive, Gilles ULg; Riffont, David

in Journal of Chemical Education (2008), 85(11), 1489-1490

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See detailFrench pragmatic sociology, German phenomenology and British pragmatic philosophy : convergences, differences, and cross-fertilization »,
Frère, Bruno ULg

Conference (2007)

For about fifteen years a new paradigm called pragmatic approach has been increasingly successful among francophone sociologists. The aim of the present paper is to locate it in the context of the ... [more ▼]

For about fifteen years a new paradigm called pragmatic approach has been increasingly successful among francophone sociologists. The aim of the present paper is to locate it in the context of the philosophy presiding over the development of social sciences today. I first intend to consider the phenomenological origin of the pragmatic approach using some founding texts by its major theoreticians namely L. Boltanski and L. Thévenot (all available in English). Drawing on this school of thought, these authors aim to comprehend the “states of mind” and moral reasoning that accompany people’s actions. To this end, various “regimes of action” have been defined. Among them, the regime of “justice,” composed of “universes” (polities) of conventions upon which people argue for their action, is currently the most developed. (Frère, 2003) After a short discussion of these “universes,” I will discuss the reason for which Francophone pragmatics is in reality at least as inspired by Anglophone pragmatics as it is by phenomenology. Finally, to conclude, I will investigate the strengths and weaknesses of this “new pragmatic paradigm” in relation to cited movements as well as to the “traditional” philosophies of the social sciences that it critiques: ethnomethodology, Bourdieu’s structuralist school and the school of rational choice (also known as the positive political theory). [less ▲]

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See detailFrench Pragmatic Sociology: A Materialist Renewal of Critical Theory
Frère, Bruno ULg

Conference (2014)

From Lukács to Bourdieu, many significant intellectual developments have taken place and, in fact, one may gain the impression that the critical tradition continues to be based on one key assumption ... [more ▼]

From Lukács to Bourdieu, many significant intellectual developments have taken place and, in fact, one may gain the impression that the critical tradition continues to be based on one key assumption: individuals (workers, social actors, etc.) unconsciously reproduce the social structures of capitalism whilst being alienated by them. They accept the conditions enforced on them and no longer seek to rebel against a system which impoverishes not only their work and culture, but also their [soul]problematic? and creativity. The situation may be even more diree: they ensure the reproduction of the system by seeking to engage in mass consumption at any cost, or by glorifying the dominant values. In this chapter I would like to show that toay, no critical perspective has emerged out of a negative representation of the world such is likely to introduce ‘man’ living here and now as something other than a deeply bastardized being, corrupted, denatured, perverted, inflected, soiled by a civilizing process which owes its perversion to modernity (Rousseau) on the one hand, and to capitalism on the other. As we shall see, without making an exception, Honneth has rightly noted that all the authors of the tradition of what he calls ‘social philosophy’ have remained dependent on a form of disgust regarding the world as it is. Yet for me as a sociologist of social movements, it seems difficult to deal with such a [software]? of the new forms of social resistance to domination (Indignados, anonymous, alternative economy, movements of the ‘-less’ – see Frère and Jacquemain, 2013), even though it is precisely the same kind of diagnosis adopted by a significant number of theories dealing with cooperation and association. Some amongst them leave me sceptical, notably when it comes to the shared desire to [locate,]posit? for instance, an alternative and [solidary]? economy in the field of utopia, as opposed to a succinct and time-honoured representation of Marxism (Pessin, 2001; Pradès, 2012; Hély and Moulévrier, 2013), or to subscribe to the 'natural' reciprocity of human beings as they lived before the arrival of capitalist modernity, , thus before the ideology of growth perverted human imagination (Godbout, 2000). is this right? In my opinion, in order to be able to talk about contemporary reactions of resistance against diverse forms of alienation and domination authorized by contemporary [connectionist]? capitalism, a philosophical representation of the passive, unconscious human reified by this very same domination, which only a few holy utopian thinkers would avoid, remains ineffective. This is because, in the case of such a representation, the modern subject will be likely to react when criticism will have taken away that layer of impurity specific to the condition of alienated man in order to allow him to renew his deep nature, the one which was his in the context of the ‘good life’ , as Habermas and Honneth would say . Yet abolishing the very possibility of transcendentalism and idealism which lies implicit in contemporary critical theories, whether French or German, opens the door to the possibility, in the incertitude of the social model that they may create, of an actual – but profane – criticism of capitalisme. Here, it is a matter of human relationships in the world that gives criticism its content, in all their insurmountable impurity, in all their contingency. Aiming at abolishing the transcendental anthropological foundations that criticism has always allowed itself, this gesture is currently silhouetted not in philosophy but, rather, in a sociology, that is, ‘pragmatic sociology’. Parallel to the classical Marxist tradition traversing Bourdieu’s critical sociology and the intellectual tradition of the Frankfurt School, it is a form of ‘critical materialism’ that I would like to exhume in this chapter, a notion inspired by the libertarian Marxism of Lefort and Castoriadis (see Frère, 2009), which is able to make the profane capacities of people’s emancipation emerge . I would like to do so on the basis of a reflection revolving around the pragmatic perspective which has recently been reinforced in France by Boltanski in his book De la critique (2009), but which stands – in my view – as the backdrop of all his works. [less ▲]

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See detailThe french speaking society of transplantation and "transplantation sans frontières"
SQUIFFLET, Jean-Paul ULg; BARROU, Benoit; GLOTZ, Denis et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2011), 43

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULg)