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See detailFreedom, Memory, and Identity: The Paradoxical Individual/Collective Dialectic in Steve Darnall and Alex Ross’s Graphic Novel 'Uncle Sam'
Dony, Christophe ULg

Conference (2012, March)

As his star-spangled costume and his usually firm posturing suggest, Uncle Sam impersonates the United States and symbolically reflects the nation’s most cherished values and ideals such as freedom ... [more ▼]

As his star-spangled costume and his usually firm posturing suggest, Uncle Sam impersonates the United States and symbolically reflects the nation’s most cherished values and ideals such as freedom, exceptionalism, and (masculine) strength. As such, he connects the projects of nationalism and patriotism with the scale of the individual. In other words, he embodies the American motto ‘out of many, one.’ Steve Darnall and Alex Ross’s rewriting of the character, however, strongly contrast with this dominant perception of Uncle Sam in their eponymous 1997 graphic novel. Their narrative shows a distressed and lunatic homeless man wandering the streets of an unknown American city. As he roams the streets, he undergoes an identity crisis that coincides with a crisis of memory, both of which complicate the relation between the symbolic individual body and the collective American unconscious. On the one hand, the character represents the values of freedom and democracy that the US government has strived to implement. On the other, he realizes that the paradigm of the nation cannot be understood as a monolithic entity, and that the plurality of voices that inhabit his persona – and, quite paradoxically, the country – cannot uphold this meta-narrative of American unity. In asking whether or not Uncle Sam is one of U.S., Darnall and Ross comment on the paradoxes of freedom and the myth of the melting pot. [less ▲]

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See detailFreefield vibrations due to dynamic loading on a tunnel embedded in a stratified medium
Clouteau, Didier; Arnst, Maarten ULg; Al-Hussaini, Tahmeed et al

in Journal of Sound & Vibration (2005), 283(1-2), 173-199

An efficient and modular numerical prediction model is developed to predict vibration and re-radiated noise in adjacent buildings fromexcitati on due to metro trains in tunnels for both newly built and ... [more ▼]

An efficient and modular numerical prediction model is developed to predict vibration and re-radiated noise in adjacent buildings fromexcitati on due to metro trains in tunnels for both newly built and existing situations. The three-dimensional dynamic tunnel–soil interaction problem is solved with a subdomain formulation, using a finite element formulation for the tunnel and a boundary element method for the soil. The periodicity of the tunnel and the soil in the longitudinal direction is exploited using the Floquet transform, limiting the discretization effort to a single bounded reference cell. It is demonstrated in the paper how the boundary element method can efficiently be extended to deal with periodic media, reusing the available three-dimensional Green’s tensors for layered media. The efficiency of the method is demonstrated with a numerical example, where the case of harmonic and transient point loading on the invert of a shallow cut-and-cover masonry tunnel in Paris is considered. The work described here was carried out under the auspices of the CONVURT project sponsored by the European Community. [less ▲]

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See detailA freehand-sketch environment for architectural design supported by a multi-agent system
Juchmes, Roland ULg; Leclercq, Pierre ULg; Azar, Sleiman

in Computers & Graphics (2005), 29(6),

This paper presents an on-line system for capturing and interpreting architectural sketches. The prototype is based on a multi-agent system, which enables real-time management of recognition scenarios. We ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an on-line system for capturing and interpreting architectural sketches. The prototype is based on a multi-agent system, which enables real-time management of recognition scenarios. We describe the different types of agents, their characteristics, the basic mechanisms involved in interpreting freehand architectural drawings and the collaboration modes between agents. Finally, we illustrate the general operations of the system by a short example. r 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailThe freeness problem over matrix semigroups and bounded languages
Charlier, Emilie ULg; Honkala, Juha

in Information & Computation (2013)

We study the freeness problem for matrix semigroups. We show that the freeness problem is decidable for upper-triangular 2 × 2 matrices with rational entries when the products are restricted to certain ... [more ▼]

We study the freeness problem for matrix semigroups. We show that the freeness problem is decidable for upper-triangular 2 × 2 matrices with rational entries when the products are restricted to certain bounded languages. [less ▲]

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See detailFreeze-dried poly(D,L-lactic acid) macroporous guidance scaffolds impregnated with brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the transected adult rat thoracic spinal cord
Patist, Carla M; Borgerhoff Mulder, Masha; Gautier, Sandrine et al

in Biomaterials (2004), 25(9), 1569-1582

The effects of poly(D,L-lactic acid) macroporous guidance scaffolds (foams) with or without brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on tissue sparing, neuronal survival, axonal regeneration, and ... [more ▼]

The effects of poly(D,L-lactic acid) macroporous guidance scaffolds (foams) with or without brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on tissue sparing, neuronal survival, axonal regeneration, and behavioral improvements of the hindlimbs following implantation in the transected adult rat thoracic spinal cord were studied. The foams were embedded in fibrin glue containing acidic-fibroblast growth factor. One group of animals received fibrin glue with acidic-fibroblast growth factor only. The foams were prepared by a thermally induced polymer-solvent phase separation process and contained longitudinally oriented macropores connected to each other by a network of micropores. Both foams and fibrin only resulted in a similar gliotic and inflammatory response in the cord-implant interfaces. With BDNF foam, up to 20% more NeuN-positive cells in the spinal nervous tissue close to the rostral but not caudal spinal cord-implant interface survived than with control foam or fibrin only at 4 and 8 weeks after implantation. Semithin plastic sections and electron microcopy revealed that cells and axons more rapidly invaded BDNF foam than control foam. Also, BDNF foam contained almost twice as many blood vessels than control foam at 8 weeks after implantation. Tissue sparing was similar in all three implantation paradigms; approximately 42% of tissue was spared in the rostral cord and approximately 37% in the caudal cord at 8 weeks post grafting. The number of myelinated and unmyelinated axons was low and not different between the two types of foams. Many more axons were found in the fibrin only graft. Serotonergic axons were not found in any of the implants and none of the axons regenerated into the caudal spinal cord. The behavioral improvements in the hindlimbs were similar in all groups. These findings indicated that foam is well tolerated within the injured spinal cord and that the addition of BDNF promotes cell survival and angiogenesis. However, the overall axonal regeneration response is low. Future research should explore the use of poly(D,L-lactic acid) foams, with or without axonal growth-promoting factors, seeded with Schwann cells to enhance the axonal regeneration and myelination response. [less ▲]

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See detailFreeze-dried resorcinol-formaldehyde gels
Blacher, Silvia ULg; Pirard, René ULg; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids (1997), 212(2-3), 250-261

The texture of resorcinol-formaldehyde gels, previously synthesized by Pekala et al. [1-6], but dried by freeze-drying was studied. The freeze-dried gels present a complex porous structure from nanometer ... [more ▼]

The texture of resorcinol-formaldehyde gels, previously synthesized by Pekala et al. [1-6], but dried by freeze-drying was studied. The freeze-dried gels present a complex porous structure from nanometer to micrometer length-scale. Taking a standard freezing rate, we study in detail the influence of the molar ratio resorcinol/catalyst on the texture, This molar ratio is one of the parameters under consideration which can lead to a tailoring of the dried gel texture in order to develop adsorbents or catalyst supports of controlled porosity. Characterization methods include nitrogen adsorption-desorption (including the classical and the fractal interpretations), mercury porosimetry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). [less ▲]

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See detailFreeze-drying of lactic acid bacteria : Lactobacillus acidophilus
Desmons, S.; Zgoulli, S.; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Mededelingen - Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent (1997), 62/4b

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See detailFreeze-drying of lactic acid bacteria as starter cultures for gari production.
Yao, A. A.; Dortu, C.; Holzapfel, W. et al

Poster (2006, May 17)

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See detailFreezing of water bound in lichen thallus as observed by H-1 NMR. 1. Freezing of loosely bound water in Cladonia mitis at different hydration levels
Haranczyk, Hubert; Grandjean, Jean ULg; Olech, M.

in Colloids and Surfaces B : Biointerfaces (2003), 28

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See detailFreezing vortex rivers
Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Kramer, R. G. B.; Van de Vondel, J. et al

in Physica C: Superconductivity (2010), 470(19), 726-729

We demonstrate experimentally and theoretically that the dissipative state at high current densities of superconducting samples with a periodic array of holes consist of flux rivers resulting from a short ... [more ▼]

We demonstrate experimentally and theoretically that the dissipative state at high current densities of superconducting samples with a periodic array of holes consist of flux rivers resulting from a short range attractive interaction between vortices. This dynamically induced vortex-vortex attraction results from the migration of quasiparticles out of the vortex core. We have directly visualized the formation of vortex chains by scanning Hall microscopy after freezing the dynamic state by a field cooling procedure at constant bias current. Similar experiments carried out in a sample without holes show no hint of flux river formation. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailFremdsprachen für die Kinder Europas : Ergebnisse und Empfehlungen der Forschung
Blondin, Christiane ULg; Candelier, M.; Edelenbos, P. et al

Book published by Cornelsen Verlag (1998)

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See detailFrench adaptation and validation of the SinoNasal Outcome Test (SNOT)-22: a prospective cohort study on quality of life among 422 subjects.
de Dorlodot, Clotilde; Horoi, Mihaela; Lefèbvre, Philippe ULg et al

in Clinical otolaryngology : official journal of ENT-UK ; official journal of Netherlands Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology & Cervico-Facial Surgery (2014)

OBJECTIVES: ENT surgeons are facing an ever-increasing demand to demonstrate their efficacy. The 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) is a fully validated and easy-to-use outcome measure in rhinology ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: ENT surgeons are facing an ever-increasing demand to demonstrate their efficacy. The 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) is a fully validated and easy-to-use outcome measure in rhinology. Our goal was to translate and validate the SNOT-22 in a cohort of 422 French-speaking subjects. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The French version of the SNOT-22 was obtained by forward and backward translations by 6 independent interpreters. Five experienced rhinologists compared the translations to each other and a group of 12 naive patients selected the most appropriate translation of each item. To evaluate this questionnaire, we conducted a prospective cohort study on 376 rhinological patients and 46 healthy volunteers in 3 University-affiliated teaching Hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: reproducibility (test-retest reliability), internal consistency, known group differences, responsiveness to treatment, validity and correlation to other clinical instruments (visual analogue scale, Nasal Obstruction Symptoms Evaluation score and Lund-Mackay score). RESULTS: The test-retest reliability coefficient was 0.78, indicating a good reliability when administering the instrument on two different occasions. The internal consistency was high with a Cronbach's alpha value of 0.93. Our questionnaire was able to detect differences between rhinological patients and control subjects (p<0.0001) and improved significantly after nose and sinus surgery (p<0.0001), indicating a good responsiveness. There was a relative correlation with visual analogue scale and NOSE score, but no correlation with Lund-Mackay score. CONCLUSION: The SNOT-22 is a reliable and valid tool to assess quality of life in French-speaking patients and correlates well with known indices of disease severity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailFrench Adaptation of the Childhood ExecutivFe Function Inventory (CHEXI): Confirmatory Factor Analysis in a Sample of Young French-Speaking Belgian Children
Catale, Corinne ULg; Lejeune, Caroline ULg; Merbah, Sarah ULg et al

in European Journal of Psychological Assessment (2013), 29(2), 149-155

Thorell and Nyberg (2008) recently developed the Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI), a new rating instrument for executive functioning in day-to-day life that can be divided into four ... [more ▼]

Thorell and Nyberg (2008) recently developed the Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI), a new rating instrument for executive functioning in day-to-day life that can be divided into four subscales: working memory, planning, inhibition, and regulation. By using an exploratory factor analysis on data from young Swedish children attending kindergarten, Thorell and Nyberg (2008) found a two-factor solution tapping working memory and inhibition. In the present study, we explored the psychometric characteristics of the French adaptation of the CHEXI. Ninety-five parents of 5- and 6-year-old children completed the CHEXI. Eighty-seven children from this sample were given clinical inhibition and working memory tasks. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the two-factor solution based on inhibition and working memory that was identified in the original study of Swedish children. Supplementary results indicated good internal and test-retest reliability for the entire scale, as well as for the two subscales identified. Correlation analyses showed no relationship between cognitive measures and the CHEXI subscales. Possible clinical applications for the CHEXI scales are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailA French adaptation of the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale: Confirmatory factor analysis in a sample of undergraduate students
Van der Linden, Martial ULg; d'Acremont, M.; Zermatten, A. et al

in European Journal of Psychological Assessment (2006), 22(1), 38-42

Impulsivity is an important and multifaceted psychological construct. Recently, Whiteside and Lynam (2001) have developed the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale that distinguishes four dimensions of ... [more ▼]

Impulsivity is an important and multifaceted psychological construct. Recently, Whiteside and Lynam (2001) have developed the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale that distinguishes four dimensions of impulsivity: Urgency, lack of Premeditation, lack of Perseverance, and Sensation seeking. In the present study, we investigated the psychometric properties of a French adaptation of the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale. Two hundred and thirty-four undergraduate students completed the UPPS Scale. Exploratory and confirmatory analyses revealed a four factors solution similar to that found in the original study. Also, the results indicated that there was good to very good internal reliability for the four subscales. [less ▲]

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See detailFrench Admiration for Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper
Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Pedretti, Carlo (Ed.) Catalogue of the exhibition Leonardo da Vinci & France (Amboise, Château du Clos Lucé) (2010)

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See detailFrench Affirmative Action Based upon Spatial Inequalities: the case of inner city “Neighborhood Law and Justice Centres”
Lejeune, Aude ULg

Conference (2009, May 29)

In 1998, the French Parliament enacted a law regarding the struggle against discrimination . In response to this legislation, the French Minister of Justice implemented a new judicial structure (the ... [more ▼]

In 1998, the French Parliament enacted a law regarding the struggle against discrimination . In response to this legislation, the French Minister of Justice implemented a new judicial structure (the "Houses of Law") in areas which had been defined as "districts in difficulty" or "areas where the law is not applied anymore." The purpose of this structure was to provide advice to inner city inhabitants within these Houses of Law with the aim to reduce inequalities between the citizens who can hire private lawyers and the ones who cannot. First, this research examines the means by which the French Government implemented these affirmative action policies, which are an obstacle in the state's pursuit of the principle of equality; a fundamental precept of the French Republic . Instead of focusing on people, governmental policy targeted geographic areas, specifically inner city. Secondly, this research studies the work of private lawyers operating within the public sector judicial structures and asks whether these "Houses of Law" are equitable arrangements for all citizens due to their locational situation. [less ▲]

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