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See detailFrom the curriculum framework to its dissemination: the accompaniment of educational practices in care facilities for children under three years
Pirard, Florence ULg

in European Early Childhood Education Research Journal (2011), 19(2), 255-268

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (4 ULg)
See detailfrom the deepest mud mound to the shallowest palaeosoils: correlations and sequence stratigraphy
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Abstract book 13th Bathurst meeting of carbonate sedimentologists (2007)

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See detailFrom the design to the clinical application of thromboxane modulators
Dogné, Jean-Michel ULg; Hanson, Julien ULg; de Leval, Xavier et al

in Current Pharmaceutical Design (2006), 12(8), 903-923

Arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites are key mediators involved in the pathogenesis of numerous cardiovascular, pulmonary, inflammatory, and thromboembolic diseases. One of these bioactive metabolites of ... [more ▼]

Arachidonic acid (AA) metabolites are key mediators involved in the pathogenesis of numerous cardiovascular, pulmonary, inflammatory, and thromboembolic diseases. One of these bioactive metabolites of particular importance is thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)). It is produced by the action of thromboxane synthase on the prostaglandin endoperoxide H-2 (PGH(2)) which results from the enzymatic transformation of AA by the cyclooxygenases. It is a potent inducer of platelet aggregation, vasoconstriction and bronchoconstriction, and has been involved in a series of major pathophysiological conditions. Therefore, TXA(2) receptor antagonists, thromboxane synthase inhibitors and drugs combining both properties have been developed by different laboratories since the early 1980s. Several Compounds have been launched on the market and others are tinder clinical evaluation. In the first part of this review. we will describe the physiological properties of TXA(2), thromboxane synthase and thromboxane receptors. The second part is dedicated to a description of each class of thromboxane modulators with the advantages and disadvantages they offer. In the third part. we aim to describe recent studies performed with the most interesting thromboxane modulators in major pathologies: myocardial infarction and thrombosis, atherosclerosis, diabetes, pulmonary embolism, septic shock.. preeclampsia, and asthma. Each pathology will be systematically reviewed. Finally, in the last part we will highlight the latest perspectives in drug design of thromboxane modulators and in their future therapeutic applications such as cancer, metastasis and angiogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom the germinal cells to the newborn animal: the transmission of genes and life through the generations
Drion, Pierre ULg; Scenzi, Otto; Ectors Francis et al

(1999, May)

During the last decade, the technology of reproduction progressed considerably leading to a certain availability of in vitro methods for fertilization, maturation of the oocyte and culture system for the ... [more ▼]

During the last decade, the technology of reproduction progressed considerably leading to a certain availability of in vitro methods for fertilization, maturation of the oocyte and culture system for the embryos. The most spectacular manipulations are cloning and transgenesis… This review focuses on the early appearance of the germinal cells precursors and the longstanding destiny of the gametes in mammals. The evident complexity and long-term programmation of events in gametes and early embryo explain the difficulties to succeed in in-vitro methods and the occurrence of unexpected alterations of development, e.g. embryonic or fetal mortalities, large weight newborn syndrome and other dys-regulations in imprinting or DNA transmission. “Studying and teaching the reproductive physiology in mammals, we sometimes imagine that a newborn animal survived two pregnancies: the first one would be a high risk pregnancy that represents the oocyte development and survival inside the follicle with a tetraploïd genome and the zona pellucida & cumulus cells as placenta-like structures. Around the first birth (ovulation), oocytes (individuals) accept in vitro conditions for maturation, fertilization and culture. Afterwards, a second pregnancy will be necessary in the mother or in the recipient uterus; a low risk pregnancy depending on the oocyte competence acquisition and on the conditions or length of exposure in vitro. “ [less ▲]

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See detailFrom the germinal cells to the newborn animal: The transmission of genes and life through the generations
Drion, Pierre ULg; Szenci, Otto; Ectors, Fabien ULg et al

in Acta Veterinaria Hungarica (2003), 51(3), 371-384

The technology of reproduction progressed considerably during the last decade, leading to a certain availability of in vitro methods for fertilisation, oocyte maturation and embryo culture. The most ... [more ▼]

The technology of reproduction progressed considerably during the last decade, leading to a certain availability of in vitro methods for fertilisation, oocyte maturation and embryo culture. The most spectacular manipulations are cloning and transgenesis. This review focuses on the early appearance of germinal cell precursors and the long-standing fate of gametes in mammals. The evident complexity and long-term programming of events in gametes and early embryos explain part of the difficulties encountered during the development of in vitro and in vivo methods such as multiple Ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET), oestrus synchronisation, ovulation induction, superovulation, in vitro maturation and fertilisation, cryopreservation, transgenesis, nuclear transfer and cloning) and the occurrence of unexpected alterations of development, e.g. embryonic or fetal mortality, large-weight newborn syndrome and other dysregulations ill imprinting or DNA transmission. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom the Gymnasium to the Agora: Hermes and his Cult-Epithets
Paul, Stéphanie ULg

Conference (2014, March 29)

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See detailFrom the Herat of the Bayous- Fernest ARCENEAUX - JSP Records- LP sleeve notes & photos
Sacré, Robert ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (1983)

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See detailFrom the Lyric Subject to the Embouchured Self
Delville, Michel ULg

in Weinstock, Horst (Ed.) Anglistentag Bayreuth (2003)

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See detailFrom the numerisation of the Soil Map of Wallonia to a real information and management tool
Legrain, Xavier ULg; Bah, Boubacar Billo ULg; Veron, Philippe et al

Poster (2007, December 05)

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See detailFrom Third Sector to Social Enterprise
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Borzaga, Carlo; Defourny, Jacques (Eds.) The Emergence of Social Enterprise (2001)

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See detailFrom Third Sector to Social Enterprise: Concepts and Methods
Defourny, Jacques ULg

in Comparative Economic and Social Systems = Jingji Shehui Tizhi Bijiao (2009), 7(4), 112-121

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See detailFrom universal to local: celebrating new saints in the Southern Netherlands
Delfosse, Annick ULg

Conference (2012, March 22)

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See detailFrom unresponsive wakefulness to minimally conscious PLUS and functional locked-in syndromes: recent advances in our understanding of disorders of consciousness.
Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Thibaut, Aurore ULg et al

in Journal of Neurology (2011), 258(7), 1373-84

Functional neuroimaging and electrophysiology studies are changing our understanding of patients with coma and related states. Some severely brain damaged patients may show residual cortical processing in ... [more ▼]

Functional neuroimaging and electrophysiology studies are changing our understanding of patients with coma and related states. Some severely brain damaged patients may show residual cortical processing in the absence of behavioural signs of consciousness. Given these new findings, the diagnostic errors and their potential effects on treatment as well as concerns regarding the negative associations intrinsic to the term vegetative state, the European Task Force on Disorders of Consciousness has recently proposed the more neutral and descriptive term unresponsive wakefulness syndrome. When vegetative/unresponsive patients show minimal signs of consciousness but are unable to reliably communicate the term minimally responsive or minimally conscious state (MCS) is used. MCS was recently subcategorized based on the complexity of patients' behaviours: MCS+ describes high-level behavioural responses (i.e., command following, intelligible verbalizations or non-functional communication) and MCS- describes low-level behavioural responses (i.e., visual pursuit, localization of noxious stimulation or contingent behaviour such as appropriate smiling or crying to emotional stimuli). Finally, patients who show non-behavioural evidence of consciousness or communication only measurable via para-clinical testing (i.e., functional MRI, positron emission tomography, EEG or evoked potentials) can be considered to be in a functional locked-in syndrome. An improved assessment of brain function in coma and related states is not only changing nosology and medical care but also offers a better-documented diagnosis and prognosis and helps to further identify the neural correlates of human consciousness. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom variability to stability: The acquisition of phonemes in French speaking children aged 30 to 53 months.
MacLeod, Andrea; Maillart, Christelle ULg

Poster (2014, July 16)

When children first begin to produce the phonemes of their language, their productions are characterized by a high degree of variability (e.g., Ferguson & Farwell, 1975). As children’s phonological ... [more ▼]

When children first begin to produce the phonemes of their language, their productions are characterized by a high degree of variability (e.g., Ferguson & Farwell, 1975). As children’s phonological representations become more defined, their productions become more stable. In fact, the observation of variability beyond the early-word stage has been used as a diagnostic criteria for sub-types of phonological disorders (Dodd et al. 2005). Despite the clinical significance of phonological variability, there exists no normative data that can be used to objectively describe this variability in French. The goal of the present study was to describe variability and stability among French-speaking children between the ages of 30 and 53 months. A total of 153 children participated in the present study and were equally distributed in four groups (aged 30-35, 36-41, 42-47, and 48-53 months). We created a picture identification task with 65 target words, which contained the consonants of French in word initial, medial and final position. The children were asked to produce this series of words three times. Two measures of variability were used. (1) A consonant level analysis that investigated the stability of consonants regardless of word or syllable position. (2) A word level analysis that investigated the consistency of productions across the three series (Holm et al., 2007). The preliminary analysis focused on the consonant level analysis and revealed that the youngest group of children aged 30 to 35 months were significantly more variable than the oldest group aged 48-53 months. This shift from variability to stability will be discussed in terms of the development phonological representations. In addition, the clinical significance of variability will be discussed in light of these findings. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom virtual communities to project-driven mediated collectives. A comparison of Debian, Wikipedia and the Open Directory Project
Lejeune, Christophe ULg

in Francq, Pascal (Ed.) Collaborative Search and Communities of Interest. Trends in Knowledge Sharing and Assessment (2011)

The lay notion of a virtual community is not satisfactory as, strictly speaking, depicted phenomena (Internet-coordinated collectives) are neither communitarian nor virtual. Moreover, the idiom embraces ... [more ▼]

The lay notion of a virtual community is not satisfactory as, strictly speaking, depicted phenomena (Internet-coordinated collectives) are neither communitarian nor virtual. Moreover, the idiom embraces too wide a range of situations. For these reasons, we propose the narrower notion of mediated collectives. Previous ethnographies of Debian, Open Directory and Wikipedia help to define the notion based on empirical observation. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom wood charcoals to trees: pitfalls and successes of the taxonomic identification in tropical contexts
Morin-Rivat, Julie ULg; De Weerdt, Joëlle; Hubau, Wannes et al

Poster (2014, February 07)

So as to document the past history of tropical forests, several palaeoenvironmental proxies have been used. For instance, charcoals from soil deposits provide a local signal of the evolution of the ... [more ▼]

So as to document the past history of tropical forests, several palaeoenvironmental proxies have been used. For instance, charcoals from soil deposits provide a local signal of the evolution of the vegetation together with snapshots of human interactions with the environment. As charcoal analyses are rare in tropical contexts, here we aim at presenting the different aspects of charcoal studies through their pitfalls and successes as well as the needs for further research. Charcoal analysis (anthracology) is a discipline initially from archaeobotany that consists in the analysis of pieces of charred wood primarily found in archaeological contexts but also in natural soil layers. Its goal is to identified the species that burnt during the past through the observation of the charred wood structure. Indeed carbonization, as the incomplete combustion of the ligneous material, preserves the wood structure. The identifications obtained through microscopic observations allow assessing past uses of wood and human impacts on the forest landscape. However, issues typically tropical exist: difficulties related to fieldwork accessibility, to sampling, to soil processing so as to collect the charcoals, difficulties related to the taxonomic identification because of the huge number of species and of the limited number of anatomical descriptions. New developments are nonetheless emerging for Central Africa with original anatomical descriptions, identification protocols and visual keys. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (9 ULg)
See detailFrom Wood to Roof Carpentry
Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg

in Hoffsummer, Patrick (Ed.) Roof Frames from the 11th to the 19th Century: Typology and Development in Northern France and in Belgium: Analysis of CRMH Documentation (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
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See detailFrom zero-energy building to zero-energy neighbourhood : urban form and mobility matter
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Penders, Marine ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Proceedings PLEA 2013 (2013, September)

Zero-Energy” Building (ZEB) is arousing more and more interest internationally, both in policies aiming at a more sustainable built environment (such as the European Directive PEB that will require, for ... [more ▼]

Zero-Energy” Building (ZEB) is arousing more and more interest internationally, both in policies aiming at a more sustainable built environment (such as the European Directive PEB that will require, for example, all new buildings to be “nearly Zero-Energy” Buildings (nZEB) by 2020) and in the scientific literature. Although Zero-Energy can be considered at different scales, this approach only adopts the perspective of the individual building and neglects phenomena linked to larger scales. Therefore, this paper aims at investigating the “Zero-Energy Neighbourhood” concept. It proposes a calculation method that takes into account three main topics: the energy consumption of buildings, the impact of the location on the energy consumption for daily mobility and the use of renewable energies. An application of this calculation method to two representative case studies (one urban neighbourhood and one suburban neighbourhood) is proposed. Main parameters that act upon the energy balance are highlighted and combined to propose concrete results to improve our built environment and move towards more sustainability. Hourly and monthly balances, the potential of “energy mutualisation” and smart grids are keys challenges that are of crucial importance in the scope of a Zero-Energy objective at the neighbourhood scale. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 135 (29 ULg)