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Peer Reviewed
See detailFructose utilization during exercise in men: rapid conversion of ingested fructose to circulating glucose.
Jandrain, Bernard ULg; Pallikarakis, N.; Normand, S. et al

in Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) (1993), 74(5), 2146-54

The aim of the present study was to compare the metabolic fate of repeated doses of fructose or glucose ingested every 30 min during long-duration moderate-intensity exercise in men. Healthy volunteers ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was to compare the metabolic fate of repeated doses of fructose or glucose ingested every 30 min during long-duration moderate-intensity exercise in men. Healthy volunteers exercised for 3 h on a treadmill at 45% of their maximal oxygen consumption rate. "Naturally labeled" [13C]glucose or [13C]fructose was given orally at 25-g doses every 30 min (total feeding: 150 g; n = 6 in each group). Substrate utilization was evaluated by indirect calorimetry, and exogenous sugar oxidation was measured by isotope ratio mass spectrometry on expired CO2. Results were corrected for baseline drift in 13C/12C ratio in expired air due to exercise alone. Fructose conversion to plasma glucose was measured combining gas chromatography and isotope ratio mass spectrometry. Most of the ingested glucose was oxidized: 81 +/- 4 vs. 57 +/- 2 g/3 h for fructose (2P < 0.005). Exogenous glucose covered 20.8 +/- 1.4% of the total energy need (+/- 6.7 MJ) compared with 14.0 +/- 0.6% for fructose (2P < 0.005). The contribution of total carbohydrates was significantly higher and that of lipids significantly lower with glucose than with fructose. The blood glucose response was similar in both protocols. From 90 to 180 min, 55-60% of circulating glucose was derived from ingested fructose. In conclusion, when ingested repeatedly during moderate-intensity prolonged exercise, fructose is metabolically less available than glucose, despite a high rate of conversion to circulating glucose. [less ▲]

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See detailFrugivory and seed dispersal by northern pigtailed macaques, Macaca leonina, in Thailand
Albert, Aurélie; Hambuckers, Alain ULg; Culot, Laurence ULg et al

in International Journal of Primatology (2013), 33

Detailed reference viewed: 214 (10 ULg)
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See detailFruit microstructure evaluation using synchrotron X-ray computed tomography
Verboven, Pieter; Kerckhofs, Greet ULg; Mebatsion, Hibru K. et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFruit Microstructure Evaluation Using Synchrotron X-Ray Computed Tomography
Verboven, Pieter; Ho, Quang Tri; Herremans, Els et al

in Ajjguilera, JM BarbosaCanovas, GV Simpson, R WeltiChanes, J BermudezAguirre, D (Ed.) FOOD ENGINEERING INTERFACES (2011)

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See detailFrustrated symmetries in multi-Higgs-doublet models
Ivanov, Igor ULg; Keus, Venus ULg

in Physics Letters B (2011), 695(5), 459-462

Within multi-Higgs-doublet models, one can impose symmetries on the Higgs potential, either discrete or continuous, that mix several doublets. In two-Higgs-doublet model any such symmetry can be conserved ... [more ▼]

Within multi-Higgs-doublet models, one can impose symmetries on the Higgs potential, either discrete or continuous, that mix several doublets. In two-Higgs-doublet model any such symmetry can be conserved or spontaneously violated after the electroweak symmetry breaking (EWSB), depending on the coefficients of the potential. With more than two doublets, there exist symmetries which are always spontaneously violated after EWSB. We discuss the origin of this phenomenon and show its similarity to frustration in condensed matter physics. [less ▲]

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See detailFrustrated symmetries in NHDM
Keus, Venus ULg

Speech (2010)

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See detailFrustrated symmetries in NHDM
Keus, Venus ULg

Speech (2010)

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See detailFT-IR measurement of tagitinin C after solvent extraction from Tithonia diversifolia
Ziemons, Eric ULg; Goffin, Eric ULg; Lejeune, Robert ULg et al

in Talanta (2004), 62(2), 383-387

Tagitinin C, an antiplasmodial compound, identified as one major compound of the subtropical medicinal plant, Tithonia diversifolia, was, determined by FT-IR spectroscopy method. The crude ether extracts ... [more ▼]

Tagitinin C, an antiplasmodial compound, identified as one major compound of the subtropical medicinal plant, Tithonia diversifolia, was, determined by FT-IR spectroscopy method. The crude ether extracts from aerial parts of the plant were evaporated to dryness and re-dissolved in tetrachloroethylene (C2Cl4) before analysis. The magnitude of the absorbance of the very specific C=O stretching vibration (v(c=o)) at 1664.8 cm(-1) was exploited in order to quantify tagitinin C. The determination coefficient (r(2)) of the calibration scale was 0.9994, the detection limit was lower than 3 mug ml(-1) and the quantification limit was lower than 10 mug ml(-1). Recovery values from 100.5 to 101.7% were found for spiked concentration levels from 19.91 to 89.95 mug ml(-1). The main characteristics of the curves obtained from the calibration standards and from the standard addition technique were not statistically different (Student t-test) suggesting that matrix effects were negligible. The results obtained for the determination of tagitinin C in the crude ether extract from aerial parts of T diversifolia by LC and FT-IR spectroscopic method agreed well: 0.76 +/- 0.02 and 0.773 +/- 0.009, of tagifinin C in dried plant respectively. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailFT-Raman Spectroscopy of Extant and Fossil Micro-Algae
Marshall, craig; Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Conference (2005)

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See detailFTIR characterisation of the chemical composition of Silurian miospores (cryptospores and trilete spores) from Gotland, Sweden
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Lepot, Kevin ULg; Marshall, Craig et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2010), 162

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (15 ULg)
See detailFTIR Observations at the Jungfraujoch Station for long-term monitoring of the Troposphere and Validation of the Space-based Sensors.
Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Demoulin, Philippe ULg et al

in Burrows, J.; Borrell, P. (Eds.) Measuring Tropospheric Trace Constituents from Space. (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (8 ULg)
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See detailFTIR signal acquisition based on simultaneous analog sampling of the laser reference and IR detectors.
Servais, Christian ULg; Blavier, J. F.; Toon, G. C. et al

Scientific conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (9 ULg)
See detailLa fugue en institution
Born, Michel ULg

in Bulletin de l'Union Mondiale Pour la Sauvegarde de l'Enfance et de l'Adolescence (1978), 56

Detailed reference viewed: 146 (2 ULg)
See detailFuguer: ... pour fuir quoi ? Étude sur le profil et le vécu des fugueurs en Belgique
Van de Water, G.; Vettenburg, N.; Glowacz, Fabienne ULg

Book published by Ed. Fondation Roi Baudouin (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 ULg)
See detailFukuyama et Huntington. Du "clash of civilizations" à la "fin de l'histoire"
Brüll, Christoph ULg

Scientific conference (2011, May 04)

La conférence vise à interroger l'utilité de certaines théories politiques et historiques récentes pour le travail pratique de recherche de l'historien du temps présent.

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See detailA Full Discontinuous Galerkin Formulation Of Euler Bernoulli Beams In Linear Elasticity With Fractured Mechanic Applications
Becker, Gauthier ULg; Noels, Ludovic ULg

Conference (2010, July 21)

A full discontinuous Galerkin method is used to predict the fracture of beams thanks to insertion of an extrinsic cohesive element. In fact, The formulation developed originally by G. Wells etal. to ... [more ▼]

A full discontinuous Galerkin method is used to predict the fracture of beams thanks to insertion of an extrinsic cohesive element. In fact, The formulation developed originally by G. Wells etal. to guarantee weakly the high order derivatives of plates with only displacement field unknown and extended by L. Noels etal. for shells is derived for beam with full discontinuous elements. This new formulation can be advantageously combined, as shown first by J. Mergheim etal. , with an extrinsic cohesive approach as there is no need to modify dynamically the mesh, which is the major drawback of this approach. The pre-fractured stage is modeled by full discontinuous elements in a manner which is proved stable and consistent and the fracture is modeled by a cohesive law applied on stress resultant an stress couple defined by J.C. Simo etal. The suggested study produces two type of results. On one hand, it is shown analytically and verified by numerical examples that the presented framework has got the properties of consistency and convergence expected for a numerical scheme. On the other hand, it is proved by some test cases that the energy released during fracture process is equal to the fracture energy except in the case where the difference of internal energy between not fractured and fractured configurations is bigger than the fracture energy. In this case, the fracture occurs in one time step. The presented work proposed a novel interesting manner to take into account fracture in thin bodies. The verification made on the particularized case of beams suggested great perspectives for plates and shells which allow to simulate more complex problems. [less ▲]

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See detailFull discontinuous Galerkin formulation of shell in large deformations with fracture mechanic applications
Becker, Gauthier ULg; Noels, Ludovic ULg

in Hogge, Michel; Van Keer, Roger; Dick, Erik (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Advanded COmputational Methods in Engineering (ACOMEN2011) (2011, November)

Different methods have been developed to model tearing prediction, as e.g., the combination between the cohesive principle and the finite element method. Unfortunately, this method has some well known ... [more ▼]

Different methods have been developed to model tearing prediction, as e.g., the combination between the cohesive principle and the finite element method. Unfortunately, this method has some well known issues that can be fixed by recourse to discontinuous Galerkin formulation. Such a formulation allows to insert very easily an extrinsic cohesive element at onset of fracture without any mesh modification. This promising technique has been recently developed by the authors for linear shell. Although promising numerical results were obtained, it is difficult to compare the method with experiments due to the large plastic deformation present in material before the fracture apparition. Thus, the method is extent herein to elasto-plastic finite deformations. The simulations of some benchmarks prove the ability of this new framework to model accurately the continuum part of the deformation and the crack propagation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (29 ULg)