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See detail3D Modelling of the Black Sea northwestern Shelf Ecosystem
Capet, Arthur ULg; Grégoire, Marilaure ULg

Conference (2010, May 14)

Some validation procedures are presented concerning the physicis and the biology, as well as the decomposition of the oxygen cycle in its different components. The role of the Sevastopol eddy of retaining ... [more ▼]

Some validation procedures are presented concerning the physicis and the biology, as well as the decomposition of the oxygen cycle in its different components. The role of the Sevastopol eddy of retaining POM in the Crimea peninsula causing intense bacterial oxygen consumption is evidenced. [less ▲]

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See detail3D Modelling of the Black Sea northwestern shelf ecosystem : Benthic Fluxes
Capet, Arthur ULg; Grégoire, Marilaure ULg

Scientific conference (2010, October)

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See detail3D modelling of the massive star binary systems Eta Carinae, WR 22, and WR 140
Parkin, E. R.; Pittard, J. M.; Corcoran, M. F. et al

in Bulletin de la Societe Royale des Sciences de Liege (2011), 80

Massive stars possess powerful stellar winds. Wind-wind collision in a massive star binary system generates a region of thermalized plasma which may emit prolifically at X-ray wavelengths. Results are ... [more ▼]

Massive stars possess powerful stellar winds. Wind-wind collision in a massive star binary system generates a region of thermalized plasma which may emit prolifically at X-ray wavelengths. Results are presented from 3D adaptive-mesh refinement (AMR) hydrodynamical models which include radiative cooling and the radiative driving of the stellar winds. The models provide an exceptional insight into the turbulent nature of the wind-wind interaction regions. The X-ray emission from the hydrodynamical models is then calculated, allowing detailed comparisons with observational data. Preliminary results from investigations of Eta Carinae, WR 22, and WR 140 are discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULg)
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See detail3D nonrigid registration and multimodality fusion for image-guided neurosurgery
Verly, Jacques ULg; Vigneron, Lara M.; Martin, Christophe et al

Conference (2003)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
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See detailA 3D numerical model of the Northern Bering Sea
Nihoul, Jacques ULg; Waleffe, Fabian; Djenidi, Salim ULg

in Environmental Software (1986), 2

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See detail3D particles characterization techniques – a review
Pirard, Eric ULg

in International Fine Particle Research Institute (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
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See detail3D perfusion bioreactor culture of human periosteum derived stem cells for bone tissue engineering
Sonnaert, Maarten; Papantoniou, Ioannis; Bloemen, Veerle et al

Conference (2013)

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See detail3D periodic BE–FE model for various transportation structures interacting with soil
Chebli, Hamid; Othman, Ramzi; Clouteau, Didier et al

in Computers & Geotechnics (2008), 35(1), 22-32

A three-dimensional model for soil-transportation structures is presented. This model exploits the geometrical periodicity of the system and takes into account the dynamic soil–structure interaction with ... [more ▼]

A three-dimensional model for soil-transportation structures is presented. This model exploits the geometrical periodicity of the system and takes into account the dynamic soil–structure interaction with a methodology coupling a boundary element method for the soil and a finite element formulation for the structure. A general overview of this approach is given based on several real transportation structures. Moreover, comparative studies between the different structures have been carried out. Then the model is improved by introducing a general rule for the determination of the optimal number of cells. Finally, the periodic modes propagation is investigated offering a first seizing of the significant dynamical phenomena in the soil–structure system. [less ▲]

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See detail3D Probabilistic Representations for Vision and Action
Piater, Justus ULg; Detry, Renaud ULg

Conference (2008)

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See detail3D real-time auralization with separate rendering of direct sound, reflections and directional late reverberation
Lesoinne, Stéphane ULg; Werner, Nicolas; Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULg

in Proceedings of the 2006 international Conference on Auditory Display (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (13 ULg)
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See detail3D Shape Optimization with X-FEM and a Level Set Constructive Geometry Approach
Van Miegroet, Laurent ULg; Duysinx, Pierre ULg

in Proceeding of the 8th World Congress on Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization (2009, June)

This paper extends previous work on structural optimization with the eXtended Finite Element Method (X-FEM) and the Level Set description of the geometry. The proposed method takes advantage of fixed mesh ... [more ▼]

This paper extends previous work on structural optimization with the eXtended Finite Element Method (X-FEM) and the Level Set description of the geometry. The proposed method takes advantage of fixed mesh approach by using an X-FEM structural analysis method and from the geometrical shape representation of the Level Set description. In order to allow the optimization of complex geometries represented with a Level Set description, we apply here a Constructive Solid Geometry (CSG) approach with the Level Set geometrical representation. Hence, this extension allows to optimize any boundary of the structure that is defined with a coumpound Level Set. Design variables are the parameters of basic geometric primitives which are described with a Level Set representation and/or the control points of the NURBS curves that act as the definition of an advanced Level Set primitive. The number of design variables of this formulation remains small whereas global (i.e. compliance or eigenfrequency) and local constraints (i.e. stresses) can be considered. Our results illustrate that fixed grid optimization with X-FEM coupled to a Level Set geometrical description is a promising technique to achieve structural shape optimization. [less ▲]

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See detail3D simulation of Industrial Hall in case of fire. Benchmark between ABAQUS, ANSYS and SAFIR
Vassart, Olivier; Cajot, Louis-Guy; O'Connor, Marc et al

in Interflam2004 Proceedings. Fire Sciences and Engineering Conference (2004, July)

For simple storey buildings, the structural behaviour in case of fire is relevant only for the safety of the firemen. The protection of occupants and goods is a matter of fire spread, smoke propagation ... [more ▼]

For simple storey buildings, the structural behaviour in case of fire is relevant only for the safety of the firemen. The protection of occupants and goods is a matter of fire spread, smoke propagation, active fire fighting measures and evacuation facilities. Brittle failure, progressive collapse and partial failure of façades elements outwards may endanger the fire fighters and have to be avoided. In order to deal with such an objective, the simulation softwares has to cover the 3D structural behaviour including membrane and restrained effects as well as the failure mode so that post-local failure stage can be analysed. Such calculation models (ANSYS, ABAQUS and SAFIR [1]) have been compared true a benchmark. In this benchmark, two different users used ABAQUS. [less ▲]

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See detail3D spatial relationships model: a useful concept for 3D cadastre?
Billen, Roland ULg; Zlatanova, Siyka

in Computers, Environment & Urban Systems (2003), 27(4), 411-425

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (10 ULg)
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See detail3D spatial relationships model: a useful concept for 3D cadastre?
Billen, Roland ULg; Zlatanova, Siyka

in Van Oosterom, Peter; Stoter, Jantine; Fendel, Elfriede (Eds.) Registration of properties in strata - International workshop on « 3D cadastre » (2001)

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See detail3D thermo-elastic distortion measurements on OSIRIS SiC hardware by holographic interferometry and correlation with finite element models
Thizy, Cédric ULg; Eliot, Fabienne; Ballhause, Dirk et al

Conference (2012, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
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See detail3D turbulence field on the north-western european continental-shelf
Martin, Géraldine ULg; Delhez, Eric ULg

in Tellus : Series A (1994), 46(2), 98-112

The 3-dimensional, non-linear, baroclinic, GHER mathematical model for the study of mesoscale motions (time scale of several hours to several days: tides, storm surges, ...) is described. Particular ... [more ▼]

The 3-dimensional, non-linear, baroclinic, GHER mathematical model for the study of mesoscale motions (time scale of several hours to several days: tides, storm surges, ...) is described. Particular attention is paid to the turbulent closure based on an evolution equation for the turbulent kinetic energy and a parametric expression of the mixing length (k-model). Appropriate boundary conditions and numerical techniques (mode-splitting, implicity, sigma-coordinate system, advection scheme) are described. The model is applied to the simulation of the M2 tide on the North-Western European Continental Shelf not only without wind but also in typical winter and summer conditions. Large spatial variations of the turbulent kinetic energy appear as a result of the variations of depth and tidal activity around the shelf. These variations are clearly related to the different turbulence regimes observed in summer, with frontal structures separating well-mixed waters from stratified ones. The structure and evolution of the vertical profiles of turbulence variables are described and explained in barotropic and baroclinic conditions, under different wind forcings. The evolution of these profiles at the M2 tide frequency largely depends on the eccentricity of the tidal ellipse. [less ▲]

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See detail3D Vision
Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

Learning material (2011)

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See detail3D XFEM-based modeling of retraction for preoperative image update.
Vigneron, Lara M.; Warfield, Simon K.; Robe, Pierre ULg et al

in Computer aided surgery : official journal of the International Society for Computer Aided Surgery (2011), 16(3), 121-34

Outcomes for neurosurgery patients can be improved by enhancing intraoperative navigation and guidance. Current navigation systems do not accurately account for intraoperative brain deformation. So far ... [more ▼]

Outcomes for neurosurgery patients can be improved by enhancing intraoperative navigation and guidance. Current navigation systems do not accurately account for intraoperative brain deformation. So far, most studies of brain deformation have focused on brain shift, whereas this paper focuses on the brain deformation due to retraction. The heart of our system is a 3D nonrigid registration technique using a biomechanical model driven by the deformations of key surfaces tracked between two intraoperative images. The key surfaces, e.g., the whole-brain region boundary and the lips of the retraction cut, thus deform due to the combination of gravity and retractor deployment. The tissue discontinuity due to retraction is handled via the eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM), which has the appealing feature of being able to handle arbitrarily shaped discontinuity without any remeshing. Our approach is shown to significantly improve the alignment of intraoperative MRI. [less ▲]

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See detail3D-Characterization of the veneer-zirconia interface using FIB nano-tomography.
MAINJOT, Amélie ULg; Douillard, Thierry; Gremillard, Laurent et al

in Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials (2013), 29(2), 157-65

OBJECTIVES: The phenomena occurring during zirconia frameworks veneering process are not yet fully understood. In particular the study of zirconia behavior at the interface with the veneer remains a ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: The phenomena occurring during zirconia frameworks veneering process are not yet fully understood. In particular the study of zirconia behavior at the interface with the veneer remains a challenge. However this interface has been reported to act on residual stress in the veneering ceramic, which plays a significant role in clinical failures such as chipping. The objective of this study was thus to investigate the veneer-zirconia interface using a recent 3D-analysis tool and to confront these observations to residual stress measurements in the veneering ceramic. METHODS: Two cross-sectioned bilayered disc samples (veneer on zirconia), exhibiting different residual stress profiles in the veneering ceramic, were investigated using 2D and 3D imaging (respectively Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Focused Ion Beam nanotomography (FIB-nt), associated with chemical analysis by Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS). RESULTS: The observations did not reveal any structural change in the bulk of zirconia layer of both samples. However the presence of structural alterations and sub-surface microcracks were highlighted in the first micrometer of zirconia surface, exclusively for the sample exhibiting interior tensile stress in the veneering ceramic. No interdiffusion phenomena were observed. SIGNIFICANCE: FIB nanotomography was proven to be a powerful technique to study the veneer-zirconia interface. The determination of the origin and the nature of zirconia alterations need to be further studied. The results of the present study support the hypothesis that zirconia surface property changes could be involved in the development of tensile stress in the veneering ceramic, increasing the risk of chipping. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)