How to introduce "Geography" into databases?
Scientific conference (2004, April 21)
Form and content of spatial data. Geographic versus cartographic data? Software solutions: mapping software, Desktop GIS, Enterprise GIS. Database models: Flat relational, Spatial-enabled database ... [more ▼]
Form and content of spatial data. Geographic versus cartographic data? Software solutions: mapping software, Desktop GIS, Enterprise GIS. Database models: Flat relational, Spatial-enabled database. Required standards. GIS architecture today. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
How to involve stakeholders in CSR certifications?
El Abboubi, Manal ; Cornet, Annie
Conference (2008, May)Detailed reference viewed: 57 (4 ULg)
How to make a bear dropping attractive? Molecular non-invasive methods in conservation genetics
Scientific conference (2007, January 12)Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
How to make Natura 2000 work properly? : Socio-economic, legal & ecological management
; ; et al
Poster (2008, September)
In Belgium, the delineation of Special Protection Areas (SPA) and Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) has been done. At present many questions arise concerning the management of these areas. The multiple ... [more ▼]
In Belgium, the delineation of Special Protection Areas (SPA) and Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) has been done. At present many questions arise concerning the management of these areas. The multiple use of the space generates conflicts of interest. The SELNAT-project aims to answer the question “How to make Natura 2000 work properly?”, taking into account socio-economic, legal and ecological management aspects. This project aims to achieve more insight in a sustainable management of Natura 2000 sites. In a first part of the study, the legal framework, the ecological status and the socio-economic frame have been described. The main legal, economic, social and ecological bottlenecks for the Natura 2000 network implementation in Belgium have been highlighted. In a next phase, guidelines for the elaboration of a ‘good management plan’ for the Natura 2000 network will be developed at the local scale taking into account the principles of the Ecosystem approach.. The fundamental question in this part is which instruments are needed at what time in the implementation process to reach the ecological targets taking into account economic, legal and social considerations. In a first step we evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of these instruments by means of a literature review and a survey among experts of the field. In a second step we’ll try to develop a management plan for two case study areas, a Flemish site and a Walloon site. A the end of the project, recommendations for policy makers about the improvement of these instruments will be formulated. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
HOW TO MAKE NATURA 2000 WORK PROPERLY? : SOCIO-ECONOMIC, LEGAL AND ECOLOGICAL MANAGEMENT : "SELNAT"
; ; et al
This report includes results obtained from the SELNAT research project, conducted between February 2006 and January 2008, under the auspices of the Belgian Science Policy. The principal subject of this ... [more ▼]
This report includes results obtained from the SELNAT research project, conducted between February 2006 and January 2008, under the auspices of the Belgian Science Policy. The principal subject of this project is the implementation of Natura 2000. The Natura 2000 network of protected areas, made up of sites designated under the Community Birds (BD) and Habitats Directives (HD), is a key pillar of action for the conservation of biodiversity (European Commission, 2008). It is central to achieve the commitment to reverse the decline of biodiversity in the European Union by the year 2010 made at the European Council meeting in Gothenburg in June 2001. It aims at sustainable conservation of habitats and species of community importance, taking into account (i) economic, social and cultural requirements and (ii) regional and local circumstances. Central to the Directives is the creation of a Europe-wide ecological network of protected sites – the Natura 2000 Network – which is destined to conserve over a thousand rare, threatened and endemic species and some 220 Natural habitats listed in their annexes. Around 24,000 sites have been included in the Network so far. (European Commission, 2008) Now that the network set-up is nearing completion, there is a need to increase the focus on the active management of the sites so as to ensure long-term conservation and the achievement of the economic and social objectives of the network (CEE, 2004.) This in turn also raises the question of finding the appropriate management strategy, instruments and sufficient financing (at all levels). The principal question for Member States is how to manage Natura 2000 sites to reach the (juridical fixed) ecological targets in the most cost-efficient way, taking into account economic and social objectives and constraints. Ecologists and nature organisations often start from an techno-ecocentric paradigm: ‘How to conserve and manage species and habitats?’, in order to tackle the question mentioned above. The paradigm starts from the opinion that ‘diversity of species and habitats’ is important as such (while this is believed to be important for several reasons). This approach has been criticised lately for being based on a too narrow set of values. It has not provided enough opportunities for combining nature conservation with other forms of land use such as agriculture, forestry or tourism. In several countries this led to difficulties as regards the co-operation of local stakeholders (Jongman & Kristiansen, 1998). On the other hand, the current biodiversity crisis is a direct result of the way in which society has chosen to interact with its Natural environment. If the causes of the problem are social, it stands to reason that the policies striving to solve the problem will need to be based on a solid understanding of social structures and processes, if they are to have any effect. In this research project we tried to study the management of Natura 2000 sites from a ‘sustainability’ paradigm, instead of from the ecocentric paradigm. The central research question is therefore formulated as ‘How to manage Natura 2000 properly, to contribute to a (local) sustainable society?’ With this research we hope to give decision-makers new insights on the economic, social, and environmental consequences of Natura 2000 management and to guide them in the development of more adequate and sustainable policies for the management of Natura 2000-sites. In the first chapter the general objectives and approach of this project are described. The second chapter gives an overview of some of the current bottlenecks for nature conservation and Natura 2000. The results of the research on the elaboration of strategies for Natura 2000 sites are summarizes in chapter tree. Conclusions and recommendations are presented in the last chapter. More information on the research is documented in the different appendixes. During the research, we benefited from contacts with many persons, and more especially in the scope of a Users’ Committee. Besides the representatives of the Belgian Science Policy, we would like to thank all members of the Users’ Committee, among which those who supported us and/or participated in one or several of the meetings, [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 ULg)
How to manage recurrent orofacial herpes simplex virus-1 lesions
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in Pharmaceutical Journal (2009)Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg)
How to measure Pomeron phase and discover odderon at HERA and RHIC
; Ivanov, Igor
in Acta Physica Polonica B (2006), 37
We suggest to measure the Pomeron phase and discover odderon via the measurement of charge asymmetry of pions in the diffractive processes ep\to e\pi +\pi - p, eA\to e\pi +\pi - A and in the processes AA ... [more ▼]
We suggest to measure the Pomeron phase and discover odderon via the measurement of charge asymmetry of pions in the diffractive processes ep\to e\pi +\pi - p, eA\to e\pi +\pi - A and in the processes AA\to AA\pi +\pi - with two rapidity gaps. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
How to measure quality in labour market transitions? Methodological proposals
Levêque, Audrey ; Orianne, Jean-François ; Pichault, François
Conference (2010, October 04)Detailed reference viewed: 41 (10 ULg)
How to minimise production costs at the preliminary design stage - scantling optimization
in IMDC’2003, Eighth International Marine Design Conference, Grèce,Vol2 (2003, May)Detailed reference viewed: 29 (1 ULg)
How to monitor NF-kappaB activation after photodynamic therapy.
Coupienne, Isabelle ; Piette, Jacques ; Bontems, Sébastien
in Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.) (2010), 635
The nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) is a multipotent factor involved in many cellular processes such as inflammation, immune response and embryonic development and it can be activated by a large number ... [more ▼]
The nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) is a multipotent factor involved in many cellular processes such as inflammation, immune response and embryonic development and it can be activated by a large number of stimuli. Consequently, this transcription factor plays a pivotal role in many natural processes but also in different pathologies. For several years, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has emerged as an attractive alternative approach for the treatment of different affections involving various forms of cancer and an increasing number of reports have highlighted the activation of the NF-kappaB following PDT treatment. Furthermore, it has been shown that the mechanism of activation of the NF-kappaB as well as its target genes depends on the nature of the photosensitizers and the cell type used. As this transcription factor is known to be a key regulator of the immune response but also controls cell survival and proliferation, it is important to assess its activation status and its impact on the target genes. In this review, we will present different techniques allowing identification of the activation status of this factor, from the degradation of its inhibitor in the cytoplasm to its ability to induce the expression of a reporter gene under the control of a target promoter. As a working model we will present results obtained from a 5-aminolevulinic acid-PDT treatment on cervix adenocarcinoma cells. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 38 (22 ULg)
How to optimally load a set of containers into an aircraft
Schyns, Michael ; Limbourg, Sabine ;
E-print/Working paper (2012)Detailed reference viewed: 43 (7 ULg)
How to optimize physicians' communication skills in cancer care: Results of a randomized study assessing the usefulness of posttraining consolidation workshops
; ; Marchal, Sylvie et al
in Journal of Clinical Oncology (2003), 21(16), 3141-3149
Purpose: Although there is wide recognition of the usefulness of improving physicians' communication skills, no studies have yet assessed the efficacy of post-training consolidation workshops. This study ... [more ▼]
Purpose: Although there is wide recognition of the usefulness of improving physicians' communication skills, no studies have yet assessed the efficacy of post-training consolidation workshops. This study aims to assess the efficacy of six 3-hour consolidation workshops conducted after a 2.5-day basic training program. Methods: Physicians, after attending the basic training program, were randomly assigned to consolidation workshops or to a waiting list. Training efficacy was assessed through simulated and actual patient interviews that were audiotaped at baseline and after consolidation workshops for the consolidation-workshop group, and approximately 5 months after the end of basic training for the waiting-list group. Communication skills were assessed according to the Cancer Research Campaign Workshop Evaluation Manual. Patients' perceptions of communication skills improvement were assessed using a 14-item questionnaire. Results : Sixty-three physicians completed the training program. Communication skills improved significantly more in the consolidation-workshop group compared with the waiting-list group. In simulated interviews, group-by-time repeated measures analysis of variance showed a significant increase in open and open directive questions (P =.014) and utterances alerting patients to reality (P =.049), as well as a significant decrease in premature reassurance (P =.042). In actual patient interviews, results revealed a significant increase in acknowledgments (P =.022) and empathic statements (P =.009), in educated guesses (P =.041), and in negotiations (P =.008). Patients interacting with physicians who benefited from consolidation workshops reported higher scores concerning their physicians' understanding of their disease (P =.004). Conclusion: Consolidation workshops further improve a communication skills training program's efficacy and facilitate the transfer of acquired skills to clinical practice. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
How to perform the diagnosis in a case with anemia ?
in Amory, Hélène (Ed.) In proceedings of the II Encontro de Formação da Ordem dos Médicos Veterinários (2011, October 08)Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
How to perform the diagnosis in a case with icterus ?
in In proceedings of the II Encontro de Formação da Ordem dos Médicos Veterinários (2011, October 08)Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)