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See detailEffects of dietary carbohydrate composition on rumen fermentation, plasma hormone and metabolites in growing fattening bull
Van Eenaeme, Christian ULiege; Istasse, Louis ULiege; Gabriel, Annick ULiege et al

in Animal Production (1990), 50

A finishing diet containing barley and sugarbeet pulp 500:200 or 200:500 g/kg was given to 12 bulls twice daily at 08.00 and 16.00 h. The high-pulp diet increased rumen acetic and butyric acids and ... [more ▼]

A finishing diet containing barley and sugarbeet pulp 500:200 or 200:500 g/kg was given to 12 bulls twice daily at 08.00 and 16.00 h. The high-pulp diet increased rumen acetic and butyric acids and decreased propionic acid compared with the high-barley diet. The diurnal patterns over a 24-h period of rumen pH, volatile fatty acids, glucose and ammonia were characterized by 2 cycles. The high-pulp induced more even fermentations as indicated by flatter curves with less extreme values than those produced by high-barley diet. Ammonia concentration was high before feeding and decreased subsequently during 4 to 6 h after the meal. No typical patterns were observed in plasma concentrations of glucose and alpha-amino nitrogen. Plasma urea concentration increased 2 h after feeding and dropped during the following 6 to 8 h. There were no effects of dietary carbohydrate composition on growth hormone concentration but plasma insulin was significantly reduced with the high-pulp diet. Furthermore, the insulin profile showed peaks after each meal with the high-barley diet but only after the afternoon feeding with the high-pulp diet. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of dietary crude protein on growth of the Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis
Fiogbe, E. D.; Kestemont, P.; Mélard, Charles ULiege et al

in Aquaculture (1996)

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See detailEffects of dietary fibre and floor type on greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions associated with gestating sows
Philippe, François-Xavier ULiege; Laitat, Martine ULiege; Wavreille, José et al

in Proceedings of the 1st FARAH Day, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (Liège – Belgium) (2014)

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See detailEffects of dietary Fibre on nutrient digestibility in obese dogs
Diez, Marianne ULiege; Jeusette, Isabelle; Onglet, Catherine et al

in Kennedy, Angela (Ed.) Dietary Fibre- 2000 Processing, milling, and nutritional effects, Proceedings (2000, May)

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See detailEffects of dietary fibres on greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions associated to gestating sows
Philippe, François-Xavier ULiege; Laitat, Martine ULiege; Wavreille, José et al

in Cabaraux, Jean-François; Delguste, Catherine; Frippiat, thibault (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the 1st Scientific Meeting of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (Liège – Belgium) (2011)

Usually, gestating sows are restrictedly-fed to prevent excessive body weight gain and fat deposition. However, feed restriction causes sustained feeding motivation resulting in stereotypic behaviour and ... [more ▼]

Usually, gestating sows are restrictedly-fed to prevent excessive body weight gain and fat deposition. However, feed restriction causes sustained feeding motivation resulting in stereotypic behaviour and impairment of animal welfare. High fibre diets (HFD) are known to reduce feeding motivation without impairments of performance but the effects of HFD on emissions of pollutant gases are very few studied. Thus, a study was carried out to compare the effect of two fibre contents (standard diet (STD) with 22% of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) vs. HFD with 44% of NSP) on emissions of ammonia (E-NH3), nitrous oxide (E-N2O), methane (E-CH4) and CO2-equivalents (E-EqCO2) associated to gestating sows. Three successive batches of 10 gestating sows were divided into 2 homogeneous groups and randomly allocated to one of two treatments: STD vs. HFD. The groups were kept separately in two identical rooms equipped with a pen divided into a lying area with slatted floor and five individual feeding stalls with permanent access. Emissions were measured by infrared photoacoustic detection. The HFD significantly decreased ENH3 (12.1 vs. 15.9 g/sow.day) but increased E-EqCO2 (0.68 vs. 0.47 kg/sow.day) in relation with an increase of E-CH4 (18.4 vs. 9.1 g/sow.day), E-N2O being not impacted by the diet, with value around 0.60 g/sow.day. So, the effects of HFD offered to gestating sows on slatted floor on environment seem conflicting with a decrease of NH3 emissions which mainly contribute to acidification of soils and waters and eutrophication, but an increase of CO2-quivalents emissions which contribute to greenhouse effect and climate change. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of dietary methylmercury on the Zebrafish (Danio rerio) liver proteome
Brésart, David ULiege; Fourdrilis, Séverine; Mathy, Grégory ULiege et al

Poster (2010, July 19)

Methylmercury (MeHg) is an aquatic pollutant. It is produced from HgS by the action of sulphate-reducing bacteria and is released in fresh waters. MeHg is bioaccumulated through the trophic chain and is ... [more ▼]

Methylmercury (MeHg) is an aquatic pollutant. It is produced from HgS by the action of sulphate-reducing bacteria and is released in fresh waters. MeHg is bioaccumulated through the trophic chain and is known to cause different health troubles (trembling, memory loss, anemia and kidney deficiency). Toxic exogenous substances, such as MeHg, are transformed by liver’s metabolic pathway, making this the starting point of vertebrate detoxication. Almost 50% of MeHg assimilated in hepatocytes is accumulated in mitochondria (Ware et al.,1975) and It has been suggested that it may uncouples OXPHOS (Mori et al., 2007). The aim of this study was to identify the proteomics modifications of the liver mitochondrial proteome in response to a chronic MeHg intoxication by using the 2D DIGE methodology (Figure 1). Fishes were fed with two different contaminated diets (6.5 and 13.5 µg of MeHgCl / g of dry food.). We have also performed functional assays in order to confirm the MeHg uncoupling effect on Salmo truita liver mitochondria. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Effects of Dietary N-3 and Antioxidant Supplementation on Erythrocyte Membrane Fatty Acid Composition and Fluidity in Exercising Horses
Portier, Karine; de Moffarts, Brieuc; Fellman, Nicole et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (2006), 36

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Fatty acid supplementation could modulate erythrocyte membrane fluidity in horses at rest and during exercise, but information is lacking on the effect of exercise ... [more ▼]

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Fatty acid supplementation could modulate erythrocyte membrane fluidity in horses at rest and during exercise, but information is lacking on the effect of exercise. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of exercise with, and without, an oral antioxidant supplementation enriched with n-3 fatty acids on erythrocyte membrane fluidity (EMF) and fatty acid composition in eventing horses. METHODS: Twelve healthy and regularly trained horses were divided randomly into 2 groups: group S received an oral antioxidant cocktail enriched in n-3 fatty acid (alphatocopherol, eicosapentaenoic acid [EPA] and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) whereas group P was placebo-treated. At the end of 4 weeks, all horses performed a standardised exercise test (ET) under field conditions. Venous blood was sampled before starting treatment (TO), immediately before (T1) as well as 15 min (T2) and 24 h (T3) after ET. Spin labelled (16-DOXYL-stearic acid) red blood cell membranes were characterised using the relaxation correlation time (Tc in inverse proportion to EMF). Fatty acid composition (%) of the membrane was determined by gas-liquid chromatography. RESULTS: Supplementation did not induce changes in EMF (T1 vs. TO) but significant changes in membrane composition were observed and there were increases in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid PUFA, n-3/n-6 ratio, and total n-3 fatty acids. Exercise (T2 vs. T1) induced a significant decrease of EMF in group P (Tc: +19%, P<0.05) and nonsignificant decrease in group S (Tc: +5%), whereas membrane fatty acid composition did not change in either group. During the recovery period (T3 vs. T2), EMF decreased significantly in group S (Tc: +29%, P<0.05) and nonsignificantly in group P (Tc: +18%) without any significant changes in fatty acid composition. CONCLUSION AND POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: An enriched oral antioxidant supplementation induced changes in membrane composition, which modulated the decrease in EMF induced by exercise. Long chain n-3 fatty acid supplementation might therefore be beneficial. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of dietary protein content and 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutanoic acid or DL-methionine supplementation on performance and oxidative status of broiler chickens.
Swennen, Quirine; Geraert, Pierre-Andre; Mercier, Yves et al

in The British journal of nutrition (2011), 106(12), 1845-54

Besides its typical role as an amino acid in protein synthesis, methionine is an important intermediate in methylation reactions. In addition, it can also be converted to cysteine and hence plays a role ... [more ▼]

Besides its typical role as an amino acid in protein synthesis, methionine is an important intermediate in methylation reactions. In addition, it can also be converted to cysteine and hence plays a role in the defence against oxidative stress. The present study was conducted to investigate further the role of DL-methionine (DLM) and its hydroxy analogue, DL-2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutanoic acid (DL-HMTBA), on zootechnical performance and oxidative status of broiler chickens. Male broiler chickens were reared on two diets differing in crude protein (CP) content (low-protein, 18.3 % v. high-protein, 23.2 % CP) and were supplemented either with 0.25 % DLM or 0.25 % DL-HMTBA. Reducing the dietary protein content resulted in an impaired body weight gain (P < 0.0001). However, supplementation of DL-HMTBA to the low-protein diet partially alleviated these negative effects (P = 0.0003). This latter phenomenon could be explained by the fact that chickens fed DL-HMTBA-supplemented diets displayed a better antioxidant status as reflected in lower lipid peroxidation probably as a consequence of their higher hepatic concentrations of total and reduced glutathione compared with their DLM counterparts. On the other hand, within the high protein levels, uric acid might be an important antioxidant to explain the lower lipid peroxidation of high-protein DL-HMTBA-supplemented chickens. Hepatic methionine sulfoxide reductase-A gene expression was not significantly affected by the dietary treatments. In conclusion, the present study indicates that there are interactions between dietary protein content and supplementation of methionine analogues with respect to broiler performance and antioxidant status, also suggesting a causal link between these traits. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Dietary Protein Content on Second Reproductive Cycle of Local Rabbit Does and Their Litters.
SAIDJ, D.; AIN BAZIZ, H.; DAHMANI, Y. et al

Poster (2014, September 08)

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See detailEffects of dietary supplementation of methionine and its hydroxy analog DL-2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutanoic acid on growth performance, plasma hormone levels, and the redox status of broiler chickens exposed to high temperatures.
Willemsen, H.; Swennen, Q.; Everaert, Nadia ULiege et al

in Poultry science (2011), 90(10), 2311-20

Heat stress is known to impair performance and to induce oxidative stress in poultry. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of dietary supplementation of dl-methionine (dl-M) or the ... [more ▼]

Heat stress is known to impair performance and to induce oxidative stress in poultry. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of dietary supplementation of dl-methionine (dl-M) or the synthetic analog 2-hydroxy-4-methylthiobutanoic acid (dl-HMTBA) on broiler growth performance, plasma hormone levels, and some oxidative stress-related parameters under conditions of chronic exposure to high temperatures (HT). From 2 to 6 wk of age, male broiler chickens were reared under either a constant temperature of 32 degrees C until 6 wk of age or a normal temperature scheme (gradual decrease to 18 degrees C at 5 wk of age). Chicks in both the normal and HT treatments were provided with a commercial grower diet supplemented with either 1.0 or 1.2 g/kg of dl-M or 1.0 or 1.2 g/kg of dl-HMTBA. Because there were no effects of supplement dose, data were pooled over both doses within each temperature treatment. The chronic HT treatment impaired feed intake and BW gain, but these negative effects were less pronounced when the chickens received dl-HMTBA. Exposure to HT was also associated with decreased (P < 0.001) plasma thyroid hormones and increased (P < 0.0001) plasma corticosterone levels. At 4 wk of age, and irrespective of the supplemental source, chickens subjected to HT were characterized by significantly lower plasma TBA-reactive substance levels. In contrast, at 6 wk of age, plasma TBA-reactive substance levels were significantly increased by HT, but this effect was observed only for the chickens receiving dl-M and not for those receiving dl-HMTBA. High temperatures induced a significant increase in hepatic total glutathione (GSH) and oxidized GSH levels, regardless of the supplemental source. However, the hepatic ratios of reduced GSH to total GSH and reduced GSH to oxidized GSH were highest in chickens supplemented with dl-HMTBA. In conclusion, dl-HMTBA supplementation partially prevented the growth-depressing effects of chronic heat exposure compared with dl-M supplementation. It can be inferred that dl-HMTBA is more efficient in alleviating HT-induced oxidative damage because of a more favorable reduced GSH-to-total GSH ratio. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of different calcium formulations on calcium absorption in healthy volunteers
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULiege; DEROISY, Rita ULiege; Franchimont, P

in Advances in Therapy (1991), 8(2), 86-91

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See detailEffects of different levels of energy allowances and of hibernation on growth in hatchling Testudo hermanni boettgeri (Mojsisovic, 1889)
Diez, Marianne ULiege; Vanstrazeele, Boris; Justet, Delphine et al

in Clauss, M.; Fidgett, A.; Hatt, J. M. (Eds.) et al Zoo Animal Nutrition IV (2009)

Cet article présente des données de croissance de Testudo nouveaux nés dont les apports alimentaires et l'hibernation ont été contrôlés.

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (11 ULiège)
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See detailEffects of different periods of feed restriction before compensatory growth on performance in Belgian Blue bulls
Hornick, Jean-Luc ULiege; Clinquart, Antoine ULiege; Van Eenaeme, Christian ULiege et al

in EAAP (Ed.) Abstracts of the 47th meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (1996)

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See detailEFFECTS OF DIFFERENT PHOTOPERIODS ON THE REPRODUCTION OF THE BARBEL, BARBUS-BARBUS (L), REARED AT CONSTANT TEMPERATURE
Poncin, Pascal ULiege

in Journal of Fish Biology (1989), 35(3), 395-400

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See detailEffects of different spatial interpolators on the estimate of extreme precipitations
Ly, Sarann ULiege; Beckers, Eléonore ULiege; Charles, Catherine ULiege et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011), 13

The design values of the areal precipitation are needed for engineer to manage vital elements of our infrastructure. The areal precipitation can be generated by different interpolation methods. The ... [more ▼]

The design values of the areal precipitation are needed for engineer to manage vital elements of our infrastructure. The areal precipitation can be generated by different interpolation methods. The problem involves choosing the interpolation method that we should use to estimate the extreme event. This work aimed at analyzing the effects of different interpolation methods on the estimate of extreme events of daily areal precipitations at catchment scale. The extreme rainfalls were estimated using areal daily rainfall interpolated by several interpolation methods (Thiessen polygon, Inverse Distance Weighting, Ordinary Kriging, Universal Kriging, Kriging with an External Drift and Ordinary Cokriging). We used thirty-years-long daily time series and different density of rain gages (from 4 to 70 rain gages). Our study is located in the Ourthe and Ambleve catchment area (2908 km²) in the southern part of Belgium). Spatial interpolation with the geostatistical and Inverse Distance Weighting algorithms outperformed considerably interpolation with the Thiessen polygon. Kriging with an External Drift and Ordinary Cokriging presented the highest Root Mean Square Error between the geostatistical and Inverse Distance Weighting methods. Ordinary Kriging and Inverse Distance Weighting were considered to be the best methods, as they provided smallest Root Mean Square Error for nearly all cases. However, it’s not really the case of extreme estimates for particular return period. The extreme daily rainfall, corresponding to return periods of 25, 50 and 100 years, were computed by fitting of a statistical model to the series of maximum annual precipitation. These estimates were conducted using HYFRAN which allows us to fit 16 different statistical models, in 2 or 3 parameters. The most known are the models of Gumbel, Gamma, Weibull, exponential, Pareto, lognormale, Pearson III and GEV. Our results showed that the behaviour of extreme daily areal rainfall in this area was best described via the Gumbel and lognormal distributions. Using 70 rain gages, little differences in extreme rainfall were observed between the interpolation methods. The estimates from these methods were in the area of 95% confidence intervals of the estimates using the Thiessen polygon. However, when the number of rain gages diminishes, the Universal Kriging and Kriging with External drift methods produced extreme estimates outside the area of 95% confidence intervals of the estimates using the Thiessen polygon with all available stations. The analysis described here provides a means to choose the interpolation method in view to calculate extreme events. It shows to engineers or hydrologists the need for a particular care when working in the regions of sparse data. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of different tillage practices on soil water-stable aggregation and organic carbon distribution in dryland farming in Northern China
Liu, shuang; Yan, Changrong; He, Wenqing et al

in Acta Ecologica Sinica (2015), 35

Knowledge about the changes in soil aggregate stability and soil organic carbon (SOC) under different tillage treatments is necessary to assess the feasibility of adoption of conservation practices for ... [more ▼]

Knowledge about the changes in soil aggregate stability and soil organic carbon (SOC) under different tillage treatments is necessary to assess the feasibility of adoption of conservation practices for sustaining productivity and protecting the environment in dryland farming in northern China. In this study, four treatments, no-till with strawmulching (NTSM), all straw return tillage (ASRT), shallowrotary treatment (SRT) and conventional tillage (CT) were set and a 5 years field experiment was carried out to study the effects of different tillage practices on soil aggregates stability and organic carbon distribution. We found that macro-aggregate (N2 mm and 0.25– 2 mm) proportion, mean weight diameter, total amount, content of SOC in macro-aggregate and proportion of SOC inmacro-aggregate were significantly improved by NTSM, ASRT and SRT. In all treatments, soil ability to sequester carbonwas improved more prominently in NTSM, andmacro-aggregate proportion,meanweight diameter, total amount SOC in macro-aggregate and proportion of SOC in macro-aggregate were improve by 29.4%,30.9%,84.9% and 30.7% respectively by NTSM. In addition, improvement effects on soil aggregates stability and carbon sequestration ability in ASRT were all higher than in SRT, and compared to NTSM, macro-aggregate proportion was slightly higher (1.7%) in ASRT, but SOC content and amount in aggregates were remarkably lower. Our results revealed that reducing soil disturbance, increasing straw returning and especially their combined application (i.e. NTSM in this study) can effectively be used to reduce soil erosion and improve carbon sequestration in dryland farming in northern China. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of diffusion in β Cephei stars
Bourge, P*-O; Théado, S.; Thoul, Anne ULiege

in Communications in Asteroseismology (2007), 150

We investigate the effects of the radiatively-driven diffusion of Fe, C, N and O in β Cephei stellar models.

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (7 ULiège)
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See detailThe effects of divided attention on the occurrence of false memories
Dehon, Hedwige ULiege; Brédart, Serge ULiege; Siffert, Jason

Poster (2002, April)

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See detailEffects of Dobutamine on Isovolumic and Ejection Phase Indices of Cardiac Contractility in Conscious Healthy Dogs
Mc Entee, Kathleen ULiege; Amory, Hélène ULiege; Pypendop, B. et al

in Research in Veterinary Science (1998), 64(1, Jan-Feb), 45-50

The aim of this study was to determine cardiac contractility using indices derived from cardiac catheterisation in conscious healthy dogs during dobutamine infusion. Eight dogs were studied. An ECG was ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine cardiac contractility using indices derived from cardiac catheterisation in conscious healthy dogs during dobutamine infusion. Eight dogs were studied. An ECG was recorded together with left ventricular pressure and volume which were measured using a conductance catheter with an integrated microtip pressure sensor. Eight indices of left ventricular systolic performance were derived from these records. Measurements were realised under basal conditions and during an incremental dobutamine challenge. The maximal rate of rise in ventricular pressure (max dP/dt), max dP/dt divided by the developed pressure and the mean systolic ejection rate were the most sensitive indices to detect dobutamine induced changes in contractility with maximal percentage changes of 122+/-11 per cent, 130+/-7 per cent and 102+/-24 per cent respectively. Ejection fraction increased significantly during dobutamine infusion (maximal percentage change of 43+/-9 per cent) whereas the pre-ejection period (PEP) and the left ventricular ejection time (LVET) decreased significantly (maximal percentage change of -41+/-2 per cent and -28+/-3 per cent respectively). All these six indices were significantly correlated with each other. Conversely, the ratio PEP/LVET and the LVET corrected for heart rate dependency showed a maximal percentage change of only -10+/-1 per cent and -16+/-7 per cent, respectively, during the dobutamine infusion and were not significantly correlated with the other contractility indices. This study demonstrated the feasibility of the conductance method to determine cardiac contractility in conscious healthy dogs submitted to a pharmacological stress testing and provides control values for eight indices of left ventricular contractility during dobutamine infusion at increasing dosages. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of dobutamine on left ventriculoarterial coupling and mechanical efficiency in acutely ischemic pigs
Kolh, Philippe ULiege; Lambermont, Bernard ULiege; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULiege et al

in Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology (2005), 45(2), 144-152

This study investigated the effects of dobutamine on left ventriculoarterial (VA) coupling and mechanical efficiency in acutely ischemic pigs. Experiments were performed in 12 pigs in which vascular ... [more ▼]

This study investigated the effects of dobutamine on left ventriculoarterial (VA) coupling and mechanical efficiency in acutely ischemic pigs. Experiments were performed in 12 pigs in which vascular properties, including peripheral resistance (R-2), compliance (C), and arterial elastance (E-a), were estimated with a windkessel model, and left ventricular (LV) function by the slope (E-es) of the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (ESPVR) and stroke work (SW). VA coupling was defined as E-es/E-a, and mechanical efficiency as SW/pressure-volume area (PVA). In all animals, the left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated after basal measures. The animals were then randomly divided into 2 groups: group CTRL (n = 6) was followed for 180 minutes without other intervention, whereas group DOBU (n = 6) was infused with dobutamine (5 mug(.)kg(-1.)min(-1)) starting after T60 measures. Coronary occlusion induced a rightward shift of ESPVR and a decrease in E-es from 3.67 +/- 0.33 to 1.92 +/- 0.20 mm Hg(.)mL(-1), while E-a changed from 3.33 +/- 0.56 to 4.65 +/- 0.29 mm Hg(.)mL(-1), R-2 from 1.72 +/- 0.30 to 2.38 +/- 0.16 mm Hg(.)s(.)mL(-1), and C from 0.78 +/- 0.16 to 0.46 +/- 0.08 mL(.)mm Hg-1. This altered VA coupling from 1.22 +/- 0.11 to 0.44 +/- 0.07. SW decreased from 4056 +/- 223 to 2372 +/- 122 mm Hg(.)mL, and PVA and SW/PVA decreased from 5575 +/- 514 to 4830 +/- 3.17 mm Hg(.)mL, and from 0.76 +/- 0.04 to 0.49 +/- 0.03, respectively. In group DOBU, dobutamine restored E-es and the position of ESPVR to baseline values, while E-a decreased to 3.39 +/- 0.34 mm Hg(.)mL(-1) because of an R-2 decrease to 1.60 +/- 0.24 mm Hg(.)s(.)mL(-1). VA coupling was restored. SW and PVA increased to 3833 +/- 180 mm Hg(.)mL and to 7498 +/- 442 mm Hg(.)mL, respectively, while SW/PVA was unchanged. In ischemic pigs, dobutamine restored VA coupling through an increase in LV contractility and decrease in arterial elastance as a result of peripheral vasodilatation. However, myocardial oxygen consumption was increased, and mechanical efficiency impaired. [less ▲]

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