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See detailFrom oxides to selenides and sulfides: The richness of the CdI2 type crystallographic structure for thermoelectric properties
S, Hébert; W, Kobayashi; Y, Bréard et al

in Physica Status Solidi A. Applications and Materials Science (2013), 210(1), 69-81

In this paper, we show how the thermoelectric properties can be modified in crystallographic structures based on the CdI2 type layer, by changing the block layers between these CdI2 type layers or by ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we show how the thermoelectric properties can be modified in crystallographic structures based on the CdI2 type layer, by changing the block layers between these CdI2 type layers or by going from oxides to selenides and sulfides. In the case of oxides, the unique properties generated in these structures will be demonstrated in Bi-based misfit compounds. By combining Hall effect, resistivity, and Seebeck coefficients in single crystals of this family, the importance of doping and of spin and orbital degeneracy term on the Seebeck coefficient will be shown. From this single crystal investigation, the power factor at 300 K is found to be unexpectedly constant as a function of doping. To further enhance the power factor and thus ZT, it is necessary to modify either the block layer or to perform anionic substitutions. By going from oxides to selenides and sulfides, the decrease of the ionic character can induce a decrease of electrical resistivity. Compared to oxides, the properties can generally be described in a more classical way using Boltzmann transport theory. For these materials, the critical parameter is then thermal conductivity and this quantity can be decreased as shown here by intercalating Cu between the layers (CuxTiS2), or by making solid solution such as TiS2 − xSex. These two approaches will be described here, leading to ZT close to 0.5 and 0.4, at 800 and 700 K, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom palaeosols to carbonate mounds: facies and environments of the middle Frasnian platform in Belgium
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Geological Quarterly (2004), 48(3), 253-265

This paper provides a synthetic sedimentological overview of the middle Frasnian carbonate platform of Belgium and associated carbonate mounds. Carbonate mounds started usually in a relatively deep, quiet ... [more ▼]

This paper provides a synthetic sedimentological overview of the middle Frasnian carbonate platform of Belgium and associated carbonate mounds. Carbonate mounds started usually in a relatively deep, quiet subphotic environment with a crinoid-coral-sponge assemblage, then reached the fair-weather wave base and the euphotic zone with an algal-microbial facies. The upper parts of the mounds are characterised by lateral facies differentiation with the algal-microbial facies protecting a central sedimentation area with a dendroid stromatoporoids facies and fenestral limestone. The lateral facies reflect different kinds of input of reworked mound material in the proximal area, from transported fine-grained sediment to coarse-grained fossil debris. On the platform, environments range from the outer zone (crinoidal facies) to stromatoporoid-dominated biostromes and to the lagoonal area of the inner zones (subtidal facies with Amphipora floatstone, algal packstone, intertidal mudstone and laminated peloidal packstone and palacosols). These facies are stacked in metre-scale shallowing-upward cycles. The larger scale sequential organisation corresponds to transgressions and regressions, whose cycles are responsible for differentiating a lower open-marine biostrome dominated unit from an upper lagoonal unit. The last regression-transgression cycle, responsible for the platform-scale development of lagoonal facies, can be correlated with an atoll-stage evolution of the carbonate mounds belonging to the Lion Member. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom paradigm dynamics towards landscape ecology ontogenesis
Bogaert, Jan ULg

in Farina, A. (Ed.) Ecology, Cognition and Landscape: Linking Natural and Social Systems. Landscape series 11. (2009)

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See detailFrom polyester grafting onto POSS nanocage by ring-opening polymerization to high performance polyester/POSS nanocomposites
Goffin, Anne-Lise; Duquesne, Emmanuel; Raquez, Jean-Marie et al

in Journal of Materials Chemistry (2010), 20

Polyester-grafted polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) nanohybrids selectively produced by ring-opening polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone and L,L-lactide (A.-L. Goffin, E. Duquesne, S. Moins ... [more ▼]

Polyester-grafted polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) nanohybrids selectively produced by ring-opening polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone and L,L-lactide (A.-L. Goffin, E. Duquesne, S. Moins, M. Alexandre, Ph. Dubois, Eur. Polym. Journal, 2007, 43, 4103) were studied as ‘‘masterbatches’’ by melt-blending within their corresponding commercial polymeric matrices, i.e., poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(L,L-lactide) (PLA). For the sake of comparison, neat POSS nanoparticles were also dispersed in PCL and PLA. The objective was to prepare aliphatic polyester-based nanocomposites with enhanced crystallization behavior, and therefore, enhanced thermo-mechanical properties. Wide-angle X-ray scattering and transmission electron microscopy attested for the dispersion of individualized POSS nanoparticles in the resulting nanocomposite materials only when the polyester-grafted POSS nanohybrid was used as a masterbatch. The large impact of such finely dispersed (grafted) nanoparticles on the crystallization behavior for the corresponding polyester matrices was noticed, as evidenced by differential scanning calorimetry analysis. Indeed, well-dispersed POSS nanoparticles acted as efficient nucleating sites, significantly increasing the crystallinity degree of both PCL and PLA matrices. As a result, a positive impact on thermo-mechanical properties was highlighted by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom propaganda to commemoration: reworking the national narrative.
Hamers, Jérémy ULg; Van Cauwenberge, Geneviève ULg

in Rethinking History (2014), 18(3), 423-437

In Belgium, memories of the World War I have contributed to the production and the perpetuation of a fractured national narrative. While the official narration emphasizes the unity of the Belgian state ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, memories of the World War I have contributed to the production and the perpetuation of a fractured national narrative. While the official narration emphasizes the unity of the Belgian state and glorifies the heroism of Belgian soldiers acting as a unified force against the German invader, a counter-narrative presents the Flemish soldiers as victims who were used as cannon fodder by the French-speaking commanding elite. In the immediate postwar period, newsreels largely reinforced the image of a national unity during the Great War. Ten years later, however, cinema took an active part in the production of a counter-memory. Met onze jogens aan den IJzer/With Our Troops on the Yser (Clemens De Landtsheer, 1928), a Flemish film, is a key work in this regard. This article first examines the narratives and formal strategies the film resorts to in order to forcefully deconstruct the patriotic narrative and to forge a ‘Flamingant,’ Flemish activist collective memory. It subsequently analyzes more recent Frenchspeaking documentary film projects aiming to commemorate the memory of the Great War. Lacking any overt problematization of their relationship to the Flemish separatist narrative, the documentaries are still shaped by it. Indeed, they either attempt to overcome it by reinforcing Belgium’s sense of national identity or to counterbalance it by putting forward a regional narrative that specifically revives the French-speaking Belgians’ memory of the War. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom RE-211 to RE-123. How to control the final microstructure of superconducting single-domains
Cloots, Rudi ULg; Koutzarova, T.; Mathieu, J.-P. et al

in Superconductor Science and Technology (2005), 18(3), 9-23

This paper reviews the usual techniques for producing YBCO-type single-domains and the microstructure of the as-obtained samples. The problems of seed dissolution and parasite nucleations are discussed in ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews the usual techniques for producing YBCO-type single-domains and the microstructure of the as-obtained samples. The problems of seed dissolution and parasite nucleations are discussed in detail. The formation of microstructural defects, such as pores and cracks, is examined. An important part of this review is devoted to the study of the influence of RE-211 particles (RE2BaCuO5 where RE denotes Y, Yb, Nd, Sm, Dy, Gd, Eu or a mixture of them. Generally Nd4Ba2Cu 2O10 is preferred to Nd2BaCuO5) for the microstructure and properties of RE-Ba-Cu-O single-domains. Pushing/trapping theory is described in order to explain the spatial distribution of RE-211 particles in the RE-123 ((RE)Ba2Cu3O7-δ) monoliths. The formation of RE-211-free regions is discussed. Different ways to limit the RE-211 coarsening are reviewed. Microstructural defects in the RE-123 matrix caused by the RE-211 particles are presented. It is also shown that RE-211 particles play a significant role in the mechanical properties of single-domain samples. We finish this review by discussing the infiltration and growth process as a good technique to control the microstructure. © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom Reactive Intervention to Proactive Prevention: The evolution of Occupational Dysphonia.
Epstein, Ruth; Remacle, Angélique ULg; Morsomme, Dominique ULg

in American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (2011), 21

Voice clinicians long have been aware of the concept of professional voice users: individuals who work in professions that have a higher incidence and increased risk for voice disorders. This realization ... [more ▼]

Voice clinicians long have been aware of the concept of professional voice users: individuals who work in professions that have a higher incidence and increased risk for voice disorders. This realization, coupled with the documented impact of work-related dysphonia on the economy, has resulted in a growing international interest in developing occupational health benchmarks for voice use, similar to other standards developed for work-related factors such as noise-induced hearing loss. In this article, we review current perspectives and examine some issues related to occupational vocal health. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom renewable vegetables resources to microorganisms: new trends in surfactants
Deleu, Magali ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg

in Comptes Rendus Chimie (2004), 7(6-7), 641-646

Surfactants are an important class of chemical products in view of the volumes sold and of their great variety of applications. Biosurfactants produced by microorganisms, and surfactants derived from ... [more ▼]

Surfactants are an important class of chemical products in view of the volumes sold and of their great variety of applications. Biosurfactants produced by microorganisms, and surfactants derived from renewable raw materials are coming progressively onto the market. Considering their many properties and large field of applications, their development needs extensive cooperation across disciplines (chemists, physicochemists, biologists, product developers, formulators...) in order to fully characterize them (chemical structure, surface activity, self assembly properties...) and identify their potential uses. New value adding opportunities will result from the identification of specific activities of biosurfactants, especially in relation with their biological effects (antibiotic, antifungal, insecticide, antiviral and antitumoral agent, immunomodulator or specific toxins and enzyme inhibitors). (C) 2004 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom reporting incidents in a radiation therapy department to enterprise risk management (ERM) based on the European Foundation for Quality Management philosophy (EFQM)
COUCKE, Philippe ULg; BOGA, Deniz ULg; LENAERTS, Eric ULg et al

in International Journal of Healthcare Technology & Management (2014), 7(2), 127-131

The radiation therapy department (RTD) initiated in 2009 a policy of open and transparent reporting of events not harming (near incidents) and potentially harming patients (incidents and accidents). This ... [more ▼]

The radiation therapy department (RTD) initiated in 2009 a policy of open and transparent reporting of events not harming (near incidents) and potentially harming patients (incidents and accidents). This approach was immediately followed by the leader’s decision to engage towards the European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM) excellence model. The EFQM approach structured the journey of the RTD to enterprise risk management. We intend to demonstrate in the five main fields of the EFQM approach (leadership, policy and strategy, people/personnel, partnership and resources, processes), how the journey to continuous improvement in quality and safety did evolve and was accelerated in RTD. The assessment made by external evaluators evolved from a minimum of 90 points (basic requirement for level 1 in 2009) to a at least 180 points (basic requirement for level 2 in 2011), to reach 400 points in 2013 (270 required for level 3 and 450 required for level 4). [less ▲]

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See detailFrom Rome to the Southern Netherlands: Spectacular sceneries to celebrate the canonization of Ignatius of Loyola and Francis Xavier
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in DeSilva, Jennifer Mara (Ed.) The Sacralization of Space and Behavior in the Early Modern World (2015)

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See detailFrom Root Zone Modelling To Regional Forecasting Of Nitrate Concentration In Recharge Flows - The Case Of The Walloon Region (Belgium)
Sohier, Catherine ULg; Degre, Aurore ULg; Dautrebande, Sylvia

in Journal of Hydrology (2009), 369(3-4), 350-359

In order to model the nitrate concentration of the recharge water in a spatially distributed way for the agricultural areas of the Walloon Region of Belgium, the EPIC model was first adapted to the ... [more ▼]

In order to model the nitrate concentration of the recharge water in a spatially distributed way for the agricultural areas of the Walloon Region of Belgium, the EPIC model was first adapted to the specific soil description by modifying the reservoir sizes. It was also adapted to the regional crop production by modifying classcrop files in relation with observed data (both aerial and underground crop growth, yield) in wheat, sugar beet, and potato fields. As the vadose zone presents a depth between 1.5 and 104 m in this region, new reservoirs were added according to the geological descriptions available. Deep nitrate transfer was validated in a specific site where cropping history was known. Nitrate nitrogen after harvest in the root zone was validated for wheat within different crop rotations using the first results of a nitrate-monitoring program planned by the authorities to test the effectiveness of the mitigation measures in agriculture. This extended model was also linked to a GIS (geographical information system) using 1 km2-cells. All the required data were rasterised to allow HRU (hydrological response unit) identification within the cells. The cell’s daily water flows are weighted flows of each HRU depending on their relative area within the cell. Water balances at catchment scale allow us to validate the calculation. Taking into account the evolution of distributed land use and observed climatic data, we have built maps of fast indicators and long-term indicators. The first map represents nitrate concentration in the water leaving the root zone and the second one represents the time transfer for nitrate from 1.5 m depth to the groundwater table and nitrate concentration in recharge water. These maps constitute major tools for nitrogen management at a regional level. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom sample size to effect-size : small study effect investigation (SSEi)
Richy, F.; Ethgen, Olivier ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Internet Journal of Epidemiology (2004), 1(2),

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See detailFrom scale invariance to deterministic chaos in DNA sequences: towards a deterministic description of gene organisation in the human genome
Nicolay, Samuel ULg; Brodie of Brodie, E. B.; Touchon, M. et al

in Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications (2004), 342

We use the continuous wavelet transform to perform a space-scale analysis of the AT and GC skews (strand asymmetries) in human genomic sequences, which have been shown to correlate with gene transcription ... [more ▼]

We use the continuous wavelet transform to perform a space-scale analysis of the AT and GC skews (strand asymmetries) in human genomic sequences, which have been shown to correlate with gene transcription. This study reveals the existence of a characteristic scale `c 25 ± 10 kb that separates a monofractal long-range correlated noisy regime at small scales (` ¡ `c ) from relaxational oscillatory behavior at large-scale (` ¿ `c ). We show that these large scale nonlinear oscillations enlighten an organization of the human genome into adjacent domains ( 400 kb) with preferential gene orientation. When using classical techniques from dynamical systems the- ory, we demonstrate that these relaxational oscillations display all the characteristic properties of the chaotic strange attractor behavior observed nearby homoclinic orbits of Shil'nikov type. We discuss the possibility that replication and gene regulation processes are governed by a low-dimensional dynamical system that displays deterministic chaos. c 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailFROM SECRET AGENTS TO INTERAGENCY
Despret, Vinciane ULg

in History and theory (2013), 52

Some scientists who study animals have emphasized the need to focus on the “point of view” of the animals they are studying. This methodological shift has led to animals being credited with much more ... [more ▼]

Some scientists who study animals have emphasized the need to focus on the “point of view” of the animals they are studying. This methodological shift has led to animals being credited with much more agency than is warranted. However, as critics suggest, on the one hand, the “perspective” of another being rests mostly upon “sympathetic projection,” and may be difficult to apply to unfamiliar beings, such as bees or even flowers. On the other hand, the very notion of agency still conveys its classic understanding as intentional, rational, and premeditated, and is still embedded in humanist and Christian conceptions of human exceptionalism. This paper seeks, in the first part, to investigate the practical link between these two notions and the problems they raise. In the second part, following the work of two historians of science who have revisited Darwin’s studies of orchids and their pollinators, it will observe a shift in the meaning of the concept of agency. Indeed, creatures may appear as “secret agents” as long as we adopt a conventional definition of agency based on subjective experience and autonomous intention. However, when reframed in the terms of “agencement”—an assemblage that produces “agentivity”— agency seems to be much more extensively shared in the living world. We will then explore some of the concrete situations in which these agencements are manifested, and through which creatures of different species become, one for another and one with another, companion-agents. [less ▲]

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