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See detailForeign Aid Transaction Costs: What are they and when are they minimised?
Paul, Elisabeth ULg; Vandeninden, Frieda ULg

in Development Policy Review (2012), 30(3),

'Transaction costs' are commonly referred to in the recent literature on aid effectiveness. Aid transaction costs, however, have been neither consistently defined nor measured. This article defines aid ... [more ▼]

'Transaction costs' are commonly referred to in the recent literature on aid effectiveness. Aid transaction costs, however, have been neither consistently defined nor measured. This article defines aid transaction costs as all the economic costs associated with aid management that add no value to aid delivery. This enables the 'net' transaction costs that should be minimised to be identified. An analytical framework is then developed for assessing these costs. This allows the effectiveness of different aid modalities to be compared, according to the characteristics of the aid transaction. The article shows that the choice of aid modality should depend on these characteristics and, therefore, that the minimisation of transaction costs should not be an end in itself. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
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See detailForeign Exchange Risk Exposure: Survey and Suggestions
Muller, Aline ULg; Verschoor, Willem

in Journal of Multinational Financial Management (2006), 16(4), 385-410

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (5 ULg)
See detailForeign languages in primary and pre-school education : a review of recent research within the European Union
Blondin, Christiane ULg; Candelier, M.; Edelenbos, P. et al

Book published by Centre for Information on Language Teaching (CILT) (1998)

Detailed reference viewed: 275 (0 ULg)
See detailForeign Origin Politicians in Belgium
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (1996, January 29)

Detailed reference viewed: 1 (0 ULg)
See detailForeign Origin Politicians in Belgium
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Martiniello, Marco (Ed.) Multicultural Policies and the State: a comparison of two European societies (1998)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg)
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See detailThe Foreign Series by Herder Verlag by 1900: International Catholic Literature
Ceballos Viro, Alvaro ULg

in Spiers, John (Ed.) The Culture of the Publisher's Series, Volume 2. Nationalisms and the National Canon (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 ULg)
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See detailForeign Trade and Exchange Risk Exposure: A Firm and Industry Analysis of Eastern European Multinationals
Muller, Aline ULg; Verschoor, Willem

in Emerging Markets Review (2007), 8(3), 218-229

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 ULg)
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See detailForeigness or Englishness? = Estrangeiros ou Britânicos?
Gillet, Lucie ULg

in Acta Scientiarum. Language and Culture (2008), 30(1), 111-112

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See detailForensic Cadaveric Decomposition Profiling by GC×GC-TOFMS Analysis of VOCs
Focant, Jean-François ULg; Stefanuto, Pierre-Hugues ULg; Brasseur, Catherine ULg et al

in Chemical Bulletin of Kazakh National University (2013), 72(4), 177-186

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (3 ULg)
See detailForensic science technique applied for calculation of kinship index
Bömcke, Elisabeth ULg; Gengler, Nicolas ULg

Poster (2010)

Implementing conservation strategies needs the knowledge of relationships inside the concerned population. The aim of this study was to find tools to help scientists and breeders to manage endangered ... [more ▼]

Implementing conservation strategies needs the knowledge of relationships inside the concerned population. The aim of this study was to find tools to help scientists and breeders to manage endangered populations or populations with missing pedigree information. The animal genetics literature often seems unaware of relevant developments in human genetics (and conversely). In this study, an approach called Familial Searching was tested. This is used in forensic science, in addition to matching DNA evidence directly to criminal profiles, to search for people (present in a database) who are related to an individual that left DNA evidence at a scene of crime. This method is based on the calculation of likelihood ratios (LR) between genotype of an individual and genotypes of each other individuals of the database. In order to decrease the number of comparisons, the available pedigree information was used as ‘local’ prior information, i.e. relating to specific pairs of individuals. General knowledge about the studied population (e.g., generation interval, sexual maturity) was considered as ‘global’ prior information. Including prior information reduced the number of comparisons from over 50%. Results showed that the parents were always classified into the 4 highest LR. This method simplified parentage verifications, it allowed the detection of 90% of false parentage (LR=0). It also allowed to create new links in the pedigree through detection of unregistered parents. The method was tested on the Skyros pony, an indigenous Greek breed. For this breed, partial pedigree information was available, and 99 individuals were genotyped at 16 microsatellite loci. The method allowed to check about 2500 possible parent-child combinations, three registered parentages were considered as incorrect and one non-recorded parentage was detected. The method will now be tested on other breed and with other markers, e.g. SNPs. [less ▲]

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See detailForensic study of volatile organic compounds released from decaying bodies
Stefanuto, Pierre-Hugues ULg; Brasseur, Catherine ULg; Dekeirsschieter, Jessica ULg et al

in Hyphenated Techniques in Chromatography-12 Book of abstracts (2012, February)

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See detailForeseeing nitrate concentration in groundwater: A review of available modelling approaches
Orban, Philippe ULg; Brouyère, Serge ULg

Conference (2009, December 10)

In the scientific community, increasing concerns on groundwater quality and quantity have motivated the development of numerical models for groundwater management since the 1970’s. Mathematical and ... [more ▼]

In the scientific community, increasing concerns on groundwater quality and quantity have motivated the development of numerical models for groundwater management since the 1970’s. Mathematical and numerical models are, for example, promising tools for prediction of concentration and they can be used to make the dynamic link between nitrogen manure and the resulting evolution of nitrate concentration in groundwater. However, from a practical and managerial perspective, there have been very few real attempts of developing efficient calibrated and validated transport models in particular at the scale of the groundwater body, which is the management unit of groundwater resource in the European Union. Actually two main challenges remains, (1) performing numerical tools are not really available and (2) parametrisation of such transport models at the regional scale is difficult due to the large amount of data required. Generally speaking models can be grouped in different categories ranging from black box models to physically based distributed models. The black box models such as transfer function are simple but attractive because they require relatively less data but with the drawback that modelling result are not spatially distributed while the predictive capability of these models is questionable due to the semi-analytical nature of the process descriptions. On the contrary, physically based distributed model require more data but, due to a more advanced description of ongoing processes, such models are expected to have better predictive capabilities than the black box models. Black box model and physically based distributed model approaches have all proved their utilities and have all their justifications, advantages and disadvantages regarding the development of regional scale groundwater model. A new flexible methodology (the Hybrid Finite Element Mixing Cell method) has been developed that allows combining in a single model, and in a fully integrated way, different mathematical approaches of various complexities for groundwater in complex environment. This method has been implemented in the SUFTD, a finite element groundwater flow and solute transport numerical model. Combining on the one hand the use of a spatially distributed groundwater flow and solute transport model taking advantages of this Hybrid Finite Element Mixing Cell Approach method and on the other hand spatial datasets of tritium and nitrate contents, an illustration on the problem of nitrate trend assessment and forecasting for an important groundwater resource located in the Geer groundwater body (480 km²) in the Walloon Region of Belgium will be proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailForest and garden: traces of wildness in a modernizing land, 1897-1949 (M.L. Simo).
Bogaert, Jan ULg

in Landscape Journal (2004), 23(2), 174-176

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)