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See detailA Framework Based on Implementation Relations for Implementing LOTOS Specifications
Leduc, Guy ULg

in Computer Networks & ISDN Systems (1992), 25(1), 23-41

A framework is developed for studying the implementation process, as a stepwise process in which an abstract specification is successively transformed to reach a final compilable specification adapted to ... [more ▼]

A framework is developed for studying the implementation process, as a stepwise process in which an abstract specification is successively transformed to reach a final compilable specification adapted to the computer environment. In this context, an implementation relation is referred to as the relation which should link any ``valid'' implementation to its abstract formal specification. In other words, the implementation relation is intended to express formally the notion of validity. Our framework allows the exact characterization of the transformations which may take place at each step for a given implementation relation. This framework is essential for dealing with non-transitive implementation relations. In the second part of the paper, these results are exemplified in LOTOS on some existing relations, and an apparent paradox is presented. Some new results about these relations are also derived. [less ▲]

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See detailA framework for an optimised groundwater monitoring network and aggregated indicators
Rentier, Céline; Delloye, Francis; Brouyère, Serge ULg et al

in Environmental Geology (2006), 50(2), 194-201

The implementation of the Water Framework Directive (EU 2000) requires a groundwater quality monitoring. It is used for characterisation of the 'good' chemical status of each groundwater body and for the ... [more ▼]

The implementation of the Water Framework Directive (EU 2000) requires a groundwater quality monitoring. It is used for characterisation of the 'good' chemical status of each groundwater body and for the restoration or protection purposes of those bodies already at 'good' status. Interpretative aspects are lying in the design of monitoring network and in the way of building global indicators. Attention is given here to the global chemical status of the groundwater bodies and to the role of diffuse pollution, much of which is brought via groundwater to surface water. Monitoring 'local' pollution associated with individual sites is not addressed. Groundwater bodies with different contrasted hydrogeology conditions, land use and topography have been considered to establish an approach for choosing an optimised monitoring network. Then, a quality assessment system has been developed and applied for qualifying the general status of each groundwater body. The use of non-dimensional indexes allows us to process with all kinds of chemical parameters in a normalised way and, by means of adequate aggregation rules, to qualify the general quality status of a groundwater body. The obtained diagnostic, even if not fully validated, is closely linked to the pragmatic objectives contained in the EU Water Directive. [less ▲]

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See detailA Framework For Humanoid Control and Intelligence
Platt, Robert; Brock, Oliver; Fagg, Andrew et al

in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Humanoid Robots (2003)

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See detailA Framework for Simulation Based Design of Ship Structures
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Karr; N a SS et al

in Journal of Ship Production (2002)

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See detailA Framework for Simulation Bases Design of Ship Structures
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Karr, D.; Na, S. S. et al

in Ship Production Symposium’2001, SNAME: Ypsilanti, Michigan ,USA, Paper #9, June 2001 (2001, June)

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See detailA framework for the complexity of high-multiplicity scheduling problems
Brauner, Nadia; Crama, Yves ULg; Grigoriev, Alexander et al

in Journal of Combinatorial Optimization (2005), 9(3), 313-323

The purpose of this note is to propose a complexity framework for the analysis of high multiplicity scheduling problems. Part of this framework relies on earlier work aiming at the definition of output ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this note is to propose a complexity framework for the analysis of high multiplicity scheduling problems. Part of this framework relies on earlier work aiming at the definition of output-sensitive complexity measures for the analysis of algorithms which produce "large" outputs. However, different classes emerge according as we look at schedules as sets of starting times, or as related single-valued mappings. [less ▲]

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See detailA Framework for the Simultaneous Clearing of Multiple Markets within a Common Transmission System
Marinakis, Adamantios ULg; Rosehart, William; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULg

in Proceedings of the 2009 IEEE PES Power Tech conference (2009, July)

The possibility for market participants to place their bids in all the markets of an interconnection irrespective of where they are physically connected is investigated in this paper. A mechanism is ... [more ▼]

The possibility for market participants to place their bids in all the markets of an interconnection irrespective of where they are physically connected is investigated in this paper. A mechanism is proposed for managing the resulting congestion. It consists in iteratively sharing the transmission line capacities between the different market operators based each time on their present schedules. The algorithm is applied on a small test system. The results are assessed in terms of their property of being Nash equilibria and of their distance of the set of Pareto optimal operating points. [less ▲]

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See detailA Framework for the Taxonomy of Synthesis and Analysis Activities in Distributed System Design
Dubuis, Eric; Gotzhein; Hansson, Hans et al

in Speth, R. (Ed.) Research into Networks and Distributed Applications (1988, April)

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See detailA framework for the use of decision-support tools at various spatial scales for the management of irrigated agriculture in West-Africa
Wellens, Joost ULg; Traore, Farid; Diallo, Mamadou

in Agricultural Sciences (2013), 4 (8A)

The Kou watershed in south-western Burkina Faso has suffered from poor water management for several decades. Covering 1,800 km², this small watershed is the site of the second largest city in Burkina Faso ... [more ▼]

The Kou watershed in south-western Burkina Faso has suffered from poor water management for several decades. Covering 1,800 km², this small watershed is the site of the second largest city in Burkina Faso (Bobo-Dioulasso), a former State-run irrigated rice scheme and several informal agricultural zones. Notwithstanding the abundance of water resources, most water users regularly face water shortages due to a population increase and low irrigation inefficiency. Local stakeholders therefore need low-cost, easy-to-use decision-support tools to enable them to monitor and exploit the water resources to best advantage at different spatial and user levels. A top to bottom series of adapted water management tools has been successfully installed to address current problems, from watershed level (top) to individual field level (bottom), and including the 1,200 ha irrigated rice scheme. Remote sensing techniques have been developed to map the agricultural lands. Combined with data from a network of hydrologic gauging stations, regional water-use maps have been compiled. SIMIS software is being used for the public-private management of the irrigated rice scheme. A simple field-crop-water balance model, AquaCrop, is being used by extension workers to draft optimal irrigation charts. Day to day water use on irrigated plots was monitored by soil humidity and crop canopy measurements. Each water management tool is applied independently, requiring only limited data, but their combined results are contributing to improved integrated water management. [less ▲]

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See detailA framework for using decision-support tools at various spatial scales for the management of irrigated agriculture in semi-arid West-Africa
Wellens, Joost ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

The Kou watershed, situated in the Southwestern part of Burkina Faso, has succumbed since a couple of decades to a typical theater play of anarchistic water management. With its 1.800 km², this small ... [more ▼]

The Kou watershed, situated in the Southwestern part of Burkina Faso, has succumbed since a couple of decades to a typical theater play of anarchistic water management. With its 1.800 km², this small watershed includes the second largest city of Burkina Faso (Bobo-Dioulasso), a former state run irrigated rice scheme and several informal agricultural zones. Despite the abundance of water resources, most water users find themselves regularly faced with shortages due to an increase in population and low irrigation efficiencies. Local stakeholders are hence in need of easy to use and low-cost decision support tools for the monitoring and exploitation of the water resources at different spatial and user levels. A top-to-bottom string of adapted water management tools has successfully been installed to tackle the problems: from watershed (top) to field level (bottom), not to mention the 1200 ha irrigation scheme. Land use maps have been derived from satellite and aerial images. Combined with data from a network of hydrologic gauging stations, regional water use maps were established. Hot spots in inefficient water use could be geographically identified and more detailed actions undertaken. Scheme Information Management Information System (SIMIS) was put in place for the management of the regions irrigated rice scheme. A more equitable distribution for the ever diminishing available water resources could be elaborated. A public-private partnership was installed to guarantee its sustainability. Day to day water use on irrigated plots was monitored by soil humidity and crop canopy measurements. A simple field-crop-water balance model AquaCrop was calibrated and validated, and is used by extension workers to draft optimal irrigation charts. Each tool is applied independently, requiring only limited data; but their combined results contribute to an improved integrated water management. [less ▲]

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See detailFraming as a Tool for Mediatic Diplomacy Analysis: Study of George W. Bush's Political Discourse in the "War on Terror"
Azpíroz Manero, María Luisa ULg

in Communication and Society/Comunicación y Sociedad (2013), XXVI(2), 176-197

Public diplomacy is an international political communication activity to which States and other organizations resort in order to achieve political objectives abroad and to establish positive relations ... [more ▼]

Public diplomacy is an international political communication activity to which States and other organizations resort in order to achieve political objectives abroad and to establish positive relations with foreign publics. It is an activity that has evolved to adapt to the new global context, adding new characteristics and giving place to the so-called “new public diplomacy”. One of the different variants of public diplomacy is mediatic diplomacy, whose end is to get the public diplomacy’s message transmitted by institutional media or to get a positive coverage by foreign media. This article proposes a specific process to apply the framing theory as a tool for political discourse analysis, an essential element of mediatic diplomacy. The process is applied to George W. Bush’s political discourse during the first months of the “War on Terror”. [less ▲]

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See detailFraming the "Clash of Civilizations" in Europe: Interaction between Political and Media Frames
La Porte, María Teresa; Azpíroz Manero, María Luisa ULg

in Journal of Media and Communication Studies (2009), 1(1), 011-022

The present study reviews the foci, symbols and interpretations that the European media use to formulate and spread the political message about the “clash of civilizations”. This means observing how this ... [more ▼]

The present study reviews the foci, symbols and interpretations that the European media use to formulate and spread the political message about the “clash of civilizations”. This means observing how this cultural clash is articulated in political discourse and how this is then reflected in the leading European media. To carry out this study, we compared the frames found in several significant political discourses (Bush, Ahmadinejad, Sarkozy, Gül) and those encountered in the coverage of these same discourses in the following European newspapers: The Guardian, Le Monde, Frankfürter Allemaigne. Through this specific case, the research also explores what is the process of the frame elaboration and which conditions make political discourse more effective and attractive for the media to assimilate them. [less ▲]

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See detailFraming the future of antifungals in atopic dermatitis.
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical & Investigative Dermatology (2003), 206(4), 398-400

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a frequent chronic inflammatory skin disease. Some fungal colonization or infection of the skin may exacerbate AD severity, particularly the so-called head and neck variant. In ... [more ▼]

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a frequent chronic inflammatory skin disease. Some fungal colonization or infection of the skin may exacerbate AD severity, particularly the so-called head and neck variant. In addition, excessive intestinal colonization by Candida albicans may represent an additional triggering factor. Hence, there is a rationale to use antifungals in selected AD patients. Early trials with topical ketoconazole in head and neck AD showed a decrease in Malassezia colonization, but no significant improvement was observed in the clinical severity. In contrast, clinical improvement and decreased serum IgE were obtained in patients with positive Malassezia radioallergosorbent tests (RASTs) who were treated by oral ketoconazole. Some preliminary data suggested that oral itraconazole treatment in AD patients reduced the need for topical corticosteroids, provided clinical improvement particularly in head and neck AD, reduced the cutaneous and intestinal fungal colonization that may trigger AD, reduced the percentage of positive Malassezia cultures and demonstrated a decrease in C. albicans and Malassezia RAST values. Furthermore, beside its antifungal action, itraconazole in part relieves pruritus and inflammation. In conclusion, oral itraconazole treatment can alleviate AD severity in selected patients. Fluconazole is also effective. Further research is warranted to identify whether the load in skin surface fungal agents, the fungal RAST values and specific prick testing should be assessed in order to optimize the antifungal management in AD patients. [less ▲]

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See detailFrammenti d'Italia: Le forme narrative della non-fiction 1990-2005
Ricciardi, Stefania ULg; Bovo-Romoeuf, Martine

Book published by Franco Cesati Editore (2006)

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See detailFrammenti per Filippo Secchieri
Curreri, Luciano ULg

in Dolfi, Anna; Prandi, Stefano (Eds.) "La breccia dell'impensabile" : Studi sul fantastico in memoria di Filippo Secchieri (2012)

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See detailLe français à l'université
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (1997)

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See detailLe français aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

in Blampain, D.; Goosse, A.; Klinkenberg, Jean-Marie (Eds.) et al Le français en Belgique : une langue, une communauté (1997)

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See detailFrançais de Belgique et travaux belges dans le TLF
Boutier, Marie-Guy ULg

Scientific conference (2005, November 04)

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See detailLe français devrait-il servir de référence juridique?
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Diverse speeche and writing (2007)

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