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See detailForage protein as the main source of nitrogen in the rations of lactating cows
Cordiez, Emile ULg; Bienfait, Jean-Marie ULg; Nicks, Baudouin ULg et al

in Carbohydrate and protein synthesis (1978)

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See detailForaging and feeding ecology of the Serotine bat Eptesicus serotinus
KERVYN, Thierry; Brasseur, Jasmine; Motte, Grégory et al

in Bat Research News (1998), 39(3), 84

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See detailForaging plasticity favours adaptation to new habitats in fire salamanders
Manenti, Raoul; Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Ficetola, Gentile Francesco

in Animal Behaviour (2013), 86(2), 375-382

Predators often show strong plasticity of optimal foraging strategies. A major difference in foraging strategies occurs between sit-and-wait and active predators. Models predict that the efficiency of ... [more ▼]

Predators often show strong plasticity of optimal foraging strategies. A major difference in foraging strategies occurs between sit-and-wait and active predators. Models predict that the efficiency of these strategies is affected by environmental conditions, active predators being favoured when prey are scarce and their detection difficult. The shift between the two strategies may occur through both phenotypic plasticity and local adaptations. Larvae of the fire salamander, Salamandra salamandra, are typically stream-dwelling sit-and-wait predators, but some populations breed in caves. We evaluated whether local adaptations or phenotypic plasticity determine shifts in foraging strategy between stream and cave populations. The foraging behaviour of salamander larvae was evaluated under all combinations of three test conditions during trials: light versus darkness, prey presence versus absence and food deprived versus fed; larvae originated from caves and streams and were reared in epigeous photoperiod or in darkness. Observations and video tracking showed that salamander larvae modified their behaviour in response to environmental conditions. In the darkness, larvae showed higher average velocity and moved longer distances. Movements were higher in food-deprived larvae and in the presence of prey compared to fed larvae and prey absent conditions. Furthermore, larvae from cave populations showed higher behavioural plasticity than stream larvae, and better exploited the available space in test environments. Variation in foraging behaviour was strong, and involved complex interactions between plasticity and local adaptations. Larvae from cave populations showed higher behavioural plasticity, supporting the hypothesis that this trait may be important for the exploitation of novel environments, such as caves. [less ▲]

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See detailForaging tactics in alternative heterochronic salamander morphs: trophic quality of ponds matters more than water permanency
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Whiteman, Howard H.; Wissinger, Scott A.

in Freshwater Biology (2007), 52(9), 1667-1676

1. In lentic freshwater habitats, the composition of animal assemblages shifts along a gradient from temporary to permanent basins. When habitats with different degrees of permanence are at the scale of ... [more ▼]

1. In lentic freshwater habitats, the composition of animal assemblages shifts along a gradient from temporary to permanent basins. When habitats with different degrees of permanence are at the scale of the home range of species, they constitute alternatives in terms of energy acquisition through feeding. 2. In this context, previous studies showed an advantage of metamorphic over paedomorphic tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum) in temporary ponds which are only available to metamorphs. The aim of this study was to establish whether salamanders obtain similar benefits in ponds that do not differ in water permanence and whether salamanders shifted from detrimental to advantageous ponds. To this end, we determined the feeding habits, body condition and movement patterns of the two morphs in a complex of four permanent and four temporary ponds. 3. Consistent with previous studies, metamorphs consumed higher-quality diets than paedomorphs in term of energy intake. However, these differences occurred because metamorphs consumed fairy shrimp in a single temporary pond. Individual movement patterns confirmed that most of the metamorphs used different aquatic habitats both within and between years and that most of them moved from permanent ponds for breeding towards the most profitable temporary pond in terms of foraging. 4. These results indicate that habitat selection by salamanders is optimal in term of energy intake in metamorphs that use high quality ponds independently of hydroperiod. It seems that both spatial and temporal variation can influence the relative foraging success of each morph. [less ▲]

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See detailForamen ovale perméable et migraines: association fortuite ou relation causale?
Schoenen, Jean ULg; Burette, P.; Materne, P.

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(5-6, May-Jun), 362-8

Epidemiologic studies have shown a clear comorbidity between migraine with aura and a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Under the age of 55, migraine with aura is a risk factor for ischemic stroke and a ... [more ▼]

Epidemiologic studies have shown a clear comorbidity between migraine with aura and a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Under the age of 55, migraine with aura is a risk factor for ischemic stroke and a proportion of the latter is due to a PFO. It remains to be determined whether PFO is causally related to migraine attacks, or is a fortuitous association due to common genetic factors. Cortical spreading depression which is the underlying mechanism of the migrainous aura, could be favoured by a PFO. Several retrospective and uncontrolled studies suggest that percutaneous closure of a PFO for stroke or decompression illness in divers reduces frequency of migraine attacks with, but also without aura. Multicentric, prospective and controlled trials of this intervention in migraineurs are underway or in preparation. As long as their results are not known, there is no rationale for proposing PFO closure for migraine. [less ▲]

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See detailForaminifera in elevated Bermudian caves provide further evidence for +21 m eustatic sea level during Marine Isotope Stage 11
van hengstum, P. J.; Scott, David; Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

in Quaternary Science Reviews (2009), 28(19-20), 1850-1860

Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain the origin of marine isotope stage (MIS) 11 deposits in small Bermudian caves at þ21 m above modern sea level: (1) a þ21 m MIS 11 eustatic sea-level highstand ... [more ▼]

Two hypotheses have been proposed to explain the origin of marine isotope stage (MIS) 11 deposits in small Bermudian caves at þ21 m above modern sea level: (1) a þ21 m MIS 11 eustatic sea-level highstand, and (2) a MIS 11 mega-tsunami event. Importantly, the foraminifera reported in these caves have yet to be critically evaluated within a framework of coastal cave environments. After statistically comparing foraminifera in modern Bermudian littoral caves and the MIS 11 Calonectris Pocket A (þ21 m cave) to the largest available database of Bermudian coastal foraminifera, the assemblages found in modern littoral caves – and Calonectris Pocket A – cannot be statistically differentiated from lagoons. This observation is expected considering littoral caves are simply sheltered extensions of a lagoon environment in the littoral zone, where typical coastal processes (waves, storms) homogenize and rework lagoonal, reefal, and occasional planktic taxa. Fossil protoconchs of the Bermudian cave stygobite Caecum caverna were also associated with the foraminifera. These results indicate that the MIS 11 Bermudian caves are fossil littoral caves (breached flank margin caves), where the total MIS 11 microfossil assemblage is preserving a signature of coeval sea level at þ21 m. Brackish foraminifera (Polysaccammina, Pseudothurammina) and anchialine gastropods (w95%, >300 individuals) indicate a brackish anchialine habitat developed in the elevated caves after the prolonged littoral environmental phase. The onset of sea-level regression following the þ21 m highstand would first lower the ancient brackish Ghyben-Herzberg lens (<0.5 m) and flood the cave with brackish water, followed by drainage of the cave to create a permanent vadose environment. These interpretations of the MIS 11 microfossils (considering both taphonomy and paleoecology) are congruent with the micropaleontological, hydrogeological and physical mechanisms influencing modern Bermudian coastal cave environments. In conclusion, we reject the mega-tsunami hypothesis, concur with the þ21 m MIS 11 eustatic sea-level hypothesis, and reiterate the need to resolve the disparity between global marine isotopic records and the physical geologic evidence for sea level during MIS 11. [less ▲]

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See detailForaminifères, Spores et Coraux du Famennien supérieur et du Dinantien du Massif de l'Omolon (Extrème-Orient soviétique).
Conil, R; Poty, E; Simakov, K.V. et al

in Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique (1982), 105

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See detailForbidden FeIII-lines in celestial spectra
Edlén, B.; Swings, Polydore ULg

in Observatory (The) (1939), 62

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See detailThe forbidden line spectrum in the edges of H II regions
Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Astrophysics & Space Science (1977), 48

It is shown analytically that the motion of exciting stars can affect the forbidden emission-line spectra of H II regions in an observable manner. A model is used which comprises a small solid angle of a ... [more ▼]

It is shown analytically that the motion of exciting stars can affect the forbidden emission-line spectra of H II regions in an observable manner. A model is used which comprises a small solid angle of a spherical nebula that is symmetric with respect to the direction of stellar motion and consists of a mixture of H, He, C, N, O, and Ne with ionization states up to He II, C III, N III, O III, and Ne III. Consideration is given to the case of a 36-solar-mass O5 star with an effective temperature of 43,000 K moving at a velocity of 10 km/s in a nebula having a density of 10 times the proton mass per cu cm. The results obtained indicate that: (1) the region where forbidden lines characteristic of ionization fronts are produced is broadened considerably at the trailing edge of the nebula; (2) the spectrum in this region is comparable to that of fossil H II regions; and (3) the ionization front at the leading edge is sharper, the temperature there is higher, and the forbidden-line spectrum is similar to that of young ionization fronts. [less ▲]

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See detailForbidden Lines in 6pk (j=1-5) configurations
Biémont, Emile ULg; Quinet, Pascal ULg

in Physica Scripta (1996), 54

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See detailForbidden Lines in 6pk (k=1-5) configurations
Biémont, Emile ULg; Quinet, Pascal ULg

Conference (1995)

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See detailForbidden lines in a newly formed H II region
Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1975), 43

The initial evolution of a spherically symmetric H II region forming around a star of 36 solar masses is calculated numerically using a program based on a finite-difference scheme extrapolated from those ... [more ▼]

The initial evolution of a spherically symmetric H II region forming around a star of 36 solar masses is calculated numerically using a program based on a finite-difference scheme extrapolated from those previously proposed for solving hydrodynamic problems involving shock waves. The helium abundance is assumed to be 10 per cent, and no account is taken of magnetic fields, turbulent motions, or interstellar grains. The evolution of the positions of the hydrogen and helium ionization fronts is plotted as a function of time, and the total spectra of the forbidden emission lines of C II, N II, N III, O II, O III, Ne II, and Ne III are computed at each time. The intensities of the 29 strongest lines at five different epochs are compared with a rough estimate of the total strength of H-beta. The temporal evolution of the nebula and the emission lines is described qualitatively. [less ▲]

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See detailForbidden lines of CrII, Ni II, and Fe II
Swings, Polydore ULg

in Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific [=PASP] (1944), 56

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See detailForbidden lines of ionized nickel in the spectra of bright-line stars
Swings, Polydore ULg

in Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific [=PASP] (1943), 55

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See detailForbidden oxygen lines in comets at various heliocentric distances
Decock, Alice ULg; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 555

We present a study of the three forbidden oxygen lines [OI] located in the optical region - i.e., 5577.339 Å (the green line), 6300.304 Å and 6363.776 Å (the two red lines) - in order to better understand ... [more ▼]

We present a study of the three forbidden oxygen lines [OI] located in the optical region - i.e., 5577.339 Å (the green line), 6300.304 Å and 6363.776 Å (the two red lines) - in order to better understand the production of these atoms in cometary atmospheres. The analysis is based on 48 high-resolution and high signal-to-noise spectra collected with UVES at the ESO VLT between 2003 and 2011 referring to 12 comets of different origins observed at various heliocentric distances. The flux ratio of the green line to the sum of the two red lines is evaluated to determine the parent species of the oxygen atoms by comparison with theoretical models. This analysis confirms that, at about 1 AU, H[SUB]2[/SUB]O is the main parent molecule producing oxygen atoms. At heliocentric distances >2.5 AU, this ratio changes rapidly, an indication that other molecules are starting to contribute. The most abundant species after H[SUB]2[/SUB]O in the coma, CO and CO[SUB]2[/SUB], are good candidates, and the ratio is used to estimate their abundances. We found that the CO[SUB]2[/SUB] abundance relative to H[SUB]2[/SUB]O in comet C/2001 Q4 (NEAT) observed at 4 AU can be as high as ~70%. The intrinsic widths of the oxygen lines were also measured. The green line is on average about 1 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] broader than the red lines, while the theory predicts that the red lines are broader. This might be due to the nature of the excitation source or to a contribution of CO[SUB]2[/SUB] as the parent molecule of the 5577.339 Å line. At 4 AU, we found that the width of the green and red lines in comet C/2001 Q4 are the same, which could be explained if CO[SUB]2[/SUB] becomes the main contributor to the three [OI] lines at high heliocentric distances. Based on observations made with ESO Telescope at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programs ID 268.C-5570, 270.C-5043, 073.C-0525, 274.C-5015, 075.C-0355, 080.C-0615, 280.C-5053, 086.C-0958, and 087.C-0929. [less ▲]

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See detailForbidden transitions in Fe II
Quinet, Pascal ULg; Le Dourneu, M; Zeippen, C J

in Proceedings of the 5th International Colloquium on Atomic Spectra and Oscillator Strengths for Astrophysical and Laboratory Plasmas (1996)

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See detailForbidden transitions of Astrophysical Interest in the 5pk (k=1-5) Configurations
Biémont, Emile ULg; Hansen, J. E.; Quinet, Pascal ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Supplement Series (1995), 111

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See detailForbidding Bodies: Avatars of the Phisical in the Work of Janet Frame
Delrez, Marc ULg

Conference (2002, April 23)

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See detailForbidding Bodies: Avatars of the Physical in the Work of Janet Frame
Delrez, Marc ULg

in World Literature Written in English (2004), 38(2), 70-79

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See detailLa force du mi-dit : Figures de style dans le roman de Lawrence Scott, Witchbroom
Pagnoulle, Christine ULg

in Palimpsestes (2005), 16

Beyond some obvious comparisons, the article traces the function of some embedded metaphors, and the kind of problem they may raise in a translation.

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