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See detailFeeding ecology of the catfish Euchilichthys guentheri (Mochokidae, Siluriformes) of Pool Malebo, Congo River (Democratic Republic of Congo
Tembeni Makiadi, John; Mbomba Nseu, Bekeli; Micha, Jean-Claude et al

in Revue d'Ecologie (La Terre et la Vie) (2013), 68

Summary.— The feeding ecology of Euchilichthys guentheri (Schilthuis, 1891) of Malebo Pool (Congo River, Kinshasa, DRC) was studied between January 2008 and October 2010. The stomach contents of 243 ... [more ▼]

Summary.— The feeding ecology of Euchilichthys guentheri (Schilthuis, 1891) of Malebo Pool (Congo River, Kinshasa, DRC) was studied between January 2008 and October 2010. The stomach contents of 243 individuals were analysed and a diet was characterized by a feeding index computed by combining the occurrences, the numerical and volume percentages of the items identified in the stomach contents. The study showed that this species has an herbivorous diet mainly composed of periphyton. The study did not find any statistical differences in the diet related to the size of the specimens, the site and the hydrological season. The dietary strategies developed by this species likely contribute to its coexistence with the other Mochokidae species in Malebo Pool. The study thus provided relevant information regarding the feeding ecology of suckermouth catfishes intrinsically associated with the Congo River, one of the most threatened and biodiverse ecosystems of the Congo basin. [less ▲]

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See detailFeeding habits in a dimorphic metapopulation of the tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum nebulosum
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Wissinger, Scott; Whiteman, Howard

Conference (2003)

Facultative paedomorphosis in salamanders refers to the presence of two ontogenetic pathways in natural populations – paedomorphosis, in which individuals retain gills at the adult stage, and ... [more ▼]

Facultative paedomorphosis in salamanders refers to the presence of two ontogenetic pathways in natural populations – paedomorphosis, in which individuals retain gills at the adult stage, and metamorphosis, in which larvae metamorphose. The Mexican Cut Nature Preserve (Colorado, USA) is composed of numerous ponds which are inhabited by paedomorphic and metamorphic tiger salamanders. While paedomorphs usually stay in the same aquatic habitat all their life, metamorphs may leave water and colonize other ponds. The aim of this study was to determine the feeding habits of the two morphs from this metapopulation. To this end, adults were caught by dip-netting, stomach-flushed, measured and marked. Paedomorphs were only found in permanent waters. Metamorphs were present in all habitats, but particularly in the temporary ponds. Diet differed between ponds – reflecting their invertebrate composition – with a preponderance of either microcrustaceans, fairy shrimp or insect larvae. In ponds inhabited by the two morphs, paedomorphs consumed more prey items. Because dry mass and energy content varied between invertebrates, feeding on some of them, such as fairy shrimp in the temporary ponds where they are abundant, gave high energy intake to the predators. Because such resources are only available to the dispersive morph, metamorphs are at the advantage in being able to avoid competition with paedomorphs in permanent ponds and in using transient resources from the productive temporary waters. [less ▲]

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See detailFeeding humans with edible insects : actual state and perspectives in Belgium and Europe
Sablon, Ludovic ULg; Alabi, Taofic; Drugmand, Didier et al

Poster (2012, August)

In future decades, world population will grow up to 9 billion of people and we will be confronted to a lack of nutritive resources. We will not continue to produce proteins with our conventional livestock ... [more ▼]

In future decades, world population will grow up to 9 billion of people and we will be confronted to a lack of nutritive resources. We will not continue to produce proteins with our conventional livestock as beef, poultry or pig. It will therefore look to other sources and edible insects are one of these solutions. Indeed, more than 2000 species of edible insects were actually consumed by 3000 ethnic groups in the world. In undernourished populations, entomophagy is essential to relieve deficiencies in proteins, fatty acids and some vitamins. In Europe, we have acquired sedentary habits and we have lost our ancestral harvesting and hunting traditions. It is the reason of disinterest for edible insects and entomophagy was considered as a "barbarian" food habit. Facing food challenges of tomorrow, it is important to sensitize industrialized populations and to reintroduce edible insects in our plates and habits. The first step is to overcome neophobia of food products. Our studies focused on different insect preparations and on perception of entomophagy by different age classes. Globally, our first results indicated that entomophagy was accepted by belgian consumers but the more difficult for them is to taste the first time. These results confirmed neophobia for this type of food products and thus the importance of positive informations and education for acceptance of entomophagy. [less ▲]

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See detailFeeding in darkness alleviates density-dependent growth of juvenile vundu catfish Heterobranchus longifilis (Clariidae)
Baras, E.; Tissier, F.; Westerloppe, L. et al

in Aquatic Living Resources (1998), 11

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See detailFeeding of Brachionus calyciflorus on Tetrahymena pyriformis using
Joaquim-Justo, Célia ULg; Detry, C; Thomé, Jean-Pierre ULg

Poster (1998, June 22)

This study was carried out in the wider frame of the quatitative evaluation of trophic transfers occurring in large rivers between metozooplankton and protozooplankton. Since the rotifer B. calyciflorus ... [more ▼]

This study was carried out in the wider frame of the quatitative evaluation of trophic transfers occurring in large rivers between metozooplankton and protozooplankton. Since the rotifer B. calyciflorus is dominant in the river Meuse (Belgium) its feeding on the widespread ciliate T. pyriformis was studied. Grazing rates were either determined through monitoring of cell number variations in experimental media or through use of fluorescently labeled ciliates. The labeling procedure consisted in allowing the ciliates to ingest fluorescent microspheres (0.5 µm in diameter) for short period of time; since number of ingested fluorescent spheres are very stable [less ▲]

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See detailFeeding of planktonic rotifers on ciliates: a method using natural ciliate assemblages labelled with fluorescent microparticles
Joaquim-Justo, Célia ULg; Detry, Cédric ULg; Caufman, F. et al

in Journal of Plankton Research (2004), 26(11), 1289-1299

A method was developed to allow direct measurements of predation exerted by metazooplankton on ciliates. The method relied on the use of ciliates labelled with fluorescent microparticles (FMP). Optimal ... [more ▼]

A method was developed to allow direct measurements of predation exerted by metazooplankton on ciliates. The method relied on the use of ciliates labelled with fluorescent microparticles (FMP). Optimal labelling conditions were determined with ciliates from cultures (Tetrahymena pyriformis) and with natural ciliate assemblages sampled in a river. Labelled T. pyriformis were used as tracer food to determine gut passage time (GPT) and ingestion rates of the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus in the laboratory. Predation of metazooplankton from the lowland river Meuse (Belgium) was determined by labelling natural assemblages of ciliates and using them as tracer food for metazooplankters sampled in the river. Optimal labels of ciliates, i.e. sharp distribution of FMP in cells, were obtained with short incubations (10 min) and low FMP concentrations (1 x 10(5) mL(-1)). GPT varied between 30 and 45 min for B. calyciflorus and from 25 up to >35 min for rotifers from the river. The ingestion rate of B. calyciflorus fed with T. pyriformis was 3.3 +/- 0.6 ciliate rot(-1) h(-1), i.e. 1.4 +/- 0.3 ngC rot(-1) h(-1). Metazooplankton species for which the ingestion of ciliates could be measured were the rotifers Keratella cochlearis, Euchlanis dilatata and Synchaeta spp. Ingestion rates measured ranged from 0.4 to 12.5 ngC rot(-1) h(-1). The method proposed proved to be useful in estimating the predation of microplankton on ciliates in semi- in situ conditions; in further developments, labelled natural assemblages of ciliates could be used for in situ incubations with the Haney chamber. [less ▲]

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See detailFeeding of Sarpa salpa in a Posidonia seagrass ecosystem: del 13C evidence for a mixed diet
Havelange, Stéphane; Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Dauby, Patrick ULg et al

Conference (1996, September)

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See detailFeeding of the sparid fish Sarpa salpa in a Posidonia seagrass ecosystem: del 13C evidence for a mixt diet.
Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Havelange, Stéphane; Dauby, Patrick ULg et al

Poster (1997, September)

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See detailFeeding of the sparid fish Sarpa salpa in a seagrass ecosystem: Diet and carbon flux
Havelange, S.; Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Dauby, Patrick ULg et al

in Marine Ecology (1997), 18(4), 289-297

In Revellata Bay (Gulf of Calvi, Corsica, France), the sparid fish Sarpa salpa L. is the main macro-consumer of Posidonia oceanica (L.) DELILE leaf. Stomach contents were analysed and C-13/C-12 isotopic ... [more ▼]

In Revellata Bay (Gulf of Calvi, Corsica, France), the sparid fish Sarpa salpa L. is the main macro-consumer of Posidonia oceanica (L.) DELILE leaf. Stomach contents were analysed and C-13/C-12 isotopic ratios were measured in fish muscle and potential food sources (algae, P. oceanica leaf and its epiphytes) to determine their relative contribution to the fish diet. S. salpa has an age-related mixed diet: juveniles are plankton feeders, young, sub-adults and adults are herbivorous, and, the older the individuals, the higher the relative contribution of P. oceanica to the diet. Our results and former studies of carbon stocks and fluxes in the P. oceanica bed of Revellata Bay have enabled an estimation of the general impact of S. salpa grazing on infralittoral communities: the studied species consumes 24 g C.m-2.a(-1) from P. oceanica leaf, 4.8 from epiphytes and 13 from epilithic algae. The fish net production and biomass turnover in that zone have been estimated to be 1.2 g C.m(-2).a(-1) and 1.5 a(-1), respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailFeeding performance in heterochronic alpine newts is consistent with trophic niche and maintenance of polymorphism
Denoël, Mathieu ULg

in Ethology (2004), 110(2), 127-136

The feeding performances of two heterochronic morphs of the Alpine newt Triturus alpestris were investigated in laboratory experiments. Although both morphs are able to feed in the aquatic habitat, the ... [more ▼]

The feeding performances of two heterochronic morphs of the Alpine newt Triturus alpestris were investigated in laboratory experiments. Although both morphs are able to feed in the aquatic habitat, the hydrodynamics of prey capture differ between morphs. In paedomorphs water sucked with prey is expelled behind the mouth through gill bars. In metamorphs, water is expelled by the mouth as gill slits are closed. Feeding performance was better in paedomorphs than in metamorphs when foraging on aquatic crustaceans, but paedomorphs were less successful when foraging on terrestrial invertebrates caught at the water surface. These differences in prey capture success related to prey type allow the two morphs to use specific resources in their aquatic habitat. These results are consistent with previous studies that showed diet differentiation between morphs in natural populations. Such resource partitioning is a factor favouring the maintenance of facultative paedomorphosis in natural populations. [less ▲]

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See detailFeeding regimens and necrotizing enterocolitis
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in Neonatology (2013), 104(4), 263-264

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See detailFEEDING SELECTIVITY OF THE ROTIFER BRACHIONUS CALYCIFLORUS: EVIDENCE OF THE ROLE OF CHEMICAL CUES.
Joaquim-Justo, Célia ULg; Ayala-Andrés, N; Thomé, Jean-Pierre ULg

Poster (2005, June 19)

The rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus is a ubiquitous species that often dominates river zooplankton. It has been described as a species that selects its food mainly on the basis of the size of food ... [more ▼]

The rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus is a ubiquitous species that often dominates river zooplankton. It has been described as a species that selects its food mainly on the basis of the size of food particles and not on the basis of their taste. Nevertheless, experiments carried out with a green algae, 3,5 microns in diameter, showed that the ingestion rate of rotifers on DTAF (5-(4,6-dichlorotriazin-2-yl)aminofluorescein) stained algae is much lower than on untreated algae. The impact of all steps of the staining procedure was tested to determine the factor that elicits a negative selection against stained algae. Moreover, impact of algal abundance and light on selection was tested. Results clearly show the selection is triggered by chemical cues, DTAF itself inducing the strongest avoidance. Algal abundance influenced the degree of selectivity of rotifers; analysis of ingestion rate of treated and untreated algae throughout all treatments provide information on selection mechanisms and support the hypothesis that B. calyciflorus can detect chemical cues in the buccal funnel, even when feeding on small preys, and select its food accordingly. [less ▲]

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See detailFeeding specialization in heterochronic newts (Triturus alpestris, Amphibia, Caudata)
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Schabetsberger, Robert; Joly, Pierre

Poster (2002)

Polymorphisms are suspected to reduce competition among conspecifics in heterogeneous environments by allowing differential resource use. However, the adaptive significance of alternative morphs has been ... [more ▼]

Polymorphisms are suspected to reduce competition among conspecifics in heterogeneous environments by allowing differential resource use. However, the adaptive significance of alternative morphs has been poorly documented. The aim of this study was to test this hypothesis by comparing diets of syntopic heterochronic morphs (paedomorphs and metamorphs) in the Alpine newt, Triturus alpestris in three European alpine lakes. Feeding performance was also tested in the laboratory. The two morphs differ in the functional morphology of their feeding apparatus. Only paedomorphs are able to expel water behind the mouth during prey suction through gill slits. We observed a substantial trophic differentiation between morphs consistently in all lakes. Paedomorphs primarily preyed on plankton whereas metamorphs foraged on terrestrial invertebrates that fell to the water surface. Laboratory observations were consistent with field patterns. In paedomorphs, prey capture success rate was better than in metamorphs when foraging on aquatic crustaceans, but was less successful when foraging on terrestrial invertebrates caught at the water surface. By reducing competition, resource partitioning contributes to the coexistence of the alternative morphs in lakes devoid of vertebrate competitors and predators. Food diversity is thus an important factor favoring the evolutionary maintenance of facultative paedomorphosis in natural populations. [less ▲]

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See detailFeeding the premature gut
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in 5th International Clinical & Community Nutrition Conference (2013, May)

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See detailFeeding the preterm infant: How to translate science into practice
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in Nest (New York, N.Y.) (2012), 33

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See detailFeeding value of ensiled pressed sugar beet pulp added with urea and molasses and their use by beef cattle
Thewis, André ULg; Renard, Jean-François; Paques, Jean et al

Poster (1983)

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See detailFeeding value of ensiled pressed sugar-beet pulp added with urea and molasses and their use by beef cattle.
Thewis, André ULg; Renard, J.; Paques, J. et al

in Boucqué, Ch. V. (Ed.) Feeding value of by-products and their use by beef cattle. (1985)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)
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See detailFeeding weaned pigs pellets or meal? Effects on performance, water intake and eating behaviour
Laitat, Martine ULg; Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Desiron, A. et al

in Proceedings of the 50th EAAP (1999)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)