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Peer Reviewed
See detailFixed implant rehabilitation of the edentulous maxilla: a systematic literature review.
LAMBERT, France ULg; Weber, HP; Gallucci, German et al

Poster (2006, September)

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See detailFixed interval performance in a large sample of rats (N=113) : interindividual differences
Lejeune, Helga ULg; Richelle, Marc ULg

in Psychologica Belgica (1985), 25(1), 73-79

Hundred and thirteen male adult albino rats (Wistar) have successively been submitted to 3 CFR, 3 FI 30, 3 FI 60, 3 FI 90 and 40 FI 120 seconds sessions. The daily sessions lasted in every case 30 minutes ... [more ▼]

Hundred and thirteen male adult albino rats (Wistar) have successively been submitted to 3 CFR, 3 FI 30, 3 FI 60, 3 FI 90 and 40 FI 120 seconds sessions. The daily sessions lasted in every case 30 minutes. Daily distributions of the Curvature Indice (Fry, Kelleher & Cook, 1960) values showed that the mean value increased up to a stabilization point at the 20th FI 120 seconds session and that the inter-individual differences as estimated by the standard deviation increased progressively throughout the session series. Rank correlations (Kendall Tau t) computed between individual Curvature Index values from adjacent or remote sessions were highly osgnificant and showed that the level of adjustment to the FI schedule early in training has a predictive value. [less ▲]

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See detailFixed interval performance in turtle doves: A comparison with pigeons and rats
Lejeune, Helga ULg; Richelle, Marc ULg

in Behaviour Analysis Letters (1982), 2

Turtle doves, pigeons and rats were trained on fixed-interval (FI) 2, 4, 6, 8- and 110-mi, schedules. Response rates were at each FI value, higher in both bird psecies. They decreased as FI value ... [more ▼]

Turtle doves, pigeons and rats were trained on fixed-interval (FI) 2, 4, 6, 8- and 110-mi, schedules. Response rates were at each FI value, higher in both bird psecies. They decreased as FI value increased in rats and pigeons. Rat's curvature indices were in all cases superior to those of birds, and the turtle dove differed significantly from pigeons at 2, 4 and 6 min. Curvature indices decreased in rats and increased in birds (except for 2 turtle doves) as the FI value increased. These results question the traditionally assumed cross-species generality of performance in FI schedules. [less ▲]

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See detailFixed-rank matrix factorizations and Riemannian low-rank optimization
Mishra, Bamdev ULg; Meyer, Gilles ULg; Bonnabel, Silvere et al

E-print/Working paper (2012)

Motivated by the problem of learning a linear regression model whose parameter is a large fixed-rank non-symmetric matrix, we consider the optimization of a smooth cost function defined on the set of ... [more ▼]

Motivated by the problem of learning a linear regression model whose parameter is a large fixed-rank non-symmetric matrix, we consider the optimization of a smooth cost function defined on the set of fixed-rank matrices. We adopt the geometric optimization framework of optimization on Riemannian matrix manifolds. We study the underlying geometries of several well-known fixed-rank matrix factorizations and then exploit the Riemannian geometry of the search space in the design of a class of gradient descent and trust-region algorithms. The proposed algorithms generalize our previous results on fixed-rank symmetric positive semidefinite matrices, apply to a broad range of applications, scale to high-dimensional problems and confer a geometric basis to recent contributions on the learning of fixed-rank non-symmetric matrices. We make connections with existing algorithms in the context of low-rank matrix completion and discuss relative usefulness of the proposed framework. Numerical experiments suggest that the proposed algorithms compete with the state-of-the-art and that manifold optimization offers an effective and versatile framework for the design of machine learning algorithms that learn a fixed-rank matrix. [less ▲]

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See detailFl. ERMINI, "à grand'peine..."
Tilkin, Françoise ULg

in Journal des Poètes (1983), (4-5), 26

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Peer Reviewed
See detailFlag flap - Kite flap - Dorsal metacarpal flap
DELEUZE, JP; CARLIER, Alain ULg; MASSAGE, Patrick ULg et al

in Interactive Surgery (2007)

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See detailLe Flair de Sainte-Beuve. Chose littéraire et modernité poétique
Durand, Pascal ULg; Bertrand, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Bertrand, Jean-Pierre; Glinoer, Anthony (Eds.) Sainte-Beuve et le sens du moderne (2008)

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See detailFlambement plan des colonnes en acier laminé soumises à l'incendie
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

Scientific conference (1995)

The background of the buckling curves that are now introduced in Eurocode 3 (EN1993-1-2) for steel columns subjected to fire is given. It consist of an extensive campaign of numerical analyses, the ... [more ▼]

The background of the buckling curves that are now introduced in Eurocode 3 (EN1993-1-2) for steel columns subjected to fire is given. It consist of an extensive campaign of numerical analyses, the results of which have been calibrated by comparison with a data base of experimental test results. [less ▲]

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See detailA flamelet-based combustion model for high-speed flows!
Terrapon, Vincent ULg

Scientific conference (2011, December 13)

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See detailFlamelet-based combustion model for supersonic combustion
Terrapon, Vincent ULg

Scientific conference (2010, February)

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See detailFlamelet-based model for supersonic combustion
Terrapon, Vincent ULg

Conference (2009, November)

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See detailA flamelet-based model for supersonic combustion
Terrapon, Vincent ULg; Ham, Frank; Pecnik, Rene et al

in Annual Research Briefs (2009)

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See detailFlaminia Bardati, 'Il bel palatio in forma di castello' : Gaillon tra 'Flamboyant' e Rinascimento, Rome, 2009
Fagnart, Laure ULg

in European Architectural History Network Newsletter (2011), n°2/11

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See detailFlanders Ahead... Wallonia Behind (But Catching Up). The Identity Politics of Science, Technology, and Innovation in Belgium
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg et al

Conference (2013, October 18)

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are ... [more ▼]

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are received in one Flemish and one Francophone quality newspaper, this paper illustrates how Flanders and Wallonia both seek to become top-performing knowledge-based economies (KBEs). The paper discerns a number of discursive repertoires, such as “Catching up,” which policy actors draw on to legitimize or question the transformation of Flanders and Wallonia into KBEs. The “Catching up” repertoire places Flanders resolutely ahead of Wallonia in the global race towards knowledge, excellence, and growth, but suggests that Wallonia may, in due course, overtake Flanders as a top competitive region. Given the expectations and/or fears that “Catching up” evokes among Flemish and Walloon policy actors, the repertoire serves these actors as a flexible discursive resource to make sense of, and shape, their collective futures, and thus their identities. The primary aim of the paper is to underline the simultaneity of, and the interplay between, globalizing forces and particularizing tendencies, as Flanders and Wallonia develop with a global KBE in nation- or region-specific ways. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailFlanders Ahead… Wallonia Behind (But Catching Up). Reconstructing Communities through Science, Technology, and Innovation Policymaking
Charlier, Nathan ULg; Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg

Conference (2014, June)

Abstract Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”; VIA), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”; MPs), and a discourse analysis of how these ... [more ▼]

Abstract Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”; VIA), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”; MPs), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are received in one Flemish and one Francophone quality newspaper, this paper illustrates how Flanders and Wallonia both seek to become top-performing knowledge-based economies (KBEs). The paper discerns a number of discursive repertoires, such as “Catching up,” which Flemish and Walloon policy actors draw on to legitimize or question the transformation of Flanders and Wallonia into KBEs. The “Catching up” repertoire places Flanders resolutely ahead of Wallonia in the global race towards knowledge, excellence, and science-driven innovation, but suggests that Wallonia may, in due course overtake Flanders as a top-competitive region. Given the expectations and/or fears that “Catching up” evokes among Flemish and Walloon policy actors, the repertoire serves these actors as a flexible discursive resource to make sense of, and shape, their collective futures, and thus their identities. By rendering explicit how Flanders and Wallonia each acquire a distinct identity through the global KBE, the paper underlines the simultaneity of, and the interplay between, globalizing forces and particularizing tendencies and illuminates the political, nation-building and identity-building functions of science, technology, and innovation. The paper starts from the following preliminary observations. While both the VIA plan and the MPs emphasize the need of transforming Flanders and Wallonia into KBEs in order meet the demands of globalization (OECD 1996), the plans adopt a different tone and stance. The Flemish plan repeatedly states the need of transforming Flanders into “a top region, not only in Europe, but in the world, particularly in the social and economic field” (VIA, 2006: 4). It also states that Flanders is already prosperous and already has many strengths, but that the welfare and prosperity of Flanders are “under threat” in a “challenging global economic environment” (2). The message is thus that Flanders is doing relatively well in the global economy, but that it must do even better if it is to maintain its competitive edge and its welfare. By contrast, the MP is framed from the perspective of Walloon recovery and “redressement.” Although the term “Marshall Plan” evidently brings to mind the European Recovery Program for rebuilding Western Europe after World War II, recovery also refers to the period of prosperity before the World Wars, when Wallonia was one of the most economically advanced industrial regions in Europe. The MP suggests that Wallonia’s glorious past (“le passé glorieux”) can be rewon, if the Walloons deploy every tool they can muster and work together to “relaunch” the Walloon economy (3). To incite joint action, the MP urges the Walloons to become the architects of their own fate. This aspiration is clearly expressed in the opening sentence of the first MP plan: “The federalization [of Belgium; by which is meant the regionalization of policy and competences] bestows the Walloons with political autonomy, which renders them responsible for their own destiny.” At the same time, this statement reads as a call to independence, as the Walloons are bestowed with political autonomy (by the Flemings, who have repeatedly pushed for the dismantling of Belgium as a unitary state). As the above excerpts from the Flemish and Walloon policy plans indicate, VIA and the MPs characterize a state of political and economic affairs, take position in relation to these affairs, and, most importantly, envision a prosperous future for the Flemish and Walloon region, respectively. The plans are thus driven by expectations, visions and values, as well as fears. They mobilize arguments, explanations, evaluations, descriptions and prescriptions, sometimes by drawing on tropes or stereotypes, anecdotes, and illustrations. As the plans also indicate, transforming Flanders and Wallonia into top KBE regions does not happen by itself. For instance, while the VIA plan describes Flemings as entrepreneurs, it also states that “we must dare to be entrepreneurial” (3). Similary, the MP urges Walloon citizens to change their “état d’esprit” or mindset, if economic growth is to ensue (3). Thus, identity construction and transformation are in order both in Flanders and in Wallonia. The above observations serve as starting points for our media analysis. As we want to know whether, and how, these particular conceptions of the nation/region are picked up in press reporting on STI policies, we ask the following interrelated questions: How are the Flemish (VIA) and Walloon STI policies (MPs) received in the Flemish and Francophone press? Do we discern in the press the same notions of identity as in the policy programs? Are these notions reproduced, problematized or transformed? If so, in what ways? What does this mean for Flemish and Walloon identity construction, and for the construction of “Belgium” at large? Recognizing the role of “institutions of power” (e.g. language, media, technologies) in articulating nationalism (Anderson 1991: 163; Billig 1995: 11), our analysis conceives of journalists and the press as potential policy agenda setters and opinion makers, as the press potentially reproduces and redefines political identities. As this paper will illustrate, the Flemish and Francophone press speak out on issues of collective identity and also offer various policymakers a platform to express their views on regional economic development, STI, and the state. Thus, from our perspective, policymaking is not only the prerogative of mandated policymakers, but of journalists and other opinion leaders (e.g. captains of industry) as well (Lenschow & Sprungk 2010). To enable analysis, we draw on a range of literatures, including science and technology studies, discourse analysis, and media analyses. Our approach is interpretive and interactionist, as it assumes that realities (e.g. identities, nations, as well as practices and materialities) are socially constructed rather than exist as objective phenomenon that can be discovered through empirical testing (Fischer 2003: 118). Hence, we ask how identity is created, structured, maintained, or conversely deconstructed, resisted, and challenged. Our aim is thus not to uncover an objective reality behind identity, but to understand how identities are collectively made and remade on a continuous basis. To this end, we draw on the notion of “coproduction” (Jasanoff 2006: 2) to empirically demonstrate how STI and nationalism are “coproduced” through technoscientific practices (Felt 2013). In what follows, we first present, discuss, and situate Flemish and Walloon STI policies in time and place, as a means of contextualizing the “nationalisms” inscribed in the VIA plan and MPs. Next, we present our methodological framework for discourse and media analysis, our data, and key findings. Upon drawing together these findings, we single out the storyline of “Catching up” as an important discursive backdrop against which processes of collective identity construction play out through STI policymaking and press reporting. We conclude by tying our findings into a broader discussion about the place of Belgium in Europe and the world, as nation states are constantly (re)defined in terms of their constituent segments and overarching structures, including the KBE. The paper’s topics resonate with the overall conference theme and specifically tie into the following conference strands: • Policy emergence, implementation, diffusion and transfer • National science policies and the global scientific enterprise • The multi-level governance of research and innovation and the challenge of co-ordination Keywords: Flanders, Identity, Knowledge-based economy, Science and technology policy, Wallonia. References Anderson, B. (1991), Imagined Communities. Reflection on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London, Verso. Billig, M. (1995), Banal Nationalism. London, Sage. Felt, U. (2013), “Keeping Technologies Out: Sociotechnical imaginaries and the formation of a national technopolitical identity,” Pre-print; Published by the Department of Social Studies of Science, University of Vienna, February 2013; http://sciencestudies.univie.ac.at/publications Fischer, F. (2003), Reframing Public Policy. Discursive Politics and Deliberative Practices. Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press. Flanders in Action (VIA); www.vlaandereninactie.be Jasanoff, S. 2006. The idiom of co-production. In: Jasanoff, S., Ed., States of Knowledge. The Coproduction of Science and Social Order. New York, Routledge, 1-12. Lenschow, A. & Sprungk, C. (2010), “The Myth of a Green Europe,” Journal of Common Market Studies, 48(1), 133-154. OECD (1996), The Knowledge Based Economy, OECD/GD, (96)102. Plan Marshall (MP); http://www.wallonie.be/fr/actualites/plan-marshall-2022 [less ▲]

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See detailLa Flandre ne peut pas scinder unilatéralement l'arrondissement de Bruxelles-Hal-Vilvorde
Behrendt, Christian ULg

in Le Soir (2009), édition du 30 octobre 2009

La contribution relève qu'une scission de la circonscription électorale de Bruxelles-Hal-Vilvorde ne peut se faire que sur base d'un accord conclu entre mandataires politiques néerlandophones et ... [more ▼]

La contribution relève qu'une scission de la circonscription électorale de Bruxelles-Hal-Vilvorde ne peut se faire que sur base d'un accord conclu entre mandataires politiques néerlandophones et francophones ; elle ne peut être réalisée par les seuls premiers, contre l'avis des seconds. [less ▲]

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See detailFlâneries Liégeoises avec Georges Simenon - un film
Sacré, Robert ULg

Learning material (1991)

Par le biais de photos et de questions, G.Simenon se souvient de son enfance et de son adolescence en Outremeuse à Liège; les anecdotes fusent et son plaisir en les racontant est manifeste.

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See detailFlapping flight aerodynamics for flying animals
Norizham, Abdul Razak ULg; Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg

Scientific conference (2011, October 10)

Most research into the aerodynamics of flying animals is based on aircraft aerodynamics. Aircraft have rigid wings, therefore such research is mostly suited to the study of the gliding flight of animals ... [more ▼]

Most research into the aerodynamics of flying animals is based on aircraft aerodynamics. Aircraft have rigid wings, therefore such research is mostly suited to the study of the gliding flight of animals. However, many species spend more time flapping than gliding. Some species don’t glide at all. This seminar presents recent work on flapping flight carried out at the University of Liège. [less ▲]

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See detailA flare event on HR2517
Sterken, C.; Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Information Bulletin on Variable Stars (1994), 4120

Not Available

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Peer Reviewed
See detailFlash patterns of oxygen evolution in greening etioplasts of oat
Franck, Fabrice ULg; Schmid, G. H.

in Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. Section C : Biosciences (1984), 39c

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (2 ULg)