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See detailFinite Element Discretizations to Evaluate Electrostatic Forces Around Corners
Hannot, Stephan; Rixen, Daniel; Rochus, Véronique ULg

(2007)

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See detailA finite element for thermo-mechanical problems.
Bourdouxhe, Michel; Charlier, Robert ULg; Cescotto, Serge ULg

in Proceedings Numiform Conference Göteborg (1986, August)

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See detailFinite element formulation and couplings
Habraken, Anne ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg

Conference (2013)

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See detailA finite element formulation for spectral problems in optical fibers
Guenneau, S.; Nicolet, A.; Zolla, F. et al

in COMPEL (2001), 20(1), 120--131

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See detailFinite element grid optimization with geometric approach
Hwang, H. T.; Fleury, Claude ULg

in The 33rd Aiaa/Asme/Asce/Ahs/Asc Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference: April 13-15, 1992/Dallas, Tx (1992)

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See detailFinite element investigation of size effects on the mechanical behavior of nickel single crystals
Keller, Clément; Habraken, Anne ULg; Duchene, Laurent ULg

in Materials Science & Engineering : A (2012), 550(30), 342-349

The influence of dimensions on the mechanical behavior of f.c.c. single crystals with dimensions larger than a few micrometers has been the topic of many experimental investigations and controversies ... [more ▼]

The influence of dimensions on the mechanical behavior of f.c.c. single crystals with dimensions larger than a few micrometers has been the topic of many experimental investigations and controversies during the 1970s and this question is still open. The objective of this article is to shed new light on this point by performing finite element simulations thanks to a strain gradient crystal plasticity model. Based on the model identification for nickel, several single crystal samples with various thicknesses and orientations were tested numerically in tension. The effect of dimensions was then analyzed considering the spatial distribution of dislocation densities. Near loading boundaries, dislocation density gradients appeared perpendicular to the Burgers vector direction of the primary activated slip system which modified the mechanical behavior. These gradients are discussed in terms of boundary conditions, crystal orientation and dislocation interactions with surfaces. [less ▲]

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See detailFinite Element Magnetic Models via a Coupling of Subproblems of Lower Dimensions
Dular, Patrick ULg; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg et al

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2010), 46(8), 2827-2830

Model refinements of magnetic circuits are performed via a subdomain finite element method based on a perturbation technique. A complete problem is split into subproblems, some of lower dimensions, to ... [more ▼]

Model refinements of magnetic circuits are performed via a subdomain finite element method based on a perturbation technique. A complete problem is split into subproblems, some of lower dimensions, to allow a progression from 1-D to 3-D models. Its solution is then expressed as the sum of the subproblem solutions supported by different meshes. A convenient and robust correction procedure is proposed allowing independent overlapping meshes for both source and reaction fields, the latter being free of cancellation error in magnetic materials. The procedure simplifies both meshing and solving processes, and quantifies the gain given by each model refinement on both local fields and global quantities. [less ▲]

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See detailA finite element method for poro mechanical modelling of geotechnical problems using local second gradient models
Collin, Frédéric ULg; Chambon, René; Charlier, Robert ULg

in International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (2006), 65(11), 1749-1772

In this paper, a new finite element method is described and applied. It is based on a theory developed to model poromechanical problems where the mechanical part is obeying a second gradient theory. The ... [more ▼]

In this paper, a new finite element method is described and applied. It is based on a theory developed to model poromechanical problems where the mechanical part is obeying a second gradient theory. The aim of such a work is to properly model the post localized behaviour of soils and rocks saturated with a pore fluid. Beside the development of this new Coupled theory, a corresponding finite element method has been developed. The elements used are based on a weak form of the relation between the deformation gradient and the second gradient, using a field of Lagrange multipliers. The global problem is solved by a system of equations where the kinematic variables are fully coupled with the pore pressure. Some numerical experiments showing the effectiveness of the method ends the paper. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley [less ▲]

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See detailFinite element model for the extension of the direct strength method to hot-rolled profile cross-sections
Li, Yongzhen ULg; Rossi, Barbara ULg

in Proceedings of the 12th Nordic Steel Construction Conference (2012, September 05)

Abstract: In the present research, a geometrically and materially nonlinear analysis using the FE method has been conducted to evaluate the resistance of axially compressed hot-rolled H profile cross ... [more ▼]

Abstract: In the present research, a geometrically and materially nonlinear analysis using the FE method has been conducted to evaluate the resistance of axially compressed hot-rolled H profile cross-sections. The FE model was firstly duly verified against experimental data and then used to carry a parametric analysis. The goal of the analysis is to propose a new Direct Strength Method (DSM) strength curve intended for calculating the resistance of non-compact and slender hot-rolled H profile cross-sections. [less ▲]

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See detailFinite Element Model Updating Based On Holographic and Speckle Interferometry Measurements: Rapport VIA-25
Simon, Daniel; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (1999)

Optical measurement techniques look very promising for finite element (F.E.) model updating or error localisation of plate-like structures in the field of structural dynamics. The purpose of this paper is ... [more ▼]

Optical measurement techniques look very promising for finite element (F.E.) model updating or error localisation of plate-like structures in the field of structural dynamics. The purpose of this paper is to investigate a way to better exploit the high spatial resolution inherent to these techniques in order to correct FE mesh discretisation errors and/or model parameter errors. An important assumption in F.E. model error detection is first to consider the initial mesh as sufficiently fine to well represent the measured (displacement or stress) field. In the case of model updating, the adjustment of the model is performed by minimising the difference between the outputs of the model and the exact solution with respect to design parameters. In the case of FE mesh adaptation, the exact solution has to be estimated whereas in the case of model parameter errors, it is directly measured. The idea developed in this paper is to take advantage of the high spatial resolution offered by optical techniques to calculate successively two error estimators using only measurements. The experimental field is first used for the detection of singular regions corresponding to high gradients. This estimator indicates the regions where a mesh refinement is required. Thus a second estimator is calculated and used for parameter error detection. [less ▲]

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See detailFinite Element Model Updating of Plate-like Structures Using Modal Holographic Measurement Field
Simon, Daniel; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2002)

Optical measurement techniques are very promising for finite element (F.E.) model updating or error localisation of plate-like structures in the field of structural dynamics. The purpose of this work is ... [more ▼]

Optical measurement techniques are very promising for finite element (F.E.) model updating or error localisation of plate-like structures in the field of structural dynamics. The purpose of this work is to investigate a way to better exploit the high spatial resolution inherent to these techniques in order to correct FE mesh discretisation errors and/or model parameter errors. An important assumption in F.E. model error detection is first to consider the initial mesh as sufficiently fine to well represent the measured (displacement or stress) field. In the case of model updating, the adjustment of the model is performed by minimising the difference between the outputs of the model and the exact solution with respect to design parameters. In the case of FE mesh adaptation, the exact solution has to be estimated whereas in the case of model parameter errors, the reference solution is assumed to be the measured one. The idea developed in this paper is to take advantage of the high spatial resolution offered by optical techniques to calculate successively two error estimators using only measurements. The experimental field is first used for the detection of singular regions corresponding to high gradients. This estimator indicates the regions where a mesh refinement is required. Thus a second estimator is calculated and used for parameter error detection. [less ▲]

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See detailFinite Element Model Updating of the Garteur SM-AG19 Structure
Thonon, Carole; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2001)

This paper reports the procedure followed by the "LTAS-Vibrations et Identification des Structures" research group to generate a low order nite element (F.E.) model of the GARTEUR SM-AG19 structure ... [more ▼]

This paper reports the procedure followed by the "LTAS-Vibrations et Identification des Structures" research group to generate a low order nite element (F.E.) model of the GARTEUR SM-AG19 structure proposed as benchmark in the framework of the European COST Action F3 in structural dynamics. The model is made of beam elements, local inertia and rigid body elements. First, the correlation of the experimental data with the results of the F.E. model shows different levels of discrepancies. To perform local error detection, the size of the measured mode shape vectors is first expanded to the size of the F.E. eigenvectors. Model error localisation is based on the computation of residual strain energy due to errors in the constitutive equations. Updating parameters are then selected using eigenvalue sensitivity and local error analyses. The error localisation procedure is followed by the updating process in order to improve the accuracy of the FE models. The quality of the results is assessed in terms of accuracy of the response prediction to structural modifications. [less ▲]

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See detailFinite element modeling of an electrostatic painting device
Deliège, Geoffrey ULg; Henrotte, François; Hameyer, Kay

in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics (2003), 39(3), 1432-1435

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See detailFinite Element Modeling of Electro-Mechanical Coupling in Capacitive Micro-Systems
Rochus, Véronique ULg; Rixen, Daniel; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2005)

In this paper advanced multi-physics simulations of micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) are used to investigate their dynamic behaviour. The strong coupled electro-mechanical Finite Element (FE ... [more ▼]

In this paper advanced multi-physics simulations of micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) are used to investigate their dynamic behaviour. The strong coupled electro-mechanical Finite Element (FE) formulation is used to model the electro-mechanical interactions and to perform modal and transient analysis taking into account large deformation e®ects. The application examples simulate two micro-resonators consisting in a clamped-clamped beam suspended over a substrate (the lower electrode). When a voltage is applied between the beam and the substrate, electrostatic forces appear which force the beam to bend. When the applied voltage is increased up to the pull-in limit, the electrostatic force becomes dominant and the plates stick together. The pull-in voltage is an essential design parameters in capacitive micro-systems. Here we also de¯ne a new design parameter describing the limit dynamic behaviour, namely the dynamic pull-in voltage. [less ▲]

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See detailFinite element modeling of electrostatic MEMS including the impact of fringing field effects on forces
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; V Sabariego, Ruth ULg; Dular, Patrick ULg

in Sensor Letters (2008), 6(1), 115-120

The numerical models describing the behaviour of electrostatically actuated microsystems often disregard fringing fields. However, taking fringing fields into account is crucial for an accurate ... [more ▼]

The numerical models describing the behaviour of electrostatically actuated microsystems often disregard fringing fields. However, taking fringing fields into account is crucial for an accurate computation of the electrostatic forces. In this work, the finite element method is applied for modeling electrostatic actuators. The electrostatic force distribution is obtained by locally applying the virtual work method. A micro-beam and a comb drive are considered as test cases. The impact of the fringing field effects on the accurate computation of electrostatic forces and capacitances is shown through 2D and 3D parametric studies. [less ▲]

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See detailFinite element modeling of incremental forming of aluminium sheets
He, S.; Van Bael, A.; Van Houtte, P. et al

in Advanced Materials Research (2005), 6/8

Incremental forming is an innovative and flexible sheet metal forming technology for small batch production and prototyping, which does not require any dedicated die or punch to form a complex shape. This ... [more ▼]

Incremental forming is an innovative and flexible sheet metal forming technology for small batch production and prototyping, which does not require any dedicated die or punch to form a complex shape. This paper investigates the process of single point incremental forming of an aluminum cone with a 50-degree wall angle both experimentally and numerically. Finite element models are established to simulate the process. The output of the simulation is given in terms of final geometry, the thickness distribution of the product, the strain history and distribution during the deformation as well as the reaction forces. Comparison between the simulation results and the experimental data is made. [less ▲]

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See detailFinite Element Modeling of the Cyclic Wetting Mechanism in the Active Part of Wheat Awns
Zickler, Gerald A.; Ruffoni, Davide ULg; Dunlop, John W. C. et al

in BIOINTERPHASES (2012), 7(1-4), 42-9

Many plant tissues and organs are capable of moving due to changes in the humidity of the environment, such as the opening of the seed capsule of the ice plant and the opening of the pine cone. These are ... [more ▼]

Many plant tissues and organs are capable of moving due to changes in the humidity of the environment, such as the opening of the seed capsule of the ice plant and the opening of the pine cone. These are fascinating examples for the materials engineer, as these tissues are non-living and move solely through the differential swelling of anisotropic tissues and in principle may serve as examples for the bio-inspired design of artificial actuators. In this paper, we model the microstructure of the wild wheat awn (Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccoides) by finite elements, especially focusing on the specific microscopic features of the active part of the awn. Based on earlier experimental findings, cell walls are modeled as multilayered cylindrical tubes with alternating cellulose fiber orientation in successive layers. It is shown that swelling upon hydration of this system leads to the formation of gaps between the layers, which could act as valves, thus enabling the entry of water into the cell wall. This supports the hypothesis that this plywood-like arrangement of cellulose fibrils enhances the effect of ambient humidity by accelerated water or vapor diffusion along the gaps. The finite element model shows that a certain distribution of axially and tangentially oriented fibers is necessary to generate sufficient tensile stresses within the cell wall to open nanometer-sized gaps between cell wall layers. [less ▲]

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