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See detailFood provisioning and agonistic behaviours in commensal long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) at Uluwatu Temple, Bali (Indonesia)
Brotcorne, Fany ULg; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Wandia, I. Nengah

Conference (2011, August)

Most previous research on nonhuman primates reported increased levels of agonistic behaviors associated with food provisioning by humans. To further investigate the permanence of this effect of increased ... [more ▼]

Most previous research on nonhuman primates reported increased levels of agonistic behaviors associated with food provisioning by humans. To further investigate the permanence of this effect of increased social competition in long-term commensal-living primates, we examined the immediate impact of food provisioning on agonistic behavior rates in a commensal population of long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) at Uluwatu Temple, Bali (Indonesia). We compared proportions of agonistic behaviors between various food provisioning levels defined by the absence/presence and the quantity of food provisioned. We collected data using focal and scan sampling methods during a four-month study period (June to October 2010). We performed non-parametric statistical tests (Wilcoxon Test & Friedman Test; p < .05) on a population sample of 66 individuals. Results did not show obvious impact of provisioning on agonism rates, nor increase of potential appeasement strategies such as sexual behaviours, grooming or self-directed behaviours, often associated with the presence of provisioned food. These data suggest that the long-tailed macaques at Uluwatu Temple are responding effectively to high provisioning level, that is, without increasing social competition. We hypothesize that the high spatiotemporal abundance of human food, associated with the species’ eco-behavioural flexibility and the long term story of human-macaque commensal relationships in Uluwatu may explain the absence of provisioning impact on agonistic rates. [less ▲]

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See detailFood resources unconventional use for poultry production in Africa: nutritional values and constraints
Dahouda, M.; Toleba, S. S.; Senou, M. et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (2009), 153(1), 5-21

Numerous works are related to the use of unconventional feed resources, and particularly to Mucuna Spp., in poultry diet. This review aims at describing the context of their use, their nutritional values ... [more ▼]

Numerous works are related to the use of unconventional feed resources, and particularly to Mucuna Spp., in poultry diet. This review aims at describing the context of their use, their nutritional values and the constraints related to their upgrading, before considering the effects of the various methods of treatment on the reduction of the toxic substances that they could contain and on their chemical compositions. The methods of treatment are very variable and their standardisation should allow using them in rural area. Those feed could thus constitute an alternative to costly conventional feed usually used in poultry production. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 116 (2 ULg)
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See detailFood safety body is bound to draw fire
Hendrickx, Kim ULg; Penders, Bart

in Nature (2012), 485(31 May 2012), 582

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See detailFood safety certification, an essential weapon for less developed countries in the Globalised Food Markets
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg; Ho Thi Minh, Hop

in AIEA2 (Ed.) “Knowledge, sustainability and bio-resources” (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (11 ULg)
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See detailFood safety surveillance through a risk based control programme: Approach employed by the Belgian Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain
Maudoux, J. P.; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Rettigner, C. et al

in Veterinary Quarterly (2006), 28(4), 140-154

The principal responsibility of the Belgian Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC) is to guarantee the safety along the food chain. In order to accomplish this responsibility, the FASFC ... [more ▼]

The principal responsibility of the Belgian Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC) is to guarantee the safety along the food chain. In order to accomplish this responsibility, the FASFC has developed an integrated official control program to check compliance with various regulations. The original methodology developed and applied by FASFC is presented. This methodology is based on risk evaluation, statistical tools and current scientific knowledge. [less ▲]

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See detailFood scarcity as a trigger for civil unrest
Paveliuc Olariu, Codrin ULg

in Advances in Agriculture & Botanics (2013), 5(3), 174-178

Throughout history, there have been periods of civil unrest. From religious wars to wars of conquest, historians believe that the causes of wars are closely related with religious, political or economic ... [more ▼]

Throughout history, there have been periods of civil unrest. From religious wars to wars of conquest, historians believe that the causes of wars are closely related with religious, political or economic reasons. But when we discuss about civil unrest inside a country with the power of transforming it into a civil war and expanding at regional level, the triggering factors have yet to be discovered. From the period of the Qing Dinasty (1644-1911) in China to the Great Depression in the 1930s in the USA or the beginning of the second World War in France, these periods have two common points: civil unrest and food shortages. [less ▲]

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See detailFood security : Fowl Pest
Brunet, Sébastien ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailFood sources of two detritivore amphipods associated with the seagrass Posidonia oceanica leaf litter
Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Cox, Anne-Sophie; Dauby, Patrick ULg et al

in Marine Biology Research (2006), 2(5), 355-365

This study focused on the ingestion and assimilation of Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile litter by Gammarella fucicola Leach and Gammarus aequicauda Martynov, two dominant detritivore amphipods of the P ... [more ▼]

This study focused on the ingestion and assimilation of Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile litter by Gammarella fucicola Leach and Gammarus aequicauda Martynov, two dominant detritivore amphipods of the P. oceanica leaf litter. Scanning electron microscope observations indicated that leaf litter is highly colonized by diverse diatoms, bacteria and fungi, which may constitute a potential food source for the litter fauna. Gut content observations demonstrated that these species eat P. oceanica litter, and that this item is an important part of their ingested diet. Stable isotope analyses showed that the species do not experience the same gains from the ingested Posidonia. Gammarella fucicola displayed isotopic values, suggesting a major contribution of algal material (micro- and macro-epiphytes or drift macro-algae). On the other hand, the observed isotopic values of G. aequicauda indicated a more important contribution of P. oceanica carbon. The mixing model used agreed with this view, with a mean contribution of P. oceanica to approximately 50% (range 40-55%) of the assimilated biomass of G. aequicauda. This demonstrated that the two species, suspected to be detritus feeders, display in reality relatively different diets, showing that a certain degree of trophic diversity may exist among the detritivore community of the seagrass litter. [less ▲]

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See detailFood traceability : standards and guidelines
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg

in Traceability in shrimp production : proceedings (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (5 ULg)
See detailFood, Poetry, and the Aesthetics of Consumption
Delville, Michel ULg

Book published by Routledge (2008)

From Plato’s dismissal of food as a distraction from thought to Kant’s relegation of the palate to the bottom of the hierarchy of the senses, the sense of taste has consistently been devalued by Western ... [more ▼]

From Plato’s dismissal of food as a distraction from thought to Kant’s relegation of the palate to the bottom of the hierarchy of the senses, the sense of taste has consistently been devalued by Western aesthetics. Kant is often invoked as evidence that philosophers consider taste as an inferior sense because it belongs to the realm of the private and subjective and does not seem to be required in the development of higher types of knowledge. From a gastrosophical perspective, however, what Kant perceives as a limitation becomes a new field of enquiry that investigates the dialectics of diet and discourse, self and matter, inside and outside. The essays in this book examine the importance of food as a pivotal element – both materially and conceptually – in the history of the Western avant-garde. From Gertrude Stein to Alain Robbe-Grillet and Samuel Beckett, from F.T. Marinetti to Andy Warhol, from Marcel Duchamp to Eleanor Antin, the examples chosen explore the conjunction of art and foodstuff in ways that interrogate contemporary notions of the body, language, and subjectivity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (11 ULg)
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See detailFoodborne Outbreak by a Recombinant Norovirus GIIg/1 Strain in a University Hospital in Munich
Hoffmann, Dieter; Mauroy, Axel ULg; Foley, Brian et al

Poster (2012, March)

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See detailFoot et violence: politique, stades et hooligans
Comeron, Manuel ULg; Govaert, Serge

Book published by De Boeck (1995)

Remontant aux sources du hooliganisme, la recherche analyse les aspects historiques et sociaux d'un thème contemporain qui greffe sur un sport-passion le spectacle d'une violence totale, ainsi qu'à partir ... [more ▼]

Remontant aux sources du hooliganisme, la recherche analyse les aspects historiques et sociaux d'un thème contemporain qui greffe sur un sport-passion le spectacle d'une violence totale, ainsi qu'à partir du drame du Heysel, les implications de la violence sportive dans la vie politique: sécurité, maintien de l'ordre public, responsabilités des intervenants... [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (3 ULg)
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See detailFoot: Quels supporters pour l'an 2000
Stassen, Benjamin; Comeron, Manuel ULg

in Revue Sport (1996), 1(153), 72

Football et hooliganisme: panorama européen, aspect sécuritaire et judiciaire, acteurs sociaux et perspectives préventives, Euro 2000: sécurité, stewards, fan coaching

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (5 ULg)
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See detailFootball and community problems in Belgium
Fincoeur, Bertrand ULg

Conference (2010, September 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
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See detailFootball and political violence
Fincoeur, Bertrand ULg

Conference (2008, September 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (4 ULg)
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See detailFootball et art contemporain: exposition fragmentée et narration mosaïque
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

Conference (2010, December 09)

Considérant que la représentation télévisuelle d’un match de football peut être pensée comme le produit d’un dispositif défini par un ensemble de codes « classiques », nous interrogeons quelques oeuvres ... [more ▼]

Considérant que la représentation télévisuelle d’un match de football peut être pensée comme le produit d’un dispositif défini par un ensemble de codes « classiques », nous interrogeons quelques oeuvres issues du champ de l’art contemporain (Deep Play de Harun Farocki, Heisenbergs Offside de Jules Spinatsch, Zidane : A 21st Century Portrait de Douglas Gordon et Philippe Parreno, etc.) qui s’emparent de ce spectacle télévisuel pour s’affranchir de ses codes. Dans le passage de ce spectacle à l’univers de l’art contemporain, c’est le dépassement de l’écran unique, du carcan narratif de la durée de jeu, de la subordination du découpage à la circulation du ballon, et du tout pouvoir de l’image analogique et donc « réaliste » qui est en jeu. Notre analyse de "Deep Play" (H. Farocki) tout particulièrement démontre qu’en vertu de son passage à l’espace muséal – qui déplace mais conserve aussi dans une certaine mesure l’aspect ludique de l’objet originel – le spectacle du football se voit doté d’une nouvelle dynamique narrative proche de celle de la mosaïque. Ce modèle mosaïque, contenu implicitement (mais bridé aussi) dans le spectacle à acteurs multiples et sur grande surface, autorise alors une nouvelle appréhension de ce spectacle comme objet fragmenté. [less ▲]

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See detailFootball et art contemporain: Quelques remarques préliminaires autour de Deep Play de Harun Farocki
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

in Brown, Precious; Biserna, Elena (Eds.) Cinéma, architecture, dispositif. Actes de la Springschool de Gorizia et de la Summerschool de Paris (2010) (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (21 ULg)