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See detailFamily and Identity in Caryl Phillips's Fiction, in Particular A Distant Shore
Ledent, Bénédicte ULg

in Commonwealth : Essays and Studies (2007), 29(2), 67-73

Family relationships are central to the way Caribbean writers define their identities. This is particularly the case of Caryl Phillips. Most of his fiction presents the family as a site of disruption, but ... [more ▼]

Family relationships are central to the way Caribbean writers define their identities. This is particularly the case of Caryl Phillips. Most of his fiction presents the family as a site of disruption, but also includes examples of surrogate parenthood, which reflect the complexity of the writer's identity conundrum. The discussion focuses on Phillips's 2003 novel A Distant Shore. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily from afar: Moroccan migration, family practices and the transnational social space
Zickgraf, Caroline ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

This dissertation is situated at the crossroads of migration, family and transnational studies. It explores families that span multiple cities and countries due to the migration of one or more relatives ... [more ▼]

This dissertation is situated at the crossroads of migration, family and transnational studies. It explores families that span multiple cities and countries due to the migration of one or more relatives and analyzes their subsequent construction and reconstruction of familyhood across national borders. Through a multi-sited qualitative study into Moroccan family networks with residential nodes in Liège, Belgium and Oujda, Morocco, but also several other destinations, Caroline Zickgraf considers both the material and non-material functions of transnational family practices that together produce and inflate transnational social spaces. She treats both the social and physical geographies of these networks in order to understand how the circulation of people affects the circulation of care but also treats the tensions and asymmetries that characterize their multi-directional cross-border exchanges. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily Members of Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms are at Increased Risk for Aneurysms: Analysis of 618 Probands and their Families from the Liege AAA Family Study.
SakalihasanN, Natzi ULg; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; Kerstenne, Marie-Ange et al

in Annals of vascular surgery (2014), 28

BACKGROUND: The objectives were to answer the following questions using a well-characterized population in Liege, Belgium: 1) what percentage of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patients have a positive ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The objectives were to answer the following questions using a well-characterized population in Liege, Belgium: 1) what percentage of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patients have a positive family history for AAA, 2) what is the prevalence of AAAs among relatives of AAA patients; and 3) do familial and sporadic AAA cases differ in clinical characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS: Unrelated AAA patients diagnosed at the Cardiovascular Surgery Department, University Hospital of Liege, Belgium, between 1999 and 2012 were invited to the study. A detailed family history was obtained in interviews and recorded using Progeny software. In the initial interview 62 (10%) of the 618 AAA patients reported a positive family history for AAA. We divided the 618 patients into two study groups: Group I: 296 AAA patients (268; 91% males) were followed up with computerized tomography combined with positron emission tomography, and Group II: 322 AAA patients (295; 92% males) whose families were invited to ultrasonography screening. Ultrasonography screening identified 24 new AAAs among 186 relatives (>/= 50 years) of 144 families yielding a prevalence of 13%. The highest prevalence (25%) was found among brothers. By combining the number of AAAs found by ultrasonography screening with those diagnosed previously the observed lifetime prevalence of AAA was estimated to be 32% in brothers. The familial AAA cases were more likely to have a ruptured AAA than the sporadic cases (8% vs. 2.4%; P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The findings confirm previously found high prevalence of AAA among brothers, support genetic contribution to AAA pathogenesis and provide rationale for targeted screening of relatives of AAA patients. [less ▲]

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See detailA Family of Global Stabilizers for Quasi-Optimal Control of Planar Linear Saturated Systems
Forni, Fulvio ULg; Galeani, Sergio; Zaccarian, Luca

in IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control (2010), 55(5), 1175-1180

We propose a family of nonlinear state feedback global stabilizers for all planar linear systems which are globally stabilizable by bounded inputs (namely, all non exponentially unstable linear systems ... [more ▼]

We propose a family of nonlinear state feedback global stabilizers for all planar linear systems which are globally stabilizable by bounded inputs (namely, all non exponentially unstable linear systems). This family is parametrized by a nonlinear function whose selection can yield quasi time-optimal responses, where the "quasi" is required to achieve local exponential stability of the closed loop. The arising trajectories are quasi-time-optimal for arbitrarily large initial conditions; so, we expect the very simple proposed nonlinear control law to be very useful for embedded control applications with strong computational constraints. [less ▲]

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See detailA family of MMA approximations for structural optimization
Bruyneel, Michaël ULg; Duysinx, Pierre ULg; Fleury, Claude ULg

Conference (2001, July)

This paper deals with the approximation concepts approach applied to structural optimization. In 1987, Svanberg proposed the method of moving asymptotes for solving structural optimization problems. This ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the approximation concepts approach applied to structural optimization. In 1987, Svanberg proposed the method of moving asymptotes for solving structural optimization problems. This approximation is monotonous and can efficiently treat problems characterized by such a behavior. Svanberg (1995) proposed a modification of the MMA approximation by making it non monotonous. This property is based on an heuristically updated parameter. The resulting approximation is called GCMMA. In Bruyneel et al. (1999), it is shown that it is possible to generate non monotonous GCMMA based approximations, called GBMMA, by using the gradient and/or the function values from previous iteration. It was shown that such approximations improve the convergence speed of the optimization process. In many optimization problems (for example composite structures optimization or simultaneous sizing and optimal configuration of truss structures), the structural responses present both monotonous and non monotonous behaviors. A mixed monotonous/non monotonous approximation scheme has to be used for approximating in the best way the optimization problem (Zhang et al., 1998 and Bruyneel and Fleury, 2000). In this paper, we propose to show that it is possible to derive a very general approximation of the MMA family based on gradients and/or functions values at two successive design step, that present a mixed monotonous/non monotonous behavior. This approximation scheme is based on the GMMA approximation of Dusyinx et al. (1995) and on the non monotonous GBMMA approximations of Bruyneel and Fleury (1999). As the approximation scheme proposed in this paper is general, it contains all the approximations of the MMA family described above, that is MMA, GCMMA, GBMMA and GMMA. According to the characteristics of the problem under consideration, one of those approximations or of a mix of them is used to solve the optimization problem. This selection can be automatic or based on the designer’s knowledge. Numerical applications will show that the derived GMMA/GBMMA approximation scheme is efficient for solving structural optimization problems. Results will be compared with the ones obtained with the other approximations of the MMA family. [less ▲]

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See detailA family of MMA approximations for structural optimization
Bruyneel, Michaël ULg; Duysinx, Pierre ULg; Fleury, Claude ULg

in Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization (2002), 24(4), 263-276

This paper proposes a new first-order approximation scheme used for solving structural optimization problems. It is based on approximations of the MMA family (MMA and GCMMA), but it utilizes the gradients ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes a new first-order approximation scheme used for solving structural optimization problems. It is based on approximations of the MMA family (MMA and GCMMA), but it utilizes the gradients and/or the function values at two successive design points to improve the quality of the approximation. In addition, this scheme can consider simultaneously monotonous and nonmonotonous structural behaviour. According to the characteristics of the treated problem, one of the approximations or a mix of them is automatically selected. Based on this approach, the accuracy of the approximated subproblems is improved and the solution process can be sped up. Numerical results compare the effectiveness of the method with previously derived approximations of the MMA family for shape optimization of trusses and for composite design problems. The benefit of using mixed approximations is also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily patterns and home ownership
Delhausse, B.; Pestieau, Pierre ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg

Report (1989)

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See detailFamily size and optimal income taxation
Cremer, Helmuth; Dellis, Arnaud; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Journal of Population Economics (2003), 16(1), 37-54

This paper studies the role of family size in the design of optimal income taxation. We consider a second best setting where the government observes the number of children and the income of the parents ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the role of family size in the design of optimal income taxation. We consider a second best setting where the government observes the number of children and the income of the parents but not their productivity. With a linear tax schedule the marginal tax rate is shown to decrease with the number of children, while the relationship between the demogrant and family size appears to be ambiguous. With two ability levels, optimal non-linear income tax implies zero marginal tax rates for the higher ability parents; low ability parents have positive marginal tax rates that decrease with family size. [less ▲]

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See detailThe family systems approach to treating families of persons with brain injury: a potential collaboration between family therapist and brain injury professional
Laroi, Frank ULg

in Brain Injury (2003), 17

Although brain injury may have a great impact on the family as a whole, family reactions are not adequately addressed in rehabilitative programmes. When they are, treatment tends to be approached from a ... [more ▼]

Although brain injury may have a great impact on the family as a whole, family reactions are not adequately addressed in rehabilitative programmes. When they are, treatment tends to be approached from a family education and support perspective and not from a family therapy perspective. The aim of the following paper is to illustrate the important role that a family systems approach can play in treating families of individuals with brain injury. In particular, clinical examples taken from the literature will be presented that illustrate how family roles can be modified as a consequence of a brain injury, and the importance of re-establishing or re-distributing these roles. It will be argued that an intimate collaboration between family therapist and brain injury professional is essential, and that the ideal professional make-up of clinicians working with families of persons with brain injury are those well-versed in both brain injury rehabilitation and family therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailA Family-based Association Test for Quantitative Traits to Detect Gene-Gene Interactions
De Lobel, L.; De Meyer, H.; Thijs, L. et al

in Genetic Epidemiology (2008), 32(7), 686-686

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See detailA family-based association test for repeatedly measured quantitative traits adjusting for unknown environmental and/or polygenic effects
Lange, C.; Van Steen, Kristel ULg; Andrew, T. et al

in Statistical Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology (2004), 3(1), 17

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See detailA family-based association test to detect gene-gene interactions in the presence of linkage
De Lobel, Lizzy; Thijs, L; Kouznetsova, T et al

in European Journal of Human Genetics (2012)

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See detailA Family-Based Association Test to Detect Gene-Gene Interactions in the Presence of Linkage
De Lobel, L.; De Meyer, H.; Thijs, L. et al

in Genetic Epidemiology (2009), 33(8), 77168

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See detailFamily-directed umbilical cord blood banking.
GLUCKMAN, E; ROCHA, V; BAUDOUX, Etienne ULg et al

in Haematologica (2011), 96(11), 1700-17007

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See detailLa famine Ruzagayura (Rwanda, 1943-1944): causes, conséquences et réactions des autorités
Singiza, Dantès ULg

Master's dissertation (2011)

Notre mémoire de Master en histoire à finalité approfondie, consacré à l’étude de la famine Ruzagayura (Rwanda, 1943-1944), a été soutenu à l’Université de Liège en septembre 2011. Dirigé par Catherine ... [more ▼]

Notre mémoire de Master en histoire à finalité approfondie, consacré à l’étude de la famine Ruzagayura (Rwanda, 1943-1944), a été soutenu à l’Université de Liège en septembre 2011. Dirigé par Catherine Lanneau, chargée de cours, il a également bénéficié des conseils et orientations de deux lecteurs, les Professeurs Francis Balace et Philippe Raxhon. Nous avons tenté d’y répondre aux principales questions que pose cette famine : quelles en furent les causes, le domaine d’extension, la durée et les conséquences à court et moyen terme ? Quelles furent les réactions des différentes autorités, locales et mandataires, mais également des missionnaires face à cette situation d’urgence ? Parmi les principales sources exploitées, mentionnons la correspondance et les rapports annuels conservés aux Archives africaines du Ministère des Affaires étrangères belge, la correspondance de l’ancien ministre des Colonies Albert de Vleeschauwer, conservée au KADOC mais aussi la correspondance et les diaires des missionnaires Pères Blancs et Sœurs Blanches, consultés à Rome. Enfin, des témoins ont pu être interrogés et ont contribué à enrichir ce mémoire de leurs souvenirs. La famine Ruzagayura est imputable à divers facteurs : la sécheresse, les travaux de l’effort de guerre et les agents destructeurs, comme le mildiou et la rhizoctonie. Elle est aggravée par les réquisitions de vivres et du bétail. La famine commence vers le mois d’octobre 1943 et se répand sur presque toute l’étendue du pays. Les autorités apprennent son existence quelque temps après son éclatement. Certains fonctionnaires, tant belges que rwandais, dissimulent son existence. D’autres nient sa réalité, ce qui leur attire les reproches de la part du résident Jean Paradis. Quant à celui-ci, il ne relaie pas non plus les informations en sa possession au vice-gouverneur général Eugène Jungers. Plus que des reproches, ce comportement lui vaut d’être destitué et muté au Congo par le vice-gouverneur général. Celui-ci aurait en effet peu apprécié d’apprendre l’existence de la famine au Rwanda lors d’un voyage anodin dans ce pays. Il le reproche également au roi Mutara III Rudahigwa. Une fois la famine reconnue, l’administration coloniale organise le ravitaillement en vivres. Elle confie leur distribution aux missionnaires qui encadrent en même temps les centres d’accueil d’affamés. Les chefs et les sous-chefs fournissent les vaches laitières et les vaches de boucherie pour nourrir la population. Celle-ci reçoit également des houes, de nouvelles semences de vivres et des boutures de manioc et de patates douces. De ce fait, elle reprend, sous la supervision des chefs rwandais, les cultures de champs et de marais en janvier 1944. La pluie tombant régulièrement, les récoltes augmentent et la situation vivrière se redresse. Les centres d’accueil ferment vers la deuxième moitié de 1944. La population restée démunie est convoyée dans les localités de Gishari et de Mokoto du territoire de Masisi, au Congo belge. La famine Ruzagayura a entraîné in fine un nombre important de décès, évalué à plusieurs dizaines de milliers de personnes. Elle a également provoqué d’importants déplacements de population. Par ailleurs, elle a poussé certaines personnes à voler des vivres pour subsister et s’est donc soldée par un accroissement de la criminalité. Son intensité et son extension au pays, associées aux travaux de l’effort de guerre, aux réquisitions de vivres et aux autres travaux agricoles, ont contrarié la population rwandaise au point de la pousser à s’opposer à l’autorité de ses chefs, du roi Mutara, de l’administration mandataire et des missionnaires. Certains en seraient mêmes arrivés à rêver de l’émancipation du pays. [less ▲]

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See detailLa famine Ruzagayura (Rwanda, 1943-1944): causes, conséquences et réactions des autorités. Présentation des résultats de recherche
Singiza, Dantès ULg

Conference (2012, April 27)

La présente intervention revient sur le thème traité dans notre mémoire de Master en histoire, à savoir la famine Ruzagayura de 1943-1944, au Rwanda. Dans notre mémoire et dans la présente communication ... [more ▼]

La présente intervention revient sur le thème traité dans notre mémoire de Master en histoire, à savoir la famine Ruzagayura de 1943-1944, au Rwanda. Dans notre mémoire et dans la présente communication, nous tentons d’y répondre aux principales questions que pose cette famine : quelles en furent les causes, le domaine d’extension, la durée et les conséquences à court et moyen terme ? Quelles furent les réactions des différentes autorités, locales et mandataires, mais également des missionnaires face à cette situation d’urgence ? [less ▲]

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See detailLa famine Ruzagayura au Rwanda (1943-1944) et ses effets dans les campagnes
Singiza, Dantès ULg

Conference (2012, November 30)

La famine Ruzagayura, survenue au Rwanda entre 1943 et 1944, s’inscrit dans une longue série de famines ayant frappé le pays depuis la période précoloniale. La présente communication revient sur ses ... [more ▼]

La famine Ruzagayura, survenue au Rwanda entre 1943 et 1944, s’inscrit dans une longue série de famines ayant frappé le pays depuis la période précoloniale. La présente communication revient sur ses causes, son domaine d’extension, sa durée, son ampleur et ses conséquences. De plus, elle aborde les mesures prises par l’administration mandataire belge au moment de cette catastrophe. Ces mesures impliquent, sur le long terme, aussi bien la plantation du manioc et des patates douces que la construction et l’aménagement des greniers collectifs sur chaque colline du pays. Elles incluent également des mesures anti-érosives comme le reboisement et l’implantation des haies aux abords des champs. Elles comprennent enfin la culture et l’exploitation des marais et des fonds de vallées. De ce fait, cette communication tentera de répondre aux différentes questions liées à cette thématique : de quelle manière ces mesures ont-elles modifié l’aspect du monde rural ? Y a-t-il eu un impact sur l’environnement et le bien-être de la population rwandaise ? Quelle a été la réaction de cette population ? [less ▲]

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See detailLa famine Ruzagayura, une des manifestations de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale au Rwanda (1943-1944)
Singiza, Dantès ULg

Conference (2011, November 23)

Dans cette communication, Dantès Singiza parle de l’un des événements qui marquent la période de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale au Rwanda, à savoir la famine Ruzagayura de 1943-1944. Il explique son ampleur ... [more ▼]

Dans cette communication, Dantès Singiza parle de l’un des événements qui marquent la période de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale au Rwanda, à savoir la famine Ruzagayura de 1943-1944. Il explique son ampleur, ses conséquences, les réactions de différents acteurs ainsi que les causes de cette catastrophe. Il établit notamment un lien entre cette famine et la Deuxième Guerre mondiale. [less ▲]

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See detail"Fan coaching à Liège: 5 ans déjà!"
Comeron, Manuel ULg

in Revue Sport (1996), 1(153), 60-62

Supporters et Euro 2000: Sécurité, stewards, Fan coaching

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (5 ULg)