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See detailField observations of the spawning behaviour of European grayling
Darchambeau, François ULg; Poncin, Pascal ULg

in Journal of Fish Biology (1997), 51(5), 1066-1068

During observations of the River Ourthe, Belgium, 70 spawning attempts were recorded during the reproductive period of the European grayling. Thirty-six per sent of the spawning attempts proceeded to ... [more ▼]

During observations of the River Ourthe, Belgium, 70 spawning attempts were recorded during the reproductive period of the European grayling. Thirty-six per sent of the spawning attempts proceeded to completion, while interference by another male may explain some of the incomplete acts. Sneaking behaviour was observed and one spawning act included two males and one female. (C) 1997 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles. [less ▲]

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See detailFIELD OBSERVATIONS ON A MATING ATTEMPT OF A SPAWNING GRAYLING, THYMALLUS-THYMALLUS WITH A FEEDING BARBEL, BARBUS-BARBUS
Poncin, Pascal ULg

in Journal of Fish Biology (1994), 45(5), 904-906

During the spawning period of the grayling, one male was sexually stimulated by a feeding barbel and consequently exhibited the behavioural pattern of 'approach', 'quivering' and 'dorsal fin clasping'.

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See detailField observations on the variability of crude oil impact on indigenous hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria from sub-Antarctic intertidal sediments
Delille, Daniel; Delille, Bruno ULg

in Marine Environmental Research (2000), 49(5), 403-417

Oil pollution of the oceans has been a problem ever since man began to use fossil fuels. Biodegradation by naturally occurring populations of micro-organisms is a major mechanism for the removal of ... [more ▼]

Oil pollution of the oceans has been a problem ever since man began to use fossil fuels. Biodegradation by naturally occurring populations of micro-organisms is a major mechanism for the removal of petroleum from the environment. To examine the effects of crude oil pollution on intertidal bacteria, we repeated the same contamination experiments on nine different sub-Antarctic intertidal beaches using specifically built enclosures (PVC pipe, 15 cm in inner diameter and 30 cm in height). Despite the pristine environmental conditions, significant numbers of indigenous hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria were observed in all the studied beaches. Introduction of oil into these previously oil-free environments resulted in several orders of magnitude of increase in hydrocarbon-degrading micro-organisms within a few days in some of the studied sites but has no obvious effects on two others. The physical environment of the bacterial assemblage seems to play a major role in the biodegradation capacities. After 3 months of contamination, both remaining oil concentrations and biodegradation indexes differ strongly between the different stations. Thus, chemical and biological parameters reveal a strong heterogeneity of biodegradation capacities between the different sites. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailField of application of high strength steel circular tubes for steel and composite columns from an economic point of view
Hoang, Van Long ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Ly Dong Phuong, Lam et al

in Journal of Constructional Steel Research (2011), 67(6), 1001-1021

This paper presents the results of a global comparison between high strength steel and normal steel circular tube used to build steel and composite columns submitted to static loading, in regards with the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the results of a global comparison between high strength steel and normal steel circular tube used to build steel and composite columns submitted to static loading, in regards with the economic aspects. The comparison is based on an optimum design taking into account the strength, stability and stiffness conditions of Eurocode 3 and 4. The automatic implementation of the algorithms allows achieving a high amount of case studies, covering the realistic possibilities of build columns. The investigations are realized on simple columns, columns included in braced or un-braced frames and whole frames. The field of application of high strength steel (vs normal steel), regarding the total cost of the member, is provided in a chart clearly indicating where the use of high strength steel becomes economic. [less ▲]

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See detailField penetration into hard type-II superconducting tubes: effects of a cap, a non-superconducting joint, and non-uniform superconducting properties
Denis, Samuel ULg; Dirickx, Michel ULg; Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg et al

in Superconductor Science and Technology (2007), 20(5), 418-427

Using the numerical method of Brandt (1998 Phys. Rev. B 58 6506), we study the penetration of a uniform magnetic field that is gradually applied parallel to the axis of finite type-II superconducting ... [more ▼]

Using the numerical method of Brandt (1998 Phys. Rev. B 58 6506), we study the penetration of a uniform magnetic field that is gradually applied parallel to the axis of finite type-II superconducting tubular samples with strong pinning. This study is carried out in view of designing low-frequency magnetic shields by exploiting the diamagnetic properties of type-II superconductors. First, we compare the field penetration into open and closed tubes. For long tubes (length larger than three times the outer diameter), we show that a cap weakly affects the maximum magnetic induction that can be shielded, but greatly increases the region over which the field is nearly uniform. When the length of the tube is shorter, both the maximum shieldable magnetic induction and the uniformity of the field attenuation are enhanced by closing the tube. We also show that making a hole in the cap, which is often necessary for applications, does not greatly affect the shielding properties provided the diameter of the hole is small compared to that of the tube (hole diameter smaller than a quarter of the outer tube diameter). In view of designing large size magnetic shields, superconducting tubes of finite size need to be joined together. We therefore examine in a second part how the presence of a non-superconducting joint between the tubes affects the shielding efficiency. It is shown that the effect of a joint depends upon its position along the tube axis and strongly increases with its size. Third, we study how non-uniform superconducting properties affect the shielding capabilities. [less ▲]

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See detailField percolation and high current density in 80/20 DyBa2Cu3O7-x/Dy2BaCuO5 bulk magnetically textured composite ceramics
Cloots, Rudi ULg; Dang, An; Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg et al

in Zeitschrift Fur Physik B-Condensed Matter (1996), 100(4), 551-555

We measured the AC susceptibility of magnetically textured (123) 80%/211(20%) DyBaCuO composite in a special set-up in order to enhance the intergrain contribution. The synthesis process led to very clean ... [more ▼]

We measured the AC susceptibility of magnetically textured (123) 80%/211(20%) DyBaCuO composite in a special set-up in order to enhance the intergrain contribution. The synthesis process led to very clean ''weak links'' at grain boundaries. At the percolation threshold bulk shielding paths were such that the intergrain critical current density J(c) was above 10(5) A/cm(2). The field dependence of J(c) was understood through an analytical form indicating a distribution of currents similar to the law of clusters at fracture/percolation thresholds. [less ▲]

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See detailField performance of javelin throwers: Relationship with isokinetic findings
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg; Forthomme, L. et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2007), 15(3), 195-202

Published data related to javelin throwers remain poorly documented. The objectives of this study were therefore to compare isokinetic strength profile of the shoulder rotator muscles between javelin ... [more ▼]

Published data related to javelin throwers remain poorly documented. The objectives of this study were therefore to compare isokinetic strength profile of the shoulder rotator muscles between javelin throwers and sedentary persons and to correlate isokinetic data with different field performance parameters. Eleven male javelin throwers and ten sedentary subjects participated in the study. Shoulder internal (IRs) and external rotators (ERs) were isokinetically assessed at 60, 240 and 400 degrees/s in concentric and 60 degrees/s in eccentric exertions. Subjects also performed throwing tests successively using a javelin and a ball (both of 800 g mass). Side to side comparison in the throwers group revealed a dominance effect in the concentric mode for the IRs at all speeds, and for the ERs at 240 degrees/s. Sedentary subjects showed a dominance effect for the IRs at 60 degrees/s and 240 degrees/s. Simple isokinetic concentric-concentric ratios and mixed velocity DCRs (eccentric60/concentric240) of the dominant shoulder were significantly lower in comparison to the non-dominant side values, in the throwers population. Only the simple ratio at 400 degrees/s and the mixed ratio were significantly lower in the sedentary subjects (dominant versus non dominant side). With respect to the dominant shoulder, no significant difference was noted between the groups the peak torque was bodyweight normalized. However, throwers showed a significant reduction of the DCR when compared to the control group. In addition, throwers exhibited moderate to strong correlations (0.61 <= r <= 0.89) between IRs and ERs strength and either the javelin throw test or the personal throwing record. For the sedentary subjects the javelin throw test was correlated only with the IRs concentric strength at 240 degrees/s. In conclusion, javelin throwers showed a significantly reduced mixed ratio in comparison with a control group, even though body weight normalized peak torques did not differ between both populations. Significant correlation was established between rotator peak-torques and javelin throw test among the thrower athletes. Although training program in thrower athletes classically focuses on IRs strengthening, our findings strongly suggest the need for ERs performance improvement. [less ▲]

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See detailField polarity dependent nucleation of superconductivity in quasi-one-dimensional magnetic templates
Ataklti, G. W.; Silhanek, Alejandro ULg; Van de Vondel, J. et al

in Physica C: Superconductivity (2010), 470(19), 860-862

We investigate the nucleation of superconductivity in an Al/Al(2)O(3)/Py trilayer system by electrical transport measurements. Magnetic force microscopy images taken at room temperature show that the 0.7 ... [more ▼]

We investigate the nucleation of superconductivity in an Al/Al(2)O(3)/Py trilayer system by electrical transport measurements. Magnetic force microscopy images taken at room temperature show that the 0.7 mu m thick Py-film form stripes of magnetic domains with alternating out-of-plane stray field. After applying a strong out of plane magnetic field H the superconductor/normal phase boundary becomes asymmetric with respect to H = 0. This lack of field polarity symmetry results from the unbalanced size distribution of domains with opposite polarity. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailField polarity dependent superconducting properties in a superconductor/ferromagnet hybrid with in-plane magnetic moment
Gillijns, W.; Godts, F.; Ataklti, G. W. et al

in Physica C: Superconductivity (2010), 470(19), 880-882

The transport properties of an Al type-II superconducting thin film covering a Py plain film with a rectangular array of triangular holes are investigated. We show that, although the magnetization of the ... [more ▼]

The transport properties of an Al type-II superconducting thin film covering a Py plain film with a rectangular array of triangular holes are investigated. We show that, although the magnetization of the Py lies in the plane of the structure, both the critical temperature and the critical current are asymmetric with respect to the polarity of the external field, which is applied perpendicularly to the structure. The asymmetric nucleation can be explained in terms of field compensation effects between internal and external magnetic fields, whereas the presence of vortex-antivortex pairs are responsible for the observed features in the critical current. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailField protocol for assessing small obstacles to migration of brown trout Salmo trutta, and European grayling Thymallus thymallus: a contribution to the management of free movement in rivers
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Capra, Hervé; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg

in Fisheries Management and Ecology (2007), 14(1), 41-50

Between 1996 and 2004, adult brown trout, Salmo trutta L. (n = 40) and European grayling, Thymallus thymallus (L.) (n = 39) were radio-tracked in three southern Belgium rivers to assess their capabilities ... [more ▼]

Between 1996 and 2004, adult brown trout, Salmo trutta L. (n = 40) and European grayling, Thymallus thymallus (L.) (n = 39) were radio-tracked in three southern Belgium rivers to assess their capabilities to bypass various obstacles. During their upstream migrations individuals encountered different types of physical obstacles and successfully passed some under variable environmental conditions. The obstacles cleared by the fish were characterised based on a simple topographical description protocol and compared with tracking data. The ability of trout and grayling to pass different typologies of physical obstacles in natural river systems is discussed in the context of enabling their free movement in rivers. [less ▲]

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See detailField scale experiment modelling in Opalinus Clay: the HGA experiment
Levasseur, Séverine ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg; François, Bertrand et al

in Clays in Natural & Engineered Barriers for Radioactive Waste Confinement, 2012 (2012)

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See detailField scale N-management : soil and plant diagnostic tools applied within the Agricultural Surface Survey
Courtois, Pierre; Destain, Jean-Pierre ULg; Renard, Sophie et al

in Schröder, J. J.; Neetson, J. J. (Eds.) N management in agrosystems in relation to the Water Framework Directive (2005)

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See detailField scale N-management : soil/plant diagnostic tools applied within the Agricultural surface survey (Belgium)
Courtois, P.; Destain, Jean-Pierre ULg; Goffart, J. P. et al

in N management in agrosystems in relation to the Water Framework directive (2005)

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See detailA Field Study of Post-Exercise Values of Blood Biochemical Constituents in Jumping Horses: Relationship with Score, Individual and Event
Art, Tatiana ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine (1990), 37(3), 231-239

The variability of the post-exercise values (PEV) of blood lactate and of some other blood constituents were studied in 8 healthy and fit jumpers through 5 national competitions of equal difficulty. The ... [more ▼]

The variability of the post-exercise values (PEV) of blood lactate and of some other blood constituents were studied in 8 healthy and fit jumpers through 5 national competitions of equal difficulty. The effects of factors such as the individual, performance and competition on these PEV were analysed. Venous blood was sampled immediately after the 5 show-jumping contests and was analysed for packed cell volume (PCV), blood lactate, blood glucose (GLU), total plasma protein (TPP), bicarbonate (HCO3-), sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), chloride (Cl-), calcium (Ca2+), serum activities of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine phosphokinase (CPK), glutamic-oxalacetic transminase (GOT) and gamma glutamyl transferase (gamma GT). PEV of these 13 blood parameters were analysed using a fixed linear model which included the effect of horse, score and competition and their respective interactions. The analysis of the influence of each of the 3 fixed variables showed that (1) there was no relationship between the PEV variations and the score; (2) there were significant (P less than 0.05) variations induced by the competition in Na+, Ca2+, TPP, LDH and GLU, and (3) there were significant interindividual variations as regards Ca2+, TPP, CPK, gamma GT and PCV with P less than 0.05, LDH with P less than 0.01 and blood lactate with P less than 0.001.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailField study on the influence of calf pathologies on growth in Belgian Blue cattle
de Behr, V.; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in Abstracts, XXII World Buiatrics Congress (2002)

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See detailField trip 1: Givetian and Frasnian of Southern Belgium
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; Coen-Aubert, Marie; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg et al

in Kölner Forum für Geologie und Paläontologie (2011), 20

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See detailField trip 3: Uppermost Devonian and Lower Carboniferous of Southern Belgium
Poty, Edouard ULg; Aretz, Markus; Denayer, Julien ULg

in Kölner Forum für Geologie und Paläontologie (2011), 20

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See detailField trip in South-eastern Belgium
Bock, Laurent ULg

Learning material (1990)

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See detailField veterinary survey on clinical and economic impact of Schmallenberg virus in Belgium
Martinelle, Ludovic ULg; Dal Pozzo, Fabiana ULg; Gauthier, B et al

in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases (2014), 61(3), 285-288

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (12 ULg)