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See detailForbidden oxygen lines in comets at various heliocentric distances
Decock, Alice ULg; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Hutsemekers, Damien ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 555

We present a study of the three forbidden oxygen lines [OI] located in the optical region - i.e., 5577.339 Å (the green line), 6300.304 Å and 6363.776 Å (the two red lines) - in order to better understand ... [more ▼]

We present a study of the three forbidden oxygen lines [OI] located in the optical region - i.e., 5577.339 Å (the green line), 6300.304 Å and 6363.776 Å (the two red lines) - in order to better understand the production of these atoms in cometary atmospheres. The analysis is based on 48 high-resolution and high signal-to-noise spectra collected with UVES at the ESO VLT between 2003 and 2011 referring to 12 comets of different origins observed at various heliocentric distances. The flux ratio of the green line to the sum of the two red lines is evaluated to determine the parent species of the oxygen atoms by comparison with theoretical models. This analysis confirms that, at about 1 AU, H[SUB]2[/SUB]O is the main parent molecule producing oxygen atoms. At heliocentric distances >2.5 AU, this ratio changes rapidly, an indication that other molecules are starting to contribute. The most abundant species after H[SUB]2[/SUB]O in the coma, CO and CO[SUB]2[/SUB], are good candidates, and the ratio is used to estimate their abundances. We found that the CO[SUB]2[/SUB] abundance relative to H[SUB]2[/SUB]O in comet C/2001 Q4 (NEAT) observed at 4 AU can be as high as ~70%. The intrinsic widths of the oxygen lines were also measured. The green line is on average about 1 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] broader than the red lines, while the theory predicts that the red lines are broader. This might be due to the nature of the excitation source or to a contribution of CO[SUB]2[/SUB] as the parent molecule of the 5577.339 Å line. At 4 AU, we found that the width of the green and red lines in comet C/2001 Q4 are the same, which could be explained if CO[SUB]2[/SUB] becomes the main contributor to the three [OI] lines at high heliocentric distances. Based on observations made with ESO Telescope at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programs ID 268.C-5570, 270.C-5043, 073.C-0525, 274.C-5015, 075.C-0355, 080.C-0615, 280.C-5053, 086.C-0958, and 087.C-0929. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
See detailForbidden transitions in Fe II
Quinet, Pascal ULg; Le Dourneu, M; Zeippen, C J

in Proceedings of the 5th International Colloquium on Atomic Spectra and Oscillator Strengths for Astrophysical and Laboratory Plasmas (1996)

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See detailForbidden transitions of Astrophysical Interest in the 5pk (k=1-5) Configurations
Biémont, Emile ULg; Hansen, J. E.; Quinet, Pascal ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics. Supplement Series (1995), 111

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
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See detailForbidding Bodies: Avatars of the Phisical in the Work of Janet Frame
Delrez, Marc ULg

Conference (2002, April 23)

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See detailForbidding Bodies: Avatars of the Physical in the Work of Janet Frame
Delrez, Marc ULg

in World Literature Written in English (2004), 38(2), 70-79

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See detailLa force du mi-dit : Figures de style dans le roman de Lawrence Scott, Witchbroom
Pagnoulle, Christine ULg

in Palimpsestes (2005), 16

Beyond some obvious comparisons, the article traces the function of some embedded metaphors, and the kind of problem they may raise in a translation.

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (3 ULg)
See detailForce Limiting at CSL premises
Grodent, Christophe ULg; Cucchiaro, Antonio ULg; ronchain, philippe

(2001, June)

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See detailForce musculaire isocinétique du couple quadriceps / ischio-jambiers des joueurs de rugby professionnels
Julia, Marc; Pereira, B.; Morand, D. et al

in Résumés des communications orales SFTS (2012, October)

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See detailLa force persuasive de l'Idéo-graphie
Leclercq, Bruno ULg

Conference (2010, April 17)

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See detail- La force probante de la preuve irrégulièrement recueillie : Antigone aurait-elle perdu son âme ?
Jacobs, Ann ULg

in Saint-Pau, Jean Christophe; Bergeaud, Aurélie (Eds.) La preuve pénale – Problèmes contemporains en droit comparé (2012)

Jurisprudence belge en matière de preuve illégale et irrégulière.

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See detailForced Saving, Redistribution, and Nonlinear Social Security Schemes
Cremer, Helmuth; De Donder, Philippe; Maldonado, Dario et al

in Southern Economic Journal (2009), (76), 86-98

This paper studies the design of nonlinear social security schemes when individuals differ in productivity and in their degree of myopia. Myopic individuals may not save ‘‘enough’’ for their retirement ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the design of nonlinear social security schemes when individuals differ in productivity and in their degree of myopia. Myopic individuals may not save ‘‘enough’’ for their retirement. The welfare function is paternalistic: The rate of time preference of the farsighted is used for both types. We show that the solution does not necessarily imply forced savings for the myopics: Paternalistic considerations are mitigated by incentive effects. Numerical results suggest that as the proportion of myopic individuals increases, there is less redistribution and more forced saving, and the desirability of social security increases. [less ▲]

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See detailForcer l'avenir, alliances innovantes pour le développement durable - Écologie industrielle
Sartor, Kevin ULg; Huysmans, Hélène ULg; Corman, Marjorie

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

En préparation au sommet Rio + 20, les étudiants du master en sciences de gestion à finalité en Management des entreprises sociales de l'Université de Liège organisent un colloque le 27 avril sur le thème ... [more ▼]

En préparation au sommet Rio + 20, les étudiants du master en sciences de gestion à finalité en Management des entreprises sociales de l'Université de Liège organisent un colloque le 27 avril sur le thème des alliances innovantes pour le développement durable. Quatre pistes seront évoquées, soit: - Alliance producteurs- consommateurs - Ecologie industrielle - Emplois verts et inclusion sociale - Organisations et dispositifs supports Les ministres de l'Economie, Jean-Claude Marcourt, et du Développement Durable, Jean-Marc Nollet seront présents. [less ▲]

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See detailForcer, cadrer, confisquer le débat. Réflexions sur les médias européens et le discours eurofédéraliste
Geuens, Geoffrey ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (20 ULg)
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See detailLes forces centrifuges de la mobilité facilitée, le système des quotidiennetés urbaines et la recomposition des espaces urbains
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

in Montulet, B.; Kaufmann, V. (Eds.) Mobilités, fluidités... libertés ? (2004)

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See detailLes forces de la négation dans l’image
Dondero, Maria Giulia ULg

in Acquarelli, Luca (Ed.) Au prisme du figural. Le sens des images entre forme et force (2014)

Ce texte vise à décrire un type particulier de forces inhérentes à la configuration de l’image. Il s’agit de forces qui mettent en crise la figuration et le caractère affirmatif de l’image, en les ... [more ▼]

Ce texte vise à décrire un type particulier de forces inhérentes à la configuration de l’image. Il s’agit de forces qui mettent en crise la figuration et le caractère affirmatif de l’image, en les détournant et en les rendant « hésitants ». Nous souhaitons démontrer que l’image n’est pas contrainte d’affirmer ce qu’elle met en scène : elle a également la capacité de le nier. La négation par l’image représente à nos yeux un défi majeur pour les sémioticiens du visuel et les théoriciens de l’art, notamment dans le cadre de recherches sur le langage de l’image, le métalangage visuel et, plus généralement, sur les capacités de l’image à développer un discours autonome par rapport au discours verbal [less ▲]

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See detailForces et faiblesses du système éducatif en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles
Baye, Ariane ULg

Scientific conference (2013, July 03)

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See detailForcing of a global model of plant productivity with climatic and remote sensing data
Warnant, Pierre ULg; François, Louis ULg; Strivay, David ULg et al

in Veroustraete, F.; Ceulemans, R. (Eds.) Vegetation, modelling and climatic change effects (1994)

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See detailForecast assessment in the mediterranean sea : A structure oriented approach
Ben Bouallegue, Z.; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Vandenbulcke, Luc ULg et al

Conference (2004, April)

The MFSTEP1 project is an international scientific collaboration program which aims to create an operational forecasting system for the Mediterranean sea. The simulations provided at the basin scale are ... [more ▼]

The MFSTEP1 project is an international scientific collaboration program which aims to create an operational forecasting system for the Mediterranean sea. The simulations provided at the basin scale are 10 days forecasting fields in a 3-D ocean. The hydrodynamic model primitive equations are combined with the data assimilation scheme SOFA2. The data collection is done in a near real time process and the set of XBT and SLA observations are used in one week assimilation cycle. The forecast assessment is traditionally realised using classical statistic tools like RMSE or the bias and the assimilation benefit is estimated by skill scores using as reference the free model, persistence or also climatology. The process is essentially based on the comparison of two fields at a fixed time, one corresponding to the simulations and the other one to the observations. The interest of such statistical methods comes in the quick and sensitive appreciation they provide about the quality, accuracy and consistency of the simulation. However this kind of assessment procedure brings in it self a conceptual contradiction: performances of a dynamical process are measured using a snap shot view of the ocean state. A system evolution assessment procedure is carried out within the framework of the MFSTEP hindcast. The hindcast system is intrinsically analysed (without independent informations) comparing the background forecast evolution with the abrupt variation which occurs at the observations assimilation time steps. The system evolution between two consecutive days is analysed using a decomposition method. The temperature and salinity fields evolution in a sub-region of theWestern Mediterranean basin is seen in a structural point of view and decomposed in three elements : a global spatial(2D) displacement which conserves the internal features, a global intensity variation which expresses the system energy changes, and an internal pattern changes ensemble. The index of evolution used is a mean squared difference between the two consecutive simulations. The displacement contribution is estimated after the determination of the shift (field translation) which minimises the local mean squared difference between the translated field and the next simulation. The intensity variation contribution is calculated as the difference of the squared mean fields. The remaining difference after manipulations is considered as the internal pattern changes contribution to the system evolution. [less ▲]

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See detailForecast verification in the Ligurian Sea. Multiresolution analysis and study of the thermocline
Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg; Rixen, M. et al

Conference (2004, April)

The results of the GHER 3D model are analysed, in order to establish the benefits of a Sea Surface Temperature (SST) assimilation experiment. The influence of the assimilation into the results of the ... [more ▼]

The results of the GHER 3D model are analysed, in order to establish the benefits of a Sea Surface Temperature (SST) assimilation experiment. The influence of the assimilation into the results of the model is examined first in the studied domain, the Ligurian Sea. Then, the benefit of the assimilation outside this domain (in the nearby zones at the surface, and in the Ligurian Sea at depth) is also studied. Finally, the effect of the SST assimilation on the other variables is examined. The procedure for the skill assessment of the model is as follows. First, the classical verification tools are applied: Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Anomaly Correlation Coefficient (ACC), and Mean Square Error Skill Score (MSESS). Climatology and a free run of the model are used as reference systems. After this, a multiresolution analysis is carried out, to decompose the model results into different spatial scales. At each scale, the error measures mentioned above are applied. This allows to establish which scales are mainly contributing to the error. For this multiresolution analysis, a Discrete Wavelet Transform is used. The study of the assimilation benefits at depth is made by comparison with CTDs. The aim is to study the position and strength of the thermocline, as this zone presents high variability and it has an important impact into the system. A good representation of the thermocline is thus interesting. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)