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See detailFirst evidence of the possible implication of the 11-deoxycorticosterone (DOC) in immune activity of Eurasian perch (Perca fluviatilis, L.): Comparison with cortisol
Mathieu, Cédric; Mila, Sylvain; Mandiki, Robert et al

in Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part A : Molecular & Integrative Physiology (2013), 165(2), 149-158

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See detailFirst example of an unsymmetrical difunctional monomer polymerizable by two living/controlled methods
Mecerreyes, David; Humes, J.; Miller, R. D. et al

in Macromolecular Rapid Communications (2000), 21(11), 779-784

In this paper the synthesis and (co)polymerizations of 4-(acryloyloxy)-epsilon-caprolactone are reported. This new monomer can be polymerized in a living/controlled way by two different polymerization ... [more ▼]

In this paper the synthesis and (co)polymerizations of 4-(acryloyloxy)-epsilon-caprolactone are reported. This new monomer can be polymerized in a living/controlled way by two different polymerization mechanisms: atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) and ring-opening polymerization (ROP). ATRP, which was carried out at 90 degrees C using NiBr2(PPh3)(2), leads to new polyacrylates containing pendant caprolactone functionalities with controlled molecular weights and narrow polydispersities (M-w/M(p)similar to 1.1). Alternatively, ROP of this functional epsilon-caprolactone bearing a pendant acrylate functionality leads to new poly(4-(acryloyloxy) caprolactone) as well as random copolymers when epsilon-caprolactone and L,L-lactide are added as comonomers. The (co)polymerizations were carried out using either (Al((OPr)-Pr-i)(3) in toluene at 25 degrees C or Sn(Oct)(2) as a catalyst at 110 degrees C producing (co)polymers with controlled molecular weights and narrow polydispersities (M-w/M(n)similar to 1.2). As a potential application, the introduction of acrylate pendant groups into the polyesters facilitated the preparation of cross-linked biodegradable materials either thermally or by irradiation with ultraviolet light radical curing. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst example of “click” copper(I) catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition in supercritical carbon dioxide: Application to the functionalization of aliphatic polyesters
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Schmeits, Stephanie ULg; Riva, Raphaël ULg et al

in Green Chemistry (2009), 11

The modification of aliphatic polyesters by the copper(I) catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) was successfully implemented in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2). Due to the remarkable ... [more ▼]

The modification of aliphatic polyesters by the copper(I) catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) was successfully implemented in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2). Due to the remarkable properties of scCO2, the CuAAC reaction turned out to be quantitative even though the aliphatic polyesters used in this work were insoluble in scCO2. Interestingly enough, the conditions were mild enough to prevent polymer degradation from occurring and finally, efficient removal of the catalyst (>96%) was achieved by scCO2 extraction. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst experience with Architect urine NGAL
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Delanaye, Pierre ULg

Conference (2010, March 25)

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See detailFirst experiences with a Water Vapour Radiometer at the Royal Observatory of Belgium
Pottiaux, Eric; Warnant, René ULg

in Proceedings of EUREF 2002 Symposium (2003)

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See detailFirst experimental evidence of alluaudite-like phosphates with high Li-content: the (Na1-xLix)MnFe2(PO4)3 series (x = 0 to 1).
Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Keller, Paul; Lissner, Falk et al

in European Journal of Mineralogy (2000), 12

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See detailFirst extraction of interference fragmentation functions from e+e- data
Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Bacchetta, A.; Radici, M. et al

in Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology (2012), 85(11),

We report on the first extraction of interference fragmentation functions from the semi-inclusive production of two hadron pairs in back-to-back jets in e+e- annihilation. A nonzero asymmetry in the ... [more ▼]

We report on the first extraction of interference fragmentation functions from the semi-inclusive production of two hadron pairs in back-to-back jets in e+e- annihilation. A nonzero asymmetry in the correlation of azimuthal orientations of opposite π+π- pairs is related to the transverse polarization of fragmenting quarks through a significant polarized dihadron fragmentation function. Extraction of the latter requires the knowledge of its unpolarized counterpart, the probability density for a quark to fragment in a π +π - pair. Since data for the unpolarized cross section are missing, we extract the unpolarized dihadron fragmentation function from a Monte Carlo simulation of the cross section. © 2012 American Physical Society. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst extraction of valence transversities in a collinear framework
Bacchetta, Alessandro; Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Radici, Marco

in Journal of High Energy Physics [=JHEP] (2013), 1303

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See detailThe first geological maps of Belgium on the web
Anceau, Annick ULg; Nizet, Laurent ULg

Poster (2008, July)

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See detailFirst glances at the transversity parton distribution through dihadron fragmentation functions
Bacchetta, A.; Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Radici, M.

in Physical Review Letters (2011), 107(1),

We present first observations of the transversity parton distribution based on an analysis of pion-pair production in deep-inelastic scattering off transversely polarized targets. The extraction of ... [more ▼]

We present first observations of the transversity parton distribution based on an analysis of pion-pair production in deep-inelastic scattering off transversely polarized targets. The extraction of transversity relies on the knowledge of dihadron fragmentation functions, which we take from electron-positron annihilation measurements. This is the first attempt to determine the transversity distribution in the framework of collinear factorization. © 2011 American Physical Society. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst ground-based infrared solar absorption measurements of free tropospheric methanol (CH3OH): Multidecade infrared time series from Kitt Peak (31.9°N 111.6°W), trend, seasonal cycle, and comparison with previous measurements
Rinsland, Curtis P.; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Chiou, Linda et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research (2009), 114(D04309),

Atmospheric CH3OH (methanol) free tropospheric (2.09-14 km altitude) time series spanning 22 years has been analyzed based on high spectral resolution infrared solar absorption spectra of the strong ν8 ... [more ▼]

Atmospheric CH3OH (methanol) free tropospheric (2.09-14 km altitude) time series spanning 22 years has been analyzed based on high spectral resolution infrared solar absorption spectra of the strong ν8 band recorded from the U.S. National Solar Observatory on Kitt Peak (latitude 31.9°N, 111.6°W, 2.09 km altitude) with a 1-m Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS). The measurements span October 1981 to December 2003 and are the first long time series of CH3OH measurements obtained from the ground. The results were analyzed with SFIT2 version 3.93 and show a factor of three variations with season, a maximum at the beginning of July, a winter minimum, and no statistically significant long-term trend over the measurement time span. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst Ground-Based Validation of SCIAMACHY V5.01 Ozone Column
Lambert, Jean-Christopher; Allaart, M; Andersen, S.B. et al

in Proceedings of the Second Workshop on the Atmospheric Chemistry Validation of ENVISAT (ACVE-2), ESA-ESRIN, Frascati, Italy, 3-7 May 2004 (ESA SP-562, August 2004) ESC01JL1 (2004, August)

In early 2004, the near real-time data processor of ENVISAT SCIAMACHY (SCI_NL) was upgraded to version 5.01. Based on the correlative measurements acquired and collected during the commissioning phase of ... [more ▼]

In early 2004, the near real-time data processor of ENVISAT SCIAMACHY (SCI_NL) was upgraded to version 5.01. Based on the correlative measurements acquired and collected during the commissioning phase of the satellite in 2002, a preliminary validation was organised to verify the improvement and assess the geophysical consistency of the new SCIAMACHY ozone vertical column data product. The present overview summarises the results obtained by a list of validation teams and involving ground-based data acquired from pole to pole by complementary ground-based sensors. The studies conclude to an improvement compared to previous versions 3.5x. They also confirm the presence of expected errors (e.g. dependence on solar elevation and on ozone column) inherited from the GOME Data Processor GDP 2.4, on which the SCIAMACHY processor SCI_NL is based. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst HARPSpol discoveries of magnetic fields in massive stars
Alecian, E.; Kochukhov, O.; Neiner, C. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2011), 536

In the framework of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) project, a HARPSpol Large Program at the 3.6m-ESO telescope has recently started to collect high-resolution spectropolarimetric data of a large ... [more ▼]

In the framework of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) project, a HARPSpol Large Program at the 3.6m-ESO telescope has recently started to collect high-resolution spectropolarimetric data of a large number of Southern massive OB stars in the field of the Galaxy and in many young clusters and associations. We report on the first discoveries of magnetic fields in two massive stars with HARPSpol - HD 130807 and HD 122451, and confirm the presence of a magnetic field at the surface of HD 105382 that was previously observed with a low spectral resolution device. The longitudinal magnetic field measurements strongly vary for HD 130807 from ~-100 G to ~700 G. Those of HD 122451 and HD 105382 are less variable with values ranging from ~-40 to -80 G, and from ~-300 to -600 G, respectively. The discovery and confirmation of three new magnetic massive stars, including at least two He-weak stars, is an important contribution to one of MiMeS objectives: the understanding of the origin of magnetic fields in massive stars and their impact on stellar structure and evolution. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Chile (Program ID 187.D-0917). [less ▲]

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See detailFirst High-Angular Resolution L' Images of the β Pictoris Debris Disc with the VLT / NaCo
Milli, Julien; Mawet, Dimitri; Absil, Olivier ULg et al

in Booth, Mark; Matthews, Brenda; Graham, James (Eds.) Exploring the Formation and Evolution of Planetary Systems (2014, January 01)

Imaging debris discs in the L'-band (3.8 μm) is a difficult task. Quasi-static speckles from imperfect optics prevail below 1'' whereas background emission is the dominant noise source beyond that ... [more ▼]

Imaging debris discs in the L'-band (3.8 μm) is a difficult task. Quasi-static speckles from imperfect optics prevail below 1'' whereas background emission is the dominant noise source beyond that separation and is much larger than at shorter wavelengths. We demonstrate here the potential of the newly commissioned AGPM coronograph on VLT/NaCo combined with advanced star and sky subtraction technique based on Principal Component Analysis, and we analyze the morphology of the β Pictoris disc. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst Imaging of Coronal Mass Ejections in the Heliosphere Viewed from Outside the Sun Earth Line
Harrison, Richard A; Davis, Christopher J; Eyles, Christopher J et al

in Solar Physics (2007), 247

We show for the first time images of solar coronal mass ejections (CMEs) viewed using the Heliospheric Imager (HI) instrument aboard the NASA STEREO spacecraft. The HI instruments are wide-angle imaging ... [more ▼]

We show for the first time images of solar coronal mass ejections (CMEs) viewed using the Heliospheric Imager (HI) instrument aboard the NASA STEREO spacecraft. The HI instruments are wide-angle imaging systems designed to detect CMEs in the heliosphere, in particular, for the first time, observing the propagation of such events along the Sun Earth line, that is, those directed towards Earth. At the time of writing the STEREO spacecraft are still close to the Earth and the full advantage of the HI dual-imaging has yet to be realised. However, even these early results show that despite severe technical challenges in their design and implementation, the HI instruments can successfully detect CMEs in the heliosphere, and this is an extremely important milestone for CME research. For the principal event being analysed here we demonstrate an ability to track a CME from the corona to over 40 degrees. The time altitude history shows a constant speed of ascent over at least the first 50 solar radii and some evidence for deceleration at distances of over 20 degrees. Comparisons of associated coronagraph data and the HI images show that the basic structure of the CME remains clearly intact as it propagates from the corona into the heliosphere. Extracting the CME signal requires a consideration of the F-coronal intensity distribution, which can be identified from the HI data. Thus we present the preliminary results on this measured F-coronal intensity and compare these to the modelled F-corona of Koutchmy and Lamy ( IAU Colloq. 85, 63, 1985). This analysis demonstrates that CME material some two orders of magnitude weaker than the F-corona can be detected; a specific example at 40 solar radii revealed CME intensities as low as 1.7×10[SUP]-14[/SUP] of the solar brightness. These observations herald a new era in CME research as we extend our capability for tracking, in particular, Earth-directed CMEs into the heliosphere. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst insights into electrografted polymers by AFM-based force spectroscopy
Cuenot, Stéphane; Gabriel, Sabine ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecules (2006), 39(24), 8428-8433

The very first characterization of the structural properties of polymer films obtained by electrografting is reported. AFM-based force spectroscopy was used to investigate poly-N-succinimidyl acrylate ... [more ▼]

The very first characterization of the structural properties of polymer films obtained by electrografting is reported. AFM-based force spectroscopy was used to investigate poly-N-succinimidyl acrylate (PNSA) layers electrografted directly from a silicon substrate. Quantitative analysis of compression profiles obtained in a good solvent and single molecule bridging interaction, in light of the Alexander-de Gennes model, gave access to the grafting density and degree of polymerization. A high swelling capacity has been evidenced. This report is the first evidence that polymers obtained by cathodic electrografting are in fact brush systems, and consequently the first evidence that a polymer brush can be obtained from a direct "grafting from" method, without any intermediate layer. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst insights into the gut microflora associated with an echinoid from wood falls environments
Becker, Pierre; Samadi, Sarah; Zbinden, Magali et al

in Cahiers de Biologie Marine (2009), 50

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See detailFirst insights into the molecular basis of pleomorphic adenomas of the salivary glands.
Voz, Marianne ULg; Van de Ven, W. J.; Kas, K.

in Advances in Dental Research (2000), 14

Pleomorphic adenoma, or mixed tumor of the salivary glands, is a benign tumor originating from the major and minor salivary glands. Eighty-five percent of these tumors are found in the parotid gland, 10 ... [more ▼]

Pleomorphic adenoma, or mixed tumor of the salivary glands, is a benign tumor originating from the major and minor salivary glands. Eighty-five percent of these tumors are found in the parotid gland, 10% in the minor (sublingual) salivary glands, and 5% in the submandibular gland. It is the most common type of salivary gland tumor, accounting for almost 50% of all neoplasms in these organs. In fact, after the first observation of recurrent loss of chromosome 22 in meningioma, this was the second type of benign tumor for which non-random chromosomal changes were reported. The rate of malignant change with the potential to metastasize has been reported to be only 2 to 3%, and only a few cases of metastasizing pleomorphic salivary gland adenomas have been described to date. The fact that these tumors arise in organs located in an ontogenetic transitional zone, a region where endoderm and ectoderm meet, might be one of the reasons for the often-problematic histopathological classification. This type of benign tumor has been cytogenetically very well-characterized, with several hundreds of tumors karyotyped. In addition to the cytogenetic subgroup with an apparently normal diploid stemline (making up approximately 30% of the cases), three major cytogenetic subgroups can be distinguished. In addition to a subgroup showing non-recurrent clonal abnormalities, another subgroup is various translocations involving 12q15. By far the largest cytogenetic subgroup, however, consists of tumors with chromosome 8 abnormalities, mainly showing translocations involving region 8q12. The most frequently encountered aberration in this group is a t(3;8)(p21;q12). [less ▲]

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See detailFirst invited discourse during the XXIst General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union "Gravitational lensing"
Refsdal, S.; Surdej, Jean ULg

in Bergeron (Ed.) Highlights of Astronomy, Vol. 9, p.3 (1992)

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