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See detailFatal herpes simplex virus infection in Darier disease under corticotherapy.
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Beauthier, F.; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg et al

in European Journal of Dermatology (2005), 15(4), 293-7

A 67-year-old man is presented with longstanding and severe Darier disease treated by topical antiseptics and potent corticosteroids, in combination with oral glucocorticoids and etretinate. After cardiac ... [more ▼]

A 67-year-old man is presented with longstanding and severe Darier disease treated by topical antiseptics and potent corticosteroids, in combination with oral glucocorticoids and etretinate. After cardiac bypass surgery in 1997, the patient experienced herpes simplex virus (HSV type-1) infection of the skin that was treated by intravenous aciclovir. In 2003, he presented a widespread atypical exacerbation of his Darier disease, involving the face, trunk, buttocks, intertriginous areas and arms. Initial clinical signs and bacteriological findings suggested a bacterial involvement by multiresistant Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Proteus mirabilis. Despite antibiotherapy, the clinical presentation progressively worsened. A skin biopsy was performed and immunohistochemical examination identified a type-2 HSV infection. Although intravenous aciclovir was administered, the widespread cutaneous HSV infection was followed by systemic dissemination. A severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) developed, leading to a fatal issue. At autopsy, a severe interstitial type-2 HSV pneumonitis with extensive necrotic areas was found, in association with gastro-intestinal involvement. This case represents, to the best of our knowledge, the first case of Darier disease presenting a fatal type-2 HSV infection. It underlines the importance of rapidly recognizing HSV infection in Darier disease and stresses the risk of lethal outcome. The different risk factors for HSV infection in this patient are reviewed. [less ▲]

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See detailFatal intoxications by acenocoumarol, phenprocoumon and warfarin: method validation in blood using the total error approach.
Denooz, Raphael ULg; Douamba, Zoénabo; Charlier, Corinne ULg

in Journal of Chromatography. B : Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical & Life Sciences (2009), 877(23), 2344-2348

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See detailFatal Massive Liver Steatosis. A Clinicopathological Case Report
de Leval, Laurence ULg; Lambermont, Bernard ULg; D'Orio, Vincenzo ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (1997), 60(2, Apr-Jun), 180-183

Hepatic fatty change is a common lesion. Two forms are recognized: micro- and macrovesicular steatosis, the former being much less frequent and more serious than the latter. The case of an alcoholic woman ... [more ▼]

Hepatic fatty change is a common lesion. Two forms are recognized: micro- and macrovesicular steatosis, the former being much less frequent and more serious than the latter. The case of an alcoholic woman under anticonvulsivant therapy and with medications for a syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) who presented with rapidly progressive cholestasis and hepatocellular failure is reported. Massive macro- and micro-vesicular hepatic steatosis was diagnosed at autopsy. The authors review the clinico-pathological features associated with this condition, and causal factors possibly implicated in this case are discussed in regard with currently considered pathophysiological mechanisms. [less ▲]

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See detailFatal Mural Endocarditis and Cutaneous Botryomycosis after Heart Transplantation
Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg; Demoulin, J. C.; Pierard, Gérald ULg et al

in American Journal of Dermatopathology (1997), 19(6), 602-5

Fatal mural endocarditis and botryomycosis occurred concurrently in a 62-year-old women 4 months after orthotopic heart transplantation. Subsequent to mild mitral regurgitation, infection developed on a ... [more ▼]

Fatal mural endocarditis and botryomycosis occurred concurrently in a 62-year-old women 4 months after orthotopic heart transplantation. Subsequent to mild mitral regurgitation, infection developed on a left atrial thrombus and was complicated by cerebral embolization. Simultaneously, skin nodules manifested on both forearms. Histologic examination revealed typical aspects of early evolving botryomycosis with massive infiltration of the dermis and hypodermis by necrotic granulomas framed by grains of Gram-positive coccoid forms. Bacteria were decorated by a nonspecific polyclonal antibody to Mycobacterium bovis. [less ▲]

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See detailFatal outbreaks in dogs associated with pantropic canine coronavirus in France and Belgium
Zicola, A.; Jolly, Sandra ULg; Mathijs, E. et al

in Journal of Small Animal Practice (2012), 53

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See detailFatal outcome of herpes simplex virus superinfection of Darier disease
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg; Pierard, Gérald ULg

in Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (2005, March), 52(3, Suppl. S), 132

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See detailFatal overdosage with cisplatin
Charlier, Corinne ULg; Kintz, Pascal; Dubois, Nathalie ULg et al

in Journal of Analytical Toxicology (2004), 28(2), 138-140

This paper presents a case of fatal overdosage due to an accidental massive administration (750 mg instead of 170 mg) of cisplatin, an anticancer agent, to a 63-year-old patient suffering from lymphoma ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a case of fatal overdosage due to an accidental massive administration (750 mg instead of 170 mg) of cisplatin, an anticancer agent, to a 63-year-old patient suffering from lymphoma. Platinum was measured in various postmortem samples by means of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Heart and peripheral blood concentrations of platinum were 1515 and 1253 micro g/L, respectively. Concentrations in urine and bile were 1038 and 501 micro g/L, respectively. Renal dialysis was started immediately after the end of cisplatin perfusion, when the mistake was noticed, but the patient deceased at day 16, presenting renal and hepatic insufficiency, ototoxicity, and pancytopenia. [less ▲]

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See detailFatal plastic impaction in a minke whale (Balaenoptera acutorostrata)
Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; Haelters, J.; Degraer, S. et al

Scientific conference (2013)

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See detailFATAL SMALL FOR SIZE SYNDROME AFTER RIGHT LOBE DONATION
DETRY, Olivier ULg; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg; LAUWICK, Séverine ULg et al

in Transplant International (2011, February), 24(1), 8-8

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See detailFatal transmission of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia to an Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx)
Chaber, AL; Lignereux, L; Al Qassimi, M et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (in press)

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See detailFate of exogneous glucose metabolism during exercise of different intensities in humans
Pirnay, Freddy ULg; Krzentowski, G.; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Journal of Applied Physiology (1982), 53

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See detailThe fate of incoming stimuli during NREM sleep is determined by spindles and the phase of the slow oscillation
Schabus, M.; Dang Vu, Thien Thanh ULg; Heib, D. P. J. et al

in Frontiers in Neurology (2012), 3(40), 1-11

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See detailThe Fate of Mitochondrial Dnas of Mt+ and Mt- Origin in Gametes and Zygotes of Chlamydomonas
Beckers, M. C.; Munaut, Carine ULg; Minet, Arlette ULg et al

in Current Genetics (1991), 20(3), 239-43

In order to study the mechanism responsible for the uniparental transmission of the mitochondrial genome in crosses between Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and C. smithii, we have analyzed the fate of ... [more ▼]

In order to study the mechanism responsible for the uniparental transmission of the mitochondrial genome in crosses between Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and C. smithii, we have analyzed the fate of mitochondrial DNA during gametogenesis, zygospore differentiation and sporulation by hybridization experiments. Both mt+ and mt- gametes contain the same amount of mitochondrial DNA and the two parental genomes persist for several days in the zygotes. The DNA of mt+ origin is slowly eliminated during the period of zygote maturation. Light is required for total elimination of mt+ mitochondrial DNA in the zygospores. Using appropriate restriction enzymes, we have been unable to detect methylation of the mitochondrial DNA during gametogenesis or zygospore formation. The possibility that the mt+ mitochondria themselves are specifically eliminated in the course of zygote maturation is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailFate of nitrogen fertilizer applied on two main arable crops, winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) and sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) in the loam region of Belgium.
Destain, Jean-Pierre ULg; Francois, E.; Guiot, Joseph et al

in Plant and Soil (1993, September 21), 155/156

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See detailFate of premalignant clones during the asymptomatic phase preceding lymphoid malignancy.
Moules, Vincent; Pomier, Carole; Sibon, David et al

in Cancer Research (2005), 65(4), 1234-43

Almost all cancers are preceded by a prolonged period of clinical latency during which a combination of cellular events helps move carcinogen-exposed cells towards a malignant phenotype. Hitherto ... [more ▼]

Almost all cancers are preceded by a prolonged period of clinical latency during which a combination of cellular events helps move carcinogen-exposed cells towards a malignant phenotype. Hitherto, investigating the fate of premalignant cells in vivo remained strongly hampered by the fact that these cells are usually indistinguishable from their normal counterparts. Here, for the first time, we have designed a strategy able to reconstitute the replicative history of the bona fide premalignant clone in an animal model, the sheep experimentally infected with the lymphotropic bovine leukemia virus. We have shown that premalignant clones are early and clearly distinguished from other virus-exposed cells on the basis of their degree of clonal expansion and genetic instability. Detectable as early as 0.5 month after the beginning of virus exposure, premalignant cells displayed a two-step pattern of extensive clonal expansion together with a mutation load approximately 6 times higher than that of other virus-exposed cells that remained untransformed during the life span of investigated animals. There was no fixation of somatic mutations over time, suggesting that they regularly lead to cellular death, partly contributing to maintain a normal lymphocyte count during the prolonged premalignant stage. This equilibrium was finally broken after a period of 18.5 to 60 months of clinical latency, when a dramatic decrease in the genetic instability of premalignant cells coincided with a rapid increase in lymphocyte count and lymphoma onset. [less ▲]

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See detailThe fate of the adjacent motion segments after lumbar fusion.
Gillet, Philippe ULg

in Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques (2003), 16(4), 338-45

Lumbar spine fusion is a commonly performed procedure in various pathologic conditions of the spine. Its role remains debated, and moreover, delayed complications may occur, among which is transitional ... [more ▼]

Lumbar spine fusion is a commonly performed procedure in various pathologic conditions of the spine. Its role remains debated, and moreover, delayed complications may occur, among which is transitional segment alteration leading to recurrence of back pain, gross instability, and neurologic symptoms. Little is known about the long-term prevalence of this complication because of a lack of specific studies. We analyzed the fate of the transitional segments in a homogeneous group of patients operated on during a 14-year period for degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine resistant to conservative treatment. Follow-up ranged from 2 to 15 years. Seventy-five percent of our study group had a minimal 5-year follow-up. In this subgroup, 41% of the patients developed transitional segment alterations, and 20% needed a secondary operation for extension of the fusion. Potential risk factors such as postoperative delay, length of fusion, and spine imbalance were recognized. The frequency of delayed alterations of the adjacent segment and the severity of symptoms related to this complication in this study raise questions about the justification of fusion procedures in degenerative conditions of the spine without threatening instability. Data from the literature confirm the severity of the problem, but many uncertainties remain because of the lack of homogeneous and complete data on both the normal evolution of motion segments of the lumbar spine with age and the fate of the same segments when transformed in transitional segments. Future prospective studies on the subject are needed and must deal with homogeneous groups of patients. More reconstructive surgical procedures need to be developed to lessen the need for fusion procedures. [less ▲]

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See detailThe fate of the Blal repressor during the induction of the Bacillus licheniformis BlaP beta-lactamase
Filée, Patrice ULg; Benlafya, Kamal; Delmarcelle, Michaël ULg et al

in Molecular Microbiology (2002), 44(3), 685-694

The induction of the Staphylococcus aureus BlaZ and Bacillus licheniformis 749/l BIaP beta-lactamases by beta-lactam antibiotics occurs according to similar processes. In both bacteria, the products of ... [more ▼]

The induction of the Staphylococcus aureus BlaZ and Bacillus licheniformis 749/l BIaP beta-lactamases by beta-lactam antibiotics occurs according to similar processes. In both bacteria, the products of the blal and blaR1 genes share a high degree of sequence homology and act as repressors and penicillin-sensory transducers respectively. It has been shown in S. aureus that the Blal repressor, which controls the expression of BlaZ negatively, is degraded after the addition of the inducer. In the present study, we followed the fate of Blal during beta-lactamase induction in B. licheniformis 749/l and in a recombinant Bacillus subtilis 168 strain harbouring the pDML995 plasmid, which carries the B. licheniformis blaP, blal and blaR1 genes. In contrast to the situation in B. licheniformis 749/l, beta-lactamase induction in B. subtilis 168/pDML995 was not correlated with the proteolysis of Blal. To exclude molecular variations undetectable by SDS-PAGE, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was performed with cellular extracts from uninduced or induced B. subtilis 168/pDML995 cells. No variation in the Blal isoelectric point was observed in induced cells, whereas the DNA-binding property was lost. Cross-linking experiments with dithiobis(succimidylpropionate) confirmed that, in uninduced recombinant B. subtilis cells, Blat was present as a homodimer and that this situation was not altered in induced conditions. This latter result is incompatible with a mechanism of inactivation of Blal by proteolysis and suggests that the inactivation of Blal results from a non-covalent modification by a co-activator and that the subsequent proteolysis of Blal might be a secondary phenomenon. In addition to the presence of this co-activator, our results show that the presence of penicillin stress is also required for full induction of beta-lactamase biosynthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailFate of the nucleolar vacuole during resumption of cell cycle in pea cotyledonary buds
Jennane, A.; Thiry, Marc ULg; Diouri, M. et al

in Protoplasma (2000), 210(3-4), 172-178

Meristematic cells of pea cotyledonary buds blocked in G(0-1) state contain a small nucleolus with a large central clear area surrounded by a fibrillar rim. The nucleolar structure varies according to the ... [more ▼]

Meristematic cells of pea cotyledonary buds blocked in G(0-1) state contain a small nucleolus with a large central clear area surrounded by a fibrillar rim. The nucleolar structure varies according to the cell cycle from the G(0-1)-blocked state until the first mitoses occurring between 24 and 27 h after removal of the main stem. In order to better identify and understand the role of the central area in the nucleolar function, its content was investigated by cytochemical and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-immunogold methods. The central area showed the characteristics of a vacuole commonly constituted of the condensed chromatin, ribonucleoprotein granules, and lack of argyrophilic proteins. 3 h alter decapitation, a thickening of the fibrillar rim occurred, accompanied by an increase of granules in the vacuole. After 6 h, the unique vacuole broke up into two to four small vacuoles in which the granules are more abundant. After 12 h the nucleolus acquired compact structure with few minute vacuoles dispersed over the fibrillar component. During the whole cell cycle, the condensed chromatin is always observed in the vacuole. Our findings suggest that the appearance of the vacuoles is subsequent to the output of preribosomes from nucleolus. These vacuoles might play a role in condensation and decondensation of the chromatin. [less ▲]

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See detailFate of thiazolidine ring during fragmentation of penicillin by exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase of Streptomyces R61
Frère, Jean-Marie ULg; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Vanderhaeghe, Hubert et al

in Nature (1976), 260(5550), 451-454

LIKE various beta-lactamases, acylases and esterases1, the exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase of Streptomyces R61 degrades benzylpenicillin and other beta-lactam antibiotics2-4. The R61 enzyme ... [more ▼]

LIKE various beta-lactamases, acylases and esterases1, the exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase of Streptomyces R61 degrades benzylpenicillin and other beta-lactam antibiotics2-4. The R61 enzyme, however, markedly differs from the other penicillin-degrading enzymes in causing fragmentation of the penicillin nucleus. By using 8-14C-benzylpenicillin (benzyl labelled) as substrate, one of the fragments produced was shown to be 14C-phenylacetylglycine5. The reaction with the R61 enzyme is also peculiar in that it is a slow process. This is because of the long half life of the stoichiometnc complex transitorily formed between the antibiotic and the enzyme. Thus, for example, the value of the half life for the complex formed with benzylpenicillin is 80 min in 10 mM phosphate buffer (pH 7.0) and at 37 °C. As breakdown of the complex proceeds, however, phenylacetylglycine (when benzylpenicillin is used as substrate) is released and the enzyme concomitantly recovers its ability to bind penicillin. We have now characterised the fragment (hereby designated as the Y product) arising from the thiazolidine ring of penicillin as a result of the fragmentation of the antibiotic molecule by the R61 enzyme. [less ▲]

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