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See detailExtension du patrimoine commun:apport d'un bien futur
Dehalleux, Virginie ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri; Verbeke, Alain; Taymans, Jean-François (Eds.) et al Manuel de planification patrimoniale, Le couple, Décès (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
See detailExtension du réseau des rivières modélisées aux très petites masses d’eau et mise à jour des masses d’eau, application du modèle Pégase pour l'Agence de l'Eau Loire-Bretagne
Deliège, Jean-François ULg; Bourouag, Mohamed ULg; Everbecq, Etienne ULg et al

Report (2010)

Dans le cadre de la caractérisation des cours d’eau du milieu naturel, l’Agence de l’Eau Loire- Bretagne a confié à l’Aquapôle la tâche d’étendre la sélection des rivières modélisées par le modèle PEGASE ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre de la caractérisation des cours d’eau du milieu naturel, l’Agence de l’Eau Loire- Bretagne a confié à l’Aquapôle la tâche d’étendre la sélection des rivières modélisées par le modèle PEGASE aux très petites masses d’eau, permettant de représenter finement l’état de la qualité de l’ensemble des masses d’eau de surface du bassin Loire-Bretagne. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension et modulation des usages des outils médiateurs en design industriel. Impact sur les processus de conception.
Elsen, Catherine ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2009)

L'observation via une approche ergonomique compréhensive de l'extension et la modulation de l'utilisation des outils médiateurs en design industriel depuis l'avènement de la CAO nous a permis : (i) d ... [more ▼]

L'observation via une approche ergonomique compréhensive de l'extension et la modulation de l'utilisation des outils médiateurs en design industriel depuis l'avènement de la CAO nous a permis : (i) d'élargir les frontières du domaine de la pré-conception telles que généralement présentées : y sont désormais inclues, en plus des dessins à main levée, les représentations externes générées par les outils de CAO, dont le potentiel de soutien aux phases conceptuelles sera révélé lorsque l'on aura extrait des catachrèses, genèses instrumentales et schèmes d'utilisation l'essence des spécifications qui les rendront tout à fait adaptées; (ii) de moduler les niveaux de compréhension des métiers de la conception en design industriel, en soulignant l'importante part de co-conception et de "conception en cohabitation" qui apparaît avec le nouveau métier de dessinateur et l'usage des outils médiateurs. L'intervention sur le terrain est nourrie de ces apports plus conceptuels qui nous aident à comprendre dans quelle mesure l'amélioration des conditions de travail en conception industrielle pourrait concourir à l'atteinte des objectifs ergonomiques pour les autres métiers et les utilisateurs finaux. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of Bayesian procedures to integrate and to blend multiple external information into genetic evaluations
Vandenplas, Jérémie ULg; Gengler, Nicolas ULg

Conference (2012, July 18)

Current genetic evaluations are mostly based on local data, potentially followed by an international second step, as it is performed by INTERBULL (Uppsala, Sweden) for dairy breeds. However, reliability ... [more ▼]

Current genetic evaluations are mostly based on local data, potentially followed by an international second step, as it is performed by INTERBULL (Uppsala, Sweden) for dairy breeds. However, reliability of estimated breeding values (EBV) for animals with few local data may be limited. Furthermore, the current development of genomic selection makes this issue more important and the blending of those multiple sources more necessary. Current methods are based on selection index and Bayesian procedures were proposed for a single external source. The aim of this research was to extend these methods to integrate information from multiple sources outside a given evaluation system, i.e. external information, into this genetic evaluation, i.e. internal evaluation, and to assess its potential to blend multiple sources of information when only external information is available. To allow simplifications of the computational burden and the propagation of all external information through the whole pedigree, all animals were considered as animals associated to external information thanks to the prediction of external information from available one for internal animals, i.e. animals with no external information. Multiple considerations of contributions due to relationships among animals were also taken into account. Two dairy cattle populations were simulated across 5 generations. Internal females were randomly mated with internal and 50 external males. Milk production for the first lactation for each female was simulated in both populations. Results for 100 replicates showed that average rank correlations among Bayesian EBV and EBV based on the joint use of external and internal data were close to 1 for both external and internal animals. The respective correlations for the internal evaluation were equal to 0.54 and 0.95. Mean squared error, expressed as a percentage of the internal mean squared error, was close to 0% for both external and internal animals. Thereby, the Bayesian procedure has the potential to integrate and to blend multiple sources of external information to evaluate animals more reliably. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of characterisation procedures for structural joints to high strength steels
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Maquoi, René ULg

in Festschrift Ferdinand TSCHEMMERNEGG (1999)

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See detailExtension of Davenport's Background/Resonant decomposition for the estimation of higher response moments
Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the Sixth European-African Conference on Wind Engineering (2013)

The non Gaussian buffeting analysis of a structure subjected to turbulent wind may be advantageously performed with a Volterra approach. Although this concept may be applicable to nonlinear structures ... [more ▼]

The non Gaussian buffeting analysis of a structure subjected to turbulent wind may be advantageously performed with a Volterra approach. Although this concept may be applicable to nonlinear structures, the scope of this paper is limited to structures with a deterministic linear behavior. In this case, the Volterra kernels take a simple explicit expression and the statistical moments of the structural response are simply recovered by a multi-dimensional integration of the corresponding spectra. Because the multi-dimensional spectra of the loading are usually determined numerically, these integrals have to be computed numerically too. The computational burden necessary for the estimation of these integrals turns out to be prohibitive as soon as high order moments are required (beyond and including 4th moment). The numerical conditioning is in fact again worse when the structural damping is low as the Volterra kernels then exhibit very large gradients in the frequency space, which are difficult to capture properly. Because the timescales related to the dynamics of the structure and to the random wind loading are well distinct, a nowadays customary decomposition of the response into Background and Resonant contributions (dating back to A. Davenport's earliest works) provides a very good estimation of the second statistical moment. Recently the concept has been extended to the Background/biResonant decomposition for the estimation of the third statistical moment of the response. This paper presents the extension to the computation of the fourth statistical moment, with the only assumptions of slight damping and low-frequency loading such as those that made Allan Davenport's Background/Resonant (B/R) decomposition fruitful. After some multiple scales considerations, the fourth moment of the response is approximated as the sum of a background component, a tetraresonant component and a mixed background-biresonant component. Mathematical developments will be presented in the full paper along with illustrative examples, while the current 4-page abstract just presents of a flavour of it. [less ▲]

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See detailThe extension of Early Upper Palaeolithic with blade leaf-points (Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician): the issue of Kostenki 8 level I
Flas, Damien ULg

in Ashton, Nick (Ed.) No Stone Unturned: Papers in Honour of Roger Jacobi (in press)

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See detailExtension of INCL4 between 2 and 15 GeV
Pedoux, Sophie ULg; Cugnon, Joseph ULg; Boudard, Alain et al

in Advances in Space Research (2009), 44(8),

The intranuclear cascade model INCL4 has been shown to be very successful for describing, without adjustable parameters, a whole set of data for p-induced reactions in the 40 MeV–2 GeV energy range. In ... [more ▼]

The intranuclear cascade model INCL4 has been shown to be very successful for describing, without adjustable parameters, a whole set of data for p-induced reactions in the 40 MeV–2 GeV energy range. In view of its possible application to cosmic ray interactions, the INCL4 code has been extended to the 2–15 GeV energy range, so covering a large part of the spectrum of the incident energy of the cosmic rays. In this paper, the changes brought into the INCL4 code are discussed and some illustrative comparisons between the results given by the modified version of the code and experimental data are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of Lyman-alpha Complexes from HST Observations of Four Pairs of Quasars
Aracil, B.; Petitjean, P.; Smette, A. et al

in Combes, F.; Barret, D. (Eds.) SF2A-2002: Semaine de l'Astrophysique Francaise (2002, June 01)

We present HST observations of four pairs of quasars with 2,3 arcmin angular separation and redshift z 0.9. We apply the Nearest-Neighbor method to the sample of observed Lyman-alpha lines with rest ... [more ▼]

We present HST observations of four pairs of quasars with 2,3 arcmin angular separation and redshift z 0.9. We apply the Nearest-Neighbor method to the sample of observed Lyman-alpha lines with rest equivalent width greater than 0.3 Angstrum. According to Monte-Carlo simulations, we detect an excess of coincidences with velocity difference smaller than 500 km/s. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of the component method to joints in tubular construction
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Weynand, K.

in Puthli, R.; Herion, S. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium and Euroconference on Tubular Structures (2001)

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See detailExtension of the Direct Strength Method to hot-rolled and welded H profile cross-sections
Li, Yongzhen ULg

Doctoral thesis (2014)

The cross-sectional capacity is limited by material yielding on one hand and local buckling on the other hand. Most current metallic structural design codes use the concept of section classification for ... [more ▼]

The cross-sectional capacity is limited by material yielding on one hand and local buckling on the other hand. Most current metallic structural design codes use the concept of section classification for determining the section capacity of hot-rolled profiles. In this system, there exists a discontinuity between the classes 2 and 3 under pure bending load condition, while for the class 4, the effective width method (EWM) must be used to account for local buckling phenomenon. With the appearance of the more complex cross-sections, especially for thin-walled steel structures, the calculation using EWM becomes more and more intolerable and complicated. In order to overcome these difficulties when evaluating the cross-section strength, the alternative Direct Strength Method (DSM) approach, developed only for cold-formed thin-walled members, has gained importance over the last few years, and has been adopted by the North American and Australian standards for the design of cold-formed steel structural members recently. This thesis investigates the possibility to extend the DSM method to hot-rolled and welded structural steel members, and the objective is to derive a new formulation that would cover the whole field of section slenderness without section classification system used in Eurocode 3, using the same procedure for the DSM developed for cold-formed thin-walled steel structural members. Hot-rolled and welded H sections are mainly considered in this thesis. The DSM is premised on the assumption that the strength can be predicted from the yield strength to the elastic critical load ratio used in conjunction with a strength curve; i.e. the same concept than the one used in Eurocode 3, in terms of member buckling phenomenon. In the DSM approach applied for cold-formed thin-walled sections, local buckling and distortional buckling modes should be considered. For common hot-rolled or welded sections, only local buckling needs to be considered since distortional buckling does not occur for these sections. All available test results in literature are collected and evaluated with the current methods for calculating the cross-section resistance such as EWM, DSM, and the recent Continuous Strength Method (CSM). A short comparison is made and their domains of applicability are commented. A consistent approach has been adopted to develop numerical models for hot-rolled and welded sections subjected to compression and bending respectively. The FE model was built in FineLg and verified against test results of the “Semi-comp: Plastic member capacity of semi-compact steel sections - a more economic design” project, which was carried out earlier with the objective of improving the utilization of plasticity in rolled and welded sections with medium cross-section slenderness. Measured material and geometric properties, initial geometrical imperfections and residual stresses distributions have been highlighted. Once verified against the test results, the FE models have been used to carry out a parametrical study aimed at providing more FE results and highlighting the local buckling interaction between the webs and the flanges. All the experimental and FE numerical results constitute data base for the derivation of the new DSM curves. On the basis of Winter Formula for plate buckling and the generic DSM strength curve, different formulas are proposed for hot-rolled and welded H cross-sections under axial and bending load respectively. Also the statistical evaluation and safety study is conducted to obtain the safety factor γ_M, which is required for practical design. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of the Direct strength method to hot-rolled profiles cross-sections
Li, Yongzhen ULg; Rossi, Barbara ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in 6th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures : Eurosteel 2011, Budapest 30 October - 2 September 2011 (2011, September)

Current metallic structural design codes use the concept of section classification for determining the section capacity of hot-rolled profiles. In this system, there exists a discontinuity between the ... [more ▼]

Current metallic structural design codes use the concept of section classification for determining the section capacity of hot-rolled profiles. In this system, there exists a discontinuity between the classes 2 and 3, while for the class 4, the effective width method (EWM) must be used to account for local buckling phenomenon. In order to overcome the complicate and time consuming EWM for evaluating the strength, the alternative Direct Strength Method (DSM) approach, developed only for cold-formed thin-walled members, has gained importance over the last few years. The DSM is premised on the assumption that the strength can be predicted from the yield strength to the elastic critical load ratio in conjunction with a strength curve. The DSM has been advanced for calculating the strength of compression members over the past decades and in this paper, the extension of DSM to hot-rolled profiles cross-sections is investigated. Firstly, the methods for calculating the cross-section resistance such as EWM, DSM, and the recent Continuous Strength Method (CSM) are reviewed; a short comparison is made and their domains of applicability are commented. Secondly, a numerical model carried out in the frame of this research is described. The model was built in ABAQUS and verified against test results of the “Semi-comp: Plastic member capacity of semi-compact steel sections - a more economic design” project, which was carried out earlier with the objective of improving the utilization of plasticity in rolled and welded sections with medium cross-section slenderness. On the basis of these premises, the final goal of the project is detailed: to derive a new formulation that would cover the whole field of section slenderness (present class 1 to class 4), which can be seen as an extension of the so-called DSM approach. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of the Direct strength method to hot-rolled profiles cross-sections
Rossi, Barbara ULg

Conference (2011, September)

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See detailExtension of the DSM to welded H profile cross-sections
Rossi, Barbara ULg; Li, Yongzhen ULg

in Research and Applications in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (2013)

The objective of the paper is to assess the accuracy of current Direct Strength Method (DSM) equations applied to steel structural welded H shapes in axial compression. Commercialised hot-rolled H ... [more ▼]

The objective of the paper is to assess the accuracy of current Direct Strength Method (DSM) equations applied to steel structural welded H shapes in axial compression. Commercialised hot-rolled H sections covering IPE, HE, HD, HL, HP, W and UB profiles and made of three grades (235MPa, 355MPa and 460MPa) were treated in (Li & Rossi 2012). This analysis focuses on welded sections made of the same three grades, including sections characterized by local buckling with a significant post-buckling reserve. The finite element model is described. Then, the results of a parametric analysis using the finite element model are re-ported. The codified resistances are also compared to the numerical results. For each cross-section, the recently developed analytical expressions provided in (Seif & Schafer 2010) for hot-rolled profiles are used to cal-culate the elastic cross-section local buckling stress. A comparison with CUFSM results is also reported. Then, the possibility to use the concept of DSM for the design of structural welded steel shapes is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of the experiment of J.H.C. Smith on the onset of oxygen evolution in etiolated leaves
Franck, Fabrice ULg; Sironval, Cyrille; Schmid, G.H.

in Brouers, Michel; Sironval, Cyrille (Eds.) Protochlorophyllide Reduction and Greening (1984)

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See detailThe extension of the INCL model for simulation of shielding in space
Pedoux, Sophie ULg; Cugnon, Joseph ULg; Mancusi, Davide ULg et al

in Advances in Space Research (2011), 48(2), 383-389

Radiation hazard for space missions is mainly due to cosmic ray protons, helium nuclei and light ions, whose energy spectrum is maximum around 1 GeV per nucleon but remains non-negligible for energies up ... [more ▼]

Radiation hazard for space missions is mainly due to cosmic ray protons, helium nuclei and light ions, whose energy spectrum is maximum around 1 GeV per nucleon but remains non-negligible for energies up to 15 GeV per nucleon. Nuclear reactions induced by high energy protons are often described by intranuclear cascade plus evaporation models. The attention is focused here on the Liège Intranuclear Cascade model (INCL), which has been shown to reproduce fairly well a great deal of experimental data for nucleon-induced reactions in the 200 MeV to 2 GeV range, when coupled with the ABLA evaporation-fission code. In order to extend the model to other conditions relevant for space radiation, three improvements of INCL are under development. They are reported on here. First, the reaction model has been extended to nucleon-nucleus reactions at incident energies up to 15 GeV, mainly by the inclusion of additional pion production channels in nucleon-nucleon collisions during the cascade. Second, a coalescence mechanism for the emission of light charged particles has been implemented recently. Finally, the model has been modified in order to accommodate light ions as projectiles. First results are shown and compared with illustrative experimental data. Implications for issues concerning radiation protection in space are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of the Liège Intra Nuclear Cascade model to light ion-induced collisions for medical and space applications
Leray, S.; Mancusi, D.; Kaitaniemi, P. et al

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2013), 420

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (7 ULg)