Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtensions of the INCL model to light ion induced reactions for medical and space applications
Boudard, A.; Braunn, B.; Cugnon, Joseph ULg et al

in CERN-Proceedings-2012-002 (2012) 417-422 (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtensions of the Shape Functions with Penalization Parameterization for Composite-Ply Optimization
Bruyneel, Michaël ULg; Duysinx, Pierre ULg; Fleury, Claude ULg et al

in AIAA Journal (2011), 49(10), 2325-2329

The SFP method proposed is an alternative to the discrete material optimization (DMO) approach developed. Both approaches are an extension of the multiphase topology optimization. Here, SFP is used to ... [more ▼]

The SFP method proposed is an alternative to the discrete material optimization (DMO) approach developed. Both approaches are an extension of the multiphase topology optimization. Here, SFP is used to select composite plies in a set of candidate orientations, in a formulation including ontinuous design variables. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (12 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtensive Deposition of Basement Membrane by Tumours: A Prognostic Factor? A Reappraisal
Noël, Agnès ULg; Fontes, R.; Emonard, H. et al

in Epithelial Cell Biology (1993), 2(4), 150-4

A loss of the continuous linear deposit of basement membrane around invasive carcinomas has been suggested to correlate with their increased invasiveness. In contrast, extensive basement membrane ... [more ▼]

A loss of the continuous linear deposit of basement membrane around invasive carcinomas has been suggested to correlate with their increased invasiveness. In contrast, extensive basement membrane deposition would represent a more favourable prognosis. The Engelbreth-Holm-Swarm (EHS) tumour, a transplantable neoplasm, is widely used for its ability to synthesize and deposit large amounts of basement membrane components. We have evaluated the metastatic potential of this neoplasm 2 months after subcutaneous inoculation. Histological examination of lung sections revealed the presence of numerous metastatic foci. The metastatic cells retained their organization into clusters surrounded by extracellular matrix. Both the 72 kDa and the 92 kDa type IV collagenases were detected by zymography in Triton or urea extract (matrigel) of primary tumour. These results cast doubt on the hypothesis that the extensiveness of basement membrane deposition might always be of prognostic value by being inversely correlated with the degree of invasiveness of a carcinoma. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtensive epidural and paraspinal follicular Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Scholtes, Félix ULg; Scholsem, M.; Matus, G. et al

Conference (2006, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtensive Genome-Wide Linkage Disequilibrium in Cattle
Farnir, Frédéric ULg; Coppieters, Wouter ULg; Arranz, J. J. et al

in Genome Research (2000), 10(2), 220-7

A genome-wide linkage disequilibrium (LD) map was generated using microsatellite genotypes (284 autosomal microsatellite loci) of 581 gametes sampled from the dutch black-and-white dairy cattle population ... [more ▼]

A genome-wide linkage disequilibrium (LD) map was generated using microsatellite genotypes (284 autosomal microsatellite loci) of 581 gametes sampled from the dutch black-and-white dairy cattle population. LD was measured between all marker pairs, both syntenic and nonsyntenic. Analysis of syntenic pairs revealed surprisingly high levels of LD that, although more pronounced for closely linked marker pairs, extended over several tens of centimorgan. In addition, significant gametic associations were also shown to be very common between nonsyntenic loci. Simulations using the known genealogies of the studied sample indicate that random drift alone is likely to account for most of the observed disequilibrium. No clear evidence was obtained for a direct effect of selection ("Bulmer effect"). The observation of long range disequilibrium between syntenic loci using low-density marker maps indicates that LD mapping has the potential to be very effective in livestock populations. The frequent occurrence of gametic associations between nonsyntenic loci, however, encourages the combined use of linkage and linkage disequilibrium methods to avoid false positive results when mapping genes in livestock. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 110 (14 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtensive inflammatory pseudotumor of the pituitary.
Hansen, Isabelle ULg; Petrossians, Patrick ULg; Thiry, Albert ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (2001), 86(10), 4603-4610

A 40-yr-old female presented with an extensive lesion of the sellar area and the sphenoid sinus, spreading to the optic nerves and associated with pachymeningitis. Histological findings were consistent ... [more ▼]

A 40-yr-old female presented with an extensive lesion of the sellar area and the sphenoid sinus, spreading to the optic nerves and associated with pachymeningitis. Histological findings were consistent with an inflammatory pseudotumor, and steroid treatment allowed the disappearance of all the lesions. Inflammatory pseudotumors of the pituitary are very rare. This case appears unique with regard to the extension of the lesions and the dramatic response to medical treatment. The differential diagnosis of inflammatory lesions of the pituitary is difficult. It relies mainly on histological analysis and includes sarcoidosis, Wegener's granulomatosis, histiocytosis (Langerhans, Rosai-Dorfman, and Erdheim-Chester diseases) and lymphocytic hypophysitis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtensive mast cell degranulation in bovine respiratory syncytial virus-associated paroxystic respiratory distress syndrome
Jolly, Sandra ULg; Detilleux, Johann ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg

in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology (2004), 97(3-4), 125-136

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) infection is an important cause of outbreaks of respiratory disease among calves. This virus commonly induces mild to severe respiratory signs but, in a ... [more ▼]

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) infection is an important cause of outbreaks of respiratory disease among calves. This virus commonly induces mild to severe respiratory signs but, in a substantial proportion of cases, is also reported to be associated with paroxystic respiratory distress syndrome (PRDS). The pathogenesis of this 'malignant' clinical form has not been fully elucidated. The present study aimed at determining whether mast cell (MC) degranulation plays a role in the physiopathologic cascade leading to the PRDS. Paired serum samples were taken in herds during outbreaks of severe respiratory diseases (acute sera) and 3 weeks after (convalescent sera). Based on seroconversion to BRSV and clinical picture, 67 pairs of sera were selected from calves with a BRSV-associated PRDS for circulating MC tryptase determination. A MC metachromatic score was measured in post-mortem lungs from animals died from a BRSV-associated PRDS (principals) and compared with reference scores obtained from healthy lungs (controls). Levels of tryptase were significantly higher in acute sera (26.6+/-12.4 mug/l) compared to convalescent sera (8.4+/-7.8 mug/l; P < 0.001). Metachromatic scores yielded significantly different results between controls and principals (P < 0.01), demonstrating a significant disappearance of metachromatic granules from lung MCs in principals. Taken together, these data demonstrate the presence of an extensive MC degranulation in BRSV-associated PRDS. (C) 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (6 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtensive scalp necrosis and subepicranial abscess in a patient with giant cell arteritis
Smitz, Simon ULg; HEINEN, Vincent ULg; Van Damme, Hendrik ULg

in Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (2004), 52(1), 165-166

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtensive study of HD 25558, a long-period double-lined binary with two SPB components
Sódor, Á.; De Cat, P.; Wright, D. J. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2014), 438(4), 3535-3556

We carried out an extensive observational study of the Slowly Pulsating B (SPB) star, HD 25558. The ~2000 spectra obtained at different observatories, the ground-based and MOST satellite light curves ... [more ▼]

We carried out an extensive observational study of the Slowly Pulsating B (SPB) star, HD 25558. The ~2000 spectra obtained at different observatories, the ground-based and MOST satellite light curves revealed that this object is a double-lined spectroscopic binary with an orbital period of about 9 years. The observations do not allow the inference of an orbital solution. We determined the physical parameters of the components, and found that both lie within the SPB instability strip. Accordingly, both show line-profile variations due to stellar pulsations. Eleven independent frequencies were identified in the data. All the frequencies were attributed to one of the two components based on Pixel-by-pixel variability analysis of the line profiles. Spectroscopic and photometric mode identification was also performed for the frequencies of both stars. These results suggest that the inclination and rotation of the two components are rather different. The primary is a slow rotator with ~6 d period, seen at ~60 deg inclination, while the secondary rotates fast with ~1.2 d period, and is seen at ~20 inclination. Spectropolarimetric measurements revealed that the secondary component has a magnetic field with at least a few hundred Gauss strength, while no magnetic field can be detected in the primary. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtensive Ulcerative Colitis and Extraintestinal Manifestations in a Patient with Hiv Infection and Significant Cd4 T-Cell Lymphopenia
Louis, Edouard ULg; Moutschen, Michel ULg; de Marneffe, Pierre et al

in Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique (1997), 21(11), 884-7

We report a heterosexual patient with HIV infection and a CD4 T-cell count of 0.45 x 10(9)/L who developed mild ulcerative proctitis, sacroileitis and oligoarthiritis. While he was treated with 5 ... [more ▼]

We report a heterosexual patient with HIV infection and a CD4 T-cell count of 0.45 x 10(9)/L who developed mild ulcerative proctitis, sacroileitis and oligoarthiritis. While he was treated with 5-aminosalicylic enemas, the patient rapidly developed severe pancolitis. An emergency colectomy without procetectomy was performed. A few months later, he suffered recurrence of ulcerative proctitis, aggravation of arthritic pain and developed anterior uveitis. All symptoms disappeared after proctectomy. There was no evidence for opportunistic infection or Kaposi's sarcoma. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies were positive and the HLA-B27 antigen was present. CD4 counts were lower during the phases of active disease than during remission. This case demonstrates that severe ulcerative colitis can occur in the presence of moderate T-cell defects. In view of a recent report of remission of Crohn's disease under comparable circumstances, it is possible that the extent of T-cell involvement in both diseases is radically different. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExtent of Applicability of Human Rights Standards to Proceedings before the International Criminal Court: On Possible Reductive Factors
Deprez, Christophe ULg

in International Criminal Law Review (2012), 12(4), 721-741

Today, it is not seriously challenged that human rights law applies to proceedings before the International Criminal Court. The exact boundaries of this statement, however, might be less clear. The ... [more ▼]

Today, it is not seriously challenged that human rights law applies to proceedings before the International Criminal Court. The exact boundaries of this statement, however, might be less clear. The present article argues that the extent of applicability of human rights law cannot be precisely described unless the specific nature of the Court and of international criminal justice in general is taken into consideration. More concretely, it will be demonstrated that the exact scope of applicability of human rights standards to the ICC setting can only be addressed by referring to inherent characteristics (both of the Court and of the international criminal system as a whole) that could possibly bear a reductive impact on that scope. It will be argued throughout the analysis that several of these specific features are indeed capable of reducing the level of protection, while on a closer look others do not display such influence. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (18 ULg)
Full Text
See detailExtent of intra-population functional variability along a local environmental gradient for four calcareous grasslands species
Harzé, Mélanie ULg; Monty, Arnaud ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg

Conference (2013, August 19)

In the last few years, an increasing body of evidence has highlighted the role of functional traits as reliable predictors of species resistance to disturbance and response to environmental gradients ... [more ▼]

In the last few years, an increasing body of evidence has highlighted the role of functional traits as reliable predictors of species resistance to disturbance and response to environmental gradients. However, most studies focused on functional comparisons at the interspecific level while intraspecific functional trait variation has received remarkably little attention. As intraspecific traits variability is a necessary condition for species to adapt to environmental changes, studying intraspecific functional traits variation along environmental gradients is a major issue in a context of global change. The aim of our study was to evaluate the extent of intraspecific functional variability of four species along an environmental gradient of water stress at a local scale and to compare species response to the gradient. Calcareous grasslands species are present along a xeric gradient from mesophilous to xerophilous grasslands. Changes of exposure, slope and soil depth lead to differences of water availability for plants along the gradient. We measured the maximum vegetative height (MVH), the specific leaf area (SLA, one side area of a fresh leaf divided by its oven-dry mass) and the leaf dry matter content (LDMC, leaf oven-dry mass divided by its water-saturated fresh mass) on randomly selected individuals along a gradient of xericity on three study sites located in south Belgium. Functional traits were measured on about 60 individuals per site and per species. The soil depth was measured around each individual. The exposure and the slope were measured in order to calculate a heat load index for each individual. The extent of local intraspecific functional variability of our data was compared to data covering the species European range. Results are species dependent but for some study species intraspecific functional variability at local scale is not negligible compared to European data. Species functional responses to the gradient (soil depth and heat load index) showed a decrease in SLA and MVH and an increase in LDMC with increasing xericity for all study species. Response extent was species dependent. Main implications for species resistance to disturbance and climate change adaptation will be discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (11 ULg)
Full Text
See detailExtent of Lyman-alpha complexes from HST observations of four pairs of quasars
Aracil, B.; Petitjean, P.; Smette, A. et al

in Ferlet, R.; Lemoine, M.; Desert, J. M. (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the 17th IAP Colloquium 'Gaseous matter in galaxies and intergalactic space. Observational and theoretical results, with special emphasis on new data from FUSE, HST and VLT' (2001)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailExtent of paleofires and past human settlements in the current rainforest patchwork of the Northern Republic of Congo
Gillet, Jean-François ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

Poster (2012, January 04)

Objectives The origins of the patchwork of lowland semi-deciduous forests in the Northern Republic of Congo were apprehended. The aim of this study was to show that dense forests suffered fewer ... [more ▼]

Objectives The origins of the patchwork of lowland semi-deciduous forests in the Northern Republic of Congo were apprehended. The aim of this study was to show that dense forests suffered fewer disturbances than the open canopy forest types. Old disturbances associated with fires and human settlements seem to have had and still have today a substantial impact on the physiognomy and the composition of the forest types. Understanding past forest dynamics is a major component to predict the effects of both present climate change and human activities. Method Fifteen locations were studied along a 400-km-long SW-NE gradient in the NW of the Congo Basin through the ERA-net BiodivERsA CoForChange project. An anthraco-archaeological study was carried out in association with floristic inventories of three strata. Two main geology substrates were considered: the Mesozoic sandstones and Quaternary alluvial deposits. The abundance of charcoal fragments and human artifacts were evaluated by a network of 1-m-deep boring augers (n =208) and a 1.5-m-deep reference soil pit (n =15) in each site. A rating system was used to quantify the abundance of charcoal, charred Elaeis guineensis seeds and other artifacts (ceramic and metallurgic slag). Estimations were based on 20-cm-depth intervals (augers) or on pedological layers (pits). Twelve radiocarbon dating were performed in the major disturbed layers of each vegetation type studied. Results Two main groups of vegetation were highlighted according to the relative openness of the woody stand, the importance of the woody regeneration, and the development of the herbaceous cover. The two dense forests sampled were preferentially found in the northern part: the dense forest with Manilkara mabokeensis and Haumania dankelmaniana, and the Gilbertiodendron dewevrei forest on dry land. Most parts of the understorey exhibited the woody regeneration. The southern part presented more openness including the largest areas of open canopy vegetation types. Three forest types were identified: the Macaranga barteri pioneer forest, the open canopy vegetation type with Aframomum and Marantaceae, and the sparse forest with Megaphrinium macrostchyum and/or Haumania liebrestisiana. The understorey was a dense thicket of giant herbs belonging to the families Marantaceae and Zingiberaceae, causing a very scarce woody regeneration. Regardless the auger depth, charcoals were more profuse in the soils of the southern open canopy vegetation types (2-Way ANOVA, F=5.46, p=0.02). As in pit layers, charred oil palm nuts were more plentiful in the soils of these vegetation types (Mann-Whitney test, p<0.05). Of the five sites containing artifacts, only one recent potsherd dated 466-302 BP was located in dense forest but near a main river. The oldest signs of ceramic and metallurgical activities dated 2160-1407 BP were found in the current open canopy vegetation types. Within the latter, two expansion phases of the oil palm tree E. guineensis were observed: between 2146-1055 BP and 558-347 BP. Conversely, the oldest palaeofire was discovered in the M. mabokeensis dense forest and dated at 5467-5285 BP. Conclusions The dense forests contained less evidence of ancient fires and human settlements. They currently include evergreen and shade-tolerant tree species such as G. dewevrei and M. mabokeensis. The more sustained and repeated fires in the open canopy vegetation types were often associated with ancient human occupation. Today, the light-demanding giant herbaceous species such as Aframomum sp. and M. macrostchyum proliferate in the understorey below a simplified woody component of pioneer species such as M. barteri. The largest expansion phases of the oil palm tree E. guineensis in the southern part would be linked to ancient human occupation associated with larger canopy openings and fire events. The water availability, more evenly distributed near the heavily-irrigated Congo Basin, would also be a discriminating factor. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (8 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExternal constraints on optical control strategies in molecular orientation and photofragmentation: role of zero-area fields
Sugny, Dominique; Vranckx, Stéphane; Ndong, Mamadou et al

in Journal of Modern Optics (2014), 61

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailExternal constraints on optical control strategies in molecular orientation and photofragmentation: role of zero-area fields
Sugny, Dominique; Vranckx, Stéphane; Ndong, Mamadou et al

in Journal of Modern Optics (2014), 61

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailExternal Evaluation Report Über Die Common Security and Defence Policy Modules
Paile, Sylvain ULg

Book published by Ministry of Defence and Sports of the Federal Republic of Austria (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)