Browsing
     by title


0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

or enter first few letters:   
OK
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of Antarctic Surface Mass Balance by high-resolution downscaling of LMDZ4 AGCM and contribution to sea-level change
Agosta, Cécile ULg; Favier, Vincent; Krinner, Gerhard et al

Conference (2011, March)

Most of the IPCC-AR4 Atmospheric Global Circulation Models (AGCM) predict an increase of the Antarctic Surface Mass Balance (SMB) during the 21st century that would mitigate global sea level rise. Present ... [more ▼]

Most of the IPCC-AR4 Atmospheric Global Circulation Models (AGCM) predict an increase of the Antarctic Surface Mass Balance (SMB) during the 21st century that would mitigate global sea level rise. Present accumulation and predicted change are largest at the ice sheet margins because they are driven by snowfall, which mostly comes from warm, moist air arising over the land slopes. The coastal belt is also where complex processes of sublimation, melt and redistribution by the wind occur. Thus, high-resolution modelling (5 to 15 km) is necessary to adequately capture the effects of small-scale variations in topography on the atmospheric variables in this area, but limitations in computing resources prevent such resolution at the scale of Antarctica in full climate models. We present here a downscaling method leading to 15-km SMB resolution for century time-scales over Antarctica. We compute precipitation fields by considering orographic processes induced by the broad-scale and the fine-scale topography, and we estimate sublimation, melting and refreezing with a surface scheme validated for snow and ice-covered land surface. We display the SMB downscaled from LMDZ4 AGCM outputs (~60-km resolution), and compare the agreement of the broad-scale SMB and the downscaled SMB with 20th century observations. Then, we present hi-resolution features of the Antarctic SMB evolution during the 21st century downscaled from LMDZ4 and discuss the effect of the resolution on the Antarctic SMB contribution to sea level change. The downscaling model is a powerful tool that will be applied to others climate models for a better assessment of future sea level rise. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of anti-eCG antibodies in response to eCG doses and number of injections. Relation with rabbit does productivity
Theau-Clément, M.; Lebas, F.; Beckers, J. F. et al

in Animal (2008), 2(5), 746-751

The aim of this experiment was to study the kinetics of anti-eCG (equine chorionic gonadotrophin) antibodies in relation to eCG dose (8 or 25 IU) and number of injections (n = 11) in comparison with a ... [more ▼]

The aim of this experiment was to study the kinetics of anti-eCG (equine chorionic gonadotrophin) antibodies in relation to eCG dose (8 or 25 IU) and number of injections (n = 11) in comparison with a control group (no injection), and to relate antibody production to sexual receptivity and productivity of rabbit does. In all, 124 lactating primiparous rabbit does were inseminated every 35 days for a year. Just before eCG injection (48 h before insemination), blood samples were collected from all the does to assay anti-eCG antibodies. The anti-eCG antibody binding rate, regardless of the injected dose, shows that none of the does developed detectable anti-eCG antibodies before the 7th injection. The level of detectable anti-eCG antibodies began to show an increase at the 7th injection and was significant only for the 25 IU dose at the 11th injection. At the end of the experiment, 15% and 39% of does treated with 8 and 25 IU, respectively, developed immunity to eCG (binding rate >6%: higher binding rate of the control group). Consequently, the immune response depends on the eCG dose and on the number of injections. Moreover, productivity of does estimated from the number of weaned rabbits produced per insemination is not influenced by the level of eCG antibodies (7.0 and 6.9 for binding rate <6% and binding rate 6%, respectively). Only 19 inseminations (n = 6 and n = 13 for 8 and 25 IU, respectively) were made on hyperimmune does. Consequently, the immune response to eCG seems to be marginal for rabbit does. Moreover, under the described experimental conditions, reproductive performances of hyperimmune does were not affected [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of antioxidant capacity during storage of selected fruits and vegetables
Kevers, Claire ULg; Falkowski, Michael; Tabart, Jessica et al

in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry (2007), 55(21), 8596-8603

Interest in the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables is, to a large extent, due to its content of bioactive nutrients and their importance as dietary antioxidants. Among all of the selected fruits ... [more ▼]

Interest in the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables is, to a large extent, due to its content of bioactive nutrients and their importance as dietary antioxidants. Among all of the selected fruits and vegetables, strawberries and black grapes have relatively high antioxidant capacities associated with high contents of total phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid, and flavonols. More interesting, the results of this study indicated that in most fruits and vegetables storage did not affect negatively the antioxidant capacity. Better, in some cases, an increase of the antioxidant capacity was observed in the days following their purchase, accompanied by an increase in phenolic compounds. In general, fruits and vegetables visually spoil before any significant antioxidant capacity loss occurs except in banana and broccoli. When ascorbic acid or flavonoids (aglycons of flavonols and anthocyanins) were concerned, the conclusions were similar. Their content was generally stable during storage. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (13 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of aphidophagous ladybird populations in a vegetable crop and implications as biological agents.
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Colignon, P.; Hastir, P. et al

in Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwkundige en Toegepaste Biologische Wetenschappen (Rijksuniversiteit te Gent) (2001), 66(2a), 333-40

Aphidophagous predators such as hoverfly and ladybird beetles are effective biological agents to control aphid pests in perennial and annual cultivated species. Introduction and conservation of beneficial ... [more ▼]

Aphidophagous predators such as hoverfly and ladybird beetles are effective biological agents to control aphid pests in perennial and annual cultivated species. Introduction and conservation of beneficial insects are two ways to increase natural control of pests. Whether massive releases of entomophagous insects are expensive and time consuming, the preservation of predator natural populations can be expected by reducing and by adapting chemical treatments in crop fields. Vegetable cultivated areas increased in Belgium for several years, mainly Fabaceae species such as peas and beans. In this work, the evolution of ladybird species population was assessed from May to June in broad bean fields (Vicia faba L.) between Waremme and Hannut, in Hesbaye. Weekly, the aphid and aphidophagous beetle populations were collected from yellow traps and determined on plants by visual observations. Even if five ladybird species were identified, three of them represented more than 95% of the collected insects (Coccinella septempunctata L., Propylea quatuor-decimpunctata L. and Psyllobora vingintiduopunctata L.). Evolution of coccinellid populations during the cultivation season was discussed in relation to the presence of potential aphid preys and the agrochemical treatments which were applied. Integrated pest management in vegetable fields constitute a reliable way to increase the quality level of fresh vegetables in terms of pesticide residue limitations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe evolution of atmospheric extinction at La Silla derived from measurements in the Stromgren photometric system
Sterken, C.; Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1992), 266

We describe atmospheric extinction data obtained at the La Silla Observatory in the Stromgren photometric system. Our measurements, covering a time interval of almost fifteen years, show three episodes of ... [more ▼]

We describe atmospheric extinction data obtained at the La Silla Observatory in the Stromgren photometric system. Our measurements, covering a time interval of almost fifteen years, show three episodes of increased extinction due to airborne aerosols of volcanic origin. A small-amplitude seasonal variation and a short-timescale pseudo-periodic oscillation are also revealed. Implications on the observing procedures and photometric reduction schemes are discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of blood myeloperoxidase in the perioperative period of horses undergoing emergency celiotomy.
Salciccia, Alexandra ULg; Grulke, Sigrid ULg; de la Rebière de Pouyade, Geoffroy ULg et al

Poster (2009, July)

Colic can cause an activation of neutrophils with release in the blood flow of myeloperoxidase (MPO), a specific enzyme with strong oxidative activity. The aim of this study was to describe the evolution ... [more ▼]

Colic can cause an activation of neutrophils with release in the blood flow of myeloperoxidase (MPO), a specific enzyme with strong oxidative activity. The aim of this study was to describe the evolution of plasma MPO after colic surgery. Materials included 13 adult horses that underwent an emergency celiotomy for acute intestinal obstruction. Venous blood samples were collected into EDTA anticoagulated tubes before surgery, during surgery after correction of the intestinal lesion and during the recovery of anaesthesia. In the postoperative period samples were taken every 4 hours during the first 4 days (from day 0 until day 4), every 12 hours during the days 4 and 5 and every 24 hours until day 10. MPO was assayed with a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Statistical analysis was performed by one way Anova with student- Newman-Keuls post test on data obtained for each time point. Significance was set at p < 0.05. The horses were operated for an obstruction strangulated or not of the small or the large intestine. In six cases the postoperative period was uneventful, the 7 remaining developed one or 2 severe complications. Eight horses were discharged and 5 died during the hospitalization.The general aspect of the curve of mean plasmatic MPO can be described as follow: An increase was observed from the admission on until a peak of concentration occurring generally during the time of recovery from the anaesthesia with the highest mean value reaching 740.84 +/- 507.61ng/ml. This was followed by a progressive decrease until the lowest value, usually near to day 2 after the recovery from anaesthesia corresponding to 171.79 +/- 76.21 ng/ml of MPO. Afterwards, the mean concentrations increased slowly until postoperative day 10. In the majority of cases a stable and low MPO value (plateau) was observed during approximately 2 days (from day 1 to day 3 postoperatively).The initial peak of MPO after surgery could be associated to the neutrophil activation consequent to the intestinal disorder and the intense stimulation of the coeliotomy. The following significant reduction in concentration could be attributed to MPO infiltration into the tissues with a critical point at approximately 2 days after surgery. This study may contribute to a better understanding of the role of the MPO and neutrophils in the pathophysiology of horses in the postoperative period after colic surgery. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of blood parameters during weight loss in experimental obese Beagle dogs.
Diez, Marianne ULg; Michaux, Charles ULg; Jeusette, Isabelle et al

in Journal of Animal Physiology & Animal Nutrition (2004), 88(3-4), 166-71

The effects of weight loss on hormonal and biochemical blood parameters were measured monthly [carnitine, creatinine, urea, free T4 (fT4), total T4 (TT4), plasma alkaline phosphatases (ALP), aspartate ... [more ▼]

The effects of weight loss on hormonal and biochemical blood parameters were measured monthly [carnitine, creatinine, urea, free T4 (fT4), total T4 (TT4), plasma alkaline phosphatases (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), potassium and total proteins] or bimonthly [cholesterol, triglycerides, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), glucose, insulin] in eight obese Beagles dogs fed either a high protein dry diet, DP (crude protein 47.5%, on dry matter basis) or a commercial high fibre diet, HF (crude protein 23.8%, crude fibre 23.3%). The dogs were allotted to two groups according to sex and body weight (BW) and they were respectively fed with the DP or the control HF diet during 12-26 weeks, until they reach their optimal BW. The plasma basal triglycerides and cholesterol concentrations were decreased by the two diets but the difference was only significant for the DP diet. The plasma mean NEFA concentration increased regularly over the period with the HF diet, without significant difference between the two diets. No effect of diet or weight loss was observed on plasma carnitine, urea, creatinine, ALP, AST, ALT, potassium, TT4, FT4, IGF-I, glucose and insulin. Weight loss induced a decrease in fT4 plasma concentration (p < 0.001). The high protein diet allowed a safe weight loss. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of Bovine herpesvirus 4: recombination and transmission between African buffalo and cattle
Dewals, Benjamin G ULg; Thirion, Muriel ULg; Markine-Goriaynoff, N. et al

in Journal of General Virology (2006), 87(Pt 6), 1509-1519

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) has been isolated from cattle throughout the world, but virological and serological studies have suggested that the African buffalo is also a natural host for this virus. It ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4) has been isolated from cattle throughout the world, but virological and serological studies have suggested that the African buffalo is also a natural host for this virus. It has previously been found that the Bo17 gene of BoHV-4 was acquired from an ancestor of the African buffalo, probably around 1.5 million years ago. Analysis of the variation of the Bo17 gene sequence among BoHV-4 strains suggested a relatively ancient transmission of BoHV-4 from the buffalo to the Bos primigenius lineage, followed by a host-dependent split between zebu and taurine BoHV-4 strains. In the present study, the evolutionary history of BoHV-4 was investigated by analysis of five gene sequences from each of nine strains representative of the viral species: three isolated from African buffalo in Kenya and six from cattle from Europe, North America and India. No two gene sequences had the same evolutionary tree, indicating that recombination has occurred between divergent lineages; six recombination events were delineated for these sequences. Nevertheless, exchange has been infrequent enough that a clonal evolutionary history of the strains could be discerned, upon which the recombination events were superimposed. The dates of divergence among BoHV-4 lineages were estimated from synonymous nucleotide-substitution rates. The inferred evolutionary history suggests that African buffalo were the original natural reservoir of BoHV-4 and that there have been at least three independent transmissions from buffalo to cattle, probably via intermediate hosts and - at least in the case of North American strains - within the last 500 years. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (7 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of Bovine herpesvirus 4: recombination and transmission between African buffalo and cattle
Dewals, Benjamin G ULg; Thirion, Muriel; Markine-Goriaynoff, Nicolas et al

Poster (2007, November 23)

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV 4) has been isolated from cattle throughout the world, but virological and serological studies have suggested that the African buffalo is also a natural host for this virus. We ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV 4) has been isolated from cattle throughout the world, but virological and serological studies have suggested that the African buffalo is also a natural host for this virus. We have previously found that the Bo17 gene of BoHV-4 was acquired from an ancestor of the African buffalo, probably around 1.5 Myr ago. Analysis of the variation of the Bo17 gene sequence among BoHV-4 strains suggested a relatively ancient transmission of BoHV 4 from the buffalo to the Bos primigenius lineage, followed by a host dependent split between zebu and taurine BoHV 4 strains. In the present study, the evolutionary history of BoHV-4 was investigated by analysis of five gene sequences from each of nine strains representative of the viral species: three isolated from African buffalo in Kenya, and six from cattle from Europe, N. America and India. No two gene sequences had the same evolutionary tree, indicating that recombination has occurred between divergent lineages: six recombination events were delineated for these sequences. Nevertheless, exchange has been infrequent enough that a clonal evolutionary history of the strains could be discerned, upon which the recombination events were superimposed. The dates of divergence among BoHV-4 lineages were estimated from synonymous nucleotide substitution rates. The inferred evolutionary history suggests that African buffalo were the original natural reservoir of BoHV-4, and that there have been at least three independent transmissions from buffalo to cattle, probably via intermediate hosts, and – at least in the case of N. American strains – within the last 500 years. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe evolution of canine hip dysplasia
Coopman; Saunders; Paepe et al

Conference (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of clay fabric and water retention properties along hydromechanical stress paths
Dieudonné, Anne-Catherine ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg; Levasseur, Séverine ULg et al

in Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of coronary atherosclerosis in patients with mild coronary artery disease studied by serial quantitative coronary angiography at 2 and 4 years follow-up. The Multicenter Anti-Atheroma Study (MAAS) Investigators.
Vos, J.; de Feyter, P. J.; Kingma, J. H. et al

in European heart journal (1997), 18(7), 1081-9

AIMS: Angiographic studies on the natural course of both focal and diffuse coronary atherosclerosis have not been performed before, but can both be assessed by quantitative coronary angiography. The ... [more ▼]

AIMS: Angiographic studies on the natural course of both focal and diffuse coronary atherosclerosis have not been performed before, but can both be assessed by quantitative coronary angiography. The objective of this study was to describe the natural course of focal and diffuse coronary atherosclerosis over time. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 129 patients with mild coronary artery disease, but not on lipid-lowering medication, three coronary angiograms were made each 2 years apart. Nine hundred and sixty five angiographically diseased and non-diseased segments were analysed by quantitative coronary angiography. Mean lumen diameter and minimal lumen diameter were used as measures of diffuse and focal coronary atherosclerosis. Mean lumen diameter and minimum lumen diameter decreased by 0.02 and 0.03 mm per year. The rate of progression was similar in the angiographically non-diseased, as in the mildly and moderately diseased segments. Progression of diffuse coronary atherosclerosis was largest in severely stenosed lesions (percentage diameter stenosis > or = 50%) and in the right coronary artery with a loss of 0.19 mm and 0.16 mm in mean lumen diameter. Progression of focal disease was most prominent in new and mild lesions and the right coronary artery, with a decrease in minimum lumen diameter of 0.34 mm and 0.22 mm. In most subgroups, progression occurred gradually over time. On a per segment level, progression and the occurrence of new lesions occurred in 4.4% and 4.2%. Regression and disappearance of a lesions was found in 2.3% and 1.9%. On a per patient level, 36% were progressors, 12% had a mixed response, 36% were stable, and 16% were regressors. CONCLUSION: Diffuse and focal coronary atherosclerosis progressed at the same rate in the first and second 2 years in stenosed and non-stenosed segments. The rate of coronary atherosclerosis progression was small, but was higher for focal than for diffuse disease. A minority of lesions progressed and spontaneous regression was rare. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Evolution of Couple and Family Therapy in Europe: complex but not diverse enough
D'Amore, Salvatore ULg

Conference (2013, June)

In Europe, family therapy has achieved an extraordinary level of development through the creation of schools, centers, journals and in particular in the European Family Therapy Association. Aside from the ... [more ▼]

In Europe, family therapy has achieved an extraordinary level of development through the creation of schools, centers, journals and in particular in the European Family Therapy Association. Aside from the traditional topics, it strikes me that European couple and family therapy develops complexity through neurobiology, evidence based family and couple therapy; and through the development of narrativist and constructivist approaches. But, the European take on the complexity approach does have certain limitations partly due to, not thoroughly enough, considering the concept of diversity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEvolution of dispersal traits along an invasion route in the wind-dispersed Senecio inaequidens (Asteraceae)
Monty, Arnaud ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg

in Oikos (2010), 119

In introduced organisms, dispersal propensity is expected to increase during range expansion. This prediction is based on the assumption that phenotypic plasticity is low compared to genetic diversity ... [more ▼]

In introduced organisms, dispersal propensity is expected to increase during range expansion. This prediction is based on the assumption that phenotypic plasticity is low compared to genetic diversity, and an increase in dispersal can be counteracted by the Allee effect. Empirical evidence in support of these hypotheses is however lacking. The present study tested for evidence of differentiation in dispersal-related traits and the Allee effect in the wind-dispersed invasive Senecio inaequidens (Asteraceae). We collected capitula from individuals in ten field populations, along an invasion route including the original introduction site in southern France. In addition, we conducted a common garden experiment from field-collected seeds and obtained capitula from individuals representing the same ten field populations. We analysed phenotypic variation in dispersal traits between field and common garden environments as a function of the distance between populations and the introduction site. Our results revealed low levels of phenotypic differentiation among populations. However, significant clinal variation in dispersal traits was demonstrated in common garden plants representing the invasion route. In field populations, similar trends in dispersal-related traits and evidence of an Allee effect were not detected. In part, our results supported expectations of increased dispersal capacity with range expansion, and emphasized the contribution of phenotypic plasticity under natural conditions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 71 (13 ULg)
See detailEvolution of early Earth biosphere and implications for astrobiology
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Scientific conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (3 ULg)
See detailEvolution of early eukaryotes
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Scientific conference (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailEvolution of early eukaryotes in Precambrian oceans
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

in Gargaud, M.; Lopez-Gracia, P.; Martin, H. (Eds.) Origins and Evolution of Life: an astrobiological perspective (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (7 ULg)