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See detailEvaluation of agents used in osteoporosis: What are the needs ?
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis Japan (1994), 2

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See detailEvaluation of an electronic nose for the early detection of organic overload of anaerobic digesters
Adam, Gilles ULg; Lemaigre, Sébastien; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg et al

in Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering (2013), 36(1),

This study aims at the analysis of the utilization of an electronic nose (e-nose) to serve as a specific monitoring tool for anaerobic digestion process, especially for detecting organic overload. An ... [more ▼]

This study aims at the analysis of the utilization of an electronic nose (e-nose) to serve as a specific monitoring tool for anaerobic digestion process, especially for detecting organic overload. An array of non specific metal oxide semiconductor gas sensors were used to detect process faults due to organic overload events in twelve anaerobic semi-continuous reactors of 1.8 L. Three different load strategies were followed (i) a cautious organic load (1.3 gVS•L-1•day-1); (ii), an increasing load strategy (1.3 to 5.3 gVS∙L-1•day-1) and (iii) a cautious organic load with load pulses of up to 12 gVS•L-1•day-1. A first monitoring campaign was conducted with three different substrates : sucrose, maize oil, and a mix of sucrose/oil during 60 days. The second campaign was run with dry sugar beet pulp during 45 days. Hotelling's T²-value and upper control limit to a reference set of digesters fed with a cautious OLR (1.3 gVS•L-1•day-1), was used as indirect state variable of the reactors. Overload situations were identified by the e-nose apparatus with Hotelling’s T²-values at least 4-times higher in magnitude than the upper control limit of 23.7. These results confirmed that the e-nose technology appeared promising for online detection of process imbalances in the domain of anaerobic digestion. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of an osteoporosis screening campaign in the general population: does misclassification by screening test impact on the perception of the campaign?
Richy, Florent; Pire, G.; Maassen, P. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2003, November), 14(Suppl. 7), 68

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See detailEvaluation of Analytical Method Transfer on a Risk Based Methodology using Total Error
Rozet, Eric ULg; Dewe, W.; Govaerts, B. et al

Conference (2007)

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See detailEvaluation of aphidophagous ladybird populations in a vegetable crop and implications as biological agents
Francis, Frédéric ULg; Colignon, Pierre; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

in Med. Fac. Landbouw. Univ. Gent (2001), 66(2a), 333-340

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See detailEvaluation of arabinoxylan oligosaccharides on physicochemical properties of chitosan based films
Costa, Maria J.; Cerqueira, Miguel A.; Ruiz, Hector A. et al

in Lagarón, José M.; Cabedo, Luis; López, Amparo (Eds.) et al Polymar 2013 [Recurs electrònic]: 1st. International Conference in polymers with special focus in early stage researchers (2013, November)

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See detailEvaluation of Autoantibodies against Oxidized Ldl and Antioxidant Status in Top Soccer and Basketball Players after 4 Months of Competition
Pincemail, Joël ULg; Lecomte, J.; Castiau, J. et al

in Free Radical Biology & Medicine (2000), 28(4), 559-65

Antioxidant status and titers of autoantibodies against oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDL-Ab) were investigated in top soccer (S; n = 21, age 24.6 +/- 4.3 years) and basketball (B; n 3,000 mIU/ml ... [more ▼]

Antioxidant status and titers of autoantibodies against oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDL-Ab) were investigated in top soccer (S; n = 21, age 24.6 +/- 4.3 years) and basketball (B; n 3,000 mIU/ml) in ox-LDL-Ab were found in half the players (12S and 4B) with a maximum reaching 6000 mIU/ml (normal range: 200-600 mIU/ml), showing an in vivo LDL oxidation. There was no correlation between ox-LDL-Ab titers and chlolesterol, LDL cholesterol, or antioxidant levels. Nevertheless, plasma vitamin C concentration was lower in athletes having high levels of ox-LDL-Ab when compared with those with normal levels (8.49 +/- 3.14 mirogram/ml vs. 10.39 +/- 2.55 microgram/ml), but this difference was not statistically significant. In conclusion, our data suggest that potential atherogenic and cardiovascular risks as reflected by high titers in ox-LDL-Ab may exist in some top athletes despite a nonaltered antioxidant status. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of bio-based additives in architectural paints
Wenkin, M.; Delvaux, M.H.; de Lame, C. et al

Poster (2014)

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See detailEvaluation of BM-573, a novel TXA(2) synthase inhibitor and receptor antagonist, in a porcine model of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion
Kolh, Philippe ULg; Rolin, S.; Tchana-Sato, Vincent ULg et al

in Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators (2006), 79(1-2), 53-73

Aims: To investigate whether BM-573 (N-tert-butyl-N'-[2-(4'-methylphenylam\ino)-5-nitro-benzenesulfonyl]urea), an original combined thromboxane A(2) synthase inhibitor and receptor antagonist, prevents ... [more ▼]

Aims: To investigate whether BM-573 (N-tert-butyl-N'-[2-(4'-methylphenylam\ino)-5-nitro-benzenesulfonyl]urea), an original combined thromboxane A(2) synthase inhibitor and receptor antagonist, prevents reperfusion injury in acutely ischemic pigs. Methods: Twelve animals were randomly divided in two groups: a control group (n = 6) intravenously infused with vehicle, and a BM-573-treated group (n = 6) infused with BM-573 (10 mg kg(-1) h(-1)). In both groups, the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery was Occluded for 60 min and reperfused for 240 min. Either vehicle or BM-573 was infused 30 min before LAD occlusion and throughout the experiment. Platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid ex vivo measured was prevented by BM-573. Results: In both groups, LAD occlusion decreased cardiac output, ejection fraction, slope of stroke work-end-diastolic volume relationship, and induced end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (ESPVR) rightward shift, while left ventricular afterload increased. Ventriculo-arterial coupling and mechanical efficiency decreased. In both groups, reperfusion further decreased cardiac output and ejection fraction, while ESPVR displayed a further rightward shift. Ventriculo-arterial coupling and mechanical efficiency remained impaired. Area at risk, evidenced with Evans blue, was 33.2 +/- 3.4% of the LV mass (LVM) in both groups, and mean infarct size, revealed by triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC), was 27.3 +/- 2.6% of the LVM in the BM-573-treated group (NS). Histological examination and immunohistochemical identification of desmin revealed necrosis in the anteroseptal region similar in both groups, while myocardial ATP dosages and electron microscopy also showed that BM-573 had no cardioprotective effect. Conclusions: These data suggest that BM-573 failed to prevent reperfusion injury in acutely ischemic pigs. (C) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of bromocriptine in the treatment of acute severe peripartum cardiomyopathy: a proof-of-concept pilot study.
Sliwa, Karen; Blauwet, Lori; Tibazarwa, Kemi et al

in Circulation (2010), 121(13), 1465-73

BACKGROUND: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a potentially life-threatening heart disease that occurs in previously healthy women. We identified prolactin, mainly its 16-kDa angiostatic and ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a potentially life-threatening heart disease that occurs in previously healthy women. We identified prolactin, mainly its 16-kDa angiostatic and proapoptotic form, as a key factor in PPCM pathophysiology. Previous reports suggest that bromocriptine may have beneficial effects in women with acute onset of PPCM. METHODS AND RESULTS: A prospective, single-center, randomized, open-label, proof-of-concept pilot study of women with newly diagnosed PPCM receiving standard care (PPCM-Std; n=10) versus standard care plus bromocriptine for 8 weeks (PPCM-Br, n=10) was conducted. Because mothers receiving bromocriptine could not breast-feed, the 6-month outcome of their children (n=21) was studied as a secondary end point. Blinded clinical, hemodynamic, and echocardiographic assessments were performed at baseline and 6 months after diagnosis. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was performed 4 to 6 weeks after diagnosis in PPCM-Br patients. There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics, including serum 16-kDa prolactin levels and cathepsin D activity, between the 2 study groups. PPCM-Br patients displayed greater recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (27% to 58%; P=0.012) compared with PPCM-Std patients (27% to 36%) at 6 months. One patient in the PPCM-Br group died compared with 4 patients in the PPCM-Std group. Significantly fewer PPCM-Br patients (n=1, 10%) experienced the composite end point of poor outcome defined as death, New York Heart Association functional class III/IV, or left ventricular ejection fraction <35% at 6 months compared with the PPCM-Std patients (n=8, 80%; P=0.006). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging revealed no intracavitary thrombi. Infants of mothers in both groups showed normal growth and survival. CONCLUSIONS: In this trial, the addition of bromocriptine to standard heart failure therapy appeared to improve left ventricular ejection fraction and a composite clinical outcome in women with acute severe PPCM, although the number of patients studied was small and the results cannot be considered definitive. Larger-scale multicenter and blinded studies are in progress to test this strategy more robustly. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of Carabids as bioindicators : a case study in Belgium.
Dufrêne, Marc ULg; Baguette, Michel; Desender, Konjev et al

in Stork, Nigel (Ed.) The Role of Ground Beetles in Ecological and Environmental Studies (1990)

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See detailEvaluation of chicory seeds maturity by chlorophyll fluorescence imaging
Ooms, David ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Biosystems Engineering (2011), 110

Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) seed production includes sorting to remove foreign materials and non-viable seeds. A machine vision system was developed to monitor the fluorescence in order to detect the ... [more ▼]

Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) seed production includes sorting to remove foreign materials and non-viable seeds. A machine vision system was developed to monitor the fluorescence in order to detect the immature chicory seeds. It comprised a monochromatic light source, a highpass filter and a monochromatic CCD camera sensitive to red and infrared. With this device, blue light reflected by the seeds was blocked whilst red fluorescence was measured by the camera. A segmentation algorithm was designed to estimate separately the fluorescence intensities of the pappus, a crown of scales, and the main body of the pericarp. Experiments were carried out on five clones of cross-pollinated chicory plants used for seed production. Two hundred flower heads were labelled at flowering and harvested at different times during the maturation process expressed in “days after flowering” (DAF). Germination tests were performed according to the recommendations of the International Seed Testing Association to measure the germination percentage (GP) and the germination rate (GR), an indicator of seed vigour. Seed chlorophyll content diminished during maturation following a different logistic trend for the pappus and the pericarp. The GP increased from 18 DAF to reach its maximum value at 21 DAF, but the GR remained low until 30 DAF and increased afterwards. The potential of chlorophyll fluorescence to be used as an indicator of chicory seed vigour was the greatest between 21 and 36 DAF. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of chlorine containing cellulose-based chiral stationary phases for the LC enantioseparation of basic pharmaceuticals using polar non-aqueous mobile phases.
Dossou, Katina Sourou Sylvestre ULg; CHIAP, Patrice ULg; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Separation Science (2011), 34(6), 617-22

The discrimination ability of three cellulose-based chiral stationary phases (CSPs) was evaluated towards the enantiomers of basic drugs, using ACN as the main solvent in polar organic mobile phases. The ... [more ▼]

The discrimination ability of three cellulose-based chiral stationary phases (CSPs) was evaluated towards the enantiomers of basic drugs, using ACN as the main solvent in polar organic mobile phases. The study was focused on CSPs containing cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) (3-Cl-4-MePC), cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) (4-Cl-3-MePC) or cellulose tris(3,5-dichlorophenylcarbamate) (3,5-diClPC) as the chiral selector. The behaviour of these CSPs was studied systematically in order to investigate the influence of the presence and position of the chlorine substituents on the phenylcarbamate moieties on the retention and resolution of the enantiomers. The evaluation was made with three different generic mobile phases, namely ACN/0.1%DEA/0.1% TFA (DEA, diethylamine), ACN/0.1%DEA/0.2% FA and ACN/0.1%DEA/0.2%AcA, deduced from the previous study. The nature of the acidic additive and of the chiral selector was found to be particularly important for the retention and enantioresolution of these basic compounds. High-resolution values could be obtained for most studied enantiomers with these CSPs, clearly demonstrating the interest of using them in combination with polar organic mobile phases. However, significant differences in enantioresolution between the CSPs have been observed for many compounds, indicating that these phases seem to be quite complementary. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of circulating irisin levels in healthy young individuals after a single 100,000 IU vitamin D dose.
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg; Mismetti, Valentine; Souberbielle, Jean-Claude

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (in press)

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See detailEvaluation of classical NSAIDS and COX-2 selective inhibitors on purified ovine enzymes and human whole blood
De Leval, X; Dogne, JM; Delange, J et al

in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2001), 60(S1), 343

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See detailEvaluation of classical NSAIDS and COX-2 selective inhibitors on purified ovine enzymes and human whole blood
de Leval, X; Dogne, JM; Delarge, J et al

in Clinical Rheumatology (2001), 20

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (2 ULg)