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See detailLes effets toxiques en aromathérapie
Angenot, Luc ULg

Scientific conference (2012)

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See detailEfficacious and safe management of moderate to severe scalp seborrhoeic dermatitis using clobetasol propionate shampoo 0.05% combined with ketoconazole shampoo 2 %: a randomized, controlled study
ORTONNE, J-P; NIKKELS, Arjen ULg; REICH, K et al

in British Journal of Dermatology (2011)

Background : Topical antifungals and corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment for seborrhoeic dermatitis. The short-contact clobetasol propionate 0.05 % shampoo (CP) is an efficacious and safe once ... [more ▼]

Background : Topical antifungals and corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment for seborrhoeic dermatitis. The short-contact clobetasol propionate 0.05 % shampoo (CP) is an efficacious and safe once-daily treatment for scalp psoriasis. Objectives : To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CP alone and combined with ketoconazole shampoo 2% (KC) in the treatment of moderate to severe scalp seborrhoeic dermatitis. Methods : This randomized and investigator-blinded study consisted of three phases, each lasting 4 weeks. During the treatment phase, subjects were randomized to receive KC twice weekly (K2), CP twice weekly (C2), CP twice weekly alternating with KC twice weekly (C4+K2). All subjects received KC once weekly during the maintenance phase and were untreated during the follow up phase. Results : At the end of the treatment phase, all three CP-containing regimens were significantly more efficacious than K2 in decreasing the overall disease severity (P<0.05). Both combination regimens were also significantly more efficacious that K2 in decreasing each individual sign of disease (P<0.05). While the C2 and C4 + K2 groups experienced slight worsening during the maintenance phase, the efficacy of C2 + K2 was sustained and remained the highest among all groups. All regimens were well tolerated without inducing any skin atrophy. Similary low incidences of telangectasia, burning and adverse events were observed among the four groups. Conclusions : The combination therapy of twice-weekly CP alternating with twice-weekly KC provided significantly greater efficacy than KC alone and a sustained effect in the treatment of moderate to severe scalp seborrhoeic dermatitis. [less ▲]

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See detailEfficacité : normes et savoirs
Pieret, Denis ULg; Berns, Thomas ULg

in Dissensus (2011), 4

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See detailEfficacité à long terme d’une infiltration de plasma riche en plaquettes pour traiter une tendinopathie patellaire proximale
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Honoré, Morgan; Evrard, Frédéric

in 8ème Congrès Commun SFMES - SFTS (2015, September)

Introduction: Les tendinopathies sont des pathologies d’hyper-utilisation très fréquentes, tant chez des sujets sportifs ou non-sportifs. Leur incidence est actuellement en augmentation. La tendinopathie ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Les tendinopathies sont des pathologies d’hyper-utilisation très fréquentes, tant chez des sujets sportifs ou non-sportifs. Leur incidence est actuellement en augmentation. La tendinopathie patellaire proximale est une des tendinopathies les plus réfractaires au traitement conservateur et peut affecter la qualité de vie en limitant les activités sportives qu'elles soient récréationnelles ou professionnelles. Objectifs : L’objectif de cette étude est d’évaluer les effets à long terme du PRP pour traiter les tendinopathies patellaires proximales et éventuellement d’en identifier des facteurs de bon pronostic. Matériel et méthodes: 25 tendinopathies patellaires proximales ont été traités par PRP et ont été suivie à plus d’un an (dont 9 sujets sont suivi jusque 48 mois post-infiltration). Les patients sont évalués selon les questionnaires VISA-P, IKDC et un questionnaire reprenant leurs habitudes. Les scores VISA-P et IKDC sont croisés avec le troisième questionnaire afin d’obtenir des moyennes en rapport avec les réponses de ce dernier. Résultats : Aucun patient n’a été traité par chirurgie après l’infiltration. L’évolution des patients a tendance à être toujours positive jusqu’à 48 mois. Les facteurs semblant être bénéfiques sur l’évolution des patients sont : l’activité sportive à une fréquence de six à huit heures de sport par semaine, la réalisation d’exercices excentriques à domicile, une hydratation de plus d’un litre et demi par jour, un échauffement de plus de dix minutes ainsi que l’âge des patients (<30 ans). Conclusion : Le traitement d’une tendinopathie patellaire proximale par infiltration de PRP est efficace à long terme (jusque 4 ans). La réalisation d’exercices excentriques réguliers semble nécessaire et permet d’observer la poursuite de l’amélioration clinique des patients. [less ▲]

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See detailEfficacite anti-fracturaire de l'ibandronate administre par voie intraveineuse: de la complexite des etudes epidemiologiques interventionnelles a la pratique quotidienne.
Neuprez, A.; Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(10), 525-9

Numerous epidemiological approaches are used to demonstrate the efficacy of a new chemical entity. In postmenopausal osteoporosis, anti-fracture efficacy can be assessed through prospective, randomized ... [more ▼]

Numerous epidemiological approaches are used to demonstrate the efficacy of a new chemical entity. In postmenopausal osteoporosis, anti-fracture efficacy can be assessed through prospective, randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses or real-life setting studies. Intravenous ibandronate was recently marketed, with the aim of optimizing drug absorption and adherence to treatment. Furthermore, this new formulation avoids gastrointestinal side effects and constrains linked to the oral intake of the medication. Spinal anti-fracture efficacy of IV ibandronate derives from a non-inferiority bridging study, using surrogate endpoints, i.e., bone mineral density and biochemical markers of bone turnover, compared to the oral daily formulation, previously registered for the treatment of osteoporosis in Europe. Coherent results from two separate meta-analyses have suggested that the non-vertebral anti-fracture efficacy of IV ibandronate is similar to that observed with oral, daily and weekly bisphosphonates. Similarly, a recent real-life setting study, based on claims from an US database, suggests that hip fractures are reduced, with IV ibandronate, to the same extend as they are with oral bisphosphonates. Notwithstanding, those results should probably be confirmed in an European setting, before being extrapolated, in daily practice, to the Belgian population. [less ▲]

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See detailL'efficacité au prix de l'hétérogénéité : une approche comparative
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

in Actes du colloque organisé par le Conseil de l'Education et de la Formation (2003)

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See detailEfficacite contre de Ditylenchus dipsaci (Kuhn) Fil. De nematicides incorpores dans l'enrobage de graines de feverole (Vicia faba L.).
Schiffers, Bruno ULg; Fraselle, J.; Hubrecht, F. et al

in Mededelingen (Rijksuniversiteit te Gent. Fakulteit van de Landbouwkundige en Toegepaste Biologische Wetenschappen) (1984), 49(2b), 635-641

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See detailEfficacite d'une technique standardisee de MRCP pour la detection de choledocholithiase: experience d'un an chez des sujets symptomatiques.
Brisbois, D.; Plomteux, O.; NCHIMI LONGANG, Alain ULg et al

in JBR-BTR : organe de la Societe royale belge de radiologie (SRBR) = orgaan van de Koninklijke Belgische Vereniging voor Radiologie (KBVR) (2001), 84(6), 258-61

In our institution, MRCP is actually replacing diagnostic ERCP. This study is addressing its accuracy in the diagnosis of symptomatic choledocholithiasis. 137 MRCP were performed in patients with upper ... [more ▼]

In our institution, MRCP is actually replacing diagnostic ERCP. This study is addressing its accuracy in the diagnosis of symptomatic choledocholithiasis. 137 MRCP were performed in patients with upper abdominal pain and biological anomalies (n = 48), pain with cholelithiasis at sonography (n = 69) or non-alcoholic acute pancreatitis (n = 20) on a 1.5 T system with high gradients using a standardized combination of breath-hold HASTE and RARE sequences. We included in our study 74 patients who underwent as second test ERCP (n = 36), peroperative cholangiography (n = 13), or extensive follow-up with laboratory tests and/or sonography (n = 25). All examinations were judged as diagnostic, discrepancies between direct cholangiography and MRCP being noted in 4 patients (5.4%). Lithiasis was misinterpreted on MRCP as bubbles in 2 patients after sphincterotomy or surgery. We had two false positive diagnoses on MRCP: in one patient peroperative cholangiography was negative and in the other one ERCP was negative. With a sensitivity and PPV of 92%, a specificity and NPV of 96% MRCP in our experience is shown as an accurate diagnostic tool for the detection of stone in the common bile duct replacing ERCP. [less ▲]

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See detailEfficacité de l'activation comportementale dans le traitement de la dépression : Quels processus psychologiques déficitaires sont améliorés au cours du traitement ?
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Année Mosaïque (L’): Revue Interdisciplinaire de Jeunes Chercheurs en Sciences Humaines (2014), 12

Depression is a disorder that affects many patients. Thus, there is a real need for clinicians to dispose of effective psychological treatments to help these patients. Behavioral activation, a brief and ... [more ▼]

Depression is a disorder that affects many patients. Thus, there is a real need for clinicians to dispose of effective psychological treatments to help these patients. Behavioral activation, a brief and structured psychotherapy approach, has shown its effectiveness in depression’s treatment. It aims to: (1) increase engagement in activities associated with feelings of pleasure and / or control; (2) reduce involvement in activities maintaining negative affects or increasing their risk. Although this treatment appears to be effective, no study explains why and how it works: which are his most effective tools? Which biased psychological processes are improved by this treatment? [less ▲]

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See detailL'efficacité de l'aide en santé en Afrique de l'Ouest: maintenant plus que jamais
Paul, Elisabeth ULg; Eclou, Dieudonné; Sossouhounto, Nadine et al

in Global Health Promotion (2013)

La préoccupation d'améliorer l'efficacité de l'aide au développement dans le secteur de la santé est plus que jamais d’actualité. L'approche sectorielle permet d'obtenir des améliorations importantes à ce ... [more ▼]

La préoccupation d'améliorer l'efficacité de l'aide au développement dans le secteur de la santé est plus que jamais d’actualité. L'approche sectorielle permet d'obtenir des améliorations importantes à ce niveau et connaît un renouveau à travers le Partenariat International pour la Santé et initiatives liées (IHP+). Dans ce commentaire, nous montrons comment l'IHP+ a été mis en œuvre dans trois pays ouest-africains francophones: le Bénin, le Burkina Faso et le Mali. La dynamique existant dans le secteur de la santé dans chacun des pays a influencé la façon dont l'IHP+ s’y est traduit. Au-delà de ces dynamiques différentes, l'IHP+ a permis de renforcer la place des plans et dispositifs nationaux de coordination comme plateforme de suivi-évaluation et de redevabilité du secteur santé. Toutefois, certaines pratiques contraires aux principes de l'efficacité de l'aide perdurent encore, en particulier le manque d'alignement sur les systèmes de gestion nationaux et le manque de prévisibilité de l'aide. [less ▲]

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See detailEfficacité de l'enseignement dans les pays de l'OCDE
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

in Rapport préparatoire du 12è Congrès des économistes belges de langue française (1996)

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See detailL'efficacité de l'ibandronate oral mensuel est maintenue sur 5 ans : l'étude MOBILE extension long terme (ELT)
Chapurlat, R.; Felsenberg, F.; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2009)

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See detailEfficacité de la radiothérapie pour le traitement des récidives en gynécologie oncologique
COUCKE, Philippe ULg; Sartorelli, B

in Revue Médicale de la Suisse Romande (1994), 114(9), 799-804

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See detailEfficacité de la technique d’induction florale d’Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. au moyen de charbon actif enrichi à l’éthylène (TIFBio)
Lebeau, Frédéric ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2009), 3

Pineapple is an important export crop for tropical countries. The flower induction treatments are essential to the pineapple production for economical and social reasons. For conventional agriculture ... [more ▼]

Pineapple is an important export crop for tropical countries. The flower induction treatments are essential to the pineapple production for economical and social reasons. For conventional agriculture, many chemicals are available but for organic farming ethylene is the only allowed product. A new flower induction method suited to small organic growers has been developed by the Pesticides Initiative Programme of the Coleacp funded by the European Development Fund. The trials conducted proved that the method reaches more than 80% efficiency at 10 weeks for the different application methods evaluated. The wet application trials show a doses response effect as well as effect of the application replication at 2 days interval. The flowering rate culminates at 100% after 8 weeks for the best results, obtained with the wet treatment at 250 mg per plant applied two times at 2 days interval. The different dry treatments tested gave all 85 – 90% flowering rates at 10 weeks, suggesting the presence of an undetermined limitation factor in the conditions prevailing for the trial. The time of application during the day shows no significant effect. It is concluded that the growers can use the TIFBio technique for production control. It is recommended to evaluate the most suited application technique according to their particular case as environmental effect can affect the efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailL'efficacité des antidépresseurs : notre sens clinique serait-il mauvais?
PITCHOT, William ULg; SOUERY, Daniel

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2008)

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