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See detailEffect of risedronate on collagen cross-links in postmenopausal osteoporosis
Zegels, Brigitte ULg; Balena, R; Eastell, R et al

in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (1995), 10(s1), 455

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See detailThe effect of risedronate on hip fracture risk in elderly women with osteoporosis
Bensen, W; Eastell, R; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Journal of Rheumatology (2001), 28(S63), 24

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See detailEffect of risedronate on the risk of hip fracture in elderly women
McClung, MR; Geusens, P; Miller, PD et al

in Clinical Rheumatology (2001), 20

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See detailEffect of risedronate on the risk of hip fracture in elderly women. Hip Intervention Program Study Group.
McClung, M R; Geusens, P; Miller, P D et al

in New England Journal of Medicine [=NEJM] (2001), 344(5), 333-40

BACKGROUND: Risedronate increases bone mineral density in elderly women, but whether it prevents hip fracture is not known. METHODS: We studied 5445 women 70 to 79 years old who had osteoporosis ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Risedronate increases bone mineral density in elderly women, but whether it prevents hip fracture is not known. METHODS: We studied 5445 women 70 to 79 years old who had osteoporosis (indicated by a T score for bone mineral density at the femoral neck that was more than 4 SD below the mean peak value in young adults [-4] or lower than -3 plus a nonskeletal risk factor for hip fracture, such as poor gait or a propensity to fall) and 3886 women at least 80 years old who had at least one nonskeletal risk factor for hip fracture or low bone mineral density at the femoral neck (T score, lower than -4 or lower than -3 plus a hip-axis length of 11.1 cm or greater). The women were randomly assigned to receive treatment with oral risedronate (2.5 or 5.0 mg daily) or placebo for three years. The primary end point was the occurrence of hip fracture. RESULTS: Overall, the incidence of hip fracture among all the women assigned to risedronate was 2.8 percent, as compared with 3.9 percent among those assigned to placebo (relative risk, 0.7; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.6 to 0.9; P=0.02). In the group of women with osteoporosis (those 70 to 79 years old), the incidence of hip fracture among those assigned to risedronate was 1.9 percent, as compared with 3.2 percent among those assigned to placebo (relative risk, 0.6; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.4 to 0.9; P=0.009). In the group of women selected primarily on the basis of nonskeletal risk factors (those at least 80 years of age), the incidence of hip fracture was 4.2 percent among those assigned to risedronate and 5.1 percent among those assigned to placebo (P=0.35). CONCLUSIONS: Risedronate significantly reduces the risk of hip fracture among elderly women with confirmed osteoporosis but not among elderly women selected primarily on the basis of risk factors other than low bone mineral density. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of rival males on the courtship of paedomorphic and metamorphic Triturus alpestris (Amphibia : Salamandridae)
Denoël, Mathieu ULg

in Copeia (2003), 2003(3), 618-623

Current theories on the alternative mating tactics suppose that individuals may opt for particular behavioral patterns depending of their morphological status. Facultative paedomorphosis in newts and ... [more ▼]

Current theories on the alternative mating tactics suppose that individuals may opt for particular behavioral patterns depending of their morphological status. Facultative paedomorphosis in newts and salamanders is a suitable process to explore this question because it implies the coexistence of two different morphological morphs differing by the presence of gills and epigamic traits. The aim of this study was to find out whether paedomorphs and metamorphs use similar tactics to attract mates in the presence of a rival and whether there are differences in sexual activity and success between alternative morphs. Sexual interactions in triadic encounters were staged and analyzed in a standardized experimental design. The two kinds of males did not differ in terms of sexual activity, spermatophore deposition or female responsiveness. Both rival paedomorphic and metamorphic males exhibited sexual interference, but in most encounters, intruders just disturbed the courting pair. Sperm transfer success was lower in triadic encounters than in dyadic encounters. These results illustrate that intermorph breeding also occurs in the presence of competitors but that the success rate of the newts is considerably decreased in such competitive situations. Moreover, newts do not use alternative reproductive tactics depending on their status (i.e., paedomorph or metamorph). [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of rosemary extract and related flavonoid carnosol on chondro-protection and on the bone-cartilage crosstalk
Horcajada, Marie-Noelle; Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Scalfo, Fanny et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2010), 17(suppl 2), 38-39

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See detailEffect of rosemary extract and related flavonoid carnosol on chondro-protection and on the bone-cartilage crosstalk
Horcajada, Marie-Noelle; Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Scalfo, Fanny et al

Conference (2010)

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See detailEffect Of Rumen-Degradable Protein Balance Deficit On Voluntary Intake, Microbial Protein Synthesis, And Nitrogen Metabolism In Growing Double-Muscled Belgian Blue Bulls Fed Corn Silage-Based Diet
Valkeners, Damien; Thewis, André ULg; Van Laere, Marc et al

in Journal of Animal Science (2008), 86(3), 680-690

Two trials were conducted to evaluate the effect of rumen-degradable protein balance (OEB) deficit on voluntary intake (trial 1), microbial protein synthesis, andNmetabolism (trial 2) in growing ... [more ▼]

Two trials were conducted to evaluate the effect of rumen-degradable protein balance (OEB) deficit on voluntary intake (trial 1), microbial protein synthesis, andNmetabolism (trial 2) in growing doublemuscled Belgian Blue bulls. In trial 1, six bulls (339 ± 26 kg of initial BW) were used in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square and received a diet of 60% corn silage and 40% concentrate with ad libitum intake (DM basis). Three concentrates were formulated by adding urea at the expense of barley to give similar dietary contents of intestinal digestible proteins, NE for fattening, and fermentable OM, but with different levels of OEB. Thus, 2 levels of OEB deficit (−23.7 and −9.2 g of OEB/kg of DM) were compared with a diet providing a slight OEB surplus (5.3 g of OEB/kg of DM). Voluntary DMI decreased linearly (P = 0.02) with decreasing rumen-degradable protein balance. This decrease in intake could explain the linear decrease in ADG observed when negative OEB diets were fed. In trial 2, six bulls (304 ± 12 kg of initial BW) with cannulas in the rumen and proximal duodenum were used in a replicated 3 × 3 Latin square and fed diets similar to those used in trial 1 at an intake level of 85 g of DM/kg of BW0.75. Diurnal variations of ruminal NH3-N and plasma urea-N concentrations were greatly influenced by the level of OEB in the diet. No differences in NDF and starch degradation in the rumen, microbial N flow at the duodenum, or efficiency of microbial protein synthesis in the rumen were noted among the levels of OEB in diets. The reductions of the OEB value from 5.3 g/kg of DM to −9.2 g/ kg of DM and −23.7 g/kg of DM were associated with reductions of 26.5 and 48.8% in urinary Noutput. Absolute amounts of N retained by the bulls increased significantly with the level of OEB in diets. Indeed, 51.4% of the incremental supply of N was excreted between −23.7 and −9.2 g of OEB/kg of DM diets, and 74.6% of the incremental supply of N was excreted between −9.2 and 5.3 g of OEB/kg of DM diets. Feeding diets characterized by an adequate intestinal digestible protein supply and a OEB close to −10 g of OEB/kg of DM could be a feeding strategy to reduce N losses from the farm with little effect on the animal performance and voluntary intake. Reduced OEB may reduce N excretion in the environment but may also result in decreased N retention. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of ruminal degradable ,itrogen defocit on nitrogen metabolismingrowing double muscled Belgian Blue bulls fed beet pulp silage based diet
Valkeners, Damien; Beckers, Yves ULg; Lindebrings, Aurore et al

Poster (2007, September)

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See detailEffect of ruminal degradable nitrogen deficit on nitrogen metabolism in growing double-muscled Belgian Blue bulls fed maize silage based diet.
Valkeners, Damien; Beckers, Yves ULg; Van Laere, Marc et al

in Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science annual conference2005, York, UK. 4th-6th April, 2005 (2005, April)

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See detailThe effect of salmon calcitonin on blood-ionized calcium in the presence of anti-salmon calcitonin antibodies (from pagetic patients) in young rabbits
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Azria, M; Gaspar, S et al

in Current Therapeutic Research (1990), 47(6), 1063-1072

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See detailEffect of salt depletion on sodium ion transport from human erythrocytes
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; Rorive, Georges ULg

in Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift. Supplementum (1985), 63

This study was realized to test De Wardener's hypothesis on the presence of a plasmatic and natriuretic factor in essential hypertension. By an indirect approach consisting of modification of plasma ... [more ▼]

This study was realized to test De Wardener's hypothesis on the presence of a plasmatic and natriuretic factor in essential hypertension. By an indirect approach consisting of modification of plasma volume and sodium pool in chronic renal failure and primary hypertension with, at the same time , measurements of ionic flux variations in human erythrocytes, we provide some arguments to confirm the presence of such a factor in hydrosaline overloaded uraemic patients and in "salt-sensitive" essential hypertensive subjects. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of sample size on the mechanical stresses induced during the convective drying of highly shrinking materials
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Crine, Michel ULg; Jomaa, Wahbi

in Proceedings of the joint conference of AFSIA and Drying Working group of EFCE at Casino Municipal Biarritz, France, 24th and 25th May, 2007 (2007, May)

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See detailThe effect of sampling effort on mammalian paleodiversity: the fossil record of large and small mammals compared
Santaella, Beatriz; Figueirido, Borja; Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg et al

in Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, Program and Abstracts, 2014 (2014, November)

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See detailEffect of sampling method and culture conditions on the result of fungal culture in the diagnosis of canine sino-nasal aspergillosis.
Legarrérès, A.; Clercx, Cécile ULg; Mignon, Bernard ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 24th VCRS meeting (2006)

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See detailEffect of sampling method and incubation temperature on fungal culture in canine sino-nasal aspergillosis
Billen, Frédéric ULg; Clercx, Cécile ULg; Le Garérrès, Alain et al

in Journal of Small Animal Practice (2009), 50(2), 67-72

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the most appropriate sampling procedure and the effect of incubation temperature on fungal culture in the diagnosis of canine sinonasal aspergillosis (SNA). METHODS: Sixteen dogs ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the most appropriate sampling procedure and the effect of incubation temperature on fungal culture in the diagnosis of canine sinonasal aspergillosis (SNA). METHODS: Sixteen dogs with SNA and 20 dogs with non-fungal nasal disease entered a prospective study. Nasal secretions and mucosal biopsies were collected in all dogs. Fungal plaques were also sampled in dogs with SNA. Each specimen was taken in duplicate from each dog and incubated at room temperature and 37 degrees C. RESULTS: In dogs with SNA, nasal secretions, mucosal biopsies and fungal plaques yielded fungal growth at room temperature in one, one and seven dogs, respectively, whereas fungal growth was obtained at 37 degrees C in three, 12 and 14 dogs, respectively. No specimen collected from any dog with non-fungal nasal disease yielded fungal growth at room temperature or at 37 degrees C. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The diagnosis of canine SNA is more likely to be confirmed following culture of mucosal biopsies or fungal plaques than nasal secretions sampled blindly with swabs. Incubating cultures at 37 degrees C is more likely to provide a diagnostic outcome than when samples are cultured at room temperature. Fungal culture of nasal specimens has good specificity for the diagnosis of SNA in dogs. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of sawdust addition on convective drying of sludges: comparison of the structural characteristics
Li, Jie; Plougonven, Erwan ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 5th European Drying Conference (EuroDrying'2015) (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (3 ULg)