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See detailEuropean Union and the Economic Crisis
Defossez, Alexandre ULg; Munoz, Rodolphe ULg; El Khadraoui, Said

Book published by Larcier (2011)

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See detail« The European Union As A Region-Building Actor In Latin-America »
Parra Santamaria, Lusmiriam Andrea ULg

in North and South: The United States, the European Union, and the Developing World (in press)

The main objective of this document is to establish if the UE can be considered as an actor of the Latin-American regional integration. The method of the current research is qualitative. The different ... [more ▼]

The main objective of this document is to establish if the UE can be considered as an actor of the Latin-American regional integration. The method of the current research is qualitative. The different aspects of the interregional European strategy for regional integration towards Latin America (E.I.S.R.I. – L.A.) are analyzed as follows. First, the discourse that places regional integration as one of the priorities of the given strategy is studied. Second, the economic actions responsible of materializing that priority are checked. Third, the political actions of the E.I.S.R.I. – L.A. are introduced. The results of the analysis make it evident that although EU appears to be an actor of the Latin-American regional integration, its influence seems to be restricted. Nevertheless, this affirmation should be relativized because this lack of influence can be due to an absence of mechanisms of measurement of results in terms of regional integration. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Union Citizenship, Immigration and Asylum
Martiniello, Marco ULg

in Barbour, P. (Ed.) The European Union Handbook (1996)

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See detailThe European Union Directive on Clinical Research: present status of implementation in EU member states’ legislations with regard to the incompetent patient
Lemaire, Florence ULg; Bion, J.; Blanco, J. et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2005), 31

A European-wide response is slowly emerging to the European Union Directive on Clinical Research (2001/20/CE) establishing good practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products [1]. The ... [more ▼]

A European-wide response is slowly emerging to the European Union Directive on Clinical Research (2001/20/CE) establishing good practice in the conduct of clinical trials on medicinal products [1]. The Directive was to have been incorporated and made effective in member states’ national laws by 1 May 2004. Among many other aspects of this wide-ranging Directive passed by the European Parliament on 4 April 2001 is the requirement for prior informed consent by a legal representative for research involving incompetent patients. A preliminary survey conducted by this group in 2002 demonstrated that many states did not possess clear definitions for a legal representative in matters of health, and in the absence of a waiver of informed consent none could validly recruit patients to clinical trials in emergency situations. The Directive therefore had the potential to make clinical research very difficult in intensive care, and impossible in emergency situations such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We now report current progress among member states in implementing the Directive. [less ▲]

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See detailThe European Union Dual-Use Items Control Regime: Comment of the Legislation: article-by-article
Michel, Quentin ULg

Book published by ESU - Ouvrage disponible en ligne (2012)

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See detailThe European Union election process : a way foward democracy
Michel, Quentin ULg

Scientific conference (2014, May 30)

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See detailThe European Union Export Control Regime : Comment of the Legislation Article by Article
Michel, Quentin ULg

Book published by Université de Liège (2010)

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See detailThe European Union Export Control Regime : from Cooperation to Harmonisation
Michel, Quentin ULg

in Bulletin de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique. Sciences (2000)

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See detailThe European Union Export Control Regime: Comment of the Legislation: article-by-article
Michel, Quentin ULg

Book (2010)

This document analyses and comments article by article the following Regulations, Directives and Joint Actions: Council Regulation (EC) No 428/2009 of 5 May 2009 setting up a Community regime for the ... [more ▼]

This document analyses and comments article by article the following Regulations, Directives and Joint Actions: Council Regulation (EC) No 428/2009 of 5 May 2009 setting up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items; Council Joint Action of 22 June 2000 (2000/0401/CFSP) concerning the control of technical assistance related to certain military end-uses; Council Regulation (EC) No 1236/2005 of 27 June 2005 concerning trade in certain goods which could be used for capital punishment, torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment; Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP of December 2008 defining common rules governing control of export of military technology and equipment; Council Common Position 2003/468/CFSP of 23 June 2003 on the control of arms brokering; Council Directive 91/477/EEC of 18 June 1991 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons. [less ▲]

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See detailThe European Union Implementation of Sustainable Development
Michel, Quentin ULg

Conference (2009, May 22)

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See detailEuropean Union Public Diplomacy through the EEAS: the cases of Argentina, Brazil and Mexico
Azpíroz Manero, María Luisa ULg

Conference (2014, July 25)

Public diplomacy is a promising activity for international political actors to promote a positive image abroad. It also provides opportunities for dialogue, understanding and mutual benefit when ... [more ▼]

Public diplomacy is a promising activity for international political actors to promote a positive image abroad. It also provides opportunities for dialogue, understanding and mutual benefit when communicating and addressing challenges. Within the European Union (EU), the Lisbon Treaty and the European External Action Service (EEAS) have given a new strength to foreign policy. The EEAS, launched in December 2010, is the EU's main institution for public diplomacy. Argentina, Brazil and Mexico are relevant Latin American partners for the EU because of their size, population and political and economic potency in the region. This paper aims to answer the following questions: What is the context of EU relations with Argentina, Brazil and Mexico during the period of study (2011-2013)? What have been the EU's foreign policy and strategies towards these countries? How have public diplomacy and the work of the EEAS in these countries supported the objectives and strategies? This research includes information gained through the consultation of publications, official documents and interviews with personnel from the EEAS, both in Brussels and in the EU delegations in Latin America. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean Union Victim Policy. A new victims' rights package has arrived.
Lauwaert, Katrien ULg

Conference (2011, September 24)

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See detailEuropean Union-Africa Partnership on cotton
Berti, Fabio ULg

Conference (2010)

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See detailThe European working group on chemically peculiar stars of the upper main sequence. The first 10 years.
Mathys, G.; Maitzen, H. M.; North, P. et al

in The Messenger (1989), 55

A fraction of the Band A type stars have chemical peculiarities (CP). 4 subgroups are recognized: CP 1 or Am, CP2 or magnetic Ap (with enhanced Sr, Cr, Eu, Si lines), CP3 (ar non-magnetic Ap, with Hg Mn ... [more ▼]

A fraction of the Band A type stars have chemical peculiarities (CP). 4 subgroups are recognized: CP 1 or Am, CP2 or magnetic Ap (with enhanced Sr, Cr, Eu, Si lines), CP3 (ar non-magnetic Ap, with Hg Mn enhanced) and CP4 (B type stars with He peculiarities, a fraction of them appear to be a hot extension of CP 2). [less ▲]

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See detailA European, multicenter, observational study to assess the value of gastric-to-end tidal Pco(2) difference in predicting postoperative complications
Lebuffe, Gilles; Vallet, Benoît; Takala, Jukka et al

in Anesthesia and Analgesia (2004), 99(1), 166-172

Automated online tonometry displays a rapid, semicontinuous measurement of gastric-to-end tidal carbon dioxide (Pr-etCO(2)) as an index of gastrointestinal perfusion during surgery. Its use to predict ... [more ▼]

Automated online tonometry displays a rapid, semicontinuous measurement of gastric-to-end tidal carbon dioxide (Pr-etCO(2)) as an index of gastrointestinal perfusion during surgery. Its use to predict postoperative outcome has not been studied in general surgery patients. We, therefore, studied ASA physical status III-IV patients operated on for elective surgery under general anesthesia and a planned duration of >2 h in a European, multicenter study. As each center was equipped with only 1 tonometric monitor, a randomization was performed if more than one patient was eligible the same day. Patients not monitored with tonometry were assessed only for follow-up. The main outcome measure was the assessment of postoperative functional recovery delay (FRD) on day 8. Among the 290 patients studied, 34% had FRD associated with a longer hospital stay. The most common FRDs were gastrointestinal (45%), infection (39%), and respiratory (35%). In those monitored with tonometry (n = 179), maximum Pr-etCO(2) proved to be the best predictor increasing the probability of FRD from 34% for all patients to 65% at a cut-off of 21 mm Hg (2.8 kPa) (sensitivity 0.27, specificity 0.92, positive predictive value 64%, negative predictive value 70%). We conclude that intraoperative Pr-etCO(2) measurement may be a useful prognostic index of postoperative morbidity. [less ▲]

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See detailUn Européen sous surveillance. Jean Rey vu par la diplomatie française
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Duchenne, Geneviève; Dujardin, Vincent; Dumoulin, Michel (Eds.) Rey, Snoy, Spaak, fondateurs belges de l'Europe (2007)

Bien avant les débats sur la construction européenne, les diplomates français en Belgique se sont attachés à insister sur l’ascendance française de Jean Rey mais aussi sur sa force persuasive, son ... [more ▼]

Bien avant les débats sur la construction européenne, les diplomates français en Belgique se sont attachés à insister sur l’ascendance française de Jean Rey mais aussi sur sa force persuasive, son raisonnement rigoureux et sa modération calculée dans le souci permanent de trouver un terrain d’entente. Emis sur des sujets aussi divers que la politique d’indépendance, les questions royale ou wallonne, voire la situation intérieure de la France en proie aux grèves, ces jugements s’étalant sur de nombreuses années, ont sans doute formé au sein du Quai d’Orsay un préjugé favorable lors de sa nomination à la Commission de la CEE en 1958. Les réticences venaient plutôt de certains Belges qui craignaient de devoir y sacrifier le choix de Bruxelles comme siège des institutions européennes. En 1961, la France considère toutefois que Rey prend trop d’initiatives dans les négociations d’association de la Turquie et de la Grèce au Marché Commun et le lui fait savoir avec fermeté. Cependant, il est clair que, pour Paris, Jean Rey a constitué un compromis acceptable lors du bras de fer de 1966-1967 sur la désignation du premier Président de la « Commission Unique ». L’opposition de Couve de Murville et du Général de Gaulle à la prolongation de Hallstein, inflexible partisan de la supranationalité et d’une Commission forte, le souci de trouver « un homme nouveau » et le succès de Rey lors des négociations tarifaires du Kennedy Round (GATT) expliquent son éloge par le ministre français à l’issue d’une session ministérielle des Six. Pierre Harmel fait savoir que la Belgique ne propose pas de candidat mais qu’elle accepterait le choix d’un Belge s’il était suggéré par les autres pays. C’est que la question provoque des remous en Belgique où certains milieux flamands se montrent réticents, préférant le Néerlandais Mansholt et soupçonnant la France de vouloir troquer la désignation de Rey contre un transfert du siège. A défaut d’une candidature italienne de poids, c’est finalement Rey qui s’impose, moyennant l’octroi à Mansholt d’une vice-présidence. Pierre Siraud, ambassadeur de France à La Haye, tient à signaler qu’on s’y inquiète un peu de l’appui décisif apporté par le gouvernement français à Rey mais que Trouw, organe protestant, pense qu’il pourra rendre plus aisée la coopération entre les Six. Celle avec la France certainement puisque, à diverses reprises, Rey n’hésite pas à critiquer l’individualisme économique de Londres et certaines dérives protectionnistes de Rome et Bonn tout autant que l’intransigeant nationalisme gaullien. La France trouve en Jean Rey un interlocuteur tenace, soucieux de défendre l’indépendance et les prérogatives d’une Commission qu’elle voudrait, au contraire, cantonner dans un strict rôle d’exécution administrative. Mais, en 1969, lorsque se posera la question de la prolongation de son mandat pour un an, elle l’acceptera sans difficulté, signe de confiance... ou de résignation. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropees overeenkomstenrecht en de bouwsector
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Tijdschrift voor Bouwrecht en Onroerend Goed (2012)

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See detailEuropeesrechtelijke aspecten inzake BTW
Peeters, Bart ULg

in Vandebergh, Henri (Ed.) BTW-Handboek (2014)

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