Est-ce si difficile d'apprendre une langue étrangère est ?!?
Conference given outside the academic context (2001)Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Est-il déraisonnable de ne pas accorder une pension de survie au compagnon du travailleur décédé ?
Michiels, Olivier ;
in Revue Trimestrielle de Droit Familial (2002), (1), 161-166
L'article envisage la question de savoir si le compagnon qui formait un ménage avec un travailleur décédé est en droit de pouvoir revendiquer une pension de survie.Detailed reference viewed: 62 (10 ULg)
Est-il important de prévenir le vieillissement cognitif normal ou pathologique par le maintien d'activités?
Scientific conference (2011, January 29)Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg)
est-il possible d’intégrer la fragilité gériatrique dans le risque chirurgical ?
in Revue Médicale de Liège (2008), 63(12), 722-728
Frailty in the elderly is an important factor of morbidity, particularly in the setting of surgery. The various pathologies that can lead to a functional decline are well known. The risk of mortality and ... [more ▼]
Frailty in the elderly is an important factor of morbidity, particularly in the setting of surgery. The various pathologies that can lead to a functional decline are well known. The risk of mortality and morbidity should be assessed as a function of the nature of the surgical procedure and of the disease for which it is required; the factors of severity, the predictable duration of the procedure, and the expected blood losses must also be taken into account. The thrombo-embolic risk should finally be considered. In the elderly, one may say that the functional risk matters more than the vital risk. Frailty must be integrated into the risk assessment; however, further studies are needed to better determine the impact of that new concept. Undoubtedly, the cognitive and nutritional status are of main importance. A better knowledge of the risks should lead to validate specific interventions that could help to prevent surgical complications, shorten the length of hospital stay, and protect the self-sufficiency of the aged. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 104 (2 ULg)
Est-il possible de "penser autrement" l'enfermement?
Conference given outside the academic context (2010)Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
Est-il possible de développer des compétences transversales en management par une formation en ligne ?
Conference (2014, May 19)Detailed reference viewed: 48 (16 ULg)
Est-il possible de faire de la pédagogie par compétences une alliée de l’équité à l’école ?
in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2005), (21-22), 41-63Detailed reference viewed: 103 (10 ULg)
Est-il possible de sécuriser l’après-restructuration ? Exploration des « cellules de reconversion » belges
Dervaux, Amélie ; Pichault, François ; Lorquet, Nadège
Les « cellules de reconversion » belges sont gérées par le service public de l’emploi et ont été créées li y a quelques années à la demande spécifique des syndicats afin de favoriser la réinsertion des ... [more ▼]
Les « cellules de reconversion » belges sont gérées par le service public de l’emploi et ont été créées li y a quelques années à la demande spécifique des syndicats afin de favoriser la réinsertion des travailleurs licenciés sur le marché de l’emploi. Comment les travailleurs sont-ils accompagnés dans la période de transition professionnelle post-licenciement ? Ces cellules à vocation sécurisante le sont-elles effectivement ? [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 44 (17 ULg)
Est-il raisonnable de prescrire de l'hormone de croissance aux personnes âgées ?
Legros, Jean-Jacques ; Geenen, Vincent ;
in Revue Médicale de Liège (2001), 56Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
Established and emerging oral antifungals in dermatology
PIERARD, Gérald ; PIERARD-FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ; et al
in Dermatologic, Cosmeceutic, and Cosmetic Development (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Established and emerging oral antifungals in dermatology
PIERARD, Gérald ; PIERARD-FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ; et al
in Dermatologic, cosmeceutic and cosmetic development (2008)Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
Established postmenopausal osteoporosis – Assessment of treatment options
Reginster, Jean-Yves ; ; et al
in Menopause Review (1999), 1(IV), 39-55Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
Establishing a Belgian Nutrition Society (BNS): Filling The Void
; ; Clinquart, Antoine et al
in Archives of Public Health (2009), 67Detailed reference viewed: 77 (4 ULg)
Establishing a research/training partnership to facilitate the professional integration of novice teachers and help them become "reflective practitioners"
Beckers, Jacqueline ; Simons, Germain
in DAY, C.W.; van VEEN, D. (Eds.) Educational Research in Europe. Yearbook 2000 (2000)Detailed reference viewed: 13 (5 ULg)
Establishing bridging functions for harmonizing growing stock estimates: examples from European National Forest Inventories
; ; et al
in Forest Science (2012), 58(3), 224-235
Estimates of growing stock in European countries vary mainly by using different thresholds for dbh of sample trees, as well as by the inclusion or exclusion of stump and stem top volume. European national ... [more ▼]
Estimates of growing stock in European countries vary mainly by using different thresholds for dbh of sample trees, as well as by the inclusion or exclusion of stump and stem top volume. European national forest inventories use dbh thresholds ranging from 0 to 12 cm in estimating the volume of growing stock. COST Action E43 has agreed to a reference definition for growing stock with a dbh threshold of 0 cm. With use of national volume distributions by dbh classes, models for estimating the proportions of growing stock between the national threshold and the 0-cm threshold were constructed. Models for characterizing growing stock distributions were tested, and their predictive abilities were investigated. Similar comparisons were made with respect to the volume of stumps and stem tops. Examples of estimation methods and the resulting percentages of these tree elements of total growing stock are presented. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (7 ULg)
Establishing Reference Systems on Soil Quality: Example of the “ReQuaSud” Laboratory Network in Wallonia – Belgium
Colinet, Gilles ; Renneson, Malorie ; Genot, Valérie et al
Conference (2013, May 24)
Soil quality is a central concern regarding sustainable multifunctionnality of cultivated and natural territories : food and non-food biomass production, environmental and ecosystemic services… Quality ... [more ▼]
Soil quality is a central concern regarding sustainable multifunctionnality of cultivated and natural territories : food and non-food biomass production, environmental and ecosystemic services… Quality indicators and reference levels are needed in order to evaluate the state of the soil resources from a given land, for land-use planning or and to detect any temporal evolution. Our department has been involved for years in the implementation of substantial databases about soil quality in the Walloon region. The communication aims at sharing our experience in the establishment of soil evaluation references and tools, geographic databases, time monitoring, analysis networking, applied to the questions of soil fertility and soil contaminations. The Requasud network is a regional initiative aiming at harmonizing the methods for soil sampling, analysis, and interpretation. We will present how 20 years of applied research led to the sound implementation of a dataset of more than 200,000 samples in cultivated fields all across Wallonia, and where are the remaining questions and needs for future research. Discussions should then focus to comparisons with the situations encountered by the participants to the Workshop. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 34 (3 ULg)
Establishing research strategies, methodologies and technologies to link genomics and proteomics to seagrass productivity, community metabolism, and ecosystem carbon fluxes
; ; et al
in Frontiers in Plant Science (2013), 4(38), 1-19
A complete understanding of the mechanistic basis of marine ecosystem functioning is only possible through integrative and interdisciplinary research.This enables the prediction of change and possibly the ... [more ▼]
A complete understanding of the mechanistic basis of marine ecosystem functioning is only possible through integrative and interdisciplinary research.This enables the prediction of change and possibly the mitigation of the consequences of anthropogenic impacts. One major aim of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action ES0609 “Seagrasses productivity. From genes to ecosystem management,” is the calibration and synthesis of various methods and the development of innovative techniques and protocols for studying seagrass ecosystems. During 10 days, 20 researchers representing a range of disciplines (molecular biology, physiology, botany, ecology, oceanography, and underwa- ter acoustics) gathered at The Station de Recherches Sous-marines et Océanographiques (STARESO, Corsica) to study together the nearby Posidonia oceanica meadow. STARESO is located in an oligotrophic area classified as “pristine site” where environmental distur- bances caused by anthropogenic pressure are exceptionally low. The healthy P. oceanica meadow, which grows in front of the research station, colonizes the sea bottom from the surface to 37 m depth. During the study, genomic and proteomic approaches were integrated with ecophysiological and physical approaches with the aim of understanding changes in seagrass productivity and metabolism at different depths and along daily cycles. In this paper we report details on the approaches utilized and we forecast the potential of the data that will come from this synergistic approach not only for P. oceanica but for seagrasses in general. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 75 (17 ULg)
Establishing the limit of detection and the resolution limits of odorous sources in the environment for an array of metal oxide gas sensors
Nicolas, Jacques ; Romain, Anne-Claude
in Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical (2004), 99(2-3), 384-392
Odour identification with gas sensor arrays relies on two main parameters: the limit of detection, defined as the concentration of the analyte corresponding to the lowest detectable signal for the sensors ... [more ▼]
Odour identification with gas sensor arrays relies on two main parameters: the limit of detection, defined as the concentration of the analyte corresponding to the lowest detectable signal for the sensors, and the limit of resolution, defined for pair-wise comparisons of vapours, as the concentration levels below which a vapour can no longer be reliably recognised from another one on the basis of its response pattern. For real-life environmental odours, however, it is no longer possible to express such limits in "concentration" terms, because they are complex gas mixtures composed of hundreds of various compounds. The paper tries to assess both limits for odorous sources in the environment firstly by finding an equivalence of the odour concentration, expressed in odorous unit per cubic meter (ou/m3), and the concentration of a reference gas, here the ethanol, and secondly by working with a statistical metric, based on the magnitude and standard deviations along linear projections of clustered response data. The methodology is illustrated for a metal oxide gas sensor array and the odour generated by urban waste composting facilities, which is compared to the background air and to ethanol vapour. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 77 (5 ULg)
Establishment and characterisation of two novel human KSHV- and EBV-negative Burkitt cell lines, GAL-01 and GAL-02, from a primary lymphomatous effusion
Thielen, Caroline ; Herens, Christian ; Fassotte, Marie-France et al
in European Journal of Haematology (2006), 77(4), 318-326
Objectives: Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is a highly aggressive mature B-cell neoplasm comprising endemic, sporadic and immunodeficiency-associated variants. Human cell lines constitute a very useful tool to ... [more ▼]
Objectives: Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is a highly aggressive mature B-cell neoplasm comprising endemic, sporadic and immunodeficiency-associated variants. Human cell lines constitute a very useful tool to investigate the biology of lymphoid neoplasia. In this study, we succeeded in establishing two human cell lines, GAL-01 and GAL-02, from a HIV-negative patient with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) -negative sporadic BL presenting as an effusion. GAL-01 and GAL-02 were established at diagnosis and after one course of polychemotherapy, respectively. The in vivo effusion occurred in a very peculiar clinical setting; the patient having a previous history of intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Methods: The morphologic, immunophenotypic and molecular genetic features of GAL cell lines are reported and compared with those of the parental tumour. The findings clearly demonstrated that the Burkitt effusion did not represent disease progression of the intestinal tumour, but represented a second primary haematological malignancy. The in vivo tumorigenic properties of the cells were tested by subcutaneous injection to NOD/SCID mice. Results: Both cell lines were composed of medium-sized lymphoid cells with clumped chromatin, multiple medium-sized nucleoli and moderate amounts of vacuolated cytoplasm. GAL cells display the phenotype and genotype of a B-cell lineage (positive for CD20, CD79a and clonal rearrangement of Ig heavy chain), carry the c-MYC rearrangement by t(8;22)(q24;q11) translocation and are characterised by the expression of the germinal centre-associated antigens CD10, BCL6, CD38 and absent to low BCL2 expression. EBV and HHV8 were not identified within parental tumour or in cultured cells. Subcutaneous injection of both cell lines to NOD/SCID mice induced tumour formation. Conclusions: GAL-01 and GAL-02, two novel EBV-negative human BL cell lines represent a potentially useful experimental model to study the biology of BL possibly including the resistance to chemotherapy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 58 (7 ULg)
Establishment of a bovine herpesvirus 4 based vector expressing a secreted form of the bovine viral diarrhoea virus structural glycoprotein E2 for immunization purposes.
; ; et al
in BMC Biotechnology (2007), 7
BACKGROUND: The biological characteristics of BoHV-4 make it a good candidate as a gene delivery vector for vaccination purposes. These characteristics include little or no pathogenicity, unlikely ... [more ▼]
BACKGROUND: The biological characteristics of BoHV-4 make it a good candidate as a gene delivery vector for vaccination purposes. These characteristics include little or no pathogenicity, unlikely oncogenicity, the capability to accommodate large amounts of foreign genetic material, the ability to infect several cell types from different animal species, and the ability to maintain transgene expression in both undifferentiated and differentiated cells. RESULTS: A recombinant bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4CMV-IgKE2-14 Delta TK) expressing an enhanced secreted form of the bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) structural glycoprotein E2 (gE2-14), obtained by the removal of the putative transmembrane domain and addition of a 14 amino acids peptide at its carboxyl terminal and an immunoglobulin K signal peptide to the amino terminal, was successfully constructed using a Recombineering (recombination -mediated genetic engineering) approach on BoHV-4 cloned as bacterial artificial chromosome. The galactokinase - based recombineering system was modified by the introduction of a kanamycin expression cassette and a kanamycin selection step that allowed a significant reduction of the untargeted background clones. BoHV-4CMV-IgKE2-14 Delta TK infected cell lines highly expressed gE2-14, which maintained native antigenic properties in a serum neutralization inhibition test. When rabbits and sheep were immunized with BoHV-4CMV-IgKE2-14 Delta TK, high levels of serum neutralized antibodies against BVDV were generated. CONCLUSION: This work highlights the engineerization of BoHV-4 genome as a vector for vaccine purposes and may provide the basis for BVDV vaccination exploiting the BoHV-4- based vector that delivers an improved secreted version of the BVDV structural glycoprotein E2. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 31 (8 ULg)