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See detailExceptional points for logic operations at the molecular level
Jaouadi, Amine; Desouter, Michèle ULg; Lefebvre, Roland et al

in Fortschritte der Physik = Progress of Physics (2013), 161(2-3), 162-177

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See detailExceptional simultaneous herpesvirus infections. Pityriasis rosea and recurrent varicella in an immunocompetent child
Nikkels, Arjen ULg; Tassoudji, Nazli ULg; Thirion, Laurence et al

in Journal of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (2006)

Dual cutaneous herpesvirus (alpha-alpha, alpha-beta infections are exceptional. We report the first case of a simultaneous alpha- and delta-herpesvirus infection corresponding to recurrent varicella and ... [more ▼]

Dual cutaneous herpesvirus (alpha-alpha, alpha-beta infections are exceptional. We report the first case of a simultaneous alpha- and delta-herpesvirus infection corresponding to recurrent varicella and human delta herpesviruses 6 and 7-associated pityriasis rosea in an 8-year-old immunocompetent boy. This condition likely represents a stroke of misfortune, although a special link between two herpesvirus infections cannot be formally excluded. [less ▲]

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See detailAn exceptional specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis, and a hypothesis on the life cycle of the earliest eutracheophytes
Gerrienne, Philippe ULg; Dilcher, D. L.; Bergamaschi, S. et al

in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology (2006), 142(3-4), 123-130

An exceptionally large specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis Gerrienne et al. has been discovered from the type locality (Jackson de Figueiredo, Parana Basin, Brazil; early Lochkovian ... [more ▼]

An exceptionally large specimen of the early land plant Cooksonia paranensis Gerrienne et al. has been discovered from the type locality (Jackson de Figueiredo, Parana Basin, Brazil; early Lochkovian, Early Devonian). This nearly complete specimen consists of five dichotomous axes attached at their base to a small thalloid(?) structure. Each terminal axis segment ends in an expanded, cup-like, empty tip. Three interpretations of the specimen are proposed. (1) The whole specimen is a gametophyte of the Sciadopkyton-type, with a central area from which five axes depart; under this interpretation, the terminal cups are gametangiophores. (2) The basal structure represents the remains of a rhizome bearing five upright aerial axes, in which case the whole plant is a sporophyte. (3; our favoured hypothesis) The specimen is a cluster of five individual sporophytes still attached to the remains of a small female or bisexual gametophyte. In the latter case, this fossil is evidence that reduced thalloid gametophytes and branched axial sporophytes are plesiomorphic among the earliest eutracheophytes. We suggest that a major difference in life cycle defines a basal dichotomy in tracheophytes. Eutracheophyta, including all living vascular plants, have a heteromorphic, sporophyte dominant alternation of generations, whereas their extinct sister-group Rhymopsida (renamed here Paratracheophyta) is characterised by a more or less isomorphic alternations of generations. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Exceptional X-ray View of the Young Open Cluster NGC 6231: What XMM-Newton Has Taught Us
Sana, H.; Gosset, Eric ULg; Rauw, Grégor ULg et al

in The X-ray Universe 2005 (2006, January 01)

Considered as the core of the Sco OB1 association, the young open cluster NGC 6231 harbours a rich O-type star population. In 2001, the XMM-Newton satellite targeted the cluster for a nominal duration of ... [more ▼]

Considered as the core of the Sco OB1 association, the young open cluster NGC 6231 harbours a rich O-type star population. In 2001, the XMM-Newton satellite targeted the cluster for a nominal duration of about 180 ks. Thanks to the detector sensitivity, the EPIC cameras provided an unprecedented X-ray view of NGC 6231, revealing about 600 point-like sources. In this contribution, we review the main results that have been obtained thanks to this unprecedented data set. Concerning the O-type stars, we present the latest developments related to the so-called 'canonical' Lx-Lbol relation. The dispersion around this relation might actually be much smaller than previously thought. In our data set, the sole mechanism that yields a significant deviation from this scheme is wind interaction. It is also the sole mechanism that induces a significant variation of the early-type star X-ray flux. In a second part of this contribution, we probe the properties of the optically faint X-ray sources. Most of them are believed to be low mass pre-main sequence stars. Their analysis provides direct insight into the star formation history of the cluster. [less ▲]

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See detailExceptions de nullité
Moreau, Pierre ULg

in L'instance (2013)

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See detailExceptions intellectuelles, ou comment Jean Borie et Henri Lefebvre ont évité le structuralisme
Provenzano, François ULg

in Etudes Françaises (2011), 47(1), 59-73

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See detailL'excès pondéral et l'obésité chez l'enfant
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Burniat, W

in ONE (Ed.) Prévention et petite enfance : guide de médecine préventive du nourrisson et du jeune enfant (2004)

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See detailL'excès pondéral et l'obésité chez l'enfant, un défi pour la santé publique
Guillaume, Michèle ULg; Counet, Laurence ULg

in Enfant et nutrition. Guide à l'usage des professionnels. (2009)

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See detailExcess atmospheric carbon dioxide transported by rivers into the Scheldt Estuary
Abril, Gwenaël; Etcheber, Henri; Borges, Alberto ULg et al

in Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris (2000), 330

The transport of excess atmospheric CO2 (defined as the fraction of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) that can escape as CO2 to the atmosphere due to water-air equilibration), by the five rivers entering ... [more ▼]

The transport of excess atmospheric CO2 (defined as the fraction of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) that can escape as CO2 to the atmosphere due to water-air equilibration), by the five rivers entering the Scheldt estuary is investigated. Excess CO2 originates from both respiration in the soil and the river and represents 10 % of the DIC and 6 % of the total carbon input into the estuary. The ventilation of this CO2 in the estuary is however a minor contribution (10 %) to the total estuarine emission to the atmosphere, compared to heterotrophic activity and acidification due to nitrification within the estuarine zone. [less ▲]

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See detailExcess Return Forecast Using a Dynamic Asset Class Factor Model
Hübner, Georges ULg; Sougné, Danielle ULg; Wijnandts, Jean-Charles ULg

E-print/Working paper (2012)

We propose a Dynamic Hierarchical Factor Model using Asset classes to predict mutual funds excess returns. We use different forecast combination schemes of bivariate model considering each asset class ... [more ▼]

We propose a Dynamic Hierarchical Factor Model using Asset classes to predict mutual funds excess returns. We use different forecast combination schemes of bivariate model considering each asset class factor in isolation. Primary analysis highlights the importance to account for asset class specific variations together with between classes or common variations. Further refinements of the a priori repartition are however in order. Forecasting performance of the model outperforms the historical mean benchmark both in terms of MSPE and utility based criteria. A forecasting exercise matching more closely real-time conditions must be undertaken to validate these initial results. [less ▲]

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See detailExcessive Pricing: The Flaws of ‘Tea Party Competition’ Policy
Petit, Nicolas ULg

in Journal of European Competition Law and Practice (2011), 2(6), 519-520

Since the adoption of the Guidance Communication in 2009, the Commission has kept exploitative abuses— and in particular excessive pricing cases—in a state of artificial hibernation, and focused on ... [more ▼]

Since the adoption of the Guidance Communication in 2009, the Commission has kept exploitative abuses— and in particular excessive pricing cases—in a state of artificial hibernation, and focused on exclusionary cases as a matter of enforcement priority. The Commission’s small antitrust policy against exploitative abuses is predicated on ‘Tea Party’ competition economics: in the long term, high prices are presumed to deliver efficient outcomes, and competition enforcers risk doing more harm than good in trying to improve market outcomes [less ▲]

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See detailExchange of Information and the Cross-Border Cooperation Between Tax Authorities
Docclo, Caroline ULg; Knaepen, S.

in Cahiers de Droit Fiscal International = Studies on International Fiscal Law (2013), 98b

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See detailExchange of polymer molecules between block copolymer micelles studied by emission spectroscopy. A method for the quantification of unimer exchange rates
Creutz, Serge; van Stam, Jan; Antoun, Sayed et al

in Macromolecules (1997), 30(14), 4078-4083

Amphiphilic block copolymers, composed of poly(sodium methacrylate) (PMANa) as the water soluble sequence and poly((dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) as the hydrophobic sequence, were ... [more ▼]

Amphiphilic block copolymers, composed of poly(sodium methacrylate) (PMANa) as the water soluble sequence and poly((dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) as the hydrophobic sequence, were anionically synthesized. Due to their amphiphilic character, these polymers aggregate into micelles in aqueous solutions. Of particular interest is the possibility of exchange of free chains, called unimers, between micelles and the bulk and the quantification of the exchange rate. The exchange of unimers between the micellar aggregates was determined spectroscopically. A donor molecule, naphthalene, was covalently bound to the hydrophobic blocks of the copolymers, while the acceptor, pyrene, was dissolved in aggregates built up from an identical, but unlabeled, copolymer. The energy transfer from an excited donor to a ground-state acceptor, with subsequent emission from the acceptor, was used to follow the migration of donor-labeled chains into micelles containing the dissolved acceptor. These data were analyzed according to a kinetic model, and the respective kinetic parameters could be determined. The influence of the relative composition of the block copolymer on the exchange rate was investigated to illustrate the usability of the kinetic model. While keeping the relative amount of comonomers as well as the molecular weights constant, the molecular architecture was also studied: hence the diblock (PDMAEMA-b-PMANa) and the corresponding triblocks (PDMAEMA-b-PMANa-b-PDMAEMA) and (PMANa-b-PDMAEMA-b-PMANa) were investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailExchange processes and nitrogen cycling on the shelf and continental slope of the Black Sea basin
Grégoire, Marilaure ULg; Lacroix, Geneviève

in Global Biogeochemical Cycles (2003), 17(2),

A 3D coupled biogeochemical-hydrodynamical model has been applied to the Black Sea to simulate nitrogen cycling and to estimate the exchange of biogeochemical components at the shelf break and between the ... [more ▼]

A 3D coupled biogeochemical-hydrodynamical model has been applied to the Black Sea to simulate nitrogen cycling and to estimate the exchange of biogeochemical components at the shelf break and between the continental slope and the deep sea. It was found that biological processes on the northwestern shelf are in approximate balance. Primary production is fueled by river discharge, nitrate input from the open sea at the shelf break, and in situ remineralization. The input of nitrate from the open sea is roughly equivalent to the river nitrate discharge but is half the nitrate export from the shelf toward the open sea. Also, the Black Sea shelf acts throughout the year as a nitrate source for the open sea. The amount of shelf production not remineralized in the euphotic layer is 22.2% and is exported to lower layers (20%) or offshore (2.2%). We estimate that the export of carbon from the shelf to the interior of the basin represents 2.5% of the new production of the open sea. The upper slope adjoining the northwestern shelf is the site of downwelling events responsible for the downward transport to the intermediate layer of the continental slope of biogeochemical components exported from the shelf in the upper layer. The shelf has been found to be an efficient trap for the refractory material discharged by the Danube. [less ▲]

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See detailExchange processes and nitrogen cycling on the shelf and slopes area of the Black Sea basin.
Grégoire, Marilaure ULg; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg; Kostianoy, A. et al

Conference (2003, January)

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See detailThe exchange reaction of peptides R-D-alanyl-D-alanine with D-[14C]alanine to R-D-alanyl-D-[14C]alanine and D-alanine, catalysed by the membranes of Streptococcus faecalis ATCC 9790
Coyette, Jacques; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Perkins, Harold R.

in European Journal of Biochemistry (1977), 75(1), 225-229

Under alkaline conditions, the membrane-bound DD-carboxypeptidase of Streptococcus faecalis ATCC 9790 catalyses exchange reactions in which the X-L-R3-D-Ala moiety of peptides of the type X-L-R3-D-Ala-D ... [more ▼]

Under alkaline conditions, the membrane-bound DD-carboxypeptidase of Streptococcus faecalis ATCC 9790 catalyses exchange reactions in which the X-L-R3-D-Ala moiety of peptides of the type X-L-R3-D-Ala-D-Ala is transferred to simple amino compounds such as D-alanine, glycine and glycyl-glycine. The enzyme system is unable, however, to catalyse complex reactions that would simulate the natural transpeptidation reaction. [less ▲]

See detailExchanges at the Ocean Margins.
Wollast, Roland; Elskens, Marc; Dauby, Patrick ULg et al

Conference (1993, January)

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See detailExchanges in Military Education: Erasmus and Beyond
Paile, Sylvain ULg

Learning material (2011)

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