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See detailDiscours prononcé par Germain Simons à l'occasion de la mise à la retraite de Jacqueline Beckers
Simons, Germain ULg

Speech/Talk (2013)

A l'occasion de l'Université d'Eté du Cifen 2013 ("Quand le Cifen se met au vert !"), nous avons rendu hommage à Jacqueline Beckers qui fut Présidente et secrétaire scientifique du centre pendant de très ... [more ▼]

A l'occasion de l'Université d'Eté du Cifen 2013 ("Quand le Cifen se met au vert !"), nous avons rendu hommage à Jacqueline Beckers qui fut Présidente et secrétaire scientifique du centre pendant de très nombreuses années. Jacqueline Beckers fut aussi, avec d'autres (A. Motte et B. Mérenne), à l'origine de la création du Cifen dès la fin des années 80, et elle fut éditrice responsable de la revue Puzzle. [less ▲]

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See detail[Discours prononcés lors de l'inhumation de Paul Hamélius]
Mansion, Joseph; de Jace, Charles; Lebeau et al

Speech/Talk (1922)

Cinq discours prononcés le 28 février 1922 au Cimetière de St-Josse lors de l'inhumation du Prof. Paul Hamélius (Université de Liège).

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See detailDiscours sur l'intervention de l'Etat dans l'enseignement, indispensable en Belgique
De Laveleye, Émile ULg

in Moniteur belge = Belgisch staatsblad (1867)

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See detailLes Discours sur la bande dessinée par ses créateurs
Dejasse, Erwin ULg

in Publif@rum (2011), 14

During a long time, French and francophone comics suffered of a poor cultural consideration and artistic autonomy, as they were mostly considered as a child or teenagers’divertissement between the beginig ... [more ▼]

During a long time, French and francophone comics suffered of a poor cultural consideration and artistic autonomy, as they were mostly considered as a child or teenagers’divertissement between the beginig of the twentieth century and the sixties. This misunderstanding explains the rarity of critical and theoretic works on the Ninth Art existing between 1845 – when Töpffer publishes the first essays concerning the relationship between images and text – and the sixties, when the undermining of political, social and sexual way of thinking involves also academic culture and traditional artistic forms. Becoming the instrument of a narrative and thematic renewal, comics start since to be legitimated and analysed on a critical point of view which focuses on their specificity, their specific language/s, their potential, their artistic form and meaning, the author’s aesthetic and ethic choices. It is through a story of theoretic discourse on the Ninth Art that this article wishes to present its evolution, starting with the “pioneers” in Nineteenth century, passing through the critical discourse of the first experimental reviews published in the 60’s to arrive to the famous Cahiers de la bande dessinée and then to other contemporary critical works. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscours sur la question monétaire
De Laveleye, Émile ULg

in Comptes rendus du Congrès international du commerce et de l'industrie (1880)

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See detailUn discours sur le champ, l'historiographie littéraire : le problème de l'efficace des pratiques discursives
Provenzano, François ULg

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (2006), 1

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See detailLe discours « néo-réactionnaire ». Transgressions conservatrices
Durand, Pascal ULg; Sindaco, Sarah ULg

Book published by CNRS éditions (2015)

« Les nouveaux réactionnaires » : l’appellation trouve sa source dans un bref pamphlet paru en 2002 sous ce titre. La polémique, aussitôt très vive, n’a pas cessé, depuis, d’envenimer l’espace médiatique ... [more ▼]

« Les nouveaux réactionnaires » : l’appellation trouve sa source dans un bref pamphlet paru en 2002 sous ce titre. La polémique, aussitôt très vive, n’a pas cessé, depuis, d’envenimer l’espace médiatique et intellectuel français. Quoi de commun pourtant entre la pensée d’un Marcel Gauchet et les best-sellers d’un Éric Zemmour ? Entre la phraséologie aristocratique d’un Richard Millet et le parler peuple d’un Robert Ménard ? Entre la mélancolie indignée d’un Alain Finkielkraut et le dandysme revenu de tout d’un Michel Houellebecq ? Un tempérament réfractaire sans doute, articulant transgression et conservatisme ; une même volonté d’en découdre avec le « politiquement correct » et la « police de la pensée » ; une même propension, aussi, à se penser en représentants minoritaires d’une majorité opprimée, sur fond de désenchantement démocratique et de hantise du déclin. Romanciers, philosophes, intellectuels « médiatiques », historiens, journalistes : le spectre des « néo-réactionnaires » est large, au risque de la confusion et de l’amalgame. Les auteurs réunis dans le présent ouvrage entendent contribuer à un examen dépassionné de cette nébuleuse, en soulignant la diversité des champs d’appartenance et des registres d’expression de ceux qui la composent ou s’y trouvent rangés à leur corps plus ou moins défendant. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscours, pratiques et pouvoirs. Les médecins et la santé publique au XIXe siècle
Havelange, Carl ULg

in L'initiative publique des communes en Belgique (1986)

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See detailDiscours, violence, civilité
Delruelle, Edouard ULg

in De Smet, François (Ed.) La liberté d'expression, menacée ou menaçante ? (2015, September)

La question philosophique et politique pertinente est celle des conditions de la liberté d'expression, pas celle de ses limites. La véritable question est : quelles sont les conditions pour que la liberté ... [more ▼]

La question philosophique et politique pertinente est celle des conditions de la liberté d'expression, pas celle de ses limites. La véritable question est : quelles sont les conditions pour que la liberté d’expression soit une liberté effective pour tous — pour l’athée comme pour le croyant, l’employé comme l’employeur, l’allochtone comme l’autochtone, le fou comme le sain d’esprit, le chômeur comme le professeur d’Université, etc. ? [less ▲]

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See detailDiscourse functions of antonymy in French
Steffens, Marie ULg

Conference (2016, September)

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See detailDiscourse Theory and Cultural Analysis. Media, Arts and Literature
Spinoy, Erik ULg

Book published by Hampton Press (2008)

This book presents a series of chapters which reflect on ways in which Discourse Theory (Laclau, Mouffe) can be operationalized for use in cultural analysis, especially in the fields of media, arts and ... [more ▼]

This book presents a series of chapters which reflect on ways in which Discourse Theory (Laclau, Mouffe) can be operationalized for use in cultural analysis, especially in the fields of media, arts and literature. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscourses and Coexistence, Intercultural Cohabitation in the Belgian City of Verviers
Gsir, Sonia ULg; Mandin, Jérémy ULg

in Revista de Ciencias Sociales (2012), 18

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See detailDiscovering main genetic interactions with LABNet LAsso-based network inference.
Gadaleta, Francesco ULg; Van Steen, Kristel ULg

in PloS one (2014), 9(11), 110451

Genome-wide association studies can potentially unravel the mechanisms behind complex traits and common genetic diseases. Despite the valuable results produced thus far, many questions remain unanswered ... [more ▼]

Genome-wide association studies can potentially unravel the mechanisms behind complex traits and common genetic diseases. Despite the valuable results produced thus far, many questions remain unanswered. For instance, which specific genetic compounds are linked to the risk of the disease under investigation; what biological mechanism do they act through; or how do they interact with environmental and other external factors? The driving force of computational biology is the constantly growing amount of big data generated by high-throughput technologies. A practical framework that can deal with this abundance of information and that consent to discovering genetic associations and interactions is provided by means of networks. Unfortunately, high dimensionality, the presence of noise and the geometry of data can make the aforementioned problem extremely challenging. We propose a penalised linear regression approach that can deal with the aforementioned issues that affect genetic data. We analyse the gene expression profiles of individuals with a common trait to infer the network structure of interactions among genes. The permutation-based approach leads to more stable and reliable networks inferred from synthetic microarray data. We show that a higher number of permutations determines the number of predicted edges, improves the overall sensitivity and controls the number of false positives. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovering novel enzymes y functional screening of plurigenomic libraries from alga-associated Flavobacteriia and Gammaproteobacteria
Martin, Marjolaine ULg; Vandermies, Marie ULg; Joyeux, Coline et al

in Microbiological Research (2016), 186

Alga-associated microorganisms, in the context of their numerous interactions with the host and thecomplexity of the marine environment, are known to produce diverse hydrolytic enzymes with ... [more ▼]

Alga-associated microorganisms, in the context of their numerous interactions with the host and thecomplexity of the marine environment, are known to produce diverse hydrolytic enzymes with originalbiochemistry. We recently isolated several macroalgal-polysaccharide-degrading bacteria from the sur-face of the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum. These active isolates belong to two classes: the Flavobacteriiaand the Gammaproteobacteria. In the present study, we constructed two “plurigenomic” (with multi-ple bacterial genomes) libraries with the 5 most interesting isolates (regarding their phylogeny andtheir enzymatic activities) of each class (Fv and Gm libraries). Both libraries were screened for diversehydrolytic activities. Five activities, out of the 48 previously identified in the natural polysaccharolyticisolates, were recovered by functional screening: a xylanase (GmXyl7), a beta-glucosidase (GmBg1), anesterase (GmEst7) and two iota-carrageenases (Fvi2.5 and Gmi1.3). We discuss here the potential role ofthe used host-cell, the average DNA insert-sizes and the used restriction enzymes on the divergent screen-ing yields obtained for both libraries and get deeper inside the “great screen anomaly”. Interestingly, thediscovered esterase probably stands for a novel family of homoserine o-acetyltransferase-like-esterases,while the two iota-carrageenases represent new members of the poorly known GH82 family (contain-ing only 19 proteins since its description in 2000). These original results demonstrate the efficiencyof our uncommon “plurigenomic” library approach and the underexplored potential of alga-associatedcultivable microbiota for the identification of novel and algal-specific enzymes. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovering schizophrenia endophenotypes in randomly ascertained pedigrees.
Glahn, David C.; Williams, Jeff T.; McKay, D. Reese et al

in Biological Psychiatry (2015), 77(1), 75-83

BACKGROUND: Although case-control approaches are beginning to disentangle schizophrenia's complex polygenic burden, other methods will likely be necessary to fully identify and characterize risk genes ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Although case-control approaches are beginning to disentangle schizophrenia's complex polygenic burden, other methods will likely be necessary to fully identify and characterize risk genes. Endophenotypes, traits genetically correlated with an illness, can help characterize the impact of risk genes by providing genetically relevant traits that are more tractable than the behavioral symptoms that classify mental illness. Here, we present an analytic approach for discovering and empirically validating endophenotypes in extended pedigrees with very few affected individuals. Our approach indexes each family member's risk as a function of shared genetic kinship with an affected individual, often referred to as the coefficient of relatedness. To demonstrate the utility of this approach, we search for neurocognitive and neuroanatomic endophenotypes for schizophrenia in large unselected multigenerational pedigrees. METHODS: A fixed-effects test within the variance component framework was performed on neurocognitive and cortical surface area traits in 1606 Mexican-American individuals from large, randomly ascertained extended pedigrees who participated in the Genetics of Brain Structure and Function study. As affecteds were excluded from analyses, results were not influenced by disease state or medication usage. RESULTS: Despite having sampled just 6 individuals with schizophrenia, our sample provided 233 individuals at various levels of genetic risk for the disorder. We identified three neurocognitive measures (digit-symbol substitution, facial memory, and emotion recognition) and six medial temporal and prefrontal cortical surfaces associated with liability for schizophrenia. CONCLUSIONS: With our novel analytic approach, one can discover and rank endophenotypes for schizophrenia, or any heritable disease, in randomly ascertained pedigrees. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovering the colliding wind binary HD 93129A
Marcote, Benito; Benaglia, Paula; Moldon, Javier et al

in PoS - Proceedings of Science (2014, December 01)

HD 93129A is a binary system including an O2 If+ and probably an O3.5 V-star orbiting at a distance of about 140 AU (55 mas given the distance of 2.5 kpc), which potentially makes the system the most ... [more ▼]

HD 93129A is a binary system including an O2 If+ and probably an O3.5 V-star orbiting at a distance of about 140 AU (55 mas given the distance of 2.5 kpc), which potentially makes the system the most massive one in the Galaxy, ahead of eta-Carina. Its non-thermal radio emission was proposed to be originated by the collision between the winds of both stars. HST/FGS data have been reanalyzed to derive an accurate absolute position of the stars to compare them with the radio emission. The analysis of ATCA radio observations along several years reveals a power-law spectrum with an increase on the radio flux density along time. We conducted an observation with the Australian Long Baseline Array (LBA) at 2.3 GHz in 2008 to resolve the radio source and its location within the stellar system. These radio data revealed a bow-shape extended emission located between both stars, as expected in a wind collision region. The observed structure allows us to roughly estimate the mass-loss rate ratio for the two stars in the system, concluding that it is about 0.7. The multiwavelength analysis points out that the detected radio emission is likely to be originated by one of the most massive collision wind binary in the Galaxy. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovering the lichen diversity of a remote tropical island: working list of species collected on Reunion (Mascarene archipelago, Indian Ocean)
van den Boom, Pieter P. G.; Brand, Maarten; Ertz, Damien et al

in Herzogia (2011), 24(2), 325-349

463 lichen taxa are reported from the island of Reunion (Mascarene archipelago) in the Indian Ocean. This report is based on extensive collections recently made by the authors or hosted in B and LG. A ... [more ▼]

463 lichen taxa are reported from the island of Reunion (Mascarene archipelago) in the Indian Ocean. This report is based on extensive collections recently made by the authors or hosted in B and LG. A total of c. 600 species is estimated for the number of lichenized fungi present on the island; although this is a low figure for a varied tropi- cal area, this is plausible due to its small size and remoteness. The significance of the lichen diversity of the island lays in its endemics, which need further study for a reliable assessment, and in the occurrence of a poorly known southern hemisphere element (“austral” species). The discovery of the following in Reunion is of special interest as it considerably enlarges their distribution range: Anzia corallophora, Caloplaca caesiosorediata, Coccocarpia delicatula, Fuscopannaria praetermissa, Gomphillus morchelloides, G. pedersenii, Gyalideopsis bispora, Heterodermia koyana, Hypotrachyna evansii, Lithogyalideopsis zeylandica, Lobaria asperula, Megaloblastenia marginiflexa var. dimota, Menegazzia capitata, Myeloconis erumpens and Pannaria squamulosa. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscovery and Atmospheric Characterization of Giant Planet Kepler-12b: An Inflated Radius Outlier
Fortney, Jonathan J; Demory, Brice-Olivier; Désert, Jean-Michel et al

in Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series (2011), 197

We report the discovery of planet Kepler-12b (KOI-20), which at 1.695 ± 0.030 R [SUB]J[/SUB] is among the handful of planets with super-inflated radii above 1.65 R [SUB]J[/SUB]. Orbiting its slightly ... [more ▼]

We report the discovery of planet Kepler-12b (KOI-20), which at 1.695 ± 0.030 R [SUB]J[/SUB] is among the handful of planets with super-inflated radii above 1.65 R [SUB]J[/SUB]. Orbiting its slightly evolved G0 host with a 4.438 day period, this 0.431 ± 0.041 M [SUB]J[/SUB] planet is the least irradiated within this largest-planet-radius group, which has important implications for planetary physics. The planet's inflated radius and low mass lead to a very low density of 0.111 ± 0.010 g cm[SUP]-3[/SUP]. We detect the occultation of the planet at a significance of 3.7σ in the Kepler bandpass. This yields a geometric albedo of 0.14 ± 0.04; the planetary flux is due to a combination of scattered light and emitted thermal flux. We use multiple observations with Warm Spitzer to detect the occultation at 7σ and 4σ in the 3.6 and 4.5 μm bandpasses, respectively. The occultation photometry timing is consistent with a circular orbit at e < 0.01 (1σ) and e < 0.09 (3σ). The occultation detections across the three bands favor an atmospheric model with no dayside temperature inversion. The Kepler occultation detection provides significant leverage, but conclusions regarding temperature structure are preliminary, given our ignorance of opacity sources at optical wavelengths in hot Jupiter atmospheres. If Kepler-12b and HD 209458b, which intercept similar incident stellar fluxes, have the same heavy-element masses, the interior energy source needed to explain the large radius of Kepler-12b is three times larger than that of HD 209458b. This may suggest that more than one radius-inflation mechanism is at work for Kepler-12b or that it is less heavy-element rich than other transiting planets. [less ▲]

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