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See detailDistribution of leucocyte subsets in the canine respiratory tract
Peeters, Dominique ULg; Day, M. J.; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in Journal of Comparative Pathology (2005), 132(4), 261-272

Histochemistry and immunohistochemistry were used to characterize leucocyte subsets in the respiratory tract of 15 outbred dogs (five aged <6 months and 10 aged >1 year) that had no evidence of ... [more ▼]

Histochemistry and immunohistochemistry were used to characterize leucocyte subsets in the respiratory tract of 15 outbred dogs (five aged <6 months and 10 aged >1 year) that had no evidence of respiratory disease. No organized nose- or bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue was observed in any of the sections examined. IgA(+) plasma cells predominated in nasal mucosa and in all parts of the bronchial tree, with fewer IgG(+) and IgM(+) plasma cells. The numbers of IgA(+) and IgM(+) cells were significantly greater in the nasal mucosa than in any other part of the respiratory mucosa. There were significantly fewer IgA(+), IgG(+) and IgM(+) cells in all parts of the respiratory tract in the puppies than in the adults. The number and distribution of mast cells and cells expressing MHC class II, L1 or CD1c were recorded. Mast cells were mainly found in the subepithelial lamina propria of nasal and bronchial mucosa and in the alveolar interstitium, and cells expressing IgE had a similar distribution. Mast cells were also present within muscle layers of the bronchial tree. The numbers of mast cells and MHC class II(+) cells were significantly greater in the nasal mucosa than in any other part of the respiratory mucosa. In the nose, carina and primary and secondary bronchus, there were significantly more mast cells and MHC class II(+) cells in puppies than in adult dogs, whereas the numbers of L1(+) cells and CD1c(+) cells in most sites were significantly greater in older dogs. There were significantly more CD3(+) and CD8(+) cells in the nasal mucosa than in any part of the bronchial mucosa. In most parts of the respiratory mucosa, CD4(+), CD8(+) and TCR alphabeta(+) cells were present in significantly greater numbers in adults than in puppies. All parts of the respiratory tract had similar numbers of mucosal CD4(+) and CD8(+) T lymphocytes. TCR gammadelta(+) cells were absent or sparse in all samples. These data, obtained from dogs without respiratory disease, will enable comparisons to be made with dogs suffering from infectious or inflammatory nasal, bronchial and pulmonary diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailDistribution of nerve fibers and prion protein expression in mouse Peyer's patches
Defaweux, Valérie ULg; Dorban, G; Demonceau, C et al

Poster (2004, July)

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See detailDistribution of nerve fibres and prion protein expression in mice Peyer’s patches
Defaweux, Valérie ULg; Dorban, G.; Demonceau, C. et al

Poster (2003, October)

Prion pathogenesis following oral exposure is thought to involve gut-associated lymphoid tissue, which includes Peyer’s patches (PP). The antigens enter into the underlying lymphoid tissue organized in PP ... [more ▼]

Prion pathogenesis following oral exposure is thought to involve gut-associated lymphoid tissue, which includes Peyer’s patches (PP). The antigens enter into the underlying lymphoid tissue organized in PP through the medium of M cells. Infectious prion protein (PrPres) would probably take the same way of entry and like this initiate the first stage of lympho-invasion. Theoretically, intestinal lymphoid cells can come in contact with ingested PrPres and with nerve endings of the intramural system. The distribution pattern of the nerve fibres and lymphoid cells in PP and possible contact between these two elements implicated in neuroinvasion are not yet fully elucidated. In our study, classical immunoperoxydase staining and double immunofluorescence staining analysed with a confocal microscope has been carried out on C56Bl/6 mice PP. Immunoperoxidase and immunofluorescent CD11c stainings show numerous dendritic cells (DC) in the suprafollicular dome, close to the epithelium made of enterocytes and M-cells. Confocal studies show the presence of DC in the T cell zones of Peyer's patches, and also close to B cells in the follicule and to follicular dendritic cells (FDC) in the germinal centres. The PrPc expression, fundamental in the pathogenesis of prion diseases, is notably localized in germinal centres, co-localized with the FDC network and on cellular structures close to the epithelium, co-localized with DC. Nerve fibres have been immunostained in fluorescence using antibodies raised against neurofilaments High, Medium and Low and against glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Only GFAP staining revealed the presence of some nerve fibres in the suprafollicular dome, coursing the mucosal epithelium and also at the periphery of germinal centres in close connection with numerous dendritic cells. Such results permit us to postulate that these nerve fibres and PrPc positive dendritic cells, strategically positioned under the intestinal epithelium as well as in the germinal centres close to FDC network, highly expressing PrPc and thought to replicate PrPres, may be involved in the peripheral transport of the infectious prion protein. [less ▲]

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See detailDistribution of nerve fibres in bovine and human mucosal associated lymphoid tissues
Defaweux, Valérie ULg; Dorban, G.; Antoine, Nadine ULg et al

Poster (2006, October)

Prion cell tropism varies significantly among animal species, depending on both the agent strain and host-specific factors. For example, prions show high lymphotropism in scrapie infected sheep and vCJD ... [more ▼]

Prion cell tropism varies significantly among animal species, depending on both the agent strain and host-specific factors. For example, prions show high lymphotropism in scrapie infected sheep and vCJD, but little, if any, in sCJD or BSE. In particular, the BSE strain is associated with significant PrP-res accumulation in tonsils, spleen and appendix in humans, whereas it is largely confined to the nervous system in infected cattle. Therefore, at least in the case of BSE and vCJD, it appears that host properties can influence the accumulation of the infectious agent in lymphoid organs. Mature FDC play an important role in prion pathogenesis, since neuroinvasion following peripheral challenge is significantly impaired in their absence. The proximity between these FDC and sympathetic nerve endings is known to affect the speed of prion neuroinvasion. In this study, we analysed the mucosal innervation and the interface between nerve fibres and FDC in bovine and human tonsils and in ileal and jejunal bovine Peyer’s patches using a panel of antibodies observed by confocal microscopy. Since differences in the innervation of lymphoid organs depending on age have been reported, we analysed three categories of bovine ages (new born calves, calves less than 12 months old and bovines older than 24 months) and two categories of human ages (patients less than 5 years old and patients older than 25 years). In both species, hypothetical ways of innervation by-passing germinal centre could be postulated: nerve fibres are widely distributed in antigens/cells traffic area (the lamina propria, the interfollicular zone, the suprafollicular dome in Peyer’s patches and the lymphoepithelial area in tonsils). We pointed out that, only in ileal and jejunal Peyer’s patches and in tonsils of bovines older than 24 months, nerve fibres are observed to be in contact with FDC. In contrast, in human tonsils, no nerve fibres established contact with FDC, whatever the age. Thus, innervation of germinal centres can be said to be an age-dependent dynamic process in bovines and a weak innervation of the secondary lymphoid organs could thus be a rate-limiting step to neuroinvasion in humans. This variation could influence the way of neuroinvasion and thus, the differences of susceptibility of bovines and humans to the BSE agent. [less ▲]

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See detailDistribution of nucleic acids in cell nuclei by molecular immunocytochemistry
Thiry, Marc ULg; Vandelaer, Marc; Goessens, Guy ULg

Poster (1993)

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See detailDistribution of particulate trace elements in the Northeastern Atlantic
Dauby, Patrick ULg; Baeyens, Willy; Biondo, Renzo ULg et al

in Progress in Belgian Oceanographic Research (1993)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
See detailDistribution of pCO2 in the frontal zone of the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean during spring and summer
Delille, Bruno ULg; Kostianoy, A.; FRankignoulle, M.

Poster (2000, July)

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See detailDistribution Of Peach Latent Mosaic Viroid In Commercial Orchards Of Peach In The North Of Tunisia
Hassen, If.; Massart, Sébastien ULg; Roussel, S. et al

in Journal of Phytopathology (2007), 155(7-8), 403-408

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See detailDistribution of plankton parameters in the north eastern North Sea in relation to vertical physical structures
Veeschkens, Christine; Belkhiria, Sami; Goffart, Anne ULg et al

in Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (1994), 63(1-2), 65-88

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See detailDistribution of POC, PON and particulate Al, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ti, Zn and deltaC13 in the English Channel and adjacent areas
Dauby, Patrick ULg; Frankignoulle, Michel; Gobert, Sylvie ULg et al

in Oceanologica Acta (1994), 17(6), 643-657

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (9 ULg)
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See detailDistribution of polluting trace metals along a toposequence in a contaminated suburban field
Dere, Christelle ULg; Cornu, Sophie; Lamy, Isabelle et al

Poster (2002, August)

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See detailDistribution of potential bluetongue vectors on Belgium farms
Zimmer, Jean-Yves ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2008), 162(21), 700

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See detailDistribution of Reelin and its cytoplasmic signaling protein, DAB-1 in the forebrain of male canaries
Boseret, Géraldine ULg; Ball, G. F.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg

in Hormones & Behavior (2005, June), 48(1), 90

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See detailDistribution of scheelite in magnesian skarns at Traversella (Piemontse Alps, Italy) and Costabonne ( Eastern Pyrénées, France) : Nature of the associated magmatism and influence of fluid composition
Dubru, Michel; Vander Auwera, Jacqueline ULg; van Marcke de Lummen, Guy et al

in Boissonnas, Jean; Omenetto, P. (Eds.) Mineral Deposits within the Ruropean Community (1988)

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See detailDistribution of serotypes of clinical group B streptococci isolated in Belgium: a decade review
MELIN, Pierrette ULg; De Mol, Patrick ULg

in LISSSD Board (Ed.) Abstract book (2008, June)

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See detailDistribution of somatogenic and lactogenic receptors in pregnant cow
Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Wouters-Ballman, P; Ectors, F

Conference (1988)

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See detailDistribution of sputum cellular phenotype in a large asthma cohort: predicting factors for eosinophilic vs neutrophilic inflammation.
SCHLEICH, FLorence ULg; Manise, Maïté ULg; Sele, Jocelyne et al

in BMC Pulmonary Medicine (2013), 13(1), 11

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Phenotyping asthma according to airway inflammation allows identification of responders to targeted therapy. Induced sputum is technically demanding. We aimed to identify predictors ... [more ▼]

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Phenotyping asthma according to airway inflammation allows identification of responders to targeted therapy. Induced sputum is technically demanding. We aimed to identify predictors of sputum inflammatory phenotypes according to easily available clinical characteristics. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in 508 asthmatics with successful sputum induction recruited from the University Asthma Clinic of Liege. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve and multiple logistic regression analysis were used to assess the relationship between sputum eosinophil or neutrophil count and a set of covariates. Equations predicting sputum eosinophils and neutrophils were then validated in an independent group of asthmatics. RESULTS: Eosinophilic (>=3%) and neutrophilic (>=76%) airway inflammation were observed in 46% and 18% of patients respectively. Predictors of sputum eosinophilia >=3% were high blood eosinophils, FENO and IgE level and low FEV1/FVC. The derived equation was validated with a Cohen's kappa coefficient of 0.59 (p < 0.0001). ROC curves showed a cut-off value of 220/mm3 (AUC = 0.79, p < 0.0001) or 3% (AUC = 0.81, p < 0.0001) for blood eosinophils to identify sputum eosinophilia >=3%. Independent predictors of sputum neutrophilia were advanced age and high FRC but not blood neutrophil count. CONCLUSION: Eosinophilic and paucigranulocytic asthma are the dominant inflammatory phenotypes. Blood eosinophils provide a practical alternative to predict sputum eosinophilia but sputum neutrophil count is poorly related to blood neutrophils. [less ▲]

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