ÉduCoP case study: the Community of Practice of learners in Educational Sciences at the University of Liège.
Denis, Brigitte ; Bomgart, Marie-Laure
in Hodgson; Jones, C; de Laat, J (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Networked Learning 2012 (2012, April 03)
The concept of Community of Practice (CoP) takes nowadays a great part in the formal or informal learning domain. In addition, computerised tools are often used to sustain the activities of these ... [more ▼]
The concept of Community of Practice (CoP) takes nowadays a great part in the formal or informal learning domain. In addition, computerised tools are often used to sustain the activities of these communities (Wenger, White & Smith, 2009). The ÉduCoP case study deals with the creation and the animation process of a CoP that was launched in 2010 at the University of Liège. Initiated by a master student in educational sciences, it aims at developing and making durable a community of practice composed of learners in this field and supported by Information and Communication Technologies. This paper presents several actions undertaken to develop this CoP: the analysis of the potential members' needs, stakes and motivations of students to enrol in this project; the choice of useful and usable technological tools to provide them (here, the eGroupWare platform) and the training sessions linked to its efficient uses; the activities conducted to develop the CoP's members identity and to lead them to debate about common topics, to produce and share resources. The CoP's evolution was observed through qualitative and quantitative data collection processes (e.g. interviews about the members' implication and roles, support from animator, obstacles, feeling to belong to a CoP, analysis of the topics presented in the posted documents and messages, uses of the technological tools, frequency of connection...). The results are discussed here and perspectives are evoked for this CoP. If the actions undertaken show encouraging results, neverthless obstacles to the creation and the evolution of such a CoP have been identified (e.g. lack of technological culture among some members, reluctance to share personal productions). Some perspectives are considered to overcome these problems. Since October 2011, this initiative has been recognised at the institutional level: the university is interested in lessons learned in order to implement CoP into other faculties that would be willing to start networking and create communities of learners or of practice. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 31 (2 ULg)
Éduquer à la démocratie : Protagoras et la question de l’égalité
E-print/Working paper (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
Eduquer dans une société de la connaissance
Article for general public (2007)
Cet article explore quelques-unes des implications des nouvelles orientations politiques en matière de formation, celles qui ont été annoncées dès 1995 par la Commission Européenne. Dans un Livre blanc « ... [more ▼]
Cet article explore quelques-unes des implications des nouvelles orientations politiques en matière de formation, celles qui ont été annoncées dès 1995 par la Commission Européenne. Dans un Livre blanc « Enseigner et apprendre : vers la société cognitive », on pouvait lire que « l’éducation et la formation deviendront encore davantage les principaux vecteurs d’identification, d’appartenance, de promotion sociale et d’épanouissement personnel. C’est par l’éducation et la formation, acquises dans le système éducatif institutionnel, dans l’entreprise ou de façon plus informelle, que les individus maîtriseront leur avenir et assureront leur épanouissement personnel ». [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 33 (3 ULg)
Edward Coke et Jacques Ier, acteurs du Calvin’s case (1608) : Le juge gardien de la souveraineté ?
Conference (2009, May 12)Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
EDZ in clayey rocks: wich effect on permeability?
Levasseur, Séverine ; ; Collin, Frédéric et al
in Li, Xiangling; Jing, Lanru; Blaser, Petra (Eds.) Impact of Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) processes on the safety of underground radioactive waste repositories (2009, September)Detailed reference viewed: 40 (15 ULg)
EDZ in Plastic Clay
Charlier, Robert ;
in Davies, Christophe; Bernier, Frédéric (Eds.) Proceeding European Cluster Conference and Workshop Impact of the excavation disturbed or damages zone (EDZ) on the performance of radioactive waste geological repositories (2005)Detailed reference viewed: 34 (5 ULg)
EEG andMEG Data Analysis in SPM8
; ; et al
in Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience (2011), 2011(ID 852961), 32
SPMis a free and open source software written inMATLAB (The MathWorks, Inc.). In addition to standardM/EEG preprocessing, we presently offer three main analysis tools: (i) statistical analysis of scalp ... [more ▼]
SPMis a free and open source software written inMATLAB (The MathWorks, Inc.). In addition to standardM/EEG preprocessing, we presently offer three main analysis tools: (i) statistical analysis of scalp-maps, time-frequency images, and volumetric 3D source reconstruction images based on the general linear model, with correction for multiple comparisons using random field theory; (ii) Bayesian M/EEG source reconstruction, including support for group studies, simultaneous EEG and MEG, and fMRI priors; (iii) dynamic causal modelling (DCM), an approach combining neural modelling with data analysis for which there are several variants dealing with evoked responses, steady state responses (power spectra and cross-spectra), induced responses, and phase coupling. SPM8 is integrated with the FieldTrip toolbox , making it possible for users to combine a variety of standard analysis methods with new schemes implemented in SPM and build custom analysis tools using powerful graphical user interface (GUI) and batching tools. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
EEG imaging methods applied to brain-computer interface
Noirhomme, Quentin ;
in Proceedings of SPIE Medical Imaging 2006 (2006)Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
EEG inverse problem and priors in a brain-computer interface
Noirhomme, Quentin ;
in Proceedings of the 11-th International Conference Speech and Computer, SPECOM'2006 (2006)Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
EEG-based Brain Computer Interface for Locked-In Patients
Chatelle, Camille ;
Scientific conference (2010)Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
EEG/fMRI correlates of K-complexes and Auditory processing during Non-REM Sleep.
; ; et al
Poster (2009, June)Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
EEMCO guidance for the assessment of hair shedding and alopecia.
Pierard, Gérald ; Pierard, Claudine ; et al
in Skin Pharmacology & Physiology (2004), 17(2), 98-110
Knowledge of the hair follicle anatomy and the dynamics of hair cycling is substantial. Recognizing the anagen, catagen and telogen phases as well as teloptosis and the hair eclipse phenomenon clearly ... [more ▼]
Knowledge of the hair follicle anatomy and the dynamics of hair cycling is substantial. Recognizing the anagen, catagen and telogen phases as well as teloptosis and the hair eclipse phenomenon clearly characterizes the typical hair chronobiology. Physiological modulators include hormones, neuromediators, miscellaneous biomolecules, seasons, micro-inflammation and ageing. For individuals who present with the complaint of increased hair shedding or alopecia, a host of evaluation techniques are available in addition to history, physical examination and laboratory assessment. Various clinical hair techniques can help in assessing the efficacy of drugs and cosmetics on hair growth. The methods are quite similar to those used to establish a definite diagnosis in dermatological practice. Great strides have been made during the recent decades in the methodology of hair growth trials in dermatology and cosmetology. Clinical evaluations benefit from a few additional specific techniques that enhance the perception of hair (re-) growth, shedding and alopecia. These assessments include the determination of hair patterning and density that may be helped by the 'black-and-white felt' examination. Daily hair counts, the 'hair pull test' and the 'hair feathering test' are also available. Instrumental methods provide reliable quantitative information that is useful if there are adequate controls. Some photographic methods, the trichogram, hair weighing and variants of the hair growth window technique including the phototrichogram, videotrichogram and tractio-phototrichogram provide insight into the complexities of hair cycling and shedding. Skin biopsy is indicated for diagnostic purposes, especially when the hair loss is accompanied by scarring. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 57 (0 ULg)
EEMCO guidance for the efficacy assessment of antiperspirants and deodorants.
Pierard, Gérald ; ; et al
in Skin Pharmacology & Applied Skin Physiology (2003), 16(5), 324-42
Overproduction of sweat, sweaty skin and body odours are unpleasant for many social groups. Body cleansing products are designed to combat these undesirable features of skin. In addition, antiperspirant ... [more ▼]
Overproduction of sweat, sweaty skin and body odours are unpleasant for many social groups. Body cleansing products are designed to combat these undesirable features of skin. In addition, antiperspirant and deodorant products are more specifically used in the underarm site by a large part of the adult population. Antiperspirants are offered to control emotionally triggered sweating in the armpit. Deodorants are designed to combat malodour generated from bacteria-modified sweat. This review summarizes the physiology of eccrine, apocrine and apoeccrine sweat glands. The mechanisms of action of antiperspirants and deodorants are described as well as the factors influencing their efficacies. A series of tests using various measurement methods can be used to demonstrate the efficacy of antiperspirants. These include the gravimetric method, water evaporation quantification, electrodermal measurements, staining procedures, dye injections and cyanoacrylate skin surface strippings and casting replicas. Deodorant efficacy can be evaluated by sensory assessments performed by an expert panel. Indirect support is provided by visualization of apocrine gland excretion and collection of sweat and volatile compounds. Microbiological assessments and chromatographic analysis also provide indirect information. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 179 (3 ULg)
EEMCO guidance for the measurement of skin microcirculation.
; ; et al
in Skin Pharmacology & Applied Skin Physiology (2002), 15
The blood supply to the skin is provided by a network of arterioles, capillaries and venules organized into a superficial and a deep plexus. The assessment of skin microcirculation is of valuable interest ... [more ▼]
The blood supply to the skin is provided by a network of arterioles, capillaries and venules organized into a superficial and a deep plexus. The assessment of skin microcirculation is of valuable interest in cosmetology in the quantification of the sun protection factor, skin irritation and efficacy of antiredness treatments. Skin microcirculation can be measured by means of different techniques, based mainly on the quantification of optical and thermal properties of the skin which are modified by the amount of blood perfusion. Relevant and reproducible data can be obtained only through the understanding of the biophysical background of the technique(s) utilized. Standardization of measuring conditions and procedures is particularly required for blood flow assessment. In this paper, the advantages and disadvantages of the main techniques in use are discussed, and optimization of measurements for laser Doppler techniques is described. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 40 (0 ULg)
Eemco Guidance to the in Vivo Assessment of Tensile Functional Properties of the Skin. Part 1: Relevance to the Structures and Ageing of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissues
in Skin Pharmacology & Applied Skin Physiology (1999), 12(6, Nov-Dec), 352-62
From an engineering point of view, the skin and subcutaneous tissue represent an integrated load-transmitting structure. It is subjected to intrinsic and environmental influences. An attempt to use a four ... [more ▼]
From an engineering point of view, the skin and subcutaneous tissue represent an integrated load-transmitting structure. It is subjected to intrinsic and environmental influences. An attempt to use a four-layered model is offered to explain how the integument withstands and transmits loads through deforming appropriately. The stratum corneum, the association between the living epidermis and papillary dermis, the reticular dermis and the hypodermis have each their own intimate structures whose tensile functions are ideally balanced to respond adequately to the casual mechanical demands. A series of physiological variables, ageing and skin diseases alter the tensile functions of the organ. In the overall analysis, truly comprehensive multidisciplinary approaches in this field have brought advances in the understanding of functional skin biology. The assessment of tensile functions of skin also provides incentives for progress in skin care. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)