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See detailErhebung dialektgeographischer Daten per Internet: ein Atlasprojekt zur deutschen Alltagssprache
Möller, Robert ULg; Elspaß, Stephan

in Elspaß, Stephan; König, Werner (Eds.) Sprachgeographie digital. Die neue Generation der Sprachatlanten (2008)

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See detailÉric Benoît, Les Poésies de Mallarmé et Mallarmé et le Mystère du « Livre »
Durand, Pascal ULg

in Littératures Classiques (2000), 43(automne), 173-180

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See detailEricksonian hypnosis in tinnitus therapy.
Maudoux, Audrey ULg; Bonnet, Sophie ULg; Lhonneux-Ledoux, F. et al

in B-ENT (2007), 3 Suppl 7

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Ericksonian therapy on tinnitus STUDY DESIGN: Non-randomised, prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: A total of 49 patients ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of Ericksonian therapy on tinnitus STUDY DESIGN: Non-randomised, prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: A total of 49 patients underwent hypnosis therapy. Fourteen patients failed to finish the therapy (drop-out rate: 35%). Of the 35 patients who completed the therapy, 20 were male and 15 female. The average age was 46.3 years (range 17-78). INTERVENTION: The treatment is based on the principles and approaches of Ericksonian hypnosis. The first session was mainly dedicated to the evaluation of the impact of tinnitus on the patient's life and to an explanation of hypnosis therapy. The next sessions were "learning sessions" based on relaxation and mental imaging. Exercises were first based on all senses other than hearing. Then they focused on hearing, teaching patients how to modulate sound intensity, and finally how to modulate tinnitus intensity. Patients also learnt self-hypnosis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): To evaluate the effect of the treatment, tinnitus was assessed with the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory questionnaire before and after the therapy. Results: After 5 to 10 sessions (mean: 8.09 + -1.92) of Ericksonian hypnosis therapy, the 35 patients were capable of self-hypnosis with the aim of modulating their tinnitus, and the measured THI score fell for all patients. The global score improved significantly from 60:23 before EH therapy to 16.9 at discharge. Within the group, the initial score was distributed as follows: 0% slight, 14% mild, 31% moderate, 31% severe and 23% catastrophic. The t-test for dependent variables revealed significant improvements in all subgroups (p < or = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this clinical trial demonstrate that Ericksonian hypnosis, in particular using self-hypnosis, is a promising technique for treating patients with tinnitus. [less ▲]

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See detailERK activation upon hypoxia: involvement in HIF-1 activation.
Minet, E.; Arnould, T.; Michel, G. et al

in FEBS Letters (2000), 468(1), 53-8

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor activated by hypoxia. The HIF-1 activation transduction pathway is poorly understood. In this report, we investigated the activation of ... [more ▼]

Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a transcription factor activated by hypoxia. The HIF-1 activation transduction pathway is poorly understood. In this report, we investigated the activation of extracellular regulated kinases (ERK) in hypoxia and their involvement in HIF-1 activation. We demonstrated that in human microvascular endothelial cells-1 (HMEC-1), ERK kinases are activated during hypoxia. Using dominant negative mutants, we showed that ERK1 is needed for hypoxia-induced HIF-1 transactivation activity. Moreover, using a kinase assay and Western blot experiments, we showed that HIF-1alpha is phosphorylated in hypoxia by an ERK-dependent pathway. These results evidence the role of mitogen-activated protein kinase in the transcriptional response to hypoxia. [less ▲]

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See detailERK and calcium in activation of HIF-1.
Mottet, Denis ULg; Michel, Gaetan; Renard, Patricia et al

in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (2002), 973

HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor-1) is the main transcription factor responsible for increased gene expression in hypoxia. The oxygen-dependent regulation of HIF-1 activity occurs at multiple levels in ... [more ▼]

HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor-1) is the main transcription factor responsible for increased gene expression in hypoxia. The oxygen-dependent regulation of HIF-1 activity occurs at multiple levels in vivo. The mechanisms regulating HIF-1alpha protein expression have been most extensively analyzed, but the ones modulating HIF-1 transcriptional activity remain unclear. Changes in the phosphorylation and/or redox status of HIF-1alpha certainly play a role. Here, we show that ionomycin could activate HIF-1 transcriptional activity in a way that is additive to the effect of hypoxia without affecting HIF-1alpha protein level and HIF-1 DNA binding capacity. In addition, a calmodulin dominant-negative mutant as well as BAPTA, an intracellular calcium chelator, inhibited the hypoxia-induced HIF-1 activation. These results indicate that elevated calcium in hypoxia could participate in HIF-1 activation. PD98059, an inhibitor of the ERK pathway, but not KN-93, an inhibitor of calmodulin kinases II and IV, also blocked HIF-1 activation by hypoxia and by ionomycin. Altogether, these results suggest that calcium and calmodulin would act upstream of ERK in the hypoxia signal transduction pathway leading to enhanced HIF-1 transcriptional activity. [less ▲]

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See detailERK2 activation in arteriolar and venular murine thrombosis: platelet receptor GPIb vs. P2X.
Oury, Cécile ULg; Daenens, Kim; Hu, Hu et al

in Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis [=JTH] (2006)

The functional significance of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2) activation was investigated during shear induced human platelet aggregation (SIPA) in vitro and during shear controlled ... [more ▼]

The functional significance of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 (ERK2) activation was investigated during shear induced human platelet aggregation (SIPA) in vitro and during shear controlled thrombosis in vivo in intestinal arterioles and venules of wild type (WT) and transgenic (TG) mice with platelet-specific overexpression of human P2X(1) (TG). The conclusions are that P2X(1) and ERK2 both participate in shear stress controlled thrombosis, but ERK2 activation is initiated predominantly via GPIb-VWF interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailErlebald (+ 1193), gardien des reliques de Stavelot-Malmedy
George, Philippe ULg

in Moyen Age (Le) (1984), XC

La personnalité d'Erlebald, frère de Wibald, pour la première fois mise en évidence dans le soin apporté aux reliques et aux oeuvres d'art de l'abbaye de Stavelot-Malmedy

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See detailErlotinib-responsive actinic keratoses.
Hermanns, Jean-Francois; Pierard, Gérald ULg; Quatresooz, Pascale ULg

in Oncology Reports (2007), 18(3), 581-4

Erlotinib is an inhibitor of the tyrosine-kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor-1 (EGFR). This drug is used to treat some solid cancers, particularly advanced non-small-cell lung carcinoma ... [more ▼]

Erlotinib is an inhibitor of the tyrosine-kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor-1 (EGFR). This drug is used to treat some solid cancers, particularly advanced non-small-cell lung carcinoma. Similar to other EGFR inhibitors, erlotinib is responsible for a series of skin adverse reactions, particularly acneiform lesions. We described the incidental effect of erlotinib on actinic keratoses which became markedly inflamed and showed partial regression. Inflammation appeared to spontaneously decrease while on erlotinib treatment. This reaction in the skin neoplasm is perhaps a visible and accessible model for predicting the effect in the deep-seated neoplasm targeted by the drug. [less ▲]

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See detailERNEST J. GAINES portrait
Sacré, Robert ULg

Article for general public (1991)

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See detailErnest d'Autriche, gouverneur des Pays-Bas (1594-1595). Portrait d'un amateur de peinture et analyse du contenu de sa collection
Allart, Dominique ULg

in Cauchies, Jean-Marie; Notflatscher, Heinz (Eds.) Pays bourguignons et autrichiens (XIVe-XVIe siècles) : une controntation institutionnelle et culturelle (2006)

Le 30 janvier 1594, l’archiduc Ernest, fils de Maximilien II, faisait sa joyeuse entrée à Bruxelles. Il venait en effet d’être nommé gouverneur général des Pays-Bas par son puissant parent, Philippe II ... [more ▼]

Le 30 janvier 1594, l’archiduc Ernest, fils de Maximilien II, faisait sa joyeuse entrée à Bruxelles. Il venait en effet d’être nommé gouverneur général des Pays-Bas par son puissant parent, Philippe II. Son séjour aux Pays-Bas allait être de courte durée. Une maladie qui le minait dès avant son départ l’emporta dans la nuit du 20 au 21 février 1595. Personnalité politique de médiocre envergure, malhabile et velléitaire, Ernest apparut comme un fantoche entre les mains du monarque espagnol, ce qui lui valut d’être vilipendé avant de sombrer dans l’oubli. La collection de peintures qu’il constitua durant les derniers mois de sa vie passés aux Pays-Bas mérite pourtant qu’on s’y attarde. Certes de faible ampleur par rapport à celle de son frère, l’empereur Rodolphe II, elle se signalait par son excellent niveau qualitatif, réunissant des œuvres de Hubert Van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden, Bosch, Floris, Mostaert, Grimmer et Lucas van Valckenborch. Mais sans conteste, c’est une suite des Mois de Bruegel qui en était le plus prestigieux joyau. Elle avait été offerte à l’archiduc par la Ville d’Anvers, lorsque celui-ci fit sa joyeuse entrée dans la cité scaldienne, le 5 juillet 1594. Il y a lieu de réévaluer la place que l’archiduc Ernest occupa dans le contexte du collectionnisme de la fin du XVIe siècle ; elle a été injustement occultée par un intérêt trop exclusivement centré sur Rodolphe II. Il convient notamment de déterminer les circonstances dans lesquelles Ernest de Habsbourg procéda à ses acquisitions, et de voir comment ses choix s’inscrivent dans l’histoire du goût, reflétant un jugement très sûr, ainsi qu'un vif intérêt pour les diverses tendances qu’illustrèrent les peintres des Pays-Bas dans la seconde moitié du XVIe siècle. Enfin, il importe de préciser quel fut le destin de ses collections. L’historique de la fameuse suite de Bruegel, en particulier, appelle maintes remarques. Il est très loin d’être aussi clair et solide qu’on s’est plu à l’affirmer jusqu’ici. [less ▲]

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See detailErnest de Bavière et la musique
Corswarem, Emilie ULg

in Halleux, Robert; Xhayet, Geneviève (Eds.) Ernest de Bavière (1554-1612) et son temps. L’automne flamboyant de la Renaissance entre Meuse et Rhin (2011)

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See detailErnest de Bavière et le catholicisme tridentin
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Halleux, Robert; Xhayet, Geneviève (Eds.) Ernest de Bavière (1554-1612) et son temps. L'automne flamboyant de la Renaissance entre Meuse et Rhin (2011)

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See detailErnest de Bavière, une biographie historique
Delfosse, Annick ULg

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailErnest Montellier, le maillon fort du patrimoine
Lempereur, Françoise ULg

in Ernest Montellier (1894-1993), le Semeur de joie (2008)

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See detailEros communiste, de Badiou à Breton
Bolmain, Thomas ULg; Pieron, Julien ULg

Scientific conference (2010, May 12)

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See detailÉros en Grèce : dieu ou démon ?
Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg

in Ries, Julien (Ed.) Anges et démons. Actes du Colloque de Liège et de Louvain-la-Neuve (25-26 novembre 1987) (1989)

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See detailEros et Thanatos
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Art&fact (1991), 10

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See detailErosion and rainfall erosivity under climate change: rainfall simulation and soil losses measurement at field scale
Kummert, Nora ULg; Beckers, Eléonore ULg; Degre, Aurore ULg

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011), 13

Soil and water conservation is a big issue of this century. The soil is a non renewable resource. As we know, the change in climate brings more short erosive rainfall with a high capacity to take away the ... [more ▼]

Soil and water conservation is a big issue of this century. The soil is a non renewable resource. As we know, the change in climate brings more short erosive rainfall with a high capacity to take away the topsoil. Moreover, topsoil contains all the nutrients the plants needs. It is now essential that we found a new balance between productivity and durability. Impacts of new agricultural techniques on soil structure are already studied in different countries (i.e. Beckers et al., 2010; Walh et al., 2004; Malone et al., 2003). But what are the impacts on erosion? That is a question with few answers. And this is where our experiment comes, in order to link erosion and future erosion with management practices. Two ways exist to act against soil losses: enhancing soil structure or increasing vegetation cover. Our study aims at measuring soil losses and runoff under different practices and for a future scenario of climate change. This study explores new practices and measures their effects on erosion and runoff under a future rainfall. We focus on two cultures: sugar beet and maize. Each is tested under three different systems. For sugar beet soil structure impact is monitored: three tillage systems are tested: winter ploughing, fall ploughing and fall topsoiling. For maize vegetation cover impact is monitored: three seeding systems are studied: classical seeding (75 cm interrow), classical seeding with Ray-grass seeding in the interrows, and distributed seeding (obtained with a grains seeder). Rainfall simulation has been chosen for the study so the impacts of climate change can also be tested. A future rainfall was calculated based on a climate change scenario for Belgium (CCI-HYDR project, Willems, 2006-2010). A basic current rainfall of 100 years return period and 30 minutes duration (correspondent intensity: 70 mm/h) entered into the model gives the new rainfall. After the application of the scenario, the new rainfall has an intensity of 80 mm/h. This is our future rainfall used in this experiment. The simulations of this rainfall were carried on during the main crop season (between June and August). Three simulations were performed on sugar beet and two on maize on plots with the dimensions: 3 m length and 90 cm and 120 cm width respectively for sugar beet and maize (corresponding to two rows of the main culture). During each simulation soil losses and runoff quantities were measured. From the first year experiment, some tendencies can be observed. The topsoiling on sugar beet culture seems to produce less soil losses when the winter ploughing gives the lower quantities of runoff. The distributed seeding for the maize culture gives the lower rates for both soil losses and runoff quantities. Our experiment will be repeated at least for the next two years with new future rainfall to be tested. The climatic conditions are an important factor which can modify the behavior of soil response under rainfall event. More research has to be done in order to improve our knowledge of runoff and erosion phenomenon at smaller scale. [less ▲]

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