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 Browsing Complete repository Arts & humanities   Archaeology   Art & art history   Classical & oriental studies   History   Languages & linguistics   Literature   Performing arts   Philosophy & ethics   Religion & theology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Business & economic sciences   Accounting & auditing   Production, distribution & supply chain management   Finance   General management & organizational theory   Human resources management   Management information systems   Marketing   Strategy & innovation   Quantitative methods in economics & management   General economics & history of economic thought   International economics   Macroeconomics & monetary economics   Microeconomics   Economic systems & public economics   Social economics   Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation…)   Multidisciplinary, general & others Engineering, computing & technology   Aerospace & aeronautics engineering   Architecture   Chemical engineering   Civil engineering   Computer science   Electrical & electronics engineering   Energy   Geological, petroleum & mining engineering   Materials science & engineering   Mechanical engineering   Multidisciplinary, general & others Human health sciences   Alternative medicine   Anesthesia & intensive care   Cardiovascular & respiratory systems   Dentistry & oral medicine   Dermatology   Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition   Forensic medicine   Gastroenterology & hepatology   General & internal medicine   Geriatrics   Hematology   Immunology & infectious disease   Laboratory medicine & medical technology   Neurology   Oncology   Ophthalmology   Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine   Otolaryngology   Pediatrics   Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology   Psychiatry   Public health, health care sciences & services   Radiology, nuclear medicine & imaging   Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)   Rheumatology   Surgery   Urology & nephrology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Law, criminology & political science   Civil law   Criminal law & procedure   Criminology   Economic & commercial law   European & international law   Judicial law   Metalaw, Roman law, history of law & comparative law   Political science, public administration & international relations   Public law   Social law   Tax law   Multidisciplinary, general & others Life sciences   Agriculture & agronomy   Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology   Animal production & animal husbandry   Aquatic sciences & oceanology   Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology   Biotechnology   Entomology & pest control   Environmental sciences & ecology   Food science   Genetics & genetic processes   Microbiology   Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)   Veterinary medicine & animal health   Zoology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences   Chemistry   Earth sciences & physical geography   Mathematics   Physics   Space science, astronomy & astrophysics   Multidisciplinary, general & others Social & behavioral sciences, psychology   Animal psychology, ethology & psychobiology   Anthropology   Communication & mass media   Education & instruction   Human geography & demography   Library & information sciences   Neurosciences & behavior   Regional & inter-regional studies   Social work & social policy   Sociology & social sciences   Social, industrial & organizational psychology   Theoretical & cognitive psychology   Treatment & clinical psychology   Multidisciplinary, general & others      by title 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z or enter first few letters:    OK Showing results 37801 to 37820 of 146153     1886 1887 1888 1889 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896     Discovery of magnetic fields in the βCephei star ξ1 CMa and in several slowly pulsating B stars*Hubrig, S.; Briquet, Maryline ; Schöller, M. et alin Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2006), 369We present the results of a magnetic survey of a sample of eight βCephei stars and 26 slowly pulsating B (SPBs) stars with the FOcal Reducer low dispersion Spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope. A weak ... [more ▼]We present the results of a magnetic survey of a sample of eight βCephei stars and 26 slowly pulsating B (SPBs) stars with the FOcal Reducer low dispersion Spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope. A weak mean longitudinal magnetic field of the order of a few hundred Gauss is detected in the βCephei star ξ[SUP]1[/SUP]CMa and in 13 SPB stars. The star ξ[SUP]1[/SUP]CMa becomes the third magnetic star among the βCephei stars. Before our study, the star ζCas was the only known magnetic SPB star. All magnetic SPB stars for which we gathered several magnetic field measurements show a field that varies in time. We do not find a relation between the evolution of the magnetic field with stellar age in our small sample. Our observations imply that βCephei and SPB stars can no longer be considered as classes of non-magnetic pulsators, but the effect of the fields on the oscillation properties remains to be studied. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg) Discovery of magnetic fields in three He variable Bp stars with He and Si spotsBriquet, Maryline ; Hubrig, S.; Schöller, M. et alin Astronomische Nachrichten (2007), 328It is essential for the understanding of stellar structure models of high mass stars to explain why constant stars, non-pulsating chemically peculiar hot Bp stars and pulsating stars co-exist in the ... [more ▼]It is essential for the understanding of stellar structure models of high mass stars to explain why constant stars, non-pulsating chemically peculiar hot Bp stars and pulsating stars co-exist in the slowly pulsating B stars and β Cephei instability strips. We have conducted a search for magnetic fields in the four Bp stars HD 55522, HD 105382, HD 131120, and HD 138769 which previously have been wrongly identified as slowly pulsating B stars. A recent study of these stars using the Doppler Imaging technique revealed that the elements He and Si are inhomogeneously distributed on the stellar surface, causing the periodic variability. Using FORS 1 in spectropolarimetric mode at the VLT, we have acquired circular polarisation spectra to test the presence of a magnetic field in these stars. A variable magnetic field is clearly detected in HD 55522 and HD 105382, but no evidence for the existence of a magnetic field was found in HD 131120. The presence of a magnetic field in HD 138769 is suggested by one measurement at 3 σ level. We discuss the occurrence of magnetic B stars among the confirmed pulsating B stars and find strong magnetic fields of order kG and oscillations to be mutually exclusive. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Paranal, Chile (ESO programmes 71.D-0308(A), 072.D-0377(A), and 073.D-0466(A)). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg) Discovery of Neptune's ring at La SillaHaefner, R.; Manfroid, Jean ; Bouchet, P.in The Messenger (1985), 42The unexpected rediscovery of the Uranian rings in 1977 and the discovery of the faint Jovian rings in 1979 led to an intensified search for rings around Neptune. A description is given of observing ... [more ▼]The unexpected rediscovery of the Uranian rings in 1977 and the discovery of the faint Jovian rings in 1979 led to an intensified search for rings around Neptune. A description is given of observing programs at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in Chile, which led to a discovery of such a ring, taking into account the utilization of the ESO 0.5 m and 1 m telescopes. The discovery is based on observations made on the night of July 22, 1984, in connection with a stellar occultation by the planet. Explanations for the observed differences in shape and timing of the occultation event, as recorded by both telescopes, are discussed. The obtained conclusions could be confirmed by a study of the results of a group of American astronomers working at the Cerro Tololo observatory. The observations strongly favor the existence of, at least, a part of a ring which has a width of roughly 10-15 km over a length of at least 100 km. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg) Discovery of New Inhibitors of Resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae Penicillin Binding Protein (PBP) 2x by Structure-Based Virtual Screening.Miguet, Laurence; Zervosen, Astrid ; Gerards, Thomas et alin Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2009)Penicillin binding proteins (PBPs) are involved in the biosynthesis of the peptidoglycan layer constitutive of the bacterial envelope. They have been targeted for more than half a century by extensively ... [more ▼]Penicillin binding proteins (PBPs) are involved in the biosynthesis of the peptidoglycan layer constitutive of the bacterial envelope. They have been targeted for more than half a century by extensively derived molecular scaffolds of penicillins and cephalosporins. Streptococcus pneumoniae resists the antibiotic pressure by inducing highly mutated PBPs that can no longer bind the beta-lactam containing agents. To find inhibitors of PBP2x from Streptococcus pneumoniae (spPBP2x) with novel chemical scaffold so as to circumvent the resistance problems, a hierarchical virtual screening procedure was performed on the NCI database containing approximately 260000 compounds. The calculations involved ligand-based pharmacophore mapping studies and molecular docking simulations in a homology model of spPBP2x from the highly resistant strain 5204. A total of 160 hits were found, and 55 were available for experimental tests. Three compounds harboring two novel chemical scaffolds were identified as inhibitors of the resistant strain 5204-spPBP2x at the micromolar range. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 99 (15 ULg) Discovery of new rheumatoid arthritis biomarkers using SELDI-TOF-MS ProteinChip approachDe Seny, Dominique ; Fillet, Marianne ; Meuwis, Marie-Alice et alin Arthritis and Rheumatism (2004, September), 50(9, Suppl. S), 124Detailed reference viewed: 43 (19 ULg) Discovery of new rheumatoid arthritis biomarkers using the surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry ProteinChip approach.De Seny, Dominique ; Fillet, Marianne ; Meuwis, Marie-Alice et alin Arthritis and Rheumatism (2005), 52(12), 3801-12OBJECTIVE: To identify serum protein biomarkers specific for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) technology ... [more ▼]OBJECTIVE: To identify serum protein biomarkers specific for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), using surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) technology. METHODS: A total of 103 serum samples from patients and healthy controls were analyzed. Thirty-four of the patients had a diagnosis of RA, based on the American College of Rheumatology criteria. The inflammation control group comprised 20 patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), 9 with asthma, and 10 with Crohn's disease. The noninflammation control group comprised 14 patients with knee osteoarthritis and 16 healthy control subjects. Serum protein profiles were obtained by SELDI-TOF-MS and compared in order to identify new biomarkers specific for RA. Data were analyzed by a machine learning algorithm called decision tree boosting, according to different preprocessing steps. RESULTS: The most discriminative mass/charge (m/z) values serving as potential biomarkers for RA were identified on arrays for both patients with RA versus controls and patients with RA versus patients with PsA. From among several candidates, the following peaks were highlighted: m/z values of 2,924 (RA versus controls on H4 arrays), 10,832 and 11,632 (RA versus controls on CM10 arrays), 4,824 (RA versus PsA on H4 arrays), and 4,666 (RA versus PsA on CM10 arrays). Positive results of proteomic analysis were associated with positive results of the anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide test. Our observations suggested that the 10,832 peak could represent myeloid-related protein 8. CONCLUSION: SELDI-TOF-MS technology allows rapid analysis of many serum samples, and use of decision tree boosting analysis as the main statistical method allowed us to propose a pattern of protein peaks specific for RA. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 90 (20 ULg) Discovery of non-biodegradable fossil cellulose.Lechien, V.; Rodriguez, Ch.; Grandjean, Jean et alPoster (2004, December 17)Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg) Discovery of novel accessible proteins for therapeutic targeting of hepatocellular carcinoma.Turtoi, Andrei ; Otaka, Y; Rokudai, S et alin Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2016, March), 79(1), 13Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg) Discovery of novel lipophilic inhibitors of OXA-10 enzyme (class D beta-lactamase) by screening amino analogs and homologs of citrate and isocitrate.Beck, Joséphine; Vercheval, Lionel ; Bebrone, Carine et alin Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters (2009), 19Aminocitrate (and homolog) derivatives have been prepared by bis-alkylation of glycinate Schiff bases with bromoacetates (and ethyl acrylate), followed by N-acylation and esters (partial or complete ... [more ▼]Aminocitrate (and homolog) derivatives have been prepared by bis-alkylation of glycinate Schiff bases with bromoacetates (and ethyl acrylate), followed by N-acylation and esters (partial or complete) deprotection. Aminoisocitrate was similarly obtained by mono-alkylation with diethyl fumarate. Evaluation against representative beta-lactamases revealed that the free acid derivatives are modest inhibitors of class A enzymes, whilst their benzyl esters showed a good inhibition of OXA-10 (class D enzyme). A docking experiment featured hydrophobic interactions in the active site. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 36 (6 ULg) Discovery of pulsed polar flares in the Jovian auroraeBonfond, Bertrand ; Vogt, M~F; Grodent, Denis et alPoster (2010, December)The most active part of the aurora at Jupiter is certainly the polar region, i.e. the emissions located poleward of the main auroral oval. This region is known to occasionally show localized but dramatic ... [more ▼]The most active part of the aurora at Jupiter is certainly the polar region, i.e. the emissions located poleward of the main auroral oval. This region is known to occasionally show localized but dramatic enhancements of its brightness, referred to as polar flares. These emissions have been associated with the polar cusp, based on their location in the polar cap. In summer 2009, right after the refurbishment of the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph camera, the Hubble Space Telescope acquired the longest high-time resolution sequence ever of images of the Jovian aurora. We report the first observations of a quasi-periodicity in the occurrence of these flares, with a timescale of ~2-3 minutes. By using a magnetic flux mapping model, we show that these features originate from a region located at a radial distance ranging from 80 to 100 Jovian radii and local times between 10:00 and 15:00. As a consequence, by analogy with similar behaviors observed in the Earth aurora, we suggest that these emissions could be attributed to pulsed reconnections in the dayside magnetopause. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 29 (2 ULg) Discovery of soft X-ray emission from Io, Europa, and the Io Plasma TorusElsner, Ronald F.; Gladstone, G. Randall; Waite, J. Hunter et alin Astrophysical Journal (2002), 572(2), 1077-1082We report the discovery of soft (0.25-2 keV) X-ray emission from the Galilean satellites Io and Europa, probably Ganymede, and from the Io Plasma Torus (IPT). Bombardment by energetic (greater than 10 keV ... [more ▼]We report the discovery of soft (0.25-2 keV) X-ray emission from the Galilean satellites Io and Europa, probably Ganymede, and from the Io Plasma Torus (IPT). Bombardment by energetic (greater than 10 keV) H, O, and S ions from the region of the IPT seems to be the likely source of the X-ray emission from the Galilean satellites. According to our estimates, fluorescent X-ray emission excited by solar X-rays, even during flares from the active Sun, charge-exchange processes, previously invoked to explain Jupiter's X-ray aurora and cometary X-ray emission, and ion stripping by dust grains fail to account for the observed emission. On the other hand, bremsstrahlung emission of soft X-rays from nonthermal electrons in the few hundred to few thousand eV range may account for a substantial fraction of the observed X-ray flux from the IPT. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (5 ULg) Discovery of temperate Earth-sized planets transiting a nearby ultracool dwarf starJehin, Emmanuel ; Gillon, Michaël ; Lederer, Susan M. et alin AAS/Division for Planetary Sciences Meeting Abstracts (2016, October 01)We report the discovery of three short-period Earth-sized planets transiting a nearby ultracool dwarf star using data collected by the Liège TRAPPIST telescope, located in la Silla (Chile). TRAPPIST-1 is ... [more ▼]We report the discovery of three short-period Earth-sized planets transiting a nearby ultracool dwarf star using data collected by the Liège TRAPPIST telescope, located in la Silla (Chile). TRAPPIST-1 is an isolated M8.0±0.5-type dwarf star at a distance of 12.0±0.4 parsecs as measured by its trigonometric parallax, with an age constrained to be > 500 Myr, and with a luminosity, mass, and radius of 0.05%, 8% and 11.5% those of the Sun, respectively. The small size of the host star, only slightly larger than Jupiter, translates into Earth-like radii for the three discovered planets, as deduced from their transit depths. The inner two planets receive four and two times the irradiation of Earth, respectively, placing them close to the inner edge of the habitable zone of the star. Several orbits remain possible for the third planet based on our current data. The infrared brightness of the host star combined with its Jupiter-like size offer the possibility of thoroughly characterizing the components of this nearby planetary system. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 40 (2 ULg) Discovery of the atomic iron tail of comet McNaught using the Heliospheric Imager on STEREOFulle, M.; Leblanc, F.; Harrison, R. A. et alin Astrophysical Journal (2007), 661(1, Part 2), 93-96In 2007 January, at the heliocentric distance r < 0.3 AU, comet McNaught 2006P1 became the brightest comet since C/Ikeya-Seki 1965S1 and was continuously monitored by space-based solar observatories. We ... [more ▼]In 2007 January, at the heliocentric distance r < 0.3 AU, comet McNaught 2006P1 became the brightest comet since C/Ikeya-Seki 1965S1 and was continuously monitored by space-based solar observatories. We provide strong evidence that an archlike tail observed by the Heliospheric Imager aboard the STEREO spacecraft is the first ever detected tail composed of neutral Fe atoms. We obtain an Fe lifetime tau = (4.1 +/- 0.4) x 10(4) s at r = 0.25 AU, in agreement with theoretical predictions of the photoionization lifetime. The expected dust temperature is inconsistent with iron sublimation, suggesting that Fe atoms are coming from troilite evaporation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg) Discovery of the first eclipsing binary barium starJorissen, A.; Manfroid, Jean ; Sterken, C.in The Messenger (1991), 66Photometric monitoring of barium stars is discussed with particular attention given to the first eclipsing binary barium star, HD 46407. The spectroscopic ephemeris of HD 46407 was used to predict the ... [more ▼]Photometric monitoring of barium stars is discussed with particular attention given to the first eclipsing binary barium star, HD 46407. The spectroscopic ephemeris of HD 46407 was used to predict the times of a possible eclipse of the companion by the barium star. It is concluded that the light curve of HD 46407 derived from the photometric observations in the D50 system displays a sharp 'primary' eclipse (companion behind the barium star) and a possible shallow 'secondary' eclipse. The primary eclipse occurred in November 1988 and had a depth of about 0.02 mag. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg) Discovery of WASP-113b and WASP-114b, two inflated hot-Jupiters with contrasting densitiesBarros, S. C. C.; Brown, D. J. A.; Hébrard, G. et alin Astronomy and Astrophysics (2016), 593We present the discovery and characterisation of the exoplanets WASP-113b and WASP-114b by the WASP survey, {\it SOPHIE} and {\it CORALIE}. The planetary nature of the systems was established by ... [more ▼]We present the discovery and characterisation of the exoplanets WASP-113b and WASP-114b by the WASP survey, {\it SOPHIE} and {\it CORALIE}. The planetary nature of the systems was established by performing follow-up photometric and spectroscopic observations. The follow-up data were combined with the WASP-photometry and analysed with an MCMC code to obtain system parameters. The host stars WASP-113 and WASP-114 are very similar. They are both early G-type stars with an effective temperature of $\sim 5900\,$K, [Fe/H]$\sim 0.12$ and $T_{\rm eff}$ $\sim 4.1$dex. However, WASP-113 is older than WASP-114. Although the planetary companions have similar radii, WASP-114b is almost 4 times heavier than WASP-113b. WASP-113b has a mass of $0.48\,$ $\mathrm{M}_{\rm Jup}$ and an orbital period of $\sim 4.5\,$days; WASP-114b has a mass of $1.77\,$ $\mathrm{M}_{\rm Jup}$ and an orbital period of $\sim 1.5\,$days. Both planets have inflated radii, in particular WASP-113 with a radius anomaly of $\Re=0.35$. The high scale height of WASP-113b ($\sim 950$ km ) makes it a good target for follow-up atmospheric observations. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg) Discovery of WASP-65b and WASP-75b: Two Hot Jupiters Without Highly Inflated RadiiGómez Maqueo Chew, Y.; Faedi, F.; Pollacco, D. et alin Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013)We report the discovery of two transiting hot Jupiters, WASP-65b (Mpl = 1.55 ± 0.16 MJ; Rpl = 1.11 ± 0.06 RJ), and WASP-75b (Mpl = 1.07 ± 0.05 MJ; Rpl = 1.27 ± 0.05 RJ). They orbit their host star every ... [more ▼]We report the discovery of two transiting hot Jupiters, WASP-65b (Mpl = 1.55 ± 0.16 MJ; Rpl = 1.11 ± 0.06 RJ), and WASP-75b (Mpl = 1.07 ± 0.05 MJ; Rpl = 1.27 ± 0.05 RJ). They orbit their host star every ~2.311, and ~2.484 days, respectively. The planet host WASP-65 is a G6 star (Teff = 5600 K, [Fe/H] = -0.07 ± 0.07, age ≳8 Gyr); WASP-75 is an F9 star (Teff = 6100 K, [Fe/H] = 0.07 ± 0.09, age ~ 3 Gyr). WASP-65b is one of the densest known exoplanets in the mass range 0.1 and 2.0 MJ (rhopl = 1.13 ± 0.08 rhoJ), a mass range where a large fraction of planets are found to be inflated with respect to theoretical planet models. WASP-65b is one of only a handful of planets with masses of ~1.5 MJ, a mass regime surprisingly underrepresented among the currently known hot Jupiters. The radius of WASP-75b is slightly inflated (≲10%) as compared to theoretical planet models with no core, and has a density similar to that of Saturn (rhopl = 0.52 ± 0.06 rhoJ). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg) Discovery of WASP-85Ab: a hot Jupiter in a visual binary systemBrown, D. J. A.; Anderson, D. R.; Armstrong, D. J. et alE-print/Working paper (2014)We report the discovery of the transiting hot Jupiter exoplanet WASP-85Ab. Using a combined analysis of spectroscopic and photometric data, we determine that the planet orbits its host star every 2.66 ... [more ▼]We report the discovery of the transiting hot Jupiter exoplanet WASP-85Ab. Using a combined analysis of spectroscopic and photometric data, we determine that the planet orbits its host star every 2.66 days, and has a mass of 1.09+/-0.03 M_Jup and a radius of 1.44+/-0.02 R_Jup. The host star is of G5 spectral type, with magnitude V=11.2, and lies 125+/-80 pc distant. We find stellar parameters of T_eff=5685+/-65 K, super-solar metallicity ([Fe/H]=0.08+/-0.10), M_star=1.04+/-0.07 M_sun and R_star=0.96+/-0.13 R_sun. The system has a K-dwarf binary companion, WASP-85B, at a separation of approximately 1.5". The close proximity of this companion leads to contamination of our photometry, decreasing the apparent transit depth that we account for during our analysis. Without this correction, we find the depth to be 50 percent smaller, the stellar density to be 32 percent smaller, and the planet radius to be 18 percent smaller than the true value. Many of our radial velocity observations are also contaminated; these are disregarded when analysing the system in favour of the uncontaminated HARPS observations, as they have reduced semi-amplitudes that lead to underestimated planetary masses. We find a long-term trend in the binary position angle, indicating a misalignment between the binary and orbital planes. WASP observations of the system show variability with a period of 14.64 days, indicative of rotational modulation caused by stellar activity. Analysis of the Ca ii H+K lines shows strong emission that implies that both binary components are strongly active. We find that the system is likely to be less than a few Gyr old. WASP-85 lies in the field of view of K2 Campaign 1. Long cadence observations of the planet clearly show the planetary transits, along with the signature of stellar variability. Analysis of the K2 data, both long and short cadence, is ongoing. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 42 (3 ULg) Discovery of X-Ray Emission from Young Suns in the Small Magellanic CloudOskinova, L. M.; Sun, W.; Evans, C. J. et alin Astrophysical Journal (2013), 765We report the discovery of extended X-ray emission within the young star cluster NGC 602a in the Wing of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) based on observations obtained with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory ... [more ▼]We report the discovery of extended X-ray emission within the young star cluster NGC 602a in the Wing of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) based on observations obtained with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. X-ray emission is detected from the cluster core area with the highest stellar density and from a dusty ridge surrounding the H II region. We use a census of massive stars in the cluster to demonstrate that a cluster wind or wind-blown bubble is unlikely to provide a significant contribution to the X-ray emission detected from the central area of the cluster. We therefore suggest that X-ray emission at the cluster core originates from an ensemble of low- and solar-mass pre-main-sequence (PMS) stars, each of which would be too weak in X-rays to be detected individually. We attribute the X-ray emission from the dusty ridge to the embedded tight cluster of the newborn stars known in this area from infrared studies. Assuming that the levels of X-ray activity in young stars in the low-metallicity environment of NGC 602a are comparable to their Galactic counterparts, then the detected spatial distribution, spectral properties, and level of X-ray emission are largely consistent with those expected from low- and solar-mass PMS stars and young stellar objects (YSOs). This is the first discovery of X-ray emission attributable to PMS stars and YSOs in the SMC, which suggests that the accretion and dynamo processes in young, low-mass objects in the SMC resemble those in the Galaxy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 29 (2 ULg) Discovery of X-ray pulsations from a massive starOskinova, Lidia M.; Nazé, Yaël ; Todt, Helge et alin Nature Communications (2014), 5X-ray emission from stars much more massive than the Sun was discovered only 35 years ago. Such stars drive fast stellar winds where shocks can develop, and it is commonly assumed that the X-rays emerge ... [more ▼]X-ray emission from stars much more massive than the Sun was discovered only 35 years ago. Such stars drive fast stellar winds where shocks can develop, and it is commonly assumed that the X-rays emerge from the shock-heated plasma. Many massive stars additionally pulsate. However, hitherto it was neither theoretically predicted nor observed that these pulsations would affect their X-ray emission. All X-ray pulsars known so far are associated with degenerate objects, either neutron stars or white dwarfs. Here we report the discovery of pulsating X-rays from a non-degenerate object, the massive B-type star ξ[SUP]1[/SUP] CMa. This star is a variable of β Cep-type and has a strong magnetic field. Our observations with the X-ray Multi-Mirror (XMM-Newton) telescope reveal X-ray pulsations with the same period as the fundamental stellar oscillations. This discovery challenges our understanding of stellar winds from massive stars, their X-ray emission and their magnetism. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 201 (8 ULg) Discovery Tools, a BibliographyRenaville, François Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2014)Libraries are continually changing to meet the needs of users. This includes implementing discovery tools, also referred to as web-scale discovery tools or services, to make it easier to search through ... [more ▼]Libraries are continually changing to meet the needs of users. This includes implementing discovery tools, also referred to as web-scale discovery tools or services, to make it easier to search through their physical, digital and electronic collections. Vendors and suppliers are continuously improving their functionali ties offering new services and improved technologies. Hundreds of publications and communications on implementation, comparison, user experience, information literacy, librarian perception, collection usage, etc. related to discovery tools have already been produced. This bibliography aims to give a selected overview of what (mostly) librarians have written or said about discovery tools. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 69 (15 ULg)