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See detailEsquisse d’une profession consultante. Les intermédiaires du marché du travail en Wallonie
Orianne, Jean-François ULg; Maroy, Christian

in Formation Emploi : Revue Française de Sciences Sociales (2008), 102

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (16 ULg)
See detailEsquisse d’une théorie du compromis
Nachi, Mohamed ULg

in Nachi, Mohamed (Ed.) Eloge du compromis. Pour une nouvelle pratique démocratique (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 ULg)
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See detailEsquisse de bilan
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg

in Nouvelles du Patrimoine (Les) (1998), 78

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See detailEsquisse des représentations collectives kimbanguistes De 1921 à nos jours
Melice, Anne ULg

Master's dissertation (1997)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (1 ULg)
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See detailEsquisse géologique du bassin de la Basse Lesse
Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Atlas du karst wallon: bassin de la Basse Lesse (2014)

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See detailEsquisse pour une généalogie des rapports entre droit et régulation
Thirion, Nicolas ULg

in Depré, Sébastien; Mourlon Beernaert (Eds.) Du monopole à la concurrence: quelle régulation? (2010)

Etude visant à retracer les différents sens du mot "régulation" dans le discours juridique des vingt dernières années et à dégager leur origine commune dans la pensée ordo-libérale allemande

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See detailEsquivanne: Un Outil de Conception des Barrages Mobiles de Navigation
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Lizin, S.; Closset, M. P. et al

in PIANC 2006, 31ème Congrès de l’PIANC (Article 076) (2006, May)

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See detailESR associated with spin-labelling methods into the study of photosensitization in liposomal solutions
Hoebeke, Maryse ULg

in Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (2000)

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See detailESR evidence of superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical and singlet oxygen generation during photosensitization of PPME in HCT-116 cells
Quoilin, Caroline ULg; Guelluy, Pierre-Henri ULg; Grammenos, Angeliki ULg et al

Poster (2010, March)

Pyropheophorbide-a methyl ester (PPME), a derivative of chlorophyll a, is a second-generation photosensitizer and is studying largely in vitro for nearly a decade on cancerous cells. It has been ... [more ▼]

Pyropheophorbide-a methyl ester (PPME), a derivative of chlorophyll a, is a second-generation photosensitizer and is studying largely in vitro for nearly a decade on cancerous cells. It has been previously established on HCT-116 (human colon carcinoma cell line) that PPME is a molecule able to create apoptotic and necrotic death (Matroule et al). The cytotoxicity of PPME is presumed to be induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by the photoexcited molecule. Actually, to the best of our knowledge, no experimental evidence enables to confirm this supposition in an indubitable manner. Electron spin resonance (ESR) associated with spin trapping technique is a powerful method to detect, quantify and identify the ROS produced after photoactivation of PPME. Previous results indicate that PPME penetrates inside cells and localizes inside specific organelles (endothelial reticulum, Golgi apparatus and lysosome) (Matroule et al). The recent researches of Guelluy et al have also clearly demonstrated the presence of PPME inside mitochondrion. Consequently, ESR experiments were performed using an intracellular located spin trap, POBN (4-pyridyl 1-oxide-N-tert-butylnitrone), in order to detect in situ the ROS production. It has been shown that PPME is able to generate superoxide anions and hydroxyl radicals. Irradiation of the dye in HCT-116 cells in the presence of POBN spin trap and ethanol scavenger (2%, a non-toxic concentration) leads to the apparition of the ESR spectrum characteristics of POBN/ethoxy adduct. To assess the extent of contribution of ROS and to determine a possible reaction mechanism, competition experiments with specific quencher agents were carried out. Addition of catalase (CAT), a hydrogen peroxide quencher, or superoxide dismutase (SOD), a superoxide anion quencher, inhibits 30% of the signal. The parallel effect of SOD and CAT suggest that superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide are involved in the generation of hydroxyl radicals via a Fenton reaction. This assertion is reinforced by the 20% reduction of signal intensity when adding desferroxamine, a Fe3+ chelator also implicated in Fenton reaction. Addition of DABCO, a quencher of singlet oxygen, to cells reduces 70% of the POBN/ethoxy adduct signal intensity. [less ▲]

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See detailESR Investigation of Chemical Exchange in Geminally Diphosphorylated Linear Nitroxide Radicals
Rockenbauer, Antal; Olive, Gilles ULg; Rozanska, Xavier et al

in Journal of Physical Chemistry A (2004), 108(25), 5484-5489

For geminally diphosphorylated linear nitroxide radicals, a marked line width alternation (LWA) can be observed. The LWA appears irrespectively whether the investigated radicals R¢¢N(O¥)C(P(O)(OEt)2)2R¢ ... [more ▼]

For geminally diphosphorylated linear nitroxide radicals, a marked line width alternation (LWA) can be observed. The LWA appears irrespectively whether the investigated radicals R¢¢N(O¥)C(P(O)(OEt)2)2R¢ contain any chiral group or not. If R¢¢ ) tert-butyl and R¢ ) H, the small â-hydrogen coupling indicates a completely blocked rotation around the N-C ó-bond and the LWA can be assigned to a chemical exchange between conformations in which the phosphoryl groups have a symmetric and a nonsymmetric geometry. The conformational change is accompanied by the deformation of the CP2 bonding angle and the rate of exchange is slowed in pentane for which the solvent molecules can be trapped by the chelating phosphoryl groups. If R¢¢ ) benzyl, both the proton hyperfine lines of the CH2 group and the phosphorus lines of the CP2 group produce a LWA; two coalescences can be observed. In the case of a chiral R¢¢ group (R¢¢ ) secondary butyl, R¢ ) methyl) a tentative four-site model can explain the highly complex LWA. [less ▲]

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