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See detailDevelopment and use of a 4D GIS to support the conservation of the Calakmul site
Van Ruymbeke, Muriel ULiege; Cervera Xicotencatl, Ariadna ULiege; Garcia Moreno, Renata et al

Report (2009)

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See detailDevelopment and use of a 4D GIS to support the conservation of the Calakmul site (Mexico, World Heritage Programme)
Van Ruymbeke, Muriel ULiege; Tigny, Vincent; De Bats, Erik et al

in Ioannides, M. (Ed.) VSMM 2008. Digital Heritage. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia (2008)

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See detailDevelopment and use of equation based simulation tools to support audit of commercial buildings
Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULiege; Lebrun, Jean ULiege; Andre, Philippe ULiege

in Proceedings of the eleventh International IBPSA Conference, Glasgow, UK (2009, July)

A series of new simulation tools are being developed to help the building energy auditor in establishing his diagnosis (including benchmarking and detailed analysis of actual energy consumption) and in ... [more ▼]

A series of new simulation tools are being developed to help the building energy auditor in establishing his diagnosis (including benchmarking and detailed analysis of actual energy consumption) and in evaluating the selected Energy Conservation Opportunities (ECOs). The Building-HVAC System global models presented here include simplified models of building zones and of HVAC equipment. Only a limited number of easily identifiable parameters is required. The simplicity of the models and the use of an equation solver to run the simulation ensure good robustness and full transparency. The development, the implementation and the use of these models are discussed in the present paper. Focus is also given to the calibration of the tools to the monthly utility bills. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and use of foamed recycled fibers to control shrinkage cracking of cementitious mortars
Coppola, Bartolomeo ULiege; Di Maio, Luciano; Courard, Luc ULiege et al

in Proceedings of the 4rd Workshop "The New Boundaries of Structural Concrete" (2016)

In this study a new class of engineered fibers were produced using end of waste materials obtained from post-consumer plastics. Taking into account the rising issue of plastic waste disposal and the ... [more ▼]

In this study a new class of engineered fibers were produced using end of waste materials obtained from post-consumer plastics. Taking into account the rising issue of plastic waste disposal and the importance of fiber/matrix adhesion for composites materials, recycled plastic fibers with improved adhesion were developed. In particular, foamed fibers presenting a rough surface and a porous morphology were obtained by a foam extrusion process using a chemical blowing agent. Fiber reinforced mortars (FRMs) were produced containing foamed fibers at three volume fractions (0.50, 1 and 2 %) and two lengths (15 and 30 mm). FRM plastic shrinkage cracking resistance was investigated: the better adhesion of foamed fibers influenced cracks propagation, reducing crack area and delaying crack openings during shrinkage. Moreover, shorter fibers are better efficient in controlling cracks length while longer fibers are able to reduce cracks width and number. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validating procedure of a formula to calculate a minimum separation distance from piggeries and poultry facilities to sensitive receptors
Nicolas, Jacques ULiege; Delva, Julien ULiege; Cobut, Pierre et al

in Atmospheric Environment (2008), 42(30), 7087-7095

A specific formula to calculate separation distance from piggeries and poultry facilities to sensitive receptor is developed for Walloon Region, in Belgium. The paper briefly presents the main principles ... [more ▼]

A specific formula to calculate separation distance from piggeries and poultry facilities to sensitive receptor is developed for Walloon Region, in Belgium. The paper briefly presents the main principles of the formula and discusses more deeply the compatibility of the distance approach with odour units, odour rate and percentiles usually applied to assess the odour annoyance zones. A method of validation is presented and tested to adjust the different parameters of the formula to Belgian field reality. A total of 43 farms of which 21 piggeries and 22 poultry facilities are visited and, for each case, the distance calculated by the formula is compared to the one deduced from odour annoyance criterion (10 ou m-3 at 98th percentile). Validation work results in discussing the sensibility of different factors of the formula and especially in adjusting a fitting factor to match the absolute distances to real field annoyance impression. Conclusions show that both approaches - separation distance formula and percentile evaluation - are coherent. The validation method allows parameter adjustment but should need further refinements to examine separately piggeries and poultry facilities. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation by accuracy profile of a method for the analysis of monoterpenes in indoor air by active sampling and thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
Marlet, Christelle ULiege; Lognay, Georges ULiege

in Talanta (2010), 82(4), 1230-1239

The technique of thermal desorption (TD)-GC/MS was evaluated for the measurement of monoterpenes in indoor air. The validation strategy was intentionally oriented towards routine use and the reliability ... [more ▼]

The technique of thermal desorption (TD)-GC/MS was evaluated for the measurement of monoterpenes in indoor air. The validation strategy was intentionally oriented towards routine use and the reliability of the method rather than extreme performance. For this reason, validation by accuracy profile was chosen. The accuracy profile procedure, which is based on the concept of total error (bias + standard deviation), guarantees that a known proportion of future results obtained with the method will be within acceptance limits. For all the compounds tested in the present study, α-pinene, α-terpineol, β-pinene, d-limonene, Δ3-carene, camphene, 1,8-cineole, p-cymene, linalool, but not in the case of carvone, the accuracy profile procedure established that at least 95% of the future results obtained would be within the ±15% acceptance limits of the validated method over the whole defined concentration range. Other parameters, such as selectivity, recovery, repeatability, stability of the molecules of interest and the effect of temperature, were also determined. The performance of the described method was finally evaluated by the analysis of indoor air from new timber frame constructions. [less ▲]

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See detailDEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A LC-UV METHOD FOR THE DOSAGE OF A TRACER IN AN IMPROVED TRADITIONAL MEDICINE
Tshisekedi Tshibangu, Pascal; Kalenda Dibungi T., Pascal; Wauters, Jean-Noël ULiege et al

Conference (2012, July)

According to World Health Organisation, 80% of the African populations use Improved Traditional Medicines (ITM) to threat several diseases. Even if some of these ITM are nowadays registered with local ... [more ▼]

According to World Health Organisation, 80% of the African populations use Improved Traditional Medicines (ITM) to threat several diseases. Even if some of these ITM are nowadays registered with local health authorities, the knowledge of their qualitative and quantitative composition still remains a challenge for ensuring health security of populations. In this context, an analytical method using liquid chromatography technique with UV detection was developed to allow the dosage of a tracer (major compound) in an ITM (syrup containing extract plants) registered in D.R. Congo by the “Centre de Recherche en Médecine Traditionnelle Améliorée” and marketed for use against malaria. For that purpose, a simple and rapid experimental plan considering a Plackett-Burman design was applied by testing simultaneously two significant factors, temperature of analytical column (T°) and gradient time (TG) for eluting acetonitrile (ACN) from 5% to 95%, while focusing on the separation of the tracer and an adjacent unknown compound (critical peak pairs). Suitable separation (resolution of 1.5) was obtained between these latter with T° of 15°C and TG of 60 min (20% to 65% of ACN). Prior to routine use, the analytical method was validated following the total error strategy described by the SFSTP guidelines and according to the ISO norm 17025:2005. Specificity/selectivity of the method was demonstrated by the absence of interference at the retention time of the major compound comparing to the syrup matrix. Very interesting results were observed for trueness (relative biases below 0.9%), for precision (RSD mostly below 2.2% for repeatability and time-different intermediate precision), for accuracy (beta tolerance intervals below 10% of the acceptance limits) and linearity. Finally, the method was applied to quantify the major compound in several batches of syrups ITM as well as for stability studies. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a 3D kinematic-based method for determining gait events during overground walking
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULiege; Schwartz, Cédric ULiege; Denoël, Vincent ULiege et al

in IEEE International Conference on 3D Imaging (IC3D) (2015)

A new signal processing algorithm is developed for quantifying heel strike (HS) and toe-off (TO) event times solely from measured heel and toe coordinates during overground walking. It is based on a rough ... [more ▼]

A new signal processing algorithm is developed for quantifying heel strike (HS) and toe-off (TO) event times solely from measured heel and toe coordinates during overground walking. It is based on a rough estimation of relevant local 3D position signals. An original piecewise linear fitting method is applied to these local signals to accurately identify HS and TO times without the need of using arbitrary experimental coefficients. We validated the proposed method with nine healthy subjects and a total of 322 trials. The extracted temporal gait events were compared to reference data obtained from a force plate. HS and TO times were identified with a temporal accuracy ± precision of 0.3 ms ± 7.1 ms, and –2.8 ms ± 7.2 ms in comparison with reference data defined with a force threshold of 10 N. This algorithm improves the accuracy of the HS and TO detection. Furthermore, it can be used to perform stride-by-stride analysis during overground walking with only recorded heel and toe coordinates. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a condenser three zones model
Cuevas, Cristian; Lebrun, Jean ULiege; Lemort, Vincent ULiege et al

in Applied Thermal Engineering (2009)

A general and simple ‘‘deterministic” model of a refrigeration condenser is presented. The model assumes that the condenser can be divided into three distinct zones on the refrigerant side: the vapour de ... [more ▼]

A general and simple ‘‘deterministic” model of a refrigeration condenser is presented. The model assumes that the condenser can be divided into three distinct zones on the refrigerant side: the vapour de-superheating zone, the two-phase zone and the sub-cooled liquid zone. The model inputs are the air supply temperature, the air mass flow rate, the refrigerant supply temperature (or the over-heating), the exhaust sub-cooling and the refrigerant mass flow rate. The model is able to identify the pressures and temperatures in each zone and the corresponding heat flows. The model also gives the geometrical repartition among the zones and the pressure drop on air-side. The condenser model is validated with a total of 183 tests. Testing conditions cover a very wide domain, including pressures up to 40 bars with refrigerant R134a. The model is able to predict with a probability of 95% the condenser supply pressure within a confidence interval of +0.5 and 0.1 bar. This means a condenser power confidence interval within 200 and +100 W, which is considered here as acceptable. Refrigerant pressure drop is predicted with a higher error, but it is attributed to measuring uncertainty. On the other hand, air pressure drop is predicted with a very poor accuracy. Undoubtedly, this is due to the friction factor correlation used in this study which is not the most adequate. Here a difference of 40% is obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a fast SFC method for the analysis of flavonoids in plant extracts
Huang, Yang ULiege; Feng, Ying; Tang, Guangyun et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis (2017), 140

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See detailDEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A FAST SFC METHOD FOR THE ANALYSIS OF FLAVONOIDS IN PLANT EXTRACTS
Huang, Yang ULiege; Jiang, Zhengjin; Fillet, Marianne ULiege et al

Poster (2017, June 18)

Flavonoids from plants always show a wide range of biological activities [1-2]. In the present study, a rapid and highly efficient supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) method was developed for the ... [more ▼]

Flavonoids from plants always show a wide range of biological activities [1-2]. In the present study, a rapid and highly efficient supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) method was developed for the separation of 12 flavonoids. After careful optimization, the 12 flavonoids were baseline separated on a ZORBAX RX-SIL column using gradient elution. A 0.1% phosphoric acid solution in methanol was found to be the most suitable polar mobile phase component for the separation of flavonoids. From the viewpoint of retention and resolution, a backpressure of 200 bar and a temperature of 40 °C were shown to give the best results. Compared with a previously developed reverse phase liquid chromatography method, the SFC method could provide flavonoid separations that were about three times faster, while maintaining good peak shape and comparable peak efficiency. This SFC method was validated and applied to the analysis of five flavonoids (kaempferol, luteolin, quercetin, luteoloside, buddleoside) present in Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. from different cultivars (Chuju, Gongju, Hangju, Boju). The results indicated a good repeatability and sensitivity for the quantification of the five analytes with RSDs for overall precision lower than 3%. The limits of detection ranged from 0.73 to 2.34 μg/mL, while the limits of quantification were between 2.19 and 5.86 μg/mL. The method showed that SFC could be employed as a useful tool for the quality assessment of Traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) containing flavonoids as active components. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a fast SFC method for the analysis of flavonoids in plant extracts.
Huang, Yang; Feng, Ying; Tang, Guangyun et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2017), 140

Flavonoids from plants always show a wide range of biological activities. In the present study, a rapid and highly efficient supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) method was developed for the ... [more ▼]

Flavonoids from plants always show a wide range of biological activities. In the present study, a rapid and highly efficient supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) method was developed for the separation of 12 flavonoids. After careful optimization, the 12 flavonoids were baseline separated on a ZORBAX RX-SIL column using gradient elution. A 0.1% phosphoric acid solution in methanol was found to be the most suitable polar mobile phase component for the separation of flavonoids. From the viewpoint of retention and resolution, a backpressure of 200bar and a temperature of 40 degrees C were shown to give the best results. Compared with a previously developed reverse phase liquid chromatography method, the SFC method could provide flavonoid separations that were about three times faster, while maintaining good peak shape and comparable peak efficiency. This SFC method was validated and applied to the analysis of five flavonoids (kaempferol, luteolin, quercetin, luteoloside, buddleoside) present in Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. from different cultivars (Chuju, Gongju, Hangju, Boju). The results indicated a good repeatability and sensitivity for the quantification of the five analytes with RSDs for overall precision lower than 3%. The limits of detection ranged from 0.73 to 2.34mug/mL, while the limits of quantification were between 2.19 and 5.86mug/mL. The method showed that SFC could be employed as a useful tool for the quality assessment of Traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) containing flavonoids as active components. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a fully automated LC method for the determination of cloxacillin in human plasma using anion exchancre restricted access material for sample clean-up
Rbeida, O.; Chiap, Patrice ULiege; Lubda, D. et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2005), 36(5), 961-968

In the framework of a preliminary investigation on the plasma profile of cloxacillin after oral administration, a simple and rapid LC method was developed for the direct determination of this compound in ... [more ▼]

In the framework of a preliminary investigation on the plasma profile of cloxacillin after oral administration, a simple and rapid LC method was developed for the direct determination of this compound in human plasma. The on-line sample clean-up was carried out using a weak anion exchanger (diethylaminoethyl groups) as restricted access material (RAM). The effects of the washing liquid pH, the ionic strength and the addition of organic modifier to the washing liquid were studied in order to obtain an efficient sample clean-up and a high recovery of cloxacillin. The separation was achieved on octadecylsilica stationary phase using a mobile phase consisting in a mixture of phosphate buffer (pH 4.0; 25 mM) and acetonitrile (72:28, v/v). The UV detection was performed at 215 nm. The most appropriate regression model of the response function as well as the limit of quantitation (LOQ) were first selected during the pre-validation step. These criteria were then assessed during the formal validation step. The LOQ was 50 ng/ml. The method was also validated with respect to analyte recovery, precision. trueness, accuracy and linearity. Finally, it was successfully applied for the analysis of the first plasma samples obtained from patients, having taken an oral dose of 500 mg cloxacillin. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a high performance liquid chromatographic method for quantitative determination of aporphine alkaloids from different samples of Cassytha filiformis
Stevigny, C.; Wautier, M. C.; Jiwan, J. L. H. et al

in Planta Medica (2004), 70(8), 764-770

A sensitive and accurate procedure based on an alkaloid extraction coupled to an HPLC-UV-MS determination has been developed for the separation and quantification of the major aporphines in Cassytha ... [more ▼]

A sensitive and accurate procedure based on an alkaloid extraction coupled to an HPLC-UV-MS determination has been developed for the separation and quantification of the major aporphines in Cassytha filiformis. The extraction step and the liquid chromatography conditions were optimized in order to improve the selectivity of the method. The HPLC mobile phase consisted of a mixture of water containing 10 mM ammonium acetate adjusted to pH 3 with acetic acid-acetonitrile (90: 10, v/v) (A) and acetonitrile (B) used in a gradient mode (0 to 40%). The stationary phase was an RP-select B (5 mum) column. The method was completely validated using cassythine, one of the major aporphines in our samples, as reference standard and successfully applied to the determination of these pharmacologically interesting aporphines in seven different batches of C. filiformis. The detection and quantitation limits of cassythine were found to be 13 and 20 mug/mL, respectively. The results showed variations in the total alkaloid content in samples from 0.11 to 0.43%. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a high-performance liquid chromatographic method for the determination of cyproterone acetate in human skin
Henry de Hassonville, Sandrine; Chiap, Patrice ULiege; Liégeois, Jean-François ULiege et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2004), 36(1), 133-143

In the framework of a preliminary study on the transdermal penetration of cyproterone acetate (CPA), a simple and rapid procedure involving an extraction step coupled to a HPLC-UV determination has been ... [more ▼]

In the framework of a preliminary study on the transdermal penetration of cyproterone acetate (CPA), a simple and rapid procedure involving an extraction step coupled to a HPLC-UV determination has been developed for the separation and quantification of CPA in the two main skin layers-epidermis and dermis-after local application. The separation of epidermis and dermis layers was carefully carried out by means of a sharp spatula after skin immersion in heated water at 65 degrees C. The two skin layers were then treated separately according to the same process: (1) sample homogenization by vibration after freezing with liquid nitrogen in a Mikro-Dismembrator; (2) CPA extraction with methanol after addition of the internal standard (betamethasone dipropionate); (3) centrifugation; (4) evaporation of a supernatant aliquot; (5) dissolution of the dry residue in methanol and addition of water; (6) centrifugation; (7) injection of a supernatant aliquot into the HPLC system. The separation was achieved on octadecylsilica stationary phase using a mobile phase consisting in a mixture of acetonitrile and water (40:60 (v/v)). The method was then validated using a new approach based on accuracy profiles over a CPA concentration range from 33 to 667 ng/ml for each skin layer. Finally, the method was successfully applied to the determination of CPA to several skin samples after topical application of different gel formulations containing CPA. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (3 ULiège)