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See detailEnhancing rural learning, linkages, and institutions: the rice videos in Africa
Van Mele, Paul; Wanvoeke, Jonas; Zossou, Enangnon ULg

in Development in Practice (2010), 20(414), 421

Africa Rice Center (WARDA) facilitated the development and translation of 11 rice videos. From 2005 to 2009, WARDA partners translated them into more than 30 African languages. Open-air video ... [more ▼]

Africa Rice Center (WARDA) facilitated the development and translation of 11 rice videos. From 2005 to 2009, WARDA partners translated them into more than 30 African languages. Open-air video presentations enhanced learning, experimentation, confidence, trust, and group cohesion among rural people. The videos strengthened capacities of more than 500 organisations and hundreds of thousands of farmers. WARDA’s integrated rural learning approach also helped women to access new markets and credit. Learning videos allow for unsupervised learning; unleash local creativity and experimentation; facilitate institutional innovations; and improve social inclusion of the poor, youth, and women. [less ▲]

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See detailEnhancing spatial estimates of metal pollutants in raw wastewater irrigated fields using a topsoil organic carbon map predicted from aerial photography
Bourennane, Hocine; Dere, Christelle ULg; Lamy, Isabelle et al

in Science of the Total Environment (2006), 361

Various approaches have been used to estimate metal pollutant element (TE) contents at unsampled locations in a 15-ha contaminated site located in the plain of Pierrelaye–Bessancourt (about 24 km ... [more ▼]

Various approaches have been used to estimate metal pollutant element (TE) contents at unsampled locations in a 15-ha contaminated site located in the plain of Pierrelaye–Bessancourt (about 24 km Northwest of Paris). 87 samples of soil plough layer were randomly sampled at each mesh of a regular square grid over the whole study area and the total contents of Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn were measured. A first set of 50 measurements, randomly selected from the 87 samples, was used for the prediction and another set of 37 measurements was kept for the validation. Topsoil organic carbon contents (SOC) were measured at 75 sites with 50 measurements sharing the same locations as TE. An aerial photography of the study area showing bare soils was selected for relating brightness intensities and SOC. Mapping procedures used were ordinary kriging (OK), cokriging (COK), collocated cokriging (CC), and kriging with external drift (KED). SOC maps used as exhaustively sampled information in KED and CC of TE were obtained by KED and CC procedures, respectively, accounting for 75 SOC measurements and the brightness intensities of numerical counts provided by the visible bands of the aerial photograph bare soils. Consequently, for each TE, four maps were generated: two maps resulting from KED and CC procedures (KED-SOC75P, CC-SOC75P), another one provided by standard cokriging (COK-TE50SOC75) accounting for TE prediction set plus 75 SOC measurements, and the last one corresponding to that estimated by ordinary kriging from only prediction set measurements (OK50). Three indices: (1) the mean prediction error (ME) and the mean absolute prediction error (|ME|); (2) the root mean square error (RMSE); and (3) the relative improvement (RI) of accuracy, as well as residuals analysis, were computed from the validation set (observed data) and predicted values. On the 37 test data, the results showed that the more accurate predictions were systematically those obtained by kriging accounting for SOC map predicted by KED from 75 SOC measurements and brightness values of the aerial photo (KED-SOC75P) followed closely by CC-SOC75P procedure, except for Cu and Zn where CC-SOC75P appeared to be slightly more accurate than KED-SOC75P. In regard to the RI of accuracy between prediction methods, the results confirmed once for all the benefit of accounting for SOC data set plus the exhaustively sampled information provided by the aerial photography regardless of the considered TE. Nevertheless, for Cd, Pb, and Zn, the RI of accuracy was less than 20% between the two most accurate methods (KED-SOC75P and CC-SOC75P) and standard cokriging in which the information provided by the aerial photography is ignored when mapping. The sensitivity of KED-SOC75P and CC-SOC75P approaches to the sampling density of the target variables (TE) was assessed using 10 random subsets of different sizes (25 and 33 observations) drawn from a prediction set that includes 50 data. Results have shown that the TE estimates by KED-SOC75P and CC-SOC75P approaches using only 25 TE samples were much more accurate than the estimates performed by OK50 and COK-TE50SOC75 approaches that use the whole samples of the prediction set. Moreover, the RI of accuracy was reduced by less than 15% if the original sampling density was reduced by a third. [less ▲]

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See detailEnhancing temporal correlations in EOF expansions for the reconstruction of missing data using DINEOF
Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg; Sirjacobs, Damien ULg et al

in Ocean Science (2009), 5(4), 475-485

DINEOF (Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions) is an EOF-based technique for the reconstruction of missing data in geophysical fields, such as those produced by clouds in sea surface ... [more ▼]

DINEOF (Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions) is an EOF-based technique for the reconstruction of missing data in geophysical fields, such as those produced by clouds in sea surface temperature satellite images. A technique to reduce spurious time variability in DINEOF reconstructions is presented. The reconstruction of these images within a long time series using DINEOF can lead to large discontinuities in the reconstruction. Filtering the temporal covariance matrix allows to reduce this spurious variability and therefore more realistic reconstructions are obtained. The approach is tested in a three years sea surface temperature data set over the Black Sea. The effect of the filter in the temporal EOFs is presented, as well as some examples of the improvement achieved with the filtering in the SST reconstruction, both compared to the DINEOF approach without filtering. [less ▲]

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See detailEnhancing The Antilisterial Effect Of Lactobacillus Curvatus Cwbi-B28 In Pork Meat And Cocultures By Limiting Bacteriocin Degradation
Kouakou, P.; Ghalfi, H.; Destain, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Meat Science (2008), 80(3),

This work focused on Listeria monocytogenes growth inhibition and growth rebound in raw and cooked pork meat inoculated with Lactobacillus curvatus strains. During storage of raw meat homogenates in the ... [more ▼]

This work focused on Listeria monocytogenes growth inhibition and growth rebound in raw and cooked pork meat inoculated with Lactobacillus curvatus strains. During storage of raw meat homogenates in the presence of the bacteriocin-producing strain Lactobacillus curvatus CWBI-B28wt, the Listeria monocytogenes cfu count was initially reduced to an undetectable level, but a growth rebound occurred after two weeks, coinciding with loss of 70% of the bacteriocin activity present at the end of week 2. The Listeria growth rebound was suppressed when proteolysis of bacteriocin was countered by the absence of proteases (bacteriocin addition to cooked meat) or the presence of 1% soy flour (added to provide competing substrates). Further experiments confirmed that bacteriocin is sensitive to the action of proteolytic enzymes isolated from both Lactobacillus curvatus CWBI-B28wt and the meat matrix. Bacteriocin proteolysis thus emerges as a cause of Listeria growth rebound. [less ▲]

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See detailEnhancing the salience of fluency improves recognition memory performance in mild Alzheimer’s disease
Bastin, Christine ULg; Willems, Sylvie ULg; Genon, Sarah ULg et al

in Journal of Alzheimer's Disease [=JAD] (2013), 33

Recognition memory can rely on recollection (recall of the details from the encoding episode) and familiarity (feeling that some information is old without any recollection). In Alzheimer’s disease (AD ... [more ▼]

Recognition memory can rely on recollection (recall of the details from the encoding episode) and familiarity (feeling that some information is old without any recollection). In Alzheimer’s disease (AD), whereas there is a clear deficit of recollection, the evidence regarding familiarity is mixed, with some studies showing preserved familiarity and others reporting impairment. The current study examined whether recognition memory performance can be improved in AD when the use of familiarity is facilitated by the salience of processing fluency due to an earlier encounter with the information. Fifteen AD patients and 16 healthy controls performed a verbal recognition memory task where the salience of fluency was manipulated by means of letters overlap. Studied and unstudied words were constituted of either two separate sets of letters (no-overlap condition, high fluency salience) or the same set of letters (overlap condition, low fluency salience). The results showed that, although performance was globally poorer in AD patients than in the controls, both groups performed significantly better in the no-overlap condition than in the overlap condition. This suggests that AD patients benefited as much as the controls from the salience of fluency. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Enigma of B-type Pulsators in the SMC
Salmon, Sébastien ULg; Montalban Iglesias, Josefa ULg; Miglio, Andrea ULg et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2009, September 01), 1170

Since the early nineties it is accepted that the excitation mechanism of B-type pulsators on the main sequence is due to the opacity peak in the iron-group elements at T~200,000 K. The Fe content plays ... [more ▼]

Since the early nineties it is accepted that the excitation mechanism of B-type pulsators on the main sequence is due to the opacity peak in the iron-group elements at T~200,000 K. The Fe content plays then a major role in the excitation of β Cep and SPB pulsations. While theoretical non-adiabatic computations predict no β Cep pulsators and only a small number of SPBs for low metallicity environments such as that of the Magellanic Clouds (MCs), recent variability surveys of B stars in the SMC have reported the detection of a significant number of SPB and β Cep candidates. Since the SMC is the metal poorest (Z~0001-0.004) of the MCs, it constitutes an interesting object for investigating the disagreement between theory and observations. We approach the problem by calling into question some of the hypotheses made in previous studies: given the different chemical evolution of the SMC compared with our local galactic environment, is it appropriate to describe the chemical composition of SMC B stars by scaling the solar mixture to lower Z? Is that composition uniform in space and time? In this paper we present the results of a stability analysis of B-type stellar models computed with a revised chemical composition and metallicity specific to the SMC. [less ▲]

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See detailThe enigmatic flarings of HR2517.
Sterken, C.; Manfroid, Jean ULg

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (1996), 305

We report the discovery of strong flaring of the B3 II-III star HR2517. The evidence is based on Stroemgren differential uvby photometry spanning more than a decade. We discuss the behaviour of HR2517 in ... [more ▼]

We report the discovery of strong flaring of the B3 II-III star HR2517. The evidence is based on Stroemgren differential uvby photometry spanning more than a decade. We discuss the behaviour of HR2517 in terms of two models, viz. a rooted bright spot suddenly appearing and developing with modulation in photospheric temperature producing periodic light and profile variations as the star rotates, or that HR2517 is a Be star in an eccentric (P~33-34d) high-mass X-ray binary (HMXB) with neutron star companion--one of the brightest such systems known. [less ▲]

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See detailEnigmatic Givetian palynomorphs
Steemans, Philippe ULg

Report (2006)

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See detailL'énigme de Sirius
Heck, Andre; Manfroid, Jean ULg

Article for general public (1987)

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See detailL'énigme de Sirius
Heck, Andre; Manfroid, Jean ULg

Article for general public (1986)

Not Available

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See detailL'énigme du Mont Agel (Alfred Machin, Henry Wulschleger, 1924)
Belloi, Livio ULg

in Claes, Gabrielle (Ed.) Les Cahiers du Muet (1995)

Analysis of the film's complex flashback construction.

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See detailUne énigme photographique. Les images indéterminées de Maurice Blondel
Havelange, Carl ULg

Conference (2004, May 24)

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See detailLes énigmes de la "Joconde"
Fagnart, Laure ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2007)

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See detailEnjeu climatique : Quel coût pour l’inaction ?
Ozer, Pierre ULg

in Politique : Revue de Débats (2009), Hors-série 12

Sans cesse, nous sommes assommés par une kyrielle de messages publicitaires qui passent la rampe sans le moindre problème et prônent un certain mode de société. Un supermarché exhorte « Vivez comme vous ... [more ▼]

Sans cesse, nous sommes assommés par une kyrielle de messages publicitaires qui passent la rampe sans le moindre problème et prônent un certain mode de société. Un supermarché exhorte « Vivez comme vous voulez », l’autre clame « Et tout devient possible ». En effet, dans ce dernier, même ce qui pourrait paraître impossible est possible… [less ▲]

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See detailL'enjeu de la maîtrise du foncier
Fontaine, Pierre; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

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See detailL'enjeu de la satire chez Alphone Allais
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in French Literature Series (1987), XIV

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See detailEnjeux autour de la survie de l'Assemblée de l'Union de l'Europe occidentale : tensions, rivalités et contournements
Dumoulin, André ULg

in Wintgens, Sophie; Grégory, Piet (Eds.) La puissance : débat autour des jeux et des enjeux du pouvoir (2011)

Examen des rivalités et des résistances de l'Assemblée de l'UEO face à la décision de dénoncer le traité de Bruxelles modifié

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See detailEnjeux autour des forêts congolaises
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

in Cahiers africains (2014), 84

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