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See detailDietary inclusion of arabinoxylan oligosaccharides (AXOS) down regulates mucosal responses to a bacterial challenge in a piglet model
Niewold, T. A.; Schroyen, Martine ULg; Geens, M. M. et al

in Journal of Functional Foods (2012), 4(3), 626-635

Dietary oligosaccharides can influence the composition of the gut microbiota, and some are suggested to improve host resistance against infections. The exact mechanisms involved are largely unknown. The ... [more ▼]

Dietary oligosaccharides can influence the composition of the gut microbiota, and some are suggested to improve host resistance against infections. The exact mechanisms involved are largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine the response of the porcine small intestinal mucosa to feeding arabinoxylan oligosaccharides (AXOS), and whether it modulated the response to a single bacterial challenge with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). Group pooled jejunal mRNA was analyzed by microarray. AXOS alone up regulated immune responses, and down regulated ETEC induced responses. Analysis of selected genes by qRT-PCR showed that AXOS had no effect on markers of epithelial differentiation and integrity whilst down regulating the epithelial marker intestinal fatty acid binding protein (IFABP). AXOS up regulates the inflammatory and antibacterial protein pancreatitis associated protein (PAP), independent of ETEC. It is concluded that AXOS may exert its attenuating effect on the ETEC induced small intestinal response by influencing the expression of particular innate response proteins such as PAP. © 2012. [less ▲]

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See detailDietary incorporation of feedstuffs naturally high in organic selenium for racing pigeons (Columba livia): effects on plasma antioxidant markers after a standardised simulation of a flying effort
Schoonheere, Nicolas ULg; Dotreppe, Olivier ULg; PINCEMAIL, Joël ULg et al

in Journal of Animal Physiology & Animal Nutrition (2009), 93

Selenium is a trace element of importance for animal health. It is essential for adequate functioning of many enzymes such as, the antioxidant enzyme, glutathione peroxidase, which protects the cell ... [more ▼]

Selenium is a trace element of importance for animal health. It is essential for adequate functioning of many enzymes such as, the antioxidant enzyme, glutathione peroxidase, which protects the cell against free radicals. A muscular effort induces a rise in reactive oxygen species production which, in turn, can generate an oxidative stress. Two groups of eight racing pigeons were fed respectively with a diet containing 30.3 (control group) and 195.3 (selenium group) lg selenium/kg diet. The pigeons were submitted to a standardised simulation of a flying effort during 2 h. Blood was taken before and after the effort to measure antioxidant markers and blood parameters related to muscle metabolism. Plasma selenium concentration and glutathione peroxidase activity were significantly higher in the selenium group. There were no significant differences for the other measured parameters. As a consequence of the effort, the pigeons of the selenium group showed a higher increase of glutathione peroxidase activity and a smaller increase of plasma lactate concentration. Variations because of the effort in the other markers were not significantly different between the two groups. It is concluded that the selenium status was improved with the feeding of feedstuffs high in Selenium. [less ▲]

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See detailDietary intake of PCDD/F and dioxin-like PCB for the Belgian population
Focant, Jean-François ULg; Windal, I.; Vandevijvere, S. et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2010, September)

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See detailDietary intake of PCDD/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs of the Belgian Population
Windal, Isabelle; Vandevijvere, S.; Maleki, M. et al

in Chemosphere (2010), 79

The World Health Organization recommends assessing human exposure to contaminants on a regular basis. In order to assess the current dietary exposure of the Belgian adult population to PCDD/Fs and dioxin ... [more ▼]

The World Health Organization recommends assessing human exposure to contaminants on a regular basis. In order to assess the current dietary exposure of the Belgian adult population to PCDD/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs and to update exposure estimates of 2000–2001, a total diet study was designed. The mean dietary intake of PCDD/Fs and dioxin-like PCBs in the Belgian adult population in 2008 was estimated to be 0.72 pg TEQ kgbw-1 d-1 (middle bound concentrations, TEF of 1998) based on occurrence data of 2008 and national food consumption data of 2004. This value is clearly below the Tolerable Weekly Intake (TWI) of 14 pg TEQ kgbw-1 week-1 set by the Scientific Committee on Food of the European Commission and below the provisional tolerable monthly intake of 70 pg TEQ kgbw-1 month-1 set by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Considering the cumulative distribution, the intake was less than 1 pg TEQ kgbw-1 d-1 for more than 80% of the population, and less than 2 pg TEQ kgbw-1 d-1 for the entire population. When using the 2005 TEF instead of the 1998 TEF, the mean dietary intake in the Belgian adult population was estimated to be 0.61 pg TEQ kgbw-1 d-1. [less ▲]

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See detailDietary mineral intakes of young Tibetan children living in areas endemic for Kashin-Beck disease: preliminary results of a cross-sectional survey
DERMIENCE, Michael ULg; Mathieu, Françoise; Li, Xiaowei et al

Conference (2015, September 18)

Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is an endemic and chronic osteochondropathy whose etiology remains unclear. Environmental factors are assumed to be involved, among which the selenium and iodine deficiency is ... [more ▼]

Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) is an endemic and chronic osteochondropathy whose etiology remains unclear. Environmental factors are assumed to be involved, among which the selenium and iodine deficiency is frequently cited. The prevalence rate may be high in some rural areas of the Tibet Autonomous Region. The diet of the rural community is significantly different from the other communities (nomads and city-dwellers), who remains unaffected by KBD. Because their foods are mainly derived from local agriculture and artisanal production, their mineral composition may show significant discrepancies when compared with food composition data. The present survey aims at assessing the mineral dietary intakes of young Tibetan children living in rural areas endemic for the Kashin-Beck disease. A cross-sectional survey enrolling 250 children was carried out. The intakes were recorded for two days, on two different seasons, by the 24-hour food recall method. The minerals investigated were selected for their implication in bone metabolism and a specific food composition table was compiled from the China Food composition (book 1, 2nd edition), the USDA Food search for Windows (Version 1.0, Database version SR23), and a broad investigation on mineral composition of local and traditional Tibetan foods (Dermience et al., 2014). The calculation of daily intakes for the first season is now complete and some trends are emerging. Preliminary results suggest, inter alia, that the intakes of calcium are too low with unfavorable calcium to phosphorus ratio. On the contrary, sodium and manganese intakes are too high and could exceed tolerable upper levels. [less ▲]

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See detailDietary n-3 fatty acid transfer from broiler breeder to yolk, residual yolk and liver of offspring
Koppenol, A.; Delezie, E.; Everaert, Nadia ULg et al

Conference (2013)

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See detaildietary patterns in the NESCaV study
Sauvageot, Nicolas ULg

Speech/Talk (2016)

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See detailDietary Polyamines and Non-Neoplastic Growth and Disease
Deloyer, Patricia; Peulen, Olivier ULg; Dandrifosse, Guy ULg

in European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology (2001), 13(9), 1027-32

This review presents the data that are now available concerning the effects of dietary polyamines at either postnatal or adult stages in non-neoplastic growth and disease. Polyamines provided by food have ... [more ▼]

This review presents the data that are now available concerning the effects of dietary polyamines at either postnatal or adult stages in non-neoplastic growth and disease. Polyamines provided by food have a potential role in growth and development of the digestive system in neonatal mammals (and fishes). In humans, this property could be of importance in preventing the appearance of food allergies. Dietary polyamines also seem necessary for the maintenance of normal growth and general properties of adult digestive tract. Their possible therapeutic effects have been investigated in gastric, intestinal, and, more recently, whole-body healing. [less ▲]

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See detailDietary polyamines during lactation
Dandrifosse, Guy ULg; Deloyer, Patricia; El Khefif, Nor Eddine et al

in Bardocz, Suzan; White, Ann (Eds.) Polyamines in health and nutrition (1998)

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See detailDietary polyphenols reduce diarrhea in enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infected post-weaning piglets
Verhelst, R.; Schroyen, Martine ULg; Buys, N. et al

in Livestock Science (2014), 160(1), 138-140

Earlier, we showed that some commercial plant derived polyphenol extracts can inactivate heat labile toxin (LT) of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) in vitro (Omnivin, and ALSOK), whereas others do ... [more ▼]

Earlier, we showed that some commercial plant derived polyphenol extracts can inactivate heat labile toxin (LT) of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) in vitro (Omnivin, and ALSOK), whereas others do not (Omnicoa). In this study, based on 40 three week weaned piglets, these three extracts were added to feed and tested for in vivo efficacy in a post-weaning diarrhea model. Piglets were divided in four treatment groups, and given a control diet or a diet supplemented with 1% of one of the three extracts. Half of each treatment group was infected with ETEC on days 6 and 7 post-weaning. Post-infection, rectal feces was assessed daily for diarrhea (as % fecal dry matter (DM)), ETEC excretion. Average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were determined. Post-infection, ETEC excretion was reduced by all three extracts compared to control feed, and significantly by Omnivin (p<0.004). Diarrhea was abolished by Omnivin and ALSOK, but not by Omnicoa. No differences were found for ADG, ADFI, and FCR, except for Omnicoa which depressed ADG post-infection significantly (p<0.005). The latter suggests Omnicoa to contain an anti-nutritional factor. The overall results for the different polyphenol extracts were consistent with the respective in vitro activities in the LT-inhibition assay. It is concluded that polyphenol extracts do widely differ in properties, some may have deleterious effects, but others can indeed reduce ETEC induced diarrhea most likely by inactivating LT in vivo. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. [less ▲]

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See detailDietary supplementation with an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and luteolin combination in cats
Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Cambier, Carole ULg; Chandler, T. et al

in Proceedings: 26th Annual Symposium of the Veterinary and Comparative Respiratory Society (2008)

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See detailDietary supplementation with chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine HCL does not slow down articular cartilage erosion in biglycan/fibromodulin deficient mice
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Deberg, M; Oliviera, M et al

in Osteoporosis International (2005), 16(Suppl 3), 105

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See detailDietary supplementation with chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine HCL does not slow down articular cartilage erosion in biglycan/fibromodulin deficient mice
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Deberg, M; Oliviera, M et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2004), 12(Suppl B), 33

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See detailDietary, behavioural and socio-economic determinants of the metabolic syndrome among adults in Luxembourg: findings from the ORISCAV-LUX study.
Alkerwi, Ala'a; Donneau, Anne-Françoise ULg; Sauvageot, Nicolas et al

in Public Health Nutrition (2012), 15(5), 849-59

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present research was to investigate the epidemiological profile of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and to explore its potential dietary, behavioural and socio-economic ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present research was to investigate the epidemiological profile of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and to explore its potential dietary, behavioural and socio-economic determinants among European adults residing in Luxembourg. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based ORISCAV-LUX survey. SETTING: European adults aged 18-69 years residing in Luxembourg. SUBJECTS: A total of 1349 Europid adults, who participated in the ORISCAV-LUX survey, were included in the study. The prevalence of MetS was estimated according to the Revised-Adult Treatment Panel (R-ATPIII) criteria. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the dietary, behavioural and socio-economic factors independently associated with MetS. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of MetS was 24.7 % with significant gender difference (18.5 % for women v. 30.8 % for men, P < 0.0001). Age, male gender, primary level of education, physical inactivity, family history of diabetes and hypertension and inadequate protein intake were identified as significant determinants of MetS, after adjusting for other socio-economic, family medical history and lifestyle factors. CONCLUSIONS: MetS is a common condition among Europid adults in Luxembourg and increases dramatically with age, in both genders. Several dietary, socio-economic and behavioural factors explain the disparity observed. These findings highlight the importance of a comprehensive approach to MetS encompassing dietary, lifestyle and socio-economic aspects, both in clinical and community settings. [less ▲]

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See detailUne diététique monastique liégeoise du XIVe siècle : Le "régime de santé" du frère Léonard de Saint-Jacques
Xhayet, Geneviève ULg

in Bibliothèque de l'Ecole des Chartes (2007), 165

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See detailDIETRO L’IMMAGINE RIFLESSA DI UN’ADOLESCENTE.
Miscioscia, Marina ULg; Vaccaro, Maria Grazia; Zanini, Isabella

Poster (2008, September 12)

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See detailDietro, il paesaggio: Misura e ritmo di una strada tra le colline e il Piave.
Bocchi, Renato; Latini, Luigi; Szanto, Catherine ULg

in Architettura del Mondo. Ricerche e progetti dal mondo universitario (2013)

The Alta Marca Trevigiana (Colli del Piave), between Valdobbiadene and Conegliano, doesn't have a definite recognized identity, despite its strong visual character. However, for the visitor driving along ... [more ▼]

The Alta Marca Trevigiana (Colli del Piave), between Valdobbiadene and Conegliano, doesn't have a definite recognized identity, despite its strong visual character. However, for the visitor driving along the “Sinistra Piave”, the landscape is seen as a rhythmical composition of invitation to movement at different scales and at various intensity, that can be compared to a musical composition. The question then is how to transform the road from a simple through-way into an occasion to engage with the Colli del Piave, to transform a “landscape scenery” into an “experienced landscape”. [less ▲]

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See detailDieu a-t-il une passion démesurée pour les insectes?
Haubruge, Eric ULg

Scientific conference (2008, October)

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