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See detailEnzymatic process for the fractionation of baker’s yeast cell wall (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Borchani, Chema; Fonteyn, Fabienne; Jamin, Guilhem et al

in Food Chemistry (2014), 163

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See detailEnzymatic process for the fractionation of baker's yeast cell wall (saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Borchani, Chema; Fonteyn, Fabienne; Jamin, Guilhem et al

Conference (2014, April 07)

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See detailEnzymatic production of pectic oligosaccharides from polygalacturonic acid with commercial pectinase preparations
Combo, Agnan Marie Michel ULg; Aguedo, Mario ULg; Goffin, Dorothée ULg et al

in Food and Bioproducts Processing: Transactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers, Part C (2011), 90(3), 588-596

The present study investigates the individual efficiency of six commercial pectinase preparations (Endopolygalacturonase M2, Pectinase, Viscozyme L, Pectinex Ultra SP-L, Pectinase 62L and Macer8 FJ) in ... [more ▼]

The present study investigates the individual efficiency of six commercial pectinase preparations (Endopolygalacturonase M2, Pectinase, Viscozyme L, Pectinex Ultra SP-L, Pectinase 62L and Macer8 FJ) in catalyzing the liberation of pectic oligosaccharides (POS) from polygalacturonic acid. On the basis of high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD) analysis of the enzymatic hydrolysates, products release kinetics revealed a random cleavage pattern and an exo mode of cleavage for all the enzymes except for Endopolygalacturonase M2. All six enzymes generated oligoGalA with different degree of polymerization (DP); the quantitative composition of oligoGalA depended on the enzyme specificity and the time of enzymatic reaction. Endopolygalacturonase M2 was the best enzyme preparation for production of oligoGalA, with 18% (wt) of digalacturonic acid and 58% (wt) of trigalacturonic acid after 2h of reaction. Concerning galacturonic acid production, Pectinase 62L was superior to the other enzyme preparations with 47% (wt) after 1h of reaction. [less ▲]

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See detailENZYMATIC PRODUCTION OF PURIFIED ISOMALTOOLIGOSACCHARIDES PREBIOTIC PREPARATIONS AND THEIR FULL QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERIZATION
Goffin, Dorothée ULg

Doctoral thesis (2010)

Prebiotics are non-digestible food ingredients that beneficially affect the host health by stimulating the growth and/or activity of one or a limited number of bacteria in the colon, and moreover can have ... [more ▼]

Prebiotics are non-digestible food ingredients that beneficially affect the host health by stimulating the growth and/or activity of one or a limited number of bacteria in the colon, and moreover can have systemic effects on metabolism regulation. Recent studies have pointed out the certain links between their structure (DP, types of linkage, sequence) and the specificity and intensity of their effects on host health. Therefore, the knowledge of the exact composition of prebiotic preparations has become a crucial step in the development of new products. Amongst these prebiotics, isomaltooligosaccharides (IMO), produced enzymatically from hydrolyzed starch, are the most developed in Asia thanks to their many favourable properties for application in food industry. However, their full characterization hasn’t been achieved yet. In the present thesis, an HPAEC-PAD method has been set up in order to quantify the IMO present in syrups. Moreover, this step-forward analytical method permitted us to point out the presence of unknown IMO. Two structural determination methods were then set up and applied. PGC-LC-ESI-IT-MS2 including a chromatographic separation on a porous graphitized carbon column and producing MS2 fragment ion profiles specific to the linkage position proved to be promising but delicate for certain combination of linkage, while 1D and 2D NMR experiments give unambiguous structural determinations but need a preliminary chromatographic preparation step. Moreover, two enzymes from different families (a glucosyl-transferase and an α-glucosidase) were tested on maltose individually or in combination. The IMO kinetics of formation and mixtures obtained were compared with a view to produce IMO preparations with singular profiles. Finally, a new original method was set up to convert deleterious digestible saccharides, present in IMO preparations, into gluconic acid which presents various advantageous techno-functional properties as well as nutritional properties, in particular, prebiotic. [less ▲]

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See detailEnzymatic propyl gallate synthesis in solvent-free system: Optimization by response surface methodology
Bouaziz, Ahlem ULg; Horchani, Habib; Ben Salem, Nadia et al

in Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic (2010), 67

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See detailEnzymatic remediation of crude palm oil
Gibon, Véronique; Kodali, Sitharam; Maes, Jeroen et al

Poster (2013)

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See detailEnzymatic synthesis and surface active properties of novel hemifluorinated mannose esters
Favrelle, Audrey ULg; Boyère, Cédric ULg; Laurent, Pascal ULg et al

in Carbohydrate Research (2011), 346(9), 1161-1164

The lipase-catalysed esterification of sugars with hemifluorinated acid derivatives is reported for the first time. A series of mannose modified derivatives having fluorinated chains with different length ... [more ▼]

The lipase-catalysed esterification of sugars with hemifluorinated acid derivatives is reported for the first time. A series of mannose modified derivatives having fluorinated chains with different length have been prepared accordingly in moderate yield. A preliminary evaluation of the surface active properties of these hemifluorinated mannose esters revealed their ability to reduce the surface tension of water much more efficiently than their aliphatic counterparts. [less ▲]

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See detailEnzymatic synthesis and surface properties of novel rhamnolipids
Nott, Katherine ULg; Richard, Gaetan ULg; Laurent, Pascal ULg et al

in Process Biochemistry (2013), 48

New rhamnolipids were obtained via the development of a synthesis procedure consisting of two biocatalyzed steps. In the first step, naringinase was used to introduce a primary alcohol function onto ... [more ▼]

New rhamnolipids were obtained via the development of a synthesis procedure consisting of two biocatalyzed steps. In the first step, naringinase was used to introduce a primary alcohol function onto rhamnose by glycosylation of 1,3-propanediol. In the second step, immobilized lipase B from Candida antarctica catalyzed the esterification of the primary hydroxyl group with mono- and di-carboxylic fatty acids of increasing chain length (from C8 to C14). For the monoic acids, the initial rate and 24 h yield decreased with increasing chain length. For the dioic acid, the number of carbon atoms of the acid did not influence these parameters. The new rhamnolipid obtained with tetradecanoic acid showed very good surface properties. At pH 5, it had a very low critical aggregation concentration of 1.70 M and it diminished water’s surface tension to 27.6 mN/m. It was also able to form stable insoluble monolayers. On the other hand, the rhamnolipid formed with tetradecanedioic acid showed far less interesting surface properties. [less ▲]

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See detailEnzymatic synthesis of glycosylated compounds in non-conventional media
Galonde, Nadine ULg

Doctoral thesis (2013)

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See detailEnzymatic synthesis of sugar esters obtained from renewable stabilized by dairy components.
Torezan, Gabriela; Ronkart, Sébastien; Paquot, Michel ULg et al

Poster (2007, October 11)

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See detailEnzymatic synthesis, surface and lipid interaction properties of novel rhamnolipids
Nott, Katherine ULg; Richard, Gaetan ULg; Deleu, Magali ULg

Conference (2013)

Amongst glycolipidid biosurfactants, rhamnolipids have drawn particular attention as they have several interesting biological properties such as antimicrobial, antiphytoviral, zoosporicidal and plant ... [more ▼]

Amongst glycolipidid biosurfactants, rhamnolipids have drawn particular attention as they have several interesting biological properties such as antimicrobial, antiphytoviral, zoosporicidal and plant defense elicitor activities [1-3]. It is generally recognised that these activities must be linked to the interaction of these molecules with constituents of biological membranes [4] but the detailed mechanism is far from being fully understood. The objective of this work is double. First, it aims to investigate a new strategy of synthesis for the production of novel rhamnolipids [5] that could exhibit properties as promising for industrial and environmental applications as their natural counterparts while avoiding the use of the pathogenic Pseudomonas aeruginosa for their production. Secondly, their basic surface properties (critical aggregation concentration, surface tension at CAC and interfacial behaviour of their monolayer) and their interaction with model membranes are investigated in relation with their structure in order to give insight about the mechanism of their biological actions. [1] Vatsa P. et al. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010;11:5095. [2] Varnier A-L. et al. Plant, Cell Environ. 2009;32:178. [3] Lang S. et al. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechn. 1999;51:22. [4] Aranda F.J. et al. Langmuir. 2007;23:2700. [5] Nott K. et al. Process Biochemistry, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2012.11.019 [less ▲]

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See detailENZYMATIC TRANSFORMATION OF DESULFO-GLUCOSINOLATES IN PURE NITRILES USING A RECOMBINANT beta-O-GLUCOSIDASE
Iori, R.; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg; Leoni, O. et al

Poster (1999)

The recombinant b-O-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.21) from the thermophilic bacterium Tp8 does not catalyse glucosinolate degradation but transforms desulfo-glucosinolates viz. desulfo-sinigrin, desulfo ... [more ▼]

The recombinant b-O-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.21) from the thermophilic bacterium Tp8 does not catalyse glucosinolate degradation but transforms desulfo-glucosinolates viz. desulfo-sinigrin, desulfo-gluconapin, desulfo-progoitrin, desulfo-epiprogoitrin, desulfo-glucotropaeolin, desulfogluconasturtiin, desulfo-sinalbin, desulfo-limnantin, desulfo-glucoerucin and desulfo-glucoiberin in the corresponding pure nitriles (GC purity: +/- 99%). Prop-3-enyl, but-3-enyl, (2R)-2-hydroxybut-3-enyl, (2S)-2-hydroxybut-3-enyl, benzyl, phenethyl, 4-hydroxybenzyl, 3-methoxybenzyl, 4-methylthiobutyl and 3-methylsulphinylpropyl cyanides have been respectively identified by GC-MS. This thermostable enzyme is very different from myrosinase, a b-S-glucosidase (EC 3.2.3.1) present in Brassicaceae, which easily hydrolyses glucosinolates producing mainly a mixture of isothiocyanates, nitriles and eventually thiones. This endogenous b-S-glucosidase is totally inactive towards desulfo-glucosinolates, while the b-O-glucosidase tested is not active with synthetic S-glucose substrates such as the p-nitrophenyl-S-glucose. It is the first time that a b-O-glucosidase has been found to hydrolyse natural S-glucose substrates such as desulfoglucosinolates. The possibility to produce pure nitriles by this way, especially chiral compounds ((2R)-2-hydroxybut-3-enyl, (2S)-2-hydroxybut-3-enyl...), appears to be interesting for application in fine chemistry. The effect of pH (2 to 9) and temperature (40 to 85°C) on the recombinant b-O-glucosidase activity has been determined with desulfo-sinigrin as substrate. Optimal activity of this thermostable enzyme is reached at pH 6. [less ▲]

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See detailEnzymatically prepared n-alkyl esters of glucuronic acid: The effect of freeze-drying conditions and hydrophobic chain length on thermal behavior
Blecker, Christophe ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Petre, Maguy ULg et al

in Journal of Colloid & Interface Science (2008), 321(1), 154-158

In this work, some of the physicochemical properties of enzymatically prepared n-alkyl esters of glucuronic acid are presented. Two questions are addressed. The first concerns the influence of post ... [more ▼]

In this work, some of the physicochemical properties of enzymatically prepared n-alkyl esters of glucuronic acid are presented. Two questions are addressed. The first concerns the influence of post-purification freeze-drying condition's on octyl glucuronate thermotropic behavior. Depending on the amount of water added before freeze-drying, the alpha/beta anomeric ratio determined by H-1 NMR is affected and differences are observed in DSC thermograms probably due to polymorphism. The second question concerns the effect of hydrophobic chain length on the thermal behavior. An increase of both transition temperature and transition enthalpy is observed by increasing the number of carbon atoms in the alkyl chain (C8 < C10 < C12 < C14). This kind of results can provide relevant information for the processing and the practical use of these nonionic surfactants. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEnzymatically prepared n-alkyl esters of glucuronic acid: The effect of hydrophobic chain length on surface properties
Blecker, Christophe ULg; Piccicuto, S.; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

in Journal of Colloid & Interface Science (2002), 247(2), 424-428

The effect of hydrophobic chain length on surface properties of enzymatically prepared n-alkyl esters of glucuronic acid are examined. Dynamic parameters from Hua and Rosen's mathematical model and ... [more ▼]

The effect of hydrophobic chain length on surface properties of enzymatically prepared n-alkyl esters of glucuronic acid are examined. Dynamic parameters from Hua and Rosen's mathematical model and equilibrium surface tension are presented for esters with octyl, decyl, dodecyl, and tetradecyl alkyl segments. Increasing the alkyl chain length has a significant influence on the surface activity. Decyl and dodecyl glucuronate exhibit an interesting adsorption speed associated with foaming capacity. Octyl glucuronate exhibits a micellar organization as its bulk concentration is over 10.68 mM. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). [less ▲]

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See detailEnzyme Activity Determination on Macromolecular Substrates by Isothermal Titration Calorimetry: Application to Mesophilic and Psychrophilic Chitinases
Lonhienne, T.; Baise, Etienne ULg; Feller, Georges ULg et al

in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (2001), 1545(1-2), 349-56

Isothermal titration calorimetry has been applied to the determination of the kinetic parameters of chitinases (EC 3.2.1.14) by monitoring the heat released during the hydrolysis of chitin glycosidic ... [more ▼]

Isothermal titration calorimetry has been applied to the determination of the kinetic parameters of chitinases (EC 3.2.1.14) by monitoring the heat released during the hydrolysis of chitin glycosidic bonds. Experiments were carried out using two different macromolecular substrates: a soluble polymer of N-acetylglucosamine and the insoluble chitin from crab shells. Different experimental temperatures were used in order to compare the thermodependence of the activity of two chitinases from the psychrophile Arthrobacter sp. TAD20 and of chitinase A from the mesophile Serratia marcescens. The method allowed to determine unequivocally the catalytic rate constant k(cat), the activation energy (E(a)) and the thermodynamic activation parameters (DeltaG(#), DeltaH(#), DeltaS(#)) of the chitinolytic reaction on the soluble substrate. The catalytic activity has also been determined on insoluble chitin, which displays an effect of substrate saturation by chitinases. On both substrates, the thermodependence of the activity of the psychrophilic chitinases was lower than that observed with the mesophilic counterpart. [less ▲]

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See detailEnzyme Analysis of Thymic Nurse Cells
Defresne, Marie-Paule ULg; Plum, J.; De Smedt, M. et al

in Thymus (1988), 11(4), 221-30

Thymic nurse cells (TNC) were characterized according to their enzyme content. The following enzymes: Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isoenzymes, adenosine deaminase (ADA) and purine nucleoside phosphorylase ... [more ▼]

Thymic nurse cells (TNC) were characterized according to their enzyme content. The following enzymes: Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isoenzymes, adenosine deaminase (ADA) and purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) were evaluated. When the enzyme profile of the TNC were compared with the one found in the different thymocyte subpopulations, the ADA/PNP ratio was very low and similar to the early thymocytes, whereas the LDH isoenzymes approached the pattern of the cortical thymocytes. This enzyme profile suggests that the enzyme content of the TNC is dependent on the presence of at least two different thymocyte subpopulations, the early thymocytes and the cortical thymocytes. [less ▲]

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See detailEnzyme function at low temperatures in psychrophiles
Feller, Georges ULg

in Thomas, T.; Siddiqui, K. S. (Eds.) Protein Adaptation in Extremophiles (2008)

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See detailEnzyme Immobilization in Nanoparticles produced by Inverse Microemulsion Polymerization
Daubresse, Catherine; Grandfils, Christian ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Journal of Colloid & Interface Science (1994), 168

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