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See detailEnvironmental Migration
Gemenne, François ULg

in Martiniello, Marco; Rath, Jan (Eds.) An Introduction to International Migration Studies. European Perspectives (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULg)
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See detailEnvironmental modulation of self-organized periodic vegetation patterns in Sudan
Deblauwe, V; Couteron, P; Lejeune, O et al

in Ecography (2011), 34

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See detailEnvironmental monitoring at FUL
De Backer, Louis W.; Andre, Philippe ULg; Nicolas, Jacques ULg

in Journal on automatic control (1992), 33

The paper presents the research and teaching activities of Fondation Universitaire Luxembourgeoise (Arlon) and more particularly in the domain of Environmental Monitoring. Particular attention is given to ... [more ▼]

The paper presents the research and teaching activities of Fondation Universitaire Luxembourgeoise (Arlon) and more particularly in the domain of Environmental Monitoring. Particular attention is given to "intelligent measurement, bio-sensors and event forecast algorithms. The team of researchers tries to integrate the three steps of monitoring: measurement, data processing and decision making support. It develops short-term fog forecasting tools, water quality sensors, soil water status quality assessment techniques and uses models describing soil and water transfers in soils and artificial intelligence techniques applied to energy management in buildings. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)
See detailEnvironmental observations: A case study of sampling techniques and their effect on model sensitivity
ANDERSON, C.; BURKE, E.; CALORE, C. et al

in MARANI, M.; RIGON, R. (Eds.) Hydrometeorology and Climatology (1997)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg)
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See detailEnvironmental performance of waste management through years using Life Cycle Assessment
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Renzoni, Roberto ULg; Digneffe, Jean-Marc et al

Conference (2011, November 03)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (10 ULg)
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See detailEnvironmental policies and legislation
Burny, Philippe ULg; Petrescu-Mag, Ruxandra Malina

Book published by Les Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux (2008)

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See detailEnvironmental Product Declaration of purified and defluorinated phosphoric acid – difficulties and limitations of the methodology
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Scözs, Carl; Léonard, Angélique ULg

Poster (2013, November)

The awareness of environment and the development of environmental product declarations (EPDs) are increasing through years. EPD becomes a need for producers in both B to B and B to C relations. EPD ... [more ▼]

The awareness of environment and the development of environmental product declarations (EPDs) are increasing through years. EPD becomes a need for producers in both B to B and B to C relations. EPD elaboration process is not without difficulties. Such a declaration requires a considerable amount of time and information, a full comprehension of the applied methodology but it also causes confidentiality problems. All these difficulties can lead to the use of simpler tools, as Carbon Footprint, which only focuses on a single impact and misses a part of the message. This case study is based on the production of phosphoric acid in Belgium using PCR for inorganic chemicals. It takes into account the use of raw materials as phosphate rocks or chemicals, their transportation to site and the manufacturing of defluorinated and purified phosphoric acid. This process also requires steam, electricity, demineralised water and sulphuric acid. These inputs are produced on site and their modelling is taken into account in this study. The first step of this process is the production of weak phosphoric acid with transformation of phosphate rocks into 30% phosphoric acid using sulphuric acid attack. The particularity of this process is the production, in this company, of a recoverable coproduct, called gypsum. The amount of this product is about 1.6 t per t of weak acid. A stoichiometric relation connects both products and is used as allocation factor, as recommended by the PCR. Through next concentration steps, fluosilicic acid is produced, also linked to the production of phosphoric acid by a stoichiometric relation. For facilities production plant, repartition of impact between coproducts is not so easy. As mentioned before, the production of steam, electricity, demineralised water and sulphuric acid are performed on site. Sulphuric acid is produced by the combustion of liquid sulphur provided by oil refineries. Two different units produce both sulphuric acid and steam through the combustion of liquid sulphur but only one of them transforms a part of steam into electricity. Repartition of impact between sulphuric acid and steam can be achieved using a physical relation based on thermodynamic values which can be transformed into mass relation. For repartition between electricity, steam and sulphuric acid, the main difficulty is that electricity does not have a weight and a transformation into steam shall be achieved to use the same relationship that previously. This way of allocating is not very obvious for producers, even if it is the one recommended by the PCR. As electricity and steam are coproduced, an energetic allocation is also relevant and gives completely opposite results for repartition of impact of each product. In that case, sulphuric acid impact achieves a non-negligible part of the impact which modifies greatly results of phosphoric acid production. This is a problem when you know that environmental product declarations are used to compare products on environmental criteria, using mainly values of climate change or energy impacts. Producers are then reticent to publish such a value which can lead to a loss of customer confidence, even more when they occupy a leading position on the market and taking into account that a comparison with other producers is quite impossible. More specific guidelines should be set to indicate the best way to perform an environmental product declaration in specific fields using a specific way of allocation. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental product declarations of mineral paving, a tool for sustainable product choices
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Renzoni, Roberto ULg; Tourneur, Francis ULg et al

Poster (2012, March 22)

This study performs the environmental product declarations for three Belgian mineral products, two granite and one sandstone paving. Both main goals of this work were to obtain Belgian environmental ... [more ▼]

This study performs the environmental product declarations for three Belgian mineral products, two granite and one sandstone paving. Both main goals of this work were to obtain Belgian environmental product declarations to strengthen existing databases and to get similar information for their Asian counterparts. Indeed, competition with China for bluestone products and with India for sandstone pavement is very important due to very competitive prices despite their foreign origin and possibly higher induced environmental impacts. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental product declarations of mineral paving, a tool for sustainable product choices
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Renzoni, Roberto ULg; Tourneur, Francis ULg et al

Poster (2012, May 30)

This study performs the environmental product declarations for three Belgian mineral products, two granite and one sandstone paving. Both main goals of this work were to obtain Belgian environmental ... [more ▼]

This study performs the environmental product declarations for three Belgian mineral products, two granite and one sandstone paving. Both main goals of this work were to obtain Belgian environmental product declarations to strengthen existing databases and to get similar information for their Asian counterparts. Indeed, competition with China for bluestone products and with India for sandstone pavement is very important due to very competitive prices despite their foreign origin and possibly higher induced environmental impacts. Environmental product declarations of Belgian bluestone and sandstone products were conducted in accordance with the ISO standards and following the stand-ard NF P 01-010. CML 2001 method was used to obtain environmental impacts for ten categories as climate change, acidification, abiotic resources depletion, etc. Boundaries of the Belgian systems are the same and the life cycle assessment comprises all steps from the extraction of minerals to the implementation on site. Use and end of life steps were neglected due to the low required maintenance and the inert nature of the paving. For Asian products, the analysis is reduced to the transportation of the functional unit, mainly due to the lack of reliable data. This work highlights the negative effect of long distance transportation of heavy and non-energetic products. Indeed, the environmental impacts of the sole transport of Asian products are at least as important as those obtained for the whole life cycle of Belgian products, whatever the category taken into account (climate change, acidification, air pollution, etc.). CML 2001 methodology was successfully applied to these five studies about three Belgian products and two abroad transportation steps. Comparison of the 5 corresponding environmental product declarations permits to highlight the importance of the transport on environment and to promote, supposing equal performance, local prod-ucts in a more environmental-friendly point of view. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (5 ULg)
See detailEnvironmental reconstruction of the Frasnian Carbonate Platform using sedimentology and magnetic susceptibility.
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Abstracts and field guide, 6th Annual Conference of SEPM-CES SEDIMENT 2009 (2009)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
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See detailEnvironmental Respiratory Diseases. Some examples of physiopathological processes in domestic animals
Hamoir, Julien; Gustin, Pascal ULg

in Dunlop, Robert H.; Malbert, Charles-Henri (Eds.) Veterinary Pathophysiology (2004)

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See detailEnvironmental sensitivity for milk yield in Luxembourg and Tunisian Holsteins by herd management level.
Hammami, Hedi ULg; Rekik, Boulbaba; Bastin, Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2009), 92(9), 4604-12

Milk production data of Luxembourg and Tunisian Holstein cows were analyzed using herd management (HM) level. Herds in each country were clustered into high, medium, and low HM levels based on solutions ... [more ▼]

Milk production data of Luxembourg and Tunisian Holstein cows were analyzed using herd management (HM) level. Herds in each country were clustered into high, medium, and low HM levels based on solutions of herd-test-date and herd-year of calving effects from national evaluations. Data from both populations included 730,810 test-day (TD) milk yield records from 87,734 first-lactation cows. A multi-trait, random regression TD model was used to estimate (co)variance components for milk yield within and across country HM levels. Additive genetic and permanent environmental variances of TD milk yields varied with management level in Tunisia and Luxembourg. Additive variances were smaller across HM levels in Tunisia than in Luxembourg, whereas permanent environmental variances were larger in Tunisian HM levels. Highest heritability estimates of 305-d milk yield (0.41 and 0.21) were found in high HM levels, whereas lowest estimates (0.31 and 0.12, respectively) were associated with low HM levels in both countries. Genetic correlations among Luxembourg HM levels were >0.96, whereas those among Tunisian HM levels were below 0.80. Respective rank orders of sires ranged from 0.73 to 0.83 across Luxembourg environments and from 0.33 to 0.42 across Tunisian HM levels indicating high re-ranking of sires in Tunisia and only a scaling effect in Luxembourg. Across-country environment analysis showed that estimates of genetic variance in the high, medium, and low classes of Tunisian environments were 45, 69, and 81% lower, respectively, than the estimate found in the high Luxembourg HM level. Genetic correlations among 305-d milk yields in Tunisian and Luxembourg HM environments ranged from 0.39 to 0.79. The largest estimated genetic correlation was found between the medium Luxembourg and high Tunisian HM levels. Rank correlations for common sires' estimated breeding values among HM environments were low and ranged from 0.19 to 0.39, implying the existence of genotype by environment interaction. These results indicate that daughters of superior sires in Luxembourg have their genetic expression for milk production limited under Tunisian environments. Milk production of cows in the medium and low Luxembourg environments were good predictors of that of their paternal half-sisters in the high Tunisian HM level. Breeding decisions in low-input Tunisian environment should utilize semen from sires with daughters in similar production environments rather than semen of bulls proven in higher management levels. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental site layout planning: solar access, microclimate and passive cooling in urban areas
Littlefair, P.; Santamouris, M.; Alvarez, S. et al

Book published by CRC (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 174 (10 ULg)
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See detailEnvironmental unpredictability rules the autumn migration of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) in the Belgian Ardennes
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Baras, Etienne; Goffaux, Delphine et al

in Hydrobiologia (1998), 372

This telemetry study aimed to document the mobility of Salmo trutta in the River Ourthe sub-basin (tributary of the River Meuse) during summer and autumn, and to analyse the environmental factors which ... [more ▼]

This telemetry study aimed to document the mobility of Salmo trutta in the River Ourthe sub-basin (tributary of the River Meuse) during summer and autumn, and to analyse the environmental factors which trigger spawning migration or limit their extension. Nine trout (233-2217 g and 26.6-55.2 cm FL) were radio-tagged with intraperitoneal radio transmitters and positioned daily, from 14 August 1996 to 15 January 1997. Until 1 October, fish showed restricted movements: daily journeys never exceeded 300 m and corresponded to displacements by high floods or to routine home range movements. From 7 October to 15 November, seven of the nine trout travelled upstream over distances from 5.6 to 22.95 km, into tributaries and sub-tributaries. Migration speed was fast during the early days, when trout could travel over more than 5 km per night, then progressively decreased as they were approaching putative spawning redds under lower temperature. Both ire the River Ourthe and in the Aisne stream, all migrations started within less than three weeks (early October) and were found to be triggered by the combination of three environmental factors: high variations of water temperature and water level between consecutive days, within a thermal range of 10-12 degrees C. From the trout point's of view, these may be signs that the environment becomes unpredictable, as its variability increases within a thermal range which no longer enables them to achieve high growth rates. These results are discussed within the context of foraging strategies, life history strategies and management of trout population. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental unpredictability rules the autumn migrations of trout (Salmo trutta) in the Belgian Ardennes.
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Baras, Etienne; Goffaux, Delphine et al

Conference (1997)

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See detailEnvironmental filtering of dense-wooded species controls above-ground biomass stored in African moist forests
Gourlet-Fleury, Sylvie; Rossi, Vivien; Réjou-Méchain, Maxime et al

in Journal of Ecology (2011), 99(4), 981-990

1. Regional above-ground biomass estimates for tropical moist forests remain highly inaccurate mostly because they are based on extrapolations from a few plots scattered across a limited range of soils ... [more ▼]

1. Regional above-ground biomass estimates for tropical moist forests remain highly inaccurate mostly because they are based on extrapolations from a few plots scattered across a limited range of soils and other environmental conditions. When such conditions impact biomass, the estimation is biased. The effect of soil types on biomass has especially yielded controversial results. 2. We investigated the relationship between above-ground biomass and soil type in undisturbed moist forests in the Central African Republic. We tested the effects of soil texture, as a surrogate for soil resources availability and physical constraints (soil depth and hydromorphy) on biomass. Forest inventory data were collected for trees ≥20 cm stem diameter in 2754 0.5 ha plots scattered over 4888 km². The plots contained 224 taxons, of which 209 were identified to species. Soil types were characterized from a 1:1 000 000 scale soil map. Species-specific values for wood density were extracted from the CIRAD’s data base of wood technological properties. 3. We found that basal area and biomass differ in their responses to soil type, ranging from 17.8 m² ha-1 (217.5 t ha-1) to 22.3 m² ha-1 (273.3 t ha-1). While shallow and hydromorphic soils support forests with both low stem basal area and low biomass, forests on deep resource-poor soils are typically low in basal area but as high in biomass as forests on deep resource-rich soils. We demonstrated that the environmental filtering of slow growing dense-wooded species on resource-poor soils compensates for the low basal area, and we discuss whether this filtering effect is due to low fertility or to low water reserve. 4. Synthesis. We showed that soil physical conditions constrained the amount of biomass stored in tropical moist forests. Contrary to previous reports, our results suggest that biomass is similar on resource-poor and resource-rich soils. This finding highlights both the importance of taking into account soil characteristics and species wood density when trying to predict regional patterns of biomass. Our findings have implications for the evaluation of biomass stocks in tropical forests, in the context of the international negotiations on climate change. [less ▲]

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See detailEnvironmental, social and economic feasability of forest conversion. Scientific report, December 2004
Verheyen, Kris; Lust, Noel; Carnol, Monique ULg et al

Report (2004)

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