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See detailEstablishing the limit of detection and the resolution limits of odorous sources in the environment for an array of metal oxide gas sensors
Nicolas, Jacques ULg; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg

in Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical (2004), 99(2-3), 384-392

Odour identification with gas sensor arrays relies on two main parameters: the limit of detection, defined as the concentration of the analyte corresponding to the lowest detectable signal for the sensors ... [more ▼]

Odour identification with gas sensor arrays relies on two main parameters: the limit of detection, defined as the concentration of the analyte corresponding to the lowest detectable signal for the sensors, and the limit of resolution, defined for pair-wise comparisons of vapours, as the concentration levels below which a vapour can no longer be reliably recognised from another one on the basis of its response pattern. For real-life environmental odours, however, it is no longer possible to express such limits in "concentration" terms, because they are complex gas mixtures composed of hundreds of various compounds. The paper tries to assess both limits for odorous sources in the environment firstly by finding an equivalence of the odour concentration, expressed in odorous unit per cubic meter (ou/m3), and the concentration of a reference gas, here the ethanol, and secondly by working with a statistical metric, based on the magnitude and standard deviations along linear projections of clustered response data. The methodology is illustrated for a metal oxide gas sensor array and the odour generated by urban waste composting facilities, which is compared to the background air and to ethanol vapour. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment and characterisation of two novel human KSHV- and EBV-negative Burkitt cell lines, GAL-01 and GAL-02, from a primary lymphomatous effusion
Thielen, Caroline ULg; Herens, Christian ULg; Fassotte, Marie-France ULg et al

in European Journal of Haematology (2006), 77(4), 318-326

Objectives: Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is a highly aggressive mature B-cell neoplasm comprising endemic, sporadic and immunodeficiency-associated variants. Human cell lines constitute a very useful tool to ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is a highly aggressive mature B-cell neoplasm comprising endemic, sporadic and immunodeficiency-associated variants. Human cell lines constitute a very useful tool to investigate the biology of lymphoid neoplasia. In this study, we succeeded in establishing two human cell lines, GAL-01 and GAL-02, from a HIV-negative patient with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) -negative sporadic BL presenting as an effusion. GAL-01 and GAL-02 were established at diagnosis and after one course of polychemotherapy, respectively. The in vivo effusion occurred in a very peculiar clinical setting; the patient having a previous history of intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Methods: The morphologic, immunophenotypic and molecular genetic features of GAL cell lines are reported and compared with those of the parental tumour. The findings clearly demonstrated that the Burkitt effusion did not represent disease progression of the intestinal tumour, but represented a second primary haematological malignancy. The in vivo tumorigenic properties of the cells were tested by subcutaneous injection to NOD/SCID mice. Results: Both cell lines were composed of medium-sized lymphoid cells with clumped chromatin, multiple medium-sized nucleoli and moderate amounts of vacuolated cytoplasm. GAL cells display the phenotype and genotype of a B-cell lineage (positive for CD20, CD79a and clonal rearrangement of Ig heavy chain), carry the c-MYC rearrangement by t(8;22)(q24;q11) translocation and are characterised by the expression of the germinal centre-associated antigens CD10, BCL6, CD38 and absent to low BCL2 expression. EBV and HHV8 were not identified within parental tumour or in cultured cells. Subcutaneous injection of both cell lines to NOD/SCID mice induced tumour formation. Conclusions: GAL-01 and GAL-02, two novel EBV-negative human BL cell lines represent a potentially useful experimental model to study the biology of BL possibly including the resistance to chemotherapy. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment of a bovine herpesvirus 4 based vector expressing a secreted form of the bovine viral diarrhoea virus structural glycoprotein E2 for immunization purposes.
Donofrio, Gaetano; Sartori, Chiara; Ravanetti, Lara et al

in BMC Biotechnology (2007), 7

BACKGROUND: The biological characteristics of BoHV-4 make it a good candidate as a gene delivery vector for vaccination purposes. These characteristics include little or no pathogenicity, unlikely ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The biological characteristics of BoHV-4 make it a good candidate as a gene delivery vector for vaccination purposes. These characteristics include little or no pathogenicity, unlikely oncogenicity, the capability to accommodate large amounts of foreign genetic material, the ability to infect several cell types from different animal species, and the ability to maintain transgene expression in both undifferentiated and differentiated cells. RESULTS: A recombinant bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV-4CMV-IgKE2-14 Delta TK) expressing an enhanced secreted form of the bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) structural glycoprotein E2 (gE2-14), obtained by the removal of the putative transmembrane domain and addition of a 14 amino acids peptide at its carboxyl terminal and an immunoglobulin K signal peptide to the amino terminal, was successfully constructed using a Recombineering (recombination -mediated genetic engineering) approach on BoHV-4 cloned as bacterial artificial chromosome. The galactokinase - based recombineering system was modified by the introduction of a kanamycin expression cassette and a kanamycin selection step that allowed a significant reduction of the untargeted background clones. BoHV-4CMV-IgKE2-14 Delta TK infected cell lines highly expressed gE2-14, which maintained native antigenic properties in a serum neutralization inhibition test. When rabbits and sheep were immunized with BoHV-4CMV-IgKE2-14 Delta TK, high levels of serum neutralized antibodies against BVDV were generated. CONCLUSION: This work highlights the engineerization of BoHV-4 genome as a vector for vaccine purposes and may provide the basis for BVDV vaccination exploiting the BoHV-4- based vector that delivers an improved secreted version of the BVDV structural glycoprotein E2. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment of a geographic data dictionnary : a case study of UrbIS 2 ©, the Brussels regional government GIS
Pantazis, Dimos; Cornélis, Bernard; Billen, Roland ULg et al

in Computers, Environment & Urban Systems (2002), 26(1), 3-17

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See detailEstablishment of a geographic data dictionnary : case study on the Brussels regional government GIS
Pantazis, Dimos; Cornélis, Bernard; Sheeren, David et al

in Proceedings of the 22nd Urban and Data Management Symposium (2000)

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See detailEstablishment of a murine graft-versus-myeloma model using allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
Binsfeld, Marilène ULg; BEGUIN, Yves ULg; Belle, Ludovic et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2014)

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See detailEstablishment of a new method for rapid and precise estimation of apple proliferation phytoplasma concentration in periwinkle.
Aldaghi, M.; Massart, Sébastien ULg; Roussel, S. et al

in Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences (2006), 71(3 Pt A),

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See detailEstablishment of a new Tet-On cell line inducible for expression of CIPAR1 gene
Cornet, Anne ULg

Scientific conference (1998, November 21)

In prostate cancer therapy, the components of the cell death could play an important role: it is conceivable that targeted tranfer of such genes into prostatic cells could be useful. In our laboratory, a ... [more ▼]

In prostate cancer therapy, the components of the cell death could play an important role: it is conceivable that targeted tranfer of such genes into prostatic cells could be useful. In our laboratory, a new gene, the CIPAR1 (fro Castration Induced Prostatic Apoptosis Related 1), was identified by Marc Bruyninx. This gene is upregulated when the rat prostate is induced to undergo apoptosis. To learn more about the cellular function of the CIPAR1, we have decided to establish a stable cell line inducible for the expression of CIPAR1 using the "Tet-On expression system" of Clontech. Thanks to this system, we now possess a Tet-On cell line expressing CIPAR1 under Tet control. It has a high expression level of CIPAR1 and this expression can be quantitatively regulated. We hope that this stable cell line will let us elucidate the cellular functions of CIPAR1. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment of a Rabbit Model for Bovine Herpesvirus Type 5 Neurological Acute Infection
Meyer, Gilles; Lemaire, Mylène; Lyaku, J. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (1996), 51(1-2), 27-40

This study was conducted to evaluate the suitability of the rabbit as a model for bovine, herpesvirus 5 (BHV-5) acute infection. In a preliminary experiment, a total of 24 one-month old New Zealand white ... [more ▼]

This study was conducted to evaluate the suitability of the rabbit as a model for bovine, herpesvirus 5 (BHV-5) acute infection. In a preliminary experiment, a total of 24 one-month old New Zealand white rabbits were inoculated with BHV-5 or bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) by the intraconjunctival, intracerebral or intranasal routes. BHV-5 or BHV-1 inoculated in the conjunctiva induced virus proliferation in the eye mucosae and the nasal cavity of rabbits without meningo-encephalitis. On the other hand, only BHV-5 infection by intranasal or intracerebral routes produced a fatal meningo-encephalitis. The intranasal route was used in a further experiment for the establishment of a rabbit model for BHV-5 infection. A total of 45 rabbits were inoculated intranasally with BHV-5 or BHV-1. The results showed that intranasal inoculation of BHV-5 strain N569 in rabbits was followed by the development of a lethal meningo-encephalitis for 66% of rabbits while all BHV-1 infected rabbits remained healthy throughout this experiment (28 days). Analysis between the mortalities of rabbits infected with BHV-5 and BHV-1 were highly significant (p < 0.001). The presence of BHV-5 in the central nervous system (CNS) was confirmed by virus isolation (essentially the cerebrum, midbrain and pons) and by immunohistochemical staining of BHV-5 antigen (essentially in the neurons of the cerebrum) only in BHV-5 infected rabbits showing clinical signs of meningo-encephalitis. The findings obtained confirmed the suitability of a rabbit model for the establishment of BHV-5 neurological acute infection and also as a valuable tool for the comparative study of BHV-5 and BHV-1 neuropathogenicity. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment of a sedimentation monitoring system of irrigation dams in Burkina Faso: The PADI project
Hallot, Eric ULg; Guyon, Francis; de Thysebaert, Didier et al

Conference (2013, August 31)

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See detailEstablishment of an interactomic map of the Ets factors family: Towards a better understanding of their roles in oncogenic processes
Rambout, Xavier ULg; Twizere, Jean-Claude ULg; Dequiedt, Franck ULg

in Inserm Workshop: Interactomics: at the crossroads of biology and bioinformatics (2010, March)

Ets transcription factors play key roles in several cancers such as leukemia, prostate cancer and Ewing’s sarcoma. They regulate the expression of genes controlling biological processes such as cellular ... [more ▼]

Ets transcription factors play key roles in several cancers such as leukemia, prostate cancer and Ewing’s sarcoma. They regulate the expression of genes controlling biological processes such as cellular proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, metastasis, and transformation. This family is characterized by a highly conserved DNA-binding domain (ETS domain) and is classified into subfamilies according to sequence homology between the members. Using a high-throughput yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) method, we tested the interaction of the major splicing variants of the 28 human Ets factors and their functional domains of interest against the last available version of the human ORFeome (hORFeome v5.1). This screen has identified more than 200 new partners of Ets proteins. Further validation of these new interactions together with previously described interactions will enable a global evaluation of the regulation, and normal and cancerous roles of Ets factors. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment of an interactomic map of the Ets factors family: Towards a better understanding of their roles in oncogenic processes
Rambout, Xavier ULg; Simonis, Nicolas; Demoitié, Pauline et al

Poster (2011, April 29)

Ets transcription factors have been involved in several cancers such as leukemia, prostate cancer and Ewing’s sarcoma. They regulate the expression of genes controlling important biological processes such ... [more ▼]

Ets transcription factors have been involved in several cancers such as leukemia, prostate cancer and Ewing’s sarcoma. They regulate the expression of genes controlling important biological processes such as cellular proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, metastasis, and transformation. This family of transcription factors is characterized by its highly conserved DNA-binding domain called the ETS domain and members are classified into subfamilies based on sequence homology criterion. We built a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of the 27 Ets proteins and of their individual functional domains using a high-throughput yeast-two hybrid (Y2H) screening method. That Y2H network was expanded with confident literature-curated PPIs to obtain a comprehensive Ets interaction network. By considering connectivity between Ets interaction partners, we were able to segregate highly connected clusters of proteins from that network. Analysis of ontologies enrichment of those clusters enabled to confirm well-established roles and regulations of Ets factors, but also to suggest new ones. Biological validation of one precise cluster could be used as a rule of a thumb to globally confirm the bioinformatic analysis of our Ets PPI network and the potential physiological or pathological roles and regulation of Ets factors. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment of endosymbiosis: The case of cnidarians and Symbiodinium
Fransolet, David ULg; Roberty, Stéphane ULg; Plumier, Jean-Christophe ULg

in Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology (2012), 420–421

The symbiosis between cnidarians and Symbiodinium algae (dinoflagellates) is the keystone responsible for the formation of the huge and important structures that are coral reefs. Today many environmental ... [more ▼]

The symbiosis between cnidarians and Symbiodinium algae (dinoflagellates) is the keystone responsible for the formation of the huge and important structures that are coral reefs. Today many environmental and/or anthropogenic threats compromise this tight relationship and lead to more frequent events of drastic loss of Symbiodinium pigments and eventually of algae themselves from cnidarians, better known as cnidarian bleaching. While the mechanisms underlying the collapse of the algae–coral symbiosis are progressively getting unraveled, the understanding of the mechanisms involved in the de novo infection of bleached cnidarians by Symbiodinium remains elusive. In this review, we describe the various steps needed to establish a stable symbiotic relationship between Symbiodinium and cnidarians. We review the mechanisms implicated in host–symbiont recognition and in symbiosome formation and persistence, with a special emphasis on the role played by lectins and Rab proteins. A better understanding of these molecular mechanisms may contribute to the development of strategies to promote post-bleaching recovery of corals. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment of Latency Associated with Glycoprotein E (Ge) Seroconversion after Bovine Herpesvirus 1 Infection in Calves with High Levels of Passive Antibodies Lacking Ge Antibodies
Schynts, F.; Lemaire, Mylène; Ros, C. et al

in Veterinary Microbiology (2001), 82(3), 211-22

This study was conducted to investigate the glycoprotein E (gE) antibody response raised after inoculation with a low infectious dose of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) in six calves possessing high levels ... [more ▼]

This study was conducted to investigate the glycoprotein E (gE) antibody response raised after inoculation with a low infectious dose of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) in six calves possessing high levels of passive immunity from cows repeatedly vaccinated with gE deleted marker vaccine. Four out of the six calves developed gE antibodies 3-5 weeks after infection, whereas the two other ones remained seronegative to gE. After 5 months of infection, the six calves were treated with dexamethasone. Virus was only re-excreted by the four calves which previously seroconverted against gE. The two other calves became seronegative against BHV-1, 30-32 weeks after infection. A second dexamethasone treatment performed 11 months after infection failed to demonstrate a latent infection in these two calves. Moreover, the lack of identification of a cell-mediated immune response, after the two dexamethasone treatments, and the failure to detect BHV-1 DNA sequences in trigeminal ganglia strongly suggest that these two calves were not latently infected. In conclusion, the presence of high levels of maternal immunity lacking gE antibodies does not prevent latency after infection with a low titre of BHV-1. Moreover, latency is associated with a serological response to gE. These results confirm that the gE deletion is a good marker to identify young calves latently infected with a field virus. [less ▲]

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See detail- Establishment of normal and transformed root cultures of Artemisia annua L. for artemisinin production.
Jaziri, M.; Shimomura, K.; Yoshimatsu, K. et al

in Journal of Plant Physiology (1995), 145(1-2), 175-177

Transformed cultures of Artemisia annua L. (Asteraceae) were established by the co-culture method using leaf segments of A. annua and Agrobacterium rhizogenes NCIB 8196 or MAFF 03-01724. The hairy root ... [more ▼]

Transformed cultures of Artemisia annua L. (Asteraceae) were established by the co-culture method using leaf segments of A. annua and Agrobacterium rhizogenes NCIB 8196 or MAFF 03-01724. The hairy root clones thus obtained grew vigorously on hormone-free medium, showing the typical transformed morphology. The genetic transformation of the root was proved by the opine assay. Normal root and shoot cultures were also established. A highly specific and sensitive enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA) method was used for the detection and semi-quantitative determination of artemisinin and structurally related compounds in these cultures. The presence of artemisinin was confirmed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. The hairy roots cultured in the dark produced no detectable level of artemisinin as shown by the adventitious shoots cultured under light conditions. The ELISA analysis of the green hairy roots cultured in liquid medium under a 16 h light/day photoperiod showed the existence of compound(s) structurally related to artemisinin, though normal and hairy roots cultured in the dark give no detectable levels of immuno-signal. [less ▲]

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See detailEstablishment of parathyroid hormone (PTH) reference on 10 different assay kits: impact of the recruitment of the population
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg; SOUBERBIELLE, Jean-Claude

in Osteoporosis International (2012, March), 23(Supplement 2), 360

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