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See detailEpiclèses et polythéisme dans l'île de Cos
Paul, Stéphanie ULg

Scientific conference (2009, April 22)

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See detailEpicuticular Factors Involved In Host Recognition For The Aphid Parasitoid Aphidius Rhopalosiphi
Muratori, Frédéric; Le Ralec, Anne; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

in Journal of Chemical Ecology (2006), 32(3), 579-593

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See detailEpiddémiologie des lésions de l'encéphale chez l'enfant en-dessous de 1500g
Battisti, Oreste ULg; Danhaive, Olivier; Detry, Joelle et al

Conference (1991)

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See detailEpidemic spreading in a finite-precision BA model
Ababou, Malika ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg; MOUSSA, Najem et al

in Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications (2011)

The Barabasi-Albert (BA) model with finite-precision preferential attachment is used to build a wide range of network structures. Spreading epidemics and collective dynamics are investigated on such ... [more ▼]

The Barabasi-Albert (BA) model with finite-precision preferential attachment is used to build a wide range of network structures. Spreading epidemics and collective dynamics are investigated on such complex networks. Numerical simulations reveal a transition from an exponential scaling to a power law distribution of link numbers per node along with the increase of the tuning parameter ω. The collective synchronization induced by Susceptible- Infected-Recovered-Susceptible (SIRS) epidemiological process is shown to depend on the topological structure of the network. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidémie à Acinetobacter anitratus: un réservoir inédit
MELIN, Pierrette ULg

Conference (1997, November 18)

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See detailL'épidémie au cinéma : de l'infiniment grand à l'infiniment petit
De Re, Margaux ULg

Master's dissertation (2014)

« You know where this comes from, shaking hands? It was a way of showing a stranger you weren't carrying a weapon in the old days. » Contagion, Steven Soderbergh, 2011 For decades film directors, inspired ... [more ▼]

« You know where this comes from, shaking hands? It was a way of showing a stranger you weren't carrying a weapon in the old days. » Contagion, Steven Soderbergh, 2011 For decades film directors, inspired by numerous novelists, have exploited the epidemic in various ways: as a general historical context to tell another story (Isle of the Dead, Robson, 1945), as a medical topic at the heart of an investigation (Medical Investigation, Horwitch, 2004), or as a process allowing the proliferation of zombies (Resident Evil, Anderson, 2000) or even vampires (Daybreakers, Spierig, 2010). This work aims at theorising a fascinating and surprising topic – which goes as far as haunting public restrooms with the “Stop Germs: Wash Your Hands” signs – and to offer an overview of films that are very present on our screens and yet absent from scholarly works about cinema. By combining the analysis of photography with that of narrative, this research tries to address issues which may seem, at first sight, plain and transparent (showing the epidemic is showing contaminated individuals) but prove to be, in practice, much more complex (how can contamination be represented since this microscopic phenomenon is invisible to the eye?). The developed method leans on science and the ties between epidemic, contagion and contamination in order to establish an approach going from the more general (epidemic, which belongs to the global and is illustrated as far as the film’s synopsis) to the more particular (contamination, which falls under the interpersonal and is represented only in precise sequence of the film). Beyond questions about cinema or narrative in the strict sense, this final dissertation aims at exploring the other side of epidemic: the collective imaginary it creates. Indeed, the way cinema represents these phenomena indicates a certain conception of epidemic, which spreads from a film to the other, from a viewer to the other. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidémie de grippe dans une institution pour personnes âgées correctement vaccinées.
Burette, Philippe ULg; Bouüaert, Corine ULg; Melin, Pierrette ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2009), 64/4

Elderly people in nursing home communities are vulnerable to contagious infections, including the influenza virus. Systematic anti-influenza vaccination is an important preventive measure; however ... [more ▼]

Elderly people in nursing home communities are vulnerable to contagious infections, including the influenza virus. Systematic anti-influenza vaccination is an important preventive measure; however, vaccination does not provide absolute protection. We report an outbreak of influenza A infection in a well-vaccinated nursing home population. Several factors can facilitate the occurrence of this type of outbreak. This report mainly addresses the discrepancy between the circulating viral strain and strains present in the recommended vaccine. [less ▲]

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See detailUne épidémie de « romans de finances ». Production, distribution et répression de l’édition clandestine à Rouen et Paris en 1763-1764
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

in Le délit d'opinion à l'âge classique : du colporteur au philosophe (2009)

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See detailL' "epidemie" des maladies metaboliques, un probleme majeur de sante publique.
Scheen, André ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (1999), 54(2), 87-94

The industrialized world is confronted to a real epidemic of metabolic diseases triggered by overeating and sedentarity. Obesity, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome ... [more ▼]

The industrialized world is confronted to a real epidemic of metabolic diseases triggered by overeating and sedentarity. Obesity, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes mellitus and the metabolic syndrome associated to insulin resistance are well-known cardiovascular risk factors which all contribute to increase both morbidity and mortality, to alter the quality of life and to markedly increase the budget of the social security. Preventive measures should be taken urgently in order to correct such a dangerous trend for the public health. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiologic study of pestivirus infection in both wild and domestic ruminants A survey in the Ubaye Valley (Alpine mountains, France)
Martin, Claire; Duquesne, Véronique; Adam, Gilbert et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailEpidemiological and nonclinical studies investigating effects of iron in carcinogenesis-A critical review
Beguin, Yves ULg; Aapro, M.; Ludwig, H. et al

in Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology (2014), 89

The efficacy and tolerability of intravenous (i.v.) iron in managing cancer-related anemia and iron deficiency has been clinically evaluated and reviewed recently. However, long-term data in cancer ... [more ▼]

The efficacy and tolerability of intravenous (i.v.) iron in managing cancer-related anemia and iron deficiency has been clinically evaluated and reviewed recently. However, long-term data in cancer patients are not available; yet, long-term i.v. iron treatment in hemodialysis patients is not associated with increased cancer risk. This review summarizes epidemiological and nonclinical data on the role of iron in carcinogenesis. In humans, epidemiological data suggest correlations between certain cancers and increased iron exposure or iron overload. Nonclinical models that investigated whether iron can enhance carcinogenesis provide only limited evidence relevant for cancer patients since they were typically based on high iron doses as well as injection routes and iron formulations which are not used in the clinical setting. Nevertheless, in the absence of long-term outcome data from prospectively defined trials in i.v. iron-treated cancer patients, iron supplementation should be limited to periods of concomitant anti-tumor treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiological and pathophysiological study of atypical myopathy in grazing horses
Van Galen, Gaby ULg

Master of advanced studies dissertation (2008)

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See detailEpidemiological evaluation of a monoclonal ELISA detecting antibodies against bovine leukaemia virus in serum pools.
Knapen, K.; Kerkhofs, P.; Thiry, Etienne ULg et al

in Epidemiology & Infection (1994), 113(3), 563-9

Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detecting antibodies against bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) were evaluated using a representative sample of ... [more ▼]

Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detecting antibodies against bovine leukaemia virus (BLV) were evaluated using a representative sample of 145 serum pools, comprising from 3 to 48 individual sera. The sample was constituted according to the frequency distribution of the negative and positive pools analysed during a screening involving the whole cattle population of Belgium. Sensitivity and specificity were estimated to 88.9% and 100% and the predicted negative and positive values were 99.9% and 100%, respectively. These results indicate the use of serum pools is suitable for the detection of BLV infected herds in eradication campaigns. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiological Evaluation of a Monoclonal Elisa Detecting Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Pestivirus Antigens in Field Blood Samples of Persistently Infected Cattle
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Waxweiler, Sophie; Thiry, Etienne ULg et al

in Journal of Virological Methods (1992), 40(1), 85-93

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), using monoclonal antibodies for capture and detection, was developed for detecting bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) antigens in blood samples. The test was ... [more ▼]

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), using monoclonal antibodies for capture and detection, was developed for detecting bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) antigens in blood samples. The test was evaluated using 761 field samples of known status (viraemic or not). When an appropriate cut-off value was chosen, the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of the assay were 100%, higher than the values obtained by classical virus isolation. Correlation with the latter technique exceeded 90%. The ELISA is a good candidate for replacing virus isolation as a reference method for BVDV antigen detection in persistently infected carriers. A method based on the mean of the standard deviation ratio can be used to choose the cut-off value in order to optimise reproducibility. [less ▲]

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See detailEpidemiological profiles of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus infections in Malian women: risk factors and relevance of disparities
Bouare, N; GOTHOT, André ULg; DELWAIDE, Jean ULg et al

in World journal of hepatology (2013), 27(5), 196-205

AIM: To document the epidemiologic patterns and risk factors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in Mali in order to develop prevention means for both diseases ... [more ▼]

AIM: To document the epidemiologic patterns and risk factors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in Mali in order to develop prevention means for both diseases. METHODS: Two prospective studies were conducted in Bamako in 2009 among 1000 pregnant women (i.e. , young women) who consulted six reference health centers, and in 2010, among 231 older women who attended general practice in two hospitals. Antibody tests and molecular analysis (performed only for HCV) were used to quantify the frequencies of both infections. The data were collected from patients recruited through a questionnaire. Transmission risk factors of both diseases were identified by univariate and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: HCV seroprevalence was 0.2% for young and 6.5% for older women. HIV prevalence was similar in both populations (4.1% vs 6.1%). In older women, the analysis of risk factors highlighted an association between HCV infection and episodes of hospitalization (P < 0.01). The study did not show an association between HIV infection and the variables such as hospitalization, transfusion, tattoo, dental care, and endoscopy. A significant decrease of HIV seroprevalence was detected in young women who used condoms for contraception more than for other purposes (P < 0.01). By contrast, HIV seroprevalence was significantly increased in young women using condoms mainly to prevent sexual infections rather than for contraception (P < 0.01). No HCV/HIV coinfection was detected in our study. CONCLUSION: Risk factors and epidemiologic data of HIV and HCV as well as the absence of co-infection strongly suggest epidemiological disparities between these diseases. [less ▲]

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