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See detailDeveloping Countries facing Global Warming: a Post-Kyoto Assessment.
De Dapper, Morgan; Swinne, Danielle; Ozer, Pierre ULiege

Book published by United Nations / KAOW-ARSOM (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (10 ULiège)
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See detailDeveloping Countries facing Global Warming: a Post-Kyoto Assessment. Round-table Debate
Ozer, Pierre ULiege

in De Dapper, Morgan; Swinne, Danielle; Ozer, Pierre (Eds.) Developing Countries facing Global Warming: a Post-Kyoto Assessment. (2010)

This paper reports the results of a round-table debate organized by the Royal Academy for Overseas Sciences (RAOS) on Developing Countries facing Global Warming: a Post-Kyoto Assessment (Brussels, 13 June ... [more ▼]

This paper reports the results of a round-table debate organized by the Royal Academy for Overseas Sciences (RAOS) on Developing Countries facing Global Warming: a Post-Kyoto Assessment (Brussels, 13 June, 2009) to highlight the view of developing countries on adaptation to and mitigation of climate change. The participants convened to discuss the various aspects of climate change impacts and adaptation in developing countries preceding the Copenhagen Conference (UNFCCC COP 15) in December 2009. Here, we summarize the point of view of the two invited speakers representing developing countries. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 159 (20 ULiège)
See detailDeveloping innovatie structures and mechanisms aiming to enhance the transfert of technologies from public institutions to the private sector.
Lardinois, M.; Totte, A.; Tounkara, L. et al

Poster (2006, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULiège)
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See detailDeveloping Mobility Management Controls by local governments: A case of Belgium
Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Qian, Wei; Bounazef, Djida ULiege

Scientific conference (2017)

Purpose This study aims at exploring the current development of management control practice in support of local government mobility strategy. More specifically, we use institutional theory as our ... [more ▼]

Purpose This study aims at exploring the current development of management control practice in support of local government mobility strategy. More specifically, we use institutional theory as our theoretical lens to analyze how social institutional pressures and structures (such as regulation, culture or norms) have influenced (either enabled or constrained) the development of management controls for mobility in local government. Research method An exploratory case study method was applied for the purpose of this study. The package of mobility controls developed by local governments in Belgium is explored with reference to the model proposed by Malmi and Brown (2008). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with senior manager(s) responsible for mobility issues and secondary data were collected in two local governments in Belgium. Findings The research shows that the package of mobility controls is still underdeveloped in Belgian local governments. There are significant diversities between the two regions (Wallonia and Flanders) in terms of implementation, execution and development of mobility controls. Although regulatory, cultural and social normative influences are either enabling or constraining the development of mobility controls, local cultural support and mobility actors’ collaboration appear to be the most important institutional factors for mobility development. Contribution/implication Prior studies suggest that management controls play a key role in strategy implementation and formulation. While the public sector such as local government organisations are encouraged to use sustainability management accounting and control tools, understanding of their management control practices and the inherent difficulties in operationalizing EMCS remains limited. A timely exploration of institutional enablers/ constraints and similarities/differences of Flemish and Walloon mobility controls contributes to our understanding of EMCS issues in practice. It also provides policy implications for future improvement of EMCS development. [less ▲]

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See detailDeveloping national health sector monitoring and accountability platforms. The opportunity of IHP+ in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal
Paul, Elisabeth ULiege; Akpamoli, Alphonse; Ba, Amadou D. et al

Conference (2012, November 01)

There is now growing consensus about the importance of building and strengthening national monitoring platforms in order to facilitate the evaluation of large-scale health programmes and initiatives in ... [more ▼]

There is now growing consensus about the importance of building and strengthening national monitoring platforms in order to facilitate the evaluation of large-scale health programmes and initiatives in low- and middle-income countries [see the paper published in 2010 in The Lancet by Victora et al.]. This is also crucial for improving accountability, which is defined by the United Nations' Commission on Information and Accountability for Women's and Children's Health as a cyclical process of monitoring, review, and (remedial) action. The International Health Partnership and related initiatives (IHP+), World Health Organization and other partners have recently developed guidelines to support country-led platforms for monitoring, evaluation and review of national health strategies. The national Compacts promoted in the framework of IHP+ offer an excellent opportunity to foster the development of such country-led platforms for information and accountability. Indeed, a Compact formalises the commitments of the recipient government and health sector partners to increase financing efforts in the health sector, to respect aid effectiveness principles and to support the national health policy and strategies in a common planning, coordination, and monitoring & evaluation framework. IHP+ is also closely connected to initiatives such as the Health Metrics Network that aims to improve the quality of health information in developing countries. We propose to analyse how the Ministries of Health in four Francophone Western African countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal) have seized the opportunity of IHP+ to strengthen their monitoring and accountability platforms, and assess what further actions could be taken in the future. We present a comparative analysis grid filled on the basis of the experience of the co-authors in supporting the process in the four countries. This composes the first step of an on-going research and experience sharing project supported by GRAP-PA Santé. [less ▲]

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See detailDeveloping Policy Responses to Address Environmental Migration in Asia and the Pacific.
Gemenne, François ULiege; Brücker, Pauline

in Gallagher, Deborah R. (Ed.) Environmental Leadership. A Reference Handbook (2012)

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See detailDeveloping predictive dynamic models of complex intracellular networks for neurological disease
Vafiadaki, Elizabeth; Depaulis, Antoine; Jackers, Pascale ULiege et al

in FEBS Journal (2008, June 28), 275(Issue s1), 206

Introduction: VALAPODYN, a European Commission funded research network, is an original systems biology approach for the development of an innovative model on the dynamics of molecular interaction networks ... [more ▼]

Introduction: VALAPODYN, a European Commission funded research network, is an original systems biology approach for the development of an innovative model on the dynamics of molecular interaction networks (MIN) in relation to cell death and survival for the detection of new therapeutic targets for human neurological diseases. To this end, a comprehensive multidisciplinary strategy has been established combining functional genomics, proteomics and bioinformatics. Methods and Results: Using a mouse model of induced hippocampal sclerosis associated with focal epilepsy, dynamic expression analyses are conducted at different time points. Proteomic databases are being used along with advanced microarray and proteomics platform systems to investigate protein-protein interactions and regulation networks, identify and validate biological targets in complex intracellular pathways. The first phase involves whole genome and proteome analysis, integrating biological and statistical data in order to functionally annotate genes and proteins. Using Affymetrix microarrays, 2D-DIGE and MALDI/TOF-TOF, we are evaluating whole genome and proteome expression profiles bringing to light critical new pathways and molecular targets implicated in neurodegeneration. Discussion: VALAPODYN develops a dynamic and quantitative analysis method for new therapeutic targets through MIN dynamic models and specifically addresses the systems biology of complex cellular pathways and transcriptional networks. Novel predictive dynamic models will be validated by testing the selected drug targets on innovative in vivo and in vitro models of CNS pathologies. VALAPODYN will provide a cutting-edge highly accurate in silico tool for identifying novel and effective therapeutic targets in a faster, more efficient and more economical way than it is possible today. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (16 ULiège)
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See detailDeveloping situational judgment tests to assess organizational citizenship behaviours
Lothe, Benoit ULiege; Hansez, Isabelle ULiege

Conference (2014, August)

a) Purpose As Organizational Citizenship Behaviours (OCBs) positively influence a number of important outcomes (e.g. job performance, unit productivity, organizational efficiency, etc.) and are valued by ... [more ▼]

a) Purpose As Organizational Citizenship Behaviours (OCBs) positively influence a number of important outcomes (e.g. job performance, unit productivity, organizational efficiency, etc.) and are valued by managers as well, Organ, Podsakoff and Podsakoff (2010) assert the need “to try to identify and select those job candidates who have a propensity to exhibit these behaviours” (p.314). This study provides some empirical evidence about using Situational Judgment Tests (SJTs) for this specific target and allows us to discuss the main methodological issues in the development of such SJTs. b) Method Based on relevant best practices and recommendations from the literature (e.g. Weekley, Ployhart & Holtz, 2006), two distinct SJTs were especially developed to comply with OCBs assessment. The two SJTs differ on their job specificity degree (project manager in the industrial sector vs transversal function in the services sector), both propose ten different work related situations and, for each stem, five action proposals are available. Data were collected through online survey on two different samples (220 white collars professionals and 291 university students). Professionals were allowed to choose which SJT they wanted to participate, students were randomized within the two SJTS. An experimental manipulation of the response instructions (ipsative vs normative) was added within the student sample. OCBs were concurrently collected using self-reported measurement scales. c) Results In both samples (respectively professionals and students), the internal consistency was higher for the “job specific” SJT (α = .79 & .81) than for the “transversal job” SJT (α = .49 & 64). Notwithstanding, significant relations were found between the SJT scores and overall OCB ratings for both of the SJT forms in each of the two samples (r ranged from .30 to .57). Other specifics findings also provided substantial evidence for the concurrent validity of the SJTs to measure sub-dimensions of OCBs (altruism, courtesy, civic virtue, sportsmanship, loyalty and voice). d) Conclusions This study is, to our knowledge, the first to address the development and validation of a SJT for the assessment of OCBs. Review of the literature indicates that researches on techniques to predict OCBs are scarce and the present findings appear to surpass the average personality traits validity coefficients (r= .20) according to Organ & al. (2010)’s meta-analysis. There are two main practical implications. The first is the opportunity to use OCBs-SJTs as an alternative to assess applicants OCBs for job-specific or generic personnel selection issue. The second is to provide methodological development advices (e.g. the choice of response instruction) to ensure the SJT match the OCBs assessment requirement. Principal current limitations call for further research development that will be discussed: using different sources of OCBs rating, testing the incremental validity on personality tests, determining whether OCBs-SJTs are correlated with cognitive ability and establishing criterion validity with job performance. [less ▲]

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See detailDeveloping Situational Judgment Tests to Assess Organizational Citizenship Behaviours.
Lothe, Benoit ULiege; Hansez, Isabelle ULiege

Conference (2017)

This study is a first step towards addressing the development of Situational Judgment Tests (SJTs) for the assessment of Organizational Citizenship Behaviours (OCB). Based on relevant best practices and ... [more ▼]

This study is a first step towards addressing the development of Situational Judgment Tests (SJTs) for the assessment of Organizational Citizenship Behaviours (OCB). Based on relevant best practices and recommendations from the literature, two distinct SJTs were specifically developed to comply with OCB assessment. The two SJTs differ with respect to their degree of job specificity. Data were collected through online surveys on two different samples (220 white-collar professionals and 139 university students). Concurrently, OCB were collected using self-reported measurement scales. The findings provide some empirical evidence to support the appropriateness of using SJTs as an alternative means to assessing job applicants’ propensity to exhibit OCB. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (5 ULiège)
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See detailDeveloping suitable methods for effective characterization of electrical properties of root segments
Ehosioke, Solomon ULiege; Phalempin, Maxime; Garré, Sarah ULiege et al

Conference (2017, April 28)

Developing suitable methods for effective characterization of electrical properties of root segments Solomon Ehosioke (1), Maxime Phalempin (2), Sarah Garré (3), Andreas Kemna (4), Sander Huisman (5 ... [more ▼]

Developing suitable methods for effective characterization of electrical properties of root segments Solomon Ehosioke (1), Maxime Phalempin (2), Sarah Garré (3), Andreas Kemna (4), Sander Huisman (5), Mathieu Javaux (2), and Frédéric Nguyen (1) (1) Department of Architecture, Geology, Environment & Constructions, university of Liege, Liège, Belgium, (2) Earth and Life Institute, Environmental Science, Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, (3) Biosystems Engineering Department, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liege, Gembloux, Belgium, (4) Department of Geophysics, Steinmann Institute, University of Bonn, Germany, (5) Agrosphere (IBG3), Forschungszentrum Ju¨lich GmbH, Ju¨lich, Germany The root system represents the hidden half of the plant which plays a key role in food production and therefore needs to be well understood. Root system characterization has been a great challenge because the roots are buried in the soil. This coupled with the subsurface heterogeneity and the transient nature of the biogeochemical processes that occur in the root zone makes it difficult to access and monitor the root system over time. The traditional method of point sampling (root excavation, monoliths, minirhizotron etc.) for root investigation does not account for the transient nature and spatial variability of the root zone, and it often disturbs the natural system under investigation. The quest to overcome these challenges has led to an increase in the application of geophysical methods. Recent studies have shown a correlation between bulk electrical resistivity and root mass density, but an understanding of the contribution of the individual segments of the root system to that bulk signal is still missing. This study is an attempt to understand the electrical properties of roots at the segment scale (1-5cm) for more effective characterization of electrical signal of the full root architecture. The target plants were grown in three different media (pot soil, hydroponics and a mixture of sand, perlite and vermiculite). Resistance measurements were carried out on a single segment of each study plant using a voltmeter while the diameter was measured using a digital calliper. The axial resistance was calculated using the measured resistance and the geometric parameters. This procedure was repeated for each plant replica over a period of 75 days which enabled us to study the effects of age, growth media, diameter and length on the electrical response of the root segments of the selected plants. The growth medium was found to have a significant effect on the root electrical response, while the effect of root diameter on their electrical response was found to vary among the plants. More work is still required to further validate these results and also to develop better systems to study the electrical behaviour of root segments. Findings from our review entitled “an overview of the geophysical approach to root investigation”, suggest that SIP and EIT geophysical methods could be very useful for root investigations, thus more work is in progress to develop these systems for assessing the root electrical response at various scales. [less ▲]

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See detailDeveloping sustainable competences through the whole professional life
Dujardin, Jean-Marie ULiege

Conference (2013, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (12 ULiège)
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See detailDeveloping system-level fragility functions for performance-based fire engineering of buildings
Gernay, Thomas ULiege; Elhami Khorasani, Negar

Scientific conference (2016, October 20)

This research contributes to the current efforts for developing probabilistic methods in structural fire engineering (SFE) to foster the shift towards performance-based design in the field. A methodology ... [more ▼]

This research contributes to the current efforts for developing probabilistic methods in structural fire engineering (SFE) to foster the shift towards performance-based design in the field. A methodology is presented to assess the risk related to structural failure due to fire in multi-story buildings. At the core of this methodology is the concept of fragility functions, which allows quantifying in a systematic way the effects of the uncertainties in both demand and capacity parameters on the reliability level. The fragility functions, adopted here for the purpose of SFE, yield the conditional probability to reach predefined damage states as a function of an intensity measure of the fire. The damage states are grouped in categories such as ‘slight’, ‘moderate’, ‘extensive’, and ‘complete’, for estimating the magnitude of the damage. The fragility functions are defined for an entire building and depend on parameters such as the structural type and the fire resistance rating of the structural components. As the functions give conditional probabilities, they are completed with probabilistic models for the occurrence of a fire in the building (i.e. likelihood of the hazard) and the expected value of the fire load density (i.e. intensity of the hazard). These models depend on the building occupancy type, surface area, and active fire protection measures. Finally, one can obtain the (total) probability to reach different levels of potential damage for buildings of different typologies, structural design, size and occupancy. In addition, similar to earthquake engineering, one can also estimate the probability of reaching a certain damage state for a given probability of fire hazard. The methodology is illustrated for prototype multi-story steel buildings. An important contribution is the quantification of the safety level at the building scale, as opposed to an individual component. The results provide an insight for the discussion about the evolution of the design codes for a better standardization of this safety level. [less ▲]

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See detailDeveloping the HRH Policy and Plan in Mali
Paul, Elisabeth ULiege; Samaké, Salif

Conference (2010)

Context: Deficient HRH management – especially insufficient training and motivation, and adverse distribution of qualified staff countrywide, at the expense of poor and remote areas – has been identified ... [more ▼]

Context: Deficient HRH management – especially insufficient training and motivation, and adverse distribution of qualified staff countrywide, at the expense of poor and remote areas – has been identified for over a decade as one major constraint for the implementation of Mali's national health policy. Main objective: The HRH policy aims to define a coherent framework for the ministry of health (MoH) and its partners in order to ensure the harmonious development, distribution, management and motivation of health staff so as to ultimately improve health results. The policy is translated into an operational plan dealing specifically with training, recruitment, motivation, and career management. Methodology: The HRH policy and plan were developed by a core team under the leadership of the Planning Department of the MoH, with the involvement from other departments of the MoH, the ministries in charge of finance (MoF) and civil service (MoCS), and donors. After analyzing existing studies and data, the diagnosis over the major problems to be tackled was done. This allowed identifying the main orientations of the policy, which were then translated into strategies and interventions, and then costed. Once the policy and plan have been drafted by the core team, they have been circulated to all departments and partners and discussed in several meetings with different stakeholders at central level. After integrating comments from these meetings, the MoH organized a validation workshop with very broad participation (including the operational level, private sector, and civil society) so as to ensure ownership. Final amendments were negotiated with the MoF and MoCS in order to be adopted as a national policy by the Counsel of Ministers by the end of 2009. Results: The HRH policy and plan now benefit from wide political support by major stakeholders. Yet, implementation still has been delayed because of the management modalities at operational level still need to be definitively agreed upon. Conclusion: The inclusive development process has been necessary to move on with the complex and highly sensitive issue of HRH management, and to get the support from MoF, MoSC and donors who are supposed to contribute to its financing. [less ▲]

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See detailDeveloping the Sixth Sense
Focant, Jean-François ULiege

in The Column (2012), 8(18), 2-5

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (4 ULiège)
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See detailDeveloping the sixth sense of thanato-chemistry
Stefanuto, Pierre-Hugues ULiege; Perrault, Katelynn; Varlet, Vincent et al

Scientific conference (2014, November)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (4 ULiège)
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See detailDeveloping tools for managing hydrogeological data in a semi-arid region: the case study of Oulmès (Morocco)
Ruthy, Ingrid ULiege; Orban, Philippe ULiege; Elbatloussi, D. et al

in GIRE3D: International Congress on Integrated Water Resources management and Challenges of the Sustainable Development (2006)

Data and information required by hydrogeological studies are various and complex such as geology, topography, climate, hydrological and hydrogeological raw or pre-processed data. All these data need to be ... [more ▼]

Data and information required by hydrogeological studies are various and complex such as geology, topography, climate, hydrological and hydrogeological raw or pre-processed data. All these data need to be managed, and this can be done in a structured database. A (GIS-managed) hydrogeological database has been developed previously by the Hydrogeology Group of the University of Liège (Gogu et al., 2001) in order to capture, store, edit, query, update and display geographically referenced hydrogeological data. The development of this geo-relational database was constrained by a maximum storage of data with a minimum data redundancy, reduction of storage memory capacity and optimum ‘retrievability’ of information for further analysis. In recent years, the use of Geographical Information System (GIS) has grown rapidly in groundwater management and research. GIS is now widely used to create digital geographic databases, to manipulate and prepare data as input for various model parameters, and to display model output. Coupling GIS with this hydrogeological database provides a powerful tool. This GIS-managed hydrogeological database has been also developed for vulnerability-assessment techniques and numerical modelling for groundwater flow and contaminant transport studies. As well as linking between database and GIS, the design of coupling database with process-based numerical models was also performed. This methodology has been applied, in a semi-arid region: the "Oulmès plateau" located in the Mid-Atlas (Morocco). This study has led to a detailed hydrogeological map at the scale of 1/25000. First, data were collected from existing databases, studies and maps as well as through new field measurements. These data came from numerous and various sources and in different formats (paper or digital diagrams, images, spreadsheets…). After validation, it has been encoded in the hydrogeological database. Because data are geo-referenced, it can be easily represented on the map within GIS-software. The hydrogeological map displays several layers of information as topography, hydrogeological units, hydrographic network, wells, piezometers, isoline of piezometric heads. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 138 (13 ULiège)