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See detailEffects of peripartum dietary supplements on productive/reproductive parameters in plasma concentration of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I in camels.
Hammadi, M.; Khorchani, T.; Moslah, M. et al

in Advances in Reproduction (2002), 6

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See detailEffects of peripartum dietary supplements on productive/reproductive parameters, and plasma concentration of Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I in camels.
Hammadi, M.; Khorchani, T.; Moslah, M. et al

in Proceedings of the International Twin Conference on Reproduction/Production in Camelids. (2001, October)

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See detailEffects of persistent organic pollutants on the thyroid function of the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) from the Aegean Sea, is it an endocrine disruption?
Schnitzler, Joseph ULg; Koutrarkis, Emmanuil; Siebert, Ursula et al

in Marine Pollution Bulletin (2008), 56(10), 1755-1764

We evaluated the alterations of organochlorinated compounds such as polychlorobiphenyls (PCB), dichloro-diphenyl-dichloroethylene (DDE) and dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) on the thyroid in wild ... [more ▼]

We evaluated the alterations of organochlorinated compounds such as polychlorobiphenyls (PCB), dichloro-diphenyl-dichloroethylene (DDE) and dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) on the thyroid in wild and cultured sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) at environmental concentrations. These compounds influence the endocrine system of many fish species and are qualified as endocrine disruptors. The thyroid seems to be a target organ. Two alteration endpoints: the thyroid histology and the muscular thyroid hormone concentrations, were used simultaneously. High concentrations in PCBs and DDT were detected in muscles, supporting the idea that the Mediterranean fauna could be more polluted than the Atlantic fauna. The high abundance of DDE indicates a progressive degradation of remnant DDT load and the absence of new inputs in this area. Aquaculture sea bass shows a significant higher amount of pollutants on fresh weight basis (especially PCBs) in their muscles compared to the wild sea bass. Those differences may be related mainly to the contaminations of diet. Thyroid parameters vary between wild and aquaculture sea bass, wild sea bass were characterized by higher follicle diameters, epithelial cell heights and muscular T4 concentrations. A significant relationship between persistent organic pollutants (muscular PCBs and DDT concentration) and the different thyroid parameters (diameters of follicles, epithelial cell heights and muscular T4 levels) could be observed, which support the hypothesis that these compounds have an adverse impact on thyroid morphometry and function. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of persistent organic pollutants on the thyroid function of the sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), an endocrine disruption?
Schnitzler, Joseph ULg; Koutrakis, Emmanuil; Thomé, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

Conference (2007, May 23)

Organochlorinated compounds such as polychlorobiphenyls (PCB), dichloro-diphenyl-dichloroethylene (DDE) and dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) have the characteristic to influence the endocrine ... [more ▼]

Organochlorinated compounds such as polychlorobiphenyls (PCB), dichloro-diphenyl-dichloroethylene (DDE) and dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane (DDT) have the characteristic to influence the endocrine system of many fish species and mammals and are thus qualified as endocrine disruptors. The objective of this project aims a better understanding of the effects of these compounds on the thyroid function of European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Thyroid tissue and muscle of 46 seabass from the Aegean Sea in Greece (fished and aquaculture, n=15 and n=31, respectively) were sampled. The levels in PCBs, DDT and DDE were evaluated in the muscles of 30 individuals. The diameter of follicles and the epithelial cell heights were measured in each individual by optical microscopy. The concentration of the thyroid hormone T4 (thyroxin) was measured by Radio-Immuno-Assay (RIA). Finally, the potential relationships between these thyroid parameters and these organic compounds were investigated using factor analysis and multiple regressions. A significant relationship between persistent organic pollutants (muscular PCBs and DDT concentration) and the different thyroid parameters (diameters of follicles, epithelial cell heights and muscular T4 levels) could be observed. We cannot exclude the assumption that an endocrine disruption of thyroid gland related to these pollutants could be the origin of the modifications of these thyroid parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of phosphatidylserine (BC-PS) on aged brain in normal subjects and senile demented patients
Delwaide, Paul ULg; MAERTENS DE NOORDHOUT, Alain ULg; DE PASQUA, Victor ULg et al

in Bazan, N.G;; Horrocks, L. A.; Toffano, G. (Eds.) Phospholipids in the Nervous System: Biochemical and Molecular Pathology. Vol 17 (1989)

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See detailEffects of physical activity on the aging of motor and perceptual inhibition
Albinet, Cédric; Boucard, Geoffrey; Collette, Fabienne ULg et al

in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise (2012), 44(5), 544

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See detailEffects of Physical Activity on the Aging of Motor and Perceptual Inhibition
Albinet, Cédric; Boucard, Grégory; Collette, Fabienne ULg et al

Poster (2012)

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See detailEffects of pituitary hormones on the prostate.
Reiter, E.; Hennuy, Benoît ULg; Bruyninx, M. et al

in Prostate (1999), 38(2), 159-65

BACKGROUND: Although essential, androgens alone are not sufficient to induce normal growth and functionality of the prostate. Nonandrogenic hormones must also be involved in the proliferation of the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Although essential, androgens alone are not sufficient to induce normal growth and functionality of the prostate. Nonandrogenic hormones must also be involved in the proliferation of the prostate cancer cells which do not respond to antiandrogenic therapy and which thus become androgen-independent. Prolactin, but also growth hormone and luteinizing hormone, are potentially able to act on both normal and abnormal prostatic cells. METHODS: In this review we summarize data from the literature concerning the physiological and pathological implications of prolactin, growth hormone, and luteinizing hormone on the prostate. RESULTS: In rodent prostates, prolactin and growth hormone can induce a variety of effects independently of androgens (e.g., transactivation of certain genes, or synthesis of the major secretion products). Moreover, hyperprolactinemia is responsible for inflammation and dysplasia of the gland, while growth hormone promotes the development of prostate tumors in vivo in the mouse and rat. Growth hormone acts on the gland directly, through prostatic growth hormone receptors, and/or indirectly via the stimulation of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) synthesis in the liver. Luteinizing hormone receptor is expressed in rat and human prostates. Luteinizing hormone increases the amount of various transcripts in the rat prostate through an androgen-independent pathway. CONCLUSIONS: Prolactin, growth hormone, and luteinizing hormone, alone or synergistically with androgens, play physiologically significant roles in the normal prostate. The involvement of these hormones in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatic carcinoma is an issue that needs to be addressed. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the healing of Achilles tendons of rats
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg; Colige, Alain ULg et al

in Wound Repair & Regeneration : Official Publication of the Wound Healing Society and the European Tissue Repair Society (2012), 20(5), 748-756

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) contains growth factors involved in the tissular healing process. The aim of the study was to determine if an injection of PRP could improve the healing of sectioned Achilles ... [more ▼]

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) contains growth factors involved in the tissular healing process. The aim of the study was to determine if an injection of PRP could improve the healing of sectioned Achilles tendons of rats. After surgery, rats received an injection of PRP (n=60) or a physiological solution (n=60) in situ. After 5, 15 and 30 days, 20 rats of both groups were euthanized and 15 collected tendons were submitted to a biomechanical test using cryo-jaws before performing transcriptomic analyses. Histological and biochemical analyses were performed on the 5 remaining tendons in each group. Tendons in the PRP group were more resistant to rupture at 15 and 30 days. The mechanical stress was significantly increased in tendons of the PRP group at day 30. Histological analysis showed a precocious deposition of fibrillar collagen at day 5 confirmed by a biochemical measurement. The expression of tenomodulin was significantly higher at day 5. The mRNA level of type III collage, matrix metalloproteinase 2, 3 and 9 was similar in the 2 groups at all time points whereas type I collagen was significantly increased at day 30 in the PRP group. In conclusion, an injection of PRP in sectioned rat Achilles tendon influences the early phase of tendons healing and results in an ultimate stronger mechanical resistance. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of platelet-rich plasma on the healing of tendons: animal model
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg; Colige, Alain ULg et al

in Biomedica 2012 (2012, April)

Introduction: Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) contains lot of growth factors which could enhance the healing process of different tissues. We aimed to determine if a single injection of PRP could improve the ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) contains lot of growth factors which could enhance the healing process of different tissues. We aimed to determine if a single injection of PRP could improve the cicatrisation of ruptured Achilles tendons of rats. Material and Methods: A 5mm defect was surgically made in the Achilles tendon of 120 rats. A few hours after surgery, 45 rats received a PRP or PBS injection in situ. After 5, 15 and 30 days, 20 rats of both groups were euthanized and 15 collected tendons were immediately submitted to a biomechanical tensile strength test until rupture using a “cryo-jaw” device. After, theses samples were used for transcriptomic analyses. Histological and biochemical analyses were performed on the five remained tendons in each group. Results: Tendons in the PRP group were more resistant to rupture at 15 and 30 days than those in the control group. The transverse area of tendons in the PRP group was significantly higher at day 5 and 15. The constraint was significantly increased in tendons of the PRP group in the late phase of the healing (day 30). Histological and immunohistological analysis showed an increased staining for fibrillar collagen at day 5 confirmed by a biochemical analysis showing an increased collagen concentration in the callus. The expression of tenomodulin, a tenocyte differentiation marker, was significantly higher in the PRP-treated tendons at day 5. No significant difference in terms of mRNA for type III collagen and matrix metalloproteinase 9 was observed at any time between the 2 groups. Conclusion: A single injection of PRP in sectioned Achilles tendon of rats few hours after surgery influences the early phase of tendons healing, resulting in an ultimate stronger mechanical resistance. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of plyometric training combined with electrical stimulations versus plyometric training alone on functional performance
Bury, Thierry ULg

in Abstract book of 4th International Conference of Strength Training (2004, November)

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See detailEffects of polyadenylation inhibition on meiosis progression in relation to the polyadenylation status of cyclins A2 and B1 during in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes.
Traverso, Juan M; Donnay, Isabelle; Lequarré, Anne-Sophie ULg

in Molecular Reproduction and Development (2005), 71(1), 107-14

The control of protein synthesis during maturation in oocytes is mainly exerted through cytoplasmic polyadenylation of stored mRNAs. We first analyzed the polyadenylation status of cyclins A2 and B1 ... [more ▼]

The control of protein synthesis during maturation in oocytes is mainly exerted through cytoplasmic polyadenylation of stored mRNAs. We first analyzed the polyadenylation status of cyclins A2 and B1 during in vitro maturation (IVM) of bovine oocytes, using Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends-Polyadenylation Technique (RACE-PAT). An inconstant elongation of the poly(A) tail was observed for cyclin A2 transcripts after maturation, while a constant lengthening was observed for cyclin B1, occurring during the first 12 hr of incubation. We then evaluated the effects of the polyadenylation inhibitor 3'-deoxyadenosine (3'-dA), on polyadenylation and nuclear maturation. The presence of 0.02 mM 3'-dA during the whole incubation period or from 6 hr after its beginning completely prevented meiosis progression in 100% of the oocytes. Polyadenylation of cyclin B1 was also completely prevented when 3'-dA was added at 0 hr, and greatly reduced when added at 6 hr. When 3'-dA was added at 12 hr, around metaphase I (MI), 46.9% of the oocytes have reached metaphase II (MII, vs. 78.8% in the control group) at 24 hr. The use of the same concentration of 3'-deoxyguanosine (3'-dG), that impairs transcription but not polyadenylation, did not affect cyclins polyadenylation, nor nuclear maturation, whatever was the timing of addition. These results suggest that the polyadenylation of cyclin B1 could be related to the first peak of activity of MPF, occurring around MI (10-12 hr after the onset of the maturation period). They also show that, in our culture conditions, inhibition of polyadenylation prevents meiosis progression, especially up to the MI stage, while inhibition of transcription does not. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls on Liver Ultrastructure, Hepatic Monooxygenases, and Reproductive Success in the Barbel
Hugla, J. L.; Thomé, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Ecotoxicology & Environmental Safety (1999), 42(3), 265-73

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are organochlorinated micropollutants ubiquitously distributed in the environment. They are known to be strong inducers of hepatic monooxygenases in fish. This can ... [more ▼]

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are organochlorinated micropollutants ubiquitously distributed in the environment. They are known to be strong inducers of hepatic monooxygenases in fish. This can adversely affect reproduction by increasing steroid metabolism. In this work, adult barbels were contaminated with food containing Aroclor 1260, a commercial PCB mixture from Monsanto, at environmentally relevant concentrations. A significant increase in cytochrome P450 was observed, and two particularly sensitive enzymes, ethoxyresorufin o-deethylase (EROD) and ethoxycoumarin o-deethylase (ECOD), were strongly induced. Electron microscopy revealed alterations in liver ultrastructure in contaminated fish, principally an increase in the number of cisternae of the rough endoplasmic reticulum, drastic glycogen depletion, dissolution of mitochondrial contents, and appearance of myelin figures. Contamination was also studied in relation to reproductive success in a hatchery. Contaminated males displayed no alteration in milt quality, but PCBs did alter female reproductive parameters. Total mortality of eggs and larvae increased significantly with the level of PCBs in the eggs. The most highly contaminated fish did not even spawn. All the adverse effects recorded here tended to be reversible when the intoxication ended, sometimes after only a 1-year detoxication period. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Polychlorinated Biphenyls on Thyroid Hormone Physiology and Metabolism of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)
Schnitzler, Joseph ULg; Klaren, Peter; Celis, Niko et al

Conference (2010)

Studies in the laboratory have shown that a number of synthetic and natural chemicals can interfere with the endocrine system in fish. Among them, organic compounds such as pesticides and ... [more ▼]

Studies in the laboratory have shown that a number of synthetic and natural chemicals can interfere with the endocrine system in fish. Among them, organic compounds such as pesticides and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) are well described endocrine disrupters. Of particular interest are effects on thyroid function, but data on effects of PCB exposure on these hormones and related metabolism has been lacking. We propose here a thorough approach to assess effects of these compounds on the thyroid function of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). An experimental exposure of sea bass to commercial PCB mixtures has been designed to understand underlying toxicity mechanisms and effects on the thyroid system. After 120 days of exposure, muscular thyroid hormone concentrations and the main metabolic pathways for thyroid hormones (deiodination, glucuronidation and sulfatation) were assessed. Exposure to environmental relevant doses of PCB (from 0.3 to 0.9 ppm [7 ICES PCB]). alters hepatic T4 outer ring deiodinase and T4 sulfatation whereas T4 glucuronidation was not affected. Owing to the extensive autoregulatory feedback at both central and peripheral levels, the thyroid hormone concentrations were preserved despite the PCB induced changes in thyroid hormone dynamics. At 10 times higher concentrations (10 ppm [7 ICES PCB]). an important depression of muscular T3 and T4 levels could be observed which are apparently caused by other mechanisms than metabolic pathways. Further analysis is required to evaluate thyroid gland function and secretion. These results support the observations made in our field study in wild sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) from coastal regions near several important European rivers mouths. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of polychlorobiphenyls, polybromodiphenylethers, organochlorine pesticides and their metabolites on vitamin A status in lactating grey seals
Vanden Berghe, M; Weijs, L; Habran, Sarah ULg et al

in Environmental Research (2013), 120(18-26),

Polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs), polybromodiphenylethers (PBDEs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) such as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) are considered to be endocrine ... [more ▼]

Polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs), polybromodiphenylethers (PBDEs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) such as dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) are considered to be endocrine disruptors in laboratory and wild animals. This study investigated whether these compounds and their hydroxylated metabolites (HO-PCBs and HO-PBDEs) may affect the homeostasis of vitamin A, a dietary hormone, in the blubber and serum of twenty lactating grey seals sampled at early and late lactation on the Isle of May, Scotland. The effect of naturally produced compounds such as the methoxylated (MeO)-PBDEs was also examined. Vitamin A levels in inner blubber (37 ± 9 µg/g wet weight (ww) and 92 ± 32 µg/g ww at early and late lactation, respectively) and serum (408 ± 143 ng/ml and 390 ± 98 ng/ml at early and late lactation, respectively) appeared to be positively related to ΣPCBs, ΣPBDEs and several individual PCB and PBDE congeners in inner blubber and serum. These findings may suggest an enhanced mobilisation of hepatic retinoid stores and a redistribution in the blubber, a storage site for vitamin A in marine mammals, before the onset of lactation. We also reported that serum concentrations of ΣHO-PCBs and 4-OH-CB107 tended to increase circulating vitamin A levels. Although the direction of the relationships may sometimes differ from those reported in the literature, our results are in agreement with previous findings highlighting a disruption of vitamin A homeostasis in the blubber and bloodstream following exposure to environmental pollutants. Previous studies have shown an interesting parallelism between the mobilisation and transfer of vitamin A and those of PCBs in lactating grey seals, contrary to other lipophilic molecules such as vitamin E (Debier et al. 2004; Vanden Berghe et al. 2010). The fact that vitamin A and PCBs appeared to share common mechanisms during this particular physiological state in grey seals (lactation coupled to a total fasting) may also play a role in the different relationships observed between vitamin A and lipophilic pollutants. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on hepatic steroid metabolism
Brasseur, Catherine ULg; Muller, Marc ULg; Widart, Stéphane et al

in Journal of Biotechnology (2007), 131(2, Suppl. S), 73

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See detailEffects of porosity on emergent synthetic spectra of massive stars in the X-ray domain
Hervé, Anthony ULg; Rauw, Grégor ULg

in Bulletin de la Societe Royale des Sciences de Liege (2011), 80

Massive stars possess powerful stellar winds. Studies over the last decade, including the analyses of X-ray emission-line profiles, revealed the importance of wind fragmentation and clumping and led to a ... [more ▼]

Massive stars possess powerful stellar winds. Studies over the last decade, including the analyses of X-ray emission-line profiles, revealed the importance of wind fragmentation and clumping and led to a downwards revision of the mass-loss rates. We present the first results of our code that allows to compare two models of wind fragmentation, and their consequences on the emergent X-ray spectra of massive stars. [less ▲]

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