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See detailLa diffusion des idées nouvelles dans la principauté de Liège au XVIIIe siècle
Droixhe, Daniel ULg

in Bulletin du Crédit communal (1981), 138

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (7 ULg)
See detailLa diffusion du livre italien en langue vulgaire dans les pays wallons de 1500 à 1630
Adam, Renaud ULg; Bingen, Nicole

Scientific conference (2013, November 15)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (3 ULg)
See detailDiffusion du WOCCQ : le temps de l’évaluation
Peters, Stéphanie ULg; Bracci, Elisa; Hansez, Isabelle ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2005)

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See detailDiffusion et institutionnalisation des normes internationales : France, OMC/UNESCO et l’enjeu de la diversité culturelle
Vlassis, Antonios ULg

in Cahiers de recherche de l'Institut d'études internationales de Montréal (online) (2007)

Le commerce et les biens culturels sont une source perpétuelle d’antagonisme et de désaccords tant au niveau national qu’international. La culture est un champ d’intérêt commercial considérable ainsi ... [more ▼]

Le commerce et les biens culturels sont une source perpétuelle d’antagonisme et de désaccords tant au niveau national qu’international. La culture est un champ d’intérêt commercial considérable ainsi qu’une expression profondément significative du patrimoine national et du dynamisme artistique. D’ailleurs, la culture est inéluctablement vouée à osciller entre la sphère artistique et la sphère marchande. La nature ambiguë et équivoque des activités et des expressions culturelles - et en particulier audiovisuelles - suspendues entre l’art et l’industrie, entre la production symbolique et la production matérielle, suscite de plus en plus un débat politique à la fois virulent et polémique sur la scène internationale. La question de la préservation de la diversité des expressions culturelles et la nécessité de la protection « des écosystèmes culturels » dans le contexte de globalisation croissante économique et financière a pris depuis une quinzaine d’années une ampleur, difficilement imaginée auparavant. En effet, la problématique de base qui est soulevée est celle de la circulation des produits culturels à l’échelle mondiale, régionale, ainsi que nationale et celle du traitement à accorder aux biens/services culturels et artistiques dans les accords commerciaux internationaux. [less ▲]

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See detailDiffusion et réception des théories du mouvement moderne à Liège de 1928 à 1939
Charlier, Sébastien ULg

in Bulletin d'Information de l'Association Belge d'Histoire Contemporaine = Mededelingenblad van de Belgische Vereniging voor Nieuwste Geschiedenis (2011), XXXIII(4), 23-26

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See detailDiffusion of Ag dimer on Cu (110) by dissociation-reassociation and concerted jump processes
Sbiaai, K.; Boughaleb, Y.; Raty, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (2012)

In this work we investigate the diffusion of Ag dimer on Cu(110) surface by molecular dynamics simulation based on semi-empirical many-body potentials derived from the embedded atom method. The ... [more ▼]

In this work we investigate the diffusion of Ag dimer on Cu(110) surface by molecular dynamics simulation based on semi-empirical many-body potentials derived from the embedded atom method. The dissociation-reassociation process is predicted to be dominant in static regime and this is confirmed by the dynamic investigation. A good agreement is found between static activation barrier and dynamic potential barrier. © 2012 IEEE. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg)
See detailDiffusion of copper in the animal kingdom
Fredericq, Léon ULg

in Nature (1880), XXXI

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See detailDiffusion Tensor Imaging to Predict Long-term Outcome after Cardiac Arrest: A Bicentric Pilot Study.
Luyt, Charles-Edouard; Galanaud, Damien; Perlbarg, Vincent et al

in Anesthesiology (2012), 117(6), 1311-1321

BACKGROUND: Prognostication in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest is a major clinical challenge. The authors' objective was to determine whether an assessment with diffusion tensor imaging, a brain ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Prognostication in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest is a major clinical challenge. The authors' objective was to determine whether an assessment with diffusion tensor imaging, a brain magnetic resonance imaging sequence, increases the accuracy of 1 yr functional outcome prediction in cardiac arrest survivors. METHODS:: Prospective, observational study in two intensive care units. Fifty-seven comatose survivors of cardiac arrest underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging. Fractional anisotropy (FA), a diffusion tensor imaging value, was measured in predefined white matter regions, and apparent diffusion coefficient was assessed in predefined grey matter regions. Prediction of unfavorable outcome at 1 yr was compared using four prognostic models: FA global, FA selected, apparent diffusion coefficient, and clinical classifiers. RESULTS:: Of the 57 patients included in the study, 49 had an unfavorable outcome at 12 months. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (95% CI) to predict unfavorable outcome for the FA global, FA selected, clinical, and apparent diffusion coefficient models were 0.92 (0.82-0.98), 0.96 (0.87-0.99), 0.78 (0.65-0.88), and 0.86 (0.74-0.94), respectively. The FA selected model had the best overall accuracy for predicting outcome, with a score above 0.44 having 94% (95% CI, 83-99%) sensitivity and 100% (95% CI, 63-100%) specificity for the prediction of unfavorable outcome. CONCLUSION:: Quantitative diffusion tensor imaging indicates that white matter damage is widespread after cardiac arrest. A prognostic model based on FA values in selected white matter tracts seems to predict accurately 1 yr functional outcome. These preliminary results need to be confirmed in a larger population. [less ▲]

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See detailDiffusion-based models for predicting sound fields in rooms with mixed specular and diffuse reflection
Foy, Cédric; Billon, Alexis ULg; Valeau, Vincent et al

Conference (2007, September)

A diffusion model, based on the numerical solution of a diffusion equation, was developed in the past to give accurate predictions of the sound-pressure level and of the sound decay at any location in a ... [more ▼]

A diffusion model, based on the numerical solution of a diffusion equation, was developed in the past to give accurate predictions of the sound-pressure level and of the sound decay at any location in a single enclosure or in coupled rooms. However, this model is limited to rooms with diffusely reflecting walls. In this study, two methods are presented to extend this model to rooms with mixed specular and diffuse reflections, defined by the classical room-acoustics scattering coefficient. The first method models the reverberant field by using a modified diffusion process, with an empirical diffusion constant departing from the theoretical one based on the mean free path. The set of these coefficients, which depend on the scattering coefficient, has been found empirically to fit the results given by a ray-tracing program. The second method is a hybrid approach. The reverberant sound field due to the diffuse reflections is first obtained with the original diffusion model. Then the sound field due to the specular reflections is modelled with an image-source model. The results given by the two approaches are compared to experimental data obtained for several types of rooms (a classroom, an office and some long rooms). [less ▲]

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See detailDiffusion-weighted MR imaging: adjunct or alternative to T1-weighted MR imaging for prostate carcinoma bone metastases?
Lecouvet, Frédéric. E.; Vande Berg, Bruno. C.; Malghem, Jacques et al

in Radiology (2009), 252(2), 624

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See detailDiffusive equilibrium elements
Fraeijs de veubeke, Baudouin ULg

Scientific conference (1973, July)

Equiliobrium models are characterized by an internal stress field in equilibrium and surface tractions that should obey the diffusivity requirement of reciprocity with adjacent elements at the interfaces ... [more ▼]

Equiliobrium models are characterized by an internal stress field in equilibrium and surface tractions that should obey the diffusivity requirement of reciprocity with adjacent elements at the interfaces. Thepaper discusses the construction of stiffness matices for such elements and the difficulties associated with the presence of mechanisms. The use of first order or second order stress functions is presented together with the possibility of solving the final equations by the force method through a direct flexibility method. Three methods are presented for getting rid of thre machanisms: the classical superelement technique, a method based on the discretization of rotational equilibrium and quasi-diffusivity. [less ▲]

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See detailDiffusive methane emissions to the atmosphere from Lake Kivu (Eastern Africa)
Borges, Alberto ULg; Abril, Gwenaël; Delille, Bruno ULg et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Biogeosciences (2011), 116(G03032),

We report a data-set of methane (CH4) concentrations in the surface waters of Lake Kivu obtained during four cruises (March 2007, September 2007, June 2008, April 2009) covering the two main seasons ... [more ▼]

We report a data-set of methane (CH4) concentrations in the surface waters of Lake Kivu obtained during four cruises (March 2007, September 2007, June 2008, April 2009) covering the two main seasons, rainy (October to May) and dry (June to September). Spatial gradients of CH4 concentrations were modest in the surface waters of the main basin. In Kabuno Bay (a small sub-basin), CH4 concentrations in surface waters were significantly higher than in the main basin. Seasonal variations of CH4 in the main basin were strongly driven by deepening of the mixolimnion and mixing of surface waters with deeper waters rich in CH4. On an annual basis, both Kabuno Bay and the main basin of Lake Kivu were over-saturated in CH4 with respect to atmospheric equilibrium (7330% and 2510%, respectively), and emitted CH4 to the atmosphere (39 mmol m-2 yr-1 and 13 mmol m-2 yr-1, respectively). The source of CH4 to atmosphere was two orders of magnitude lower than the CH4 upward flux. The source of CH4 to the atmosphere from Lake Kivu corresponded to ~60% of the terrestrial sink of atmospheric CH4 over the lake’s catchment. A global cross-system comparison of CH4 in surface waters of lakes shows that both Kabuno Bay and the main basin are at the lower end of values in lakes globally, despite the huge amounts of CH4 in the deeper layers of the lake. This is related to the strongly meromictic nature of the lake that promotes an intense removal of CH4 by bacterial oxidation. [less ▲]

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See detailDiffusive radical entry as the rate-determining step in amphiphilic block polyelectrolyte mediated emulsion polymerization
Leemans, Luc; Jérôme, Robert ULg; Teyssié, Philippe

in Macromolecules (1998), 31(17), 5565-5571

The amphiphilic water soluble block polyelectrolytes PMMA-b-SPGMA and PMMA-b-QPDMAEMA are efficient surfactants for the radical emulsion polymerization. Negatively charged, neutral, and positively charged ... [more ▼]

The amphiphilic water soluble block polyelectrolytes PMMA-b-SPGMA and PMMA-b-QPDMAEMA are efficient surfactants for the radical emulsion polymerization. Negatively charged, neutral, and positively charged entering radicals were used in combination with polyanionically and polycationically tailored PMMA latex particles. It was shown that the rate of polymerization was very high for systems wherein the entering radical species had an electrical charge sign identical with that of the polyelectrolyte corona around the latex particle. PMMA-b-SPGMA turned out to be 4 times as efficient as compared to SDS emulsified MMA polymerization at 0.6 wt %. Systems wherein polyelectrolyte block and entering radical were of opposite sign displayed strongly reduced polymerization rates. When the polyelectrolyte barrier became thick enough, as in the case of a Mn = 26 000 PMMA-b-QPDMAEMA, no more polymerization was observed. The observed polymerization rate effects are discussed in terms of repulsion of equal charge radicals, leading to enhanced mobility and counterion mobility restriction of the radicals of opposite sign to the polyelectrolyte block. In the latter case, this slowed counterion diffusion of radicals of opposite sign leads to premature aqueous phase termination of free radicals and consequently low flux of entering radicals with low rates of polymerization. The experimental results obtained are consistent with the theoretically predicted case, where the “control by aqueous phase growth” theory for the entry of free radicals in latex particles is invalid. [less ▲]

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See detailDiffusivité de l'eau dans un milieu non saturé hétérogène
Debouche, Charles ULg; Dautrebande, Sylvia; Sine, Léopold

in Journal of Hydrology (1974), 22

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See detailThe difR package, a toolbox for the identification dichotomous differential item functioning
Magis, David ULg

Conference (2011, February 25)

The purpose of this talk is to briefly introduce the R package difR to identify differential item functioning (DIF) among dichotomously scored items. The presentation is organized in three points. First ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this talk is to briefly introduce the R package difR to identify differential item functioning (DIF) among dichotomously scored items. The presentation is organized in three points. First, the general framework of DIF is outlined and the most known methods are presented succinctly. Second, the main functionalities of the difR package are described. Third, a practical application of difR is performed by a “live” analysis of a real example with several DIF methods. Future developments and objectives are discussed to conclude the talk. The difR package was jointly developed by Sébastien Béland (Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada), Francis Tuerlinckx (K. U. Leuven, Belgium) and Paul De Boeck (University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands). [less ▲]

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See detailDifunctional anionic initiator based on 1.3-diisopropenylbenzene. 5. Effect of polar additives and initiator seeding on the synthesis of poly(styrene-b-butadiene-b-styrene) copolymer
Yu, Y. S.; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Teyssié, Philippe et al

in Macromolecules (1997), 30(24), 7356-7362

The initiation of butadiene and styrene polymerization by a pure hydrocarbon soluble difunctional organolithium, 1,3-bis(1-lithio-1,3,3‘-trimethylbutyl)benzene, has been studied in a hydrocarbon solvent ... [more ▼]

The initiation of butadiene and styrene polymerization by a pure hydrocarbon soluble difunctional organolithium, 1,3-bis(1-lithio-1,3,3‘-trimethylbutyl)benzene, has been studied in a hydrocarbon solvent. The initiation occurs in such a way that part of the diadduct remains unreacted. When a second monomer feed along with tetrahydrofuran (THF) is added to the living chains, the residual diadduct is activated to the point where novel chains are formed. Weakly polar additives such as lithium alkoxides and aromatic ether can prevent part of the initiator from being inactive, although these additives are not effective enough to initiate the controlled synthesis of poly(styrene-b-butadiene-b-styrene) (SBS) triblock copolymers. The seeding of the initiator which consists of butadiene oligomerization in the presence of anisole and tBuOLi in cyclohexane, has proved to be very efficient in providing SBS containing 85% 1,4-microstructure polybutadiene (PBD) and with high mechanical properties, e.g., ultimate tensile strength higher than 30 MPa and elongation at a break of 1000%. [less ▲]

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See detailDifunctional initiator based on 1,3-diisopropenylbenzene. 2. Kinetics and mechanism of the sec-butyllithium/1,3-diisopropenylbenzne reaction
Yu, Y. S.; Dubois, Philippe ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Macromolecules (1996), 29(5), 1753-1761

Kinetics of the addition of s-butyllithium (s-BuLi) to 1,3-diisopropenylbenzene (1,3-DIB) has been studied, and the activation energy has been found to be 17.5 kcal/mol. Addition of s-BuLi to 1,3-DIB in a ... [more ▼]

Kinetics of the addition of s-butyllithium (s-BuLi) to 1,3-diisopropenylbenzene (1,3-DIB) has been studied, and the activation energy has been found to be 17.5 kcal/mol. Addition of s-BuLi to 1,3-DIB in a 2/1 molar ratio results in an oligomer rather than the desired diadduct. This observation has to be compared to the anionic polymerization of 1,3-DIB (hydrocarbon solvent at 50 °C) which leads to a polymer bearing ca. one double bond per monomeric unit. Li-NMR analysis of the addition of s-BuLi to 1,3-DIB (2/1 molar ratio) confirms the nonequivalence of the lithium cations and shows that ca. 30% s-BuLi remains unreacted when 1,3-DIB has been completely consumed. In the early stage of the addition, the propagation rate is faster than depropagation and the average molecular weight increases. When a depropagation−propagation quasi-equilibrium is reached, the oligomer molecular weight remains constant. It finally decreases when no DIB is left, as a result of depropagation. When the s-BuLi/1,3-DIB adduct is used as an initiator for styrene polymerization in the presence of a polar solvent, such as THF, initiation by monofuntional, difunctional, trifunctional, and tetrafunctional species is observed. In an apolar solvent, however, polystyrene of a narrow molecular weight distribution and a functionality of 2 is formed. This experimental observation more likely indicates that depolymerization of the 1,3-DIB oligomers occurs upon the addition of styrene. A mechanism which accounts for this propagation−depropagation process has been proposed and experimentally supported. [less ▲]

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