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See detailDislocations as a Developmental Marker in French Language: A Preliminary Study
Maillart, Christelle ULg; Parisse, Christophe

in Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics (2008), 22(4), 255-258

In a previous study, Parisse suggested that subject dislocations in French language (e.g. "la fille elle dort") could be considered as a marker of morphosyntactic development in children with normal ... [more ▼]

In a previous study, Parisse suggested that subject dislocations in French language (e.g. "la fille elle dort") could be considered as a marker of morphosyntactic development in children with normal language development. The present study aimed to develop this proposition and to confirm it with experimental data, more specifically the fact that this development would go through a four-step process. Our prediction was that children could produce forms that correspond to successive steps in the developmental process (for example, forms [1] and [2], or [2] and [3]), but not forms that were very different (for example, forms [1] and [4], or [2] and [4]). In order to test this hypothesis, a sentence repetition task was administrated to 27 children aged 4 to 5. The results confirm the presence of a developmental trend in the use of dislocation in spontaneous language. At age 4, dislocations were frequent (30%), and tended to respect the gender (stage 3 and 4). At age 5, dislocations were rare (stage 4). Previous stages (1 and 2) would be observed in younger children. [less ▲]

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See detailDISLOCATIONS AS DEVELOPMENTAL MARKERS IN THE FRENCH LANGUAGE : DEVELOPMENTAL AND PATHOLOGICAL STUDIES
Maillart, Christelle ULg; Parisse, Christophe; Gay-Perret, Nathalie

Poster (2009, June 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (5 ULg)
See detailDismantlement or Reformulation ? The Dialectic of Identity in Liège in the Nineteenth Century
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULg; Graulich, Isabelle

in Cortjaens, Wolfgang; De Maeyer, Jan; Verschaffel, Tom (Eds.) Historism and Cultural Identity in the Rhine-Meuse Region. Tensions between Nationalism and Regionalism in the Nineteenth Century (2008)

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See detailDismantling the treasured flagship lichen Sticta fuliginosa (Peltigerales) into four species in Western Europe
Magain, Nicolas; Sérusiaux, Emmanuël ULg

in Mycological Progress (2015), 14:97

In the framework of a worldwide project on the phylogeny of the lichen genus Sticta, dedicated sampling was performed in four regions of Western Europe, roughly along an East-West line between N 48°02’ E ... [more ▼]

In the framework of a worldwide project on the phylogeny of the lichen genus Sticta, dedicated sampling was performed in four regions of Western Europe, roughly along an East-West line between N 48°02’ E 07°01’ and N 52°01’ W 09°30’, ranging from France/Vosges to Ireland/Kerry. Five clearly distinct ITS haplotypes were detected for isidia-producing species where only two were expected. Subtle anatomical and morphological characters, together with a strongly supported 4-loci molecular phylogeny, permit to distinguish, besides the easily recognized S. canariensis and S. limbata: • the two « well-known » S. fuliginosa and S. sylvatica whose type collections have been carefully reassessed; the former is widespread in both hemispheres, while the latter is correctly identified only from continental Europe and the Andes in Colombia; the barcode ITS of S. fuliginosa differs by a single substitution from S. limbata (with a single exception), and the 4-loci phylogenetic tree does not resolve them as distinct lineages, most probably highlighting a very recent divergence and incomplete lineage sorting; • three species that were formely included in S. fuliginosa: the resurrected S. ciliata Taylor, belonging to a complex group yet to be disentangled and occurring in the Neotropics, Africa, Macaronesia and Western Europe, and two species described as new for science, S. fuliginoides, found in continental Europe, the Canary Islands, eastern North America and Colombia, and S. atlantica only known from Ireland and the Azores archipelago. Molecular inferences demonstrate active divergence and dispersion within S. ciliata that may require recognition of further species. Fresh material can be identified with a morphological and anatomical preliminary key provided here. We propose that the taxonomy of all lichen species be urgently reviewed in the light of molecular data in an evolutionary context, particularly those used as bioindicators of environmental change and woodland management. [less ▲]

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See detail“Dismembered Histories: Slavery and Silence in Dennis Scott’s An Echo in the Bone and Ina Césaire’s Mémoires d’Isles.”
Bada, Valérie ULg

in Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association (2001)

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See detailDisney, Danse, Dessin. Une conception chorégraphique de l'animation
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

in Cahiers Robinson (2014), 35

Réflexions sur la conception de l'animation de Walt Disney et approche des productions des studios Disney à travers des catégories conceptuelles issues de l'art chorégraphique.

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (8 ULg)
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See detailA disorder of axonal development, necrotizing myopathy, cardiomyopathy and cataracts: A new familial disorder
Lyon, Gilles; Arita, Frenando; Le Galloudec, Eric et al

in Annals of Neurology (1990), 27

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
See detailDisorders of consciousness
Thibaut, Aurore ULg

Scientific conference (2013, January)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
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See detailDisorders of Consciousness
Bodart, Olivier ULg; Thibaut, Aurore ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg et al

in Citerio, G.; Smith, M.; Kofke, A. (Eds.) Oxford Textbook of neurocritical care (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 231 (22 ULg)
See detailDisorders of consciousness
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg

Conference (2012)

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See detailDisorders of consciousness after acquired brain injury: the state of the science
Giacino, Joseph T; Fins, Joseph J; Laureys, Steven ULg et al

in Nature Reviews Neurology (2014)

The concept of consciousness continues to defy definition and elude the grasp of philosophical and scientific efforts to formulate a testable construct that maps to human experience. Severe acquired brain ... [more ▼]

The concept of consciousness continues to defy definition and elude the grasp of philosophical and scientific efforts to formulate a testable construct that maps to human experience. Severe acquired brain injury results in the dissolution of consciousness, providing a natural model from which key insights about consciousness may be drawn. In the clinical setting, neurologists and neurorehabilitation specialists are called on to discern the level of consciousness in patients who are unable to communicate through word or gesture, and to project outcomes and recommend approaches to treatment. Standards of care are not available to guide clinical decision-making for this population, often leading to inconsistent, inaccurate and inappropriate care. In this Review, we describe the state of the science with regard to clinical management of patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness. We review consciousness-altering pathophysiological mechanisms, specific clinical syndromes, and novel diagnostic and prognostic applications of advanced neuroimaging and electrophysiological procedures. We conclude with a provocative discussion of bioethical and medicolegal issues that are unique to this population and have a profound impact on care, as well as raising questions of broad societal interest. [less ▲]

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See detailDisorders of consciousness and neuroimaging techniques
Charland-Verville, Vanessa ULg; Demertzi, Athina ULg; VANHAUDENHUYSE, Audrey ULg et al

Scientific conference (2013, January)

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See detailDisorders of consciousness: Are we ready for a paradigm shift? - Authors' reply
Jox, RJ; Bernat, JL; Laureys, Steven ULg et al

in Lancet (2013), Vol 12

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See detailDisorders of consciousness: Belgium Federal Project
Thibaut, Aurore ULg

Scientific conference (2013, January)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
See detailDisorders of consciousness: Belgium Federal Project
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg

Conference (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
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See detailDisorders of consciousness: coma, vegetative and minimally conscious states
Gosseries, Olivia ULg; Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg; Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg et al

in D. Cvetkovic & I. Cosic (Ed.) States of Consciousness: Experimental Insights into Meditation, Waking, Sleep and Dreams (2011)

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See detailDisorders of consciousness: further pathophysiological insights using motor cortex transcranial magnetic stimulation.
Lapitskaya, Natallia; Coleman, Martin R.; Nielsen, Joergen Feldbaek et al

in Progress in Brain Research (2009)

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive means of investigating the function, plasticity, and excitability of the human brain. TMS induces a brief intracranial electrical current, which ... [more ▼]

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive means of investigating the function, plasticity, and excitability of the human brain. TMS induces a brief intracranial electrical current, which produces action potentials in excitable cells. Stimulation applied over the motor cortex can be used to measure overall excitability of the corticospinal system, somatotopic representation of muscles, and subsequent plastic changes following injury. The facilitation and inhibition characteristics of the cerebral cortex can also be compared using the modulatory effect of a conditioning stimulus preceding a test stimulus. So called paired-pulse protocols have been used in humans and animals to assess GABA (gamma-amino-butyric acid)-ergic function and may have a future role directing therapeutic interventions. Indeed, repetitive magnetic stimulation, where intracranial currents are induced by repetitive stimulation higher than 1 Hz, has been shown to modulate brain responses to sensory and cognitive stimulation. Here, we summarize information gathered using TMS with patients in coma, vegetative state, and minimally conscious state. Although in the early stages of investigation, there is preliminary evidence that TMS represents a promising tool by which to elucidate the pathophysiological sequelae of impaired consciousness and potentially direct future therapeutic interventions. We will discuss the methodology of work conducted to date, as well as debate the general limitations and pitfalls of TMS studies in patients with altered states of consciousness. [less ▲]

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See detailDisorders of consciousness: Moving from passive to resting state and active paradigms
Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg; Soddu, Andrea ULg; Demertzi, Athina ULg et al

in Cognitive Neuroscience (2010), 1(1), 193203

Following coma, some patients will recover wakefulness without signs of consciousness (i.e., vegetative state) or may show nonreflexive movements but with no ability for functional communication (i.e ... [more ▼]

Following coma, some patients will recover wakefulness without signs of consciousness (i.e., vegetative state) or may show nonreflexive movements but with no ability for functional communication (i.e., minimally conscious state). Currently, there remains a high rate of misdiagnosis of the vegetative state. The increasing use of fMRI and EEG tools permits the clinical characterization of these patients to be improved. We first discuss “resting metabolism” and “passive activation” paradigms, used in neuroimaging and evoked potential studies, which merely identify neural activation reflecting “automatic” processing—that is, occurring without the patient’s willful intervention. Secondly, we present an alternative approach consisting of instructing subjects to imagine well-defined sensorymotor or cognitive-mental actions. This strategy reflects volitional neural activation and, hence, witnesses awareness. Finally, we present results on blood-oxgen-level-dependent “default mode network”/resting state studies that might be a promising tool in the diagnosis of these challenging patients. [less ▲]

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See detailDisorders of consciousness: new advances in neuroimaging techniques
Soddu, Andrea ULg; Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg; VANHAUDENHUYSE, Audrey ULg et al

in Zanotti, Bruno (Ed.) Vegetative State (in press)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (1 ULg)
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See detailDisorders of consciousness: what do we know?
Chatelle, Camille ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg; Schnakers, Caroline ULg

in Dehaene, Stanislas; Christen, Yves (Eds.) Characterizing Consciousness: From Cognition to the Clinic? (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (1 ULg)