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See detailEmotional Processing in Down Syndrome
Catale, Corinne ULg; Hogge, Michaël; Meulemans, Thierry ULg et al

in Books of Abstracts: 13th conference of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology (2003)

In addition to mental retardation, Down Syndrome (DS) children present emotional deficits. Some authors have suggested that the emotional deficits observed in DS can be related to developmental changes ... [more ▼]

In addition to mental retardation, Down Syndrome (DS) children present emotional deficits. Some authors have suggested that the emotional deficits observed in DS can be related to developmental changes. However, the link between emotion and cognitive processing remains unclear.This study aims to assess the relationships between emotional and cognitive processing in DS children. More specifically, we wanted to assess whether cognitive development could predict emotional deficits. Eighteen children DS and 18 chronological age-matched (CA) children were presented with emotional tasks designed to tap their abilities (i) to label emotion through emotional faces and prosody, (ii) to attribute, from stories, cognitive and emotional states to characters and (iii) to process face identity and gaze behaviour. Cognitive functioning was assessed including attentional treatment, visuo-spatial working memory, receptive language and logical reasoning. The results confirmed that DS performed worse on both cognitive and emotional tasks than CA children. There are also strong correlations between cognitive (including language and logical reasoning measures) and emotional measures. These results suggest that emotional troubles in DS are related to their global cognitive development; they also suggest that the degree of mental retardation can predict the importance of emotional deficits in DS. [less ▲]

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See detailEmotional regulation impairments following severe traumatic brain injury: an investigation of the body and facial feedback effects
Dethier, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Rosenberg, Hannah et al

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (2013), 19(4), 367-379

The object of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of body and facial feedback in adults who had suffered from a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in order to gain some understanding of their ... [more ▼]

The object of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of body and facial feedback in adults who had suffered from a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in order to gain some understanding of their difficulties in the regulation of negative emotions. Twenty-four participants with TBI and 28 control participants adopted facial expressions and body postures according to specific instructions and maintained these positions for 10 seconds. Expressions and postures entailed anger, sadness, and happiness as well as a neutral (baseline) condition. After each expression/posture manipulation, participants evaluated their subjective emotional state (including cheerfulness, sadness, and irritation). TBI participants were globally less responsive to the effects of body and facial feedback than control participants, F (1, 50) = 5.89, p = .02, η2 = .11. More interestingly, the TBI group differed from the Control group across emotions, F (8,400) = 2.51, p = .01, η2 = .05. Specifically, participants with TBI were responsive to happy but not to negative expression/posture manipulations whereas control participants were responsive to happy, angry, and sad expression/posture manipulations. In conclusion, TBI appears to impair the ability to recognise both the physical configuration of a negative emotion and its associated subjective feeling. [less ▲]

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See detailEmotional Response to Body and Facial Feedback in Alcohol-Dependent Patients
Dethier, Marie ULg; Duchateau, Régis; El Hawa, Maya et al

in Alcoologie et Addictologie (2013), 35(2), 117-125

Introduction: The object of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of body postures and facial expressions manipulation on subjective feelings in male alcohol dependent (ADs) divided into two ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The object of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of body postures and facial expressions manipulation on subjective feelings in male alcohol dependent (ADs) divided into two groups according to Cloninger’s typology in order to gain some understanding of their difficulties in the regulation of emotions and in interpersonal relationships. Method: Twenty type I ADs, twenty-one type II ADs, and twenty control participants adopted facial expressions and body postures according to specific instructions and maintained these positions for 10 seconds. Expressions and postures entailed anger, sadness, and happiness as well as a neutral (baseline) condition. After each expression/posture manipulation, participants evaluated their subjective emotional state (including cheerfulness, sadness, and irritation). Results: The three groups reported heightened subjective feelings in concordance with the facial and posture manipulation with no difference emerging between AD and control participants, F(1, 60) = 0.01, p = .91, or between the three groups, F(2, 59) = 1.03, p = .36. Conclusions: Similarly to control participants, ADs from the two subtypes may be responsive to the combined effect of facial and body feedback and could, subsequently, benefit from its regulative effects. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Emotional Side of Paternalism: Do People Share What They Feel?
Silvestre, Aude ULg; Dardenne, Benoît ULg

Poster (2012, January 28)

We were interested in the kind of emotions felt and socially shared after experiencing paternalism (when A acts toward B with a fatherlike attitude) or blatant hostility. Participants had to read either a ... [more ▼]

We were interested in the kind of emotions felt and socially shared after experiencing paternalism (when A acts toward B with a fatherlike attitude) or blatant hostility. Participants had to read either a paternalist, hostile or factual version of the welcome speech of their new boss. They then were asked to write a text about how this day was going (social sharing measure). The results revealed that being the target of paternalism or hostility is an emotional episode which leads to social sharing of emotion. Hostility is a clearly negative episode, leading to negative social sharing. Paternalism is more ambiguous. Participants felt positive emotions (except for distrust) but they shared both positive and negative ones. Paternalism can be perceived as positive but seems to lead to negative outcomes. Our further step would be to test its negative effects on performance (reading span test). [less ▲]

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See detailEmotional valence influences the rates of false memories
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Van der Linden, Martial; Laroi, Frank ULg

Poster (2006, July)

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See detailEmotions and cognitions. The evolution of the theory of emotions in the first Husserl
Gyemant, Maria ULg

Conference (2013, June 12)

In the Fifth Logical Investigation, after a series of objections to Brentano’s thesis that presentations constitute the most basic type of mental acts, Husserl offers the alternative of a fundamental ... [more ▼]

In the Fifth Logical Investigation, after a series of objections to Brentano’s thesis that presentations constitute the most basic type of mental acts, Husserl offers the alternative of a fundamental distinction between objectifying and non-objectifying mental acts. Objectifying acts include the first two Brentanian classes: presentations and judgments. Thus the class of emotions is singled out as the typical model for non-objectifying acts. However, Husserl changes his mind on this issue later on. We find a new and rather surprising theory of emotions in his Ideas I of 1913. In the §117 for instance, Husserl states clearly that all acts, emotions included, are objectifying because they all constitute objects. The only difference between emotions and cognitions is that emotions constitute values as their objects. Since all acts are objectifying, the difference is now between kinds of objects rather than kinds of acts. It seems though that the role values play in our mental life is more complicated. Not only are they dependent objects constructed from objects of simple presentations or judgments, but they are also the sort of objects that can motivate other acts. So, while emotions are in Husserl always dependent on cognitions, since wanting something necessarily supposes, as in Brentano, a previous presentation of that thing, certain emotions can also play a foundational role for cognitions. Hence the question addressed in this paper: is the relation between emotions and cognitions a symmetrical one since both can play the role of foundational act for the other? And if this is the case what is the specificity of emotions as mental acts and how can they be distinguished from cognitions? [less ▲]

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See detailEmotions et rationalité en philosophie morale : Heidegger?
Pieron, Julien ULg

Scientific conference (2007, April 19)

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See detailL'empathie et la perception des formes dans l'éthologie contemporaine
Servais, Véronique ULg

in Berthoz, Alain; Jorland, Gerard (Eds.) L'empathie (2004)

The paper states that purely objective descriptions of animal behaviour is impossible. The behavioursit approach of animal behaviour, because it denies an amotional life to the animals, reinfoce ... [more ▼]

The paper states that purely objective descriptions of animal behaviour is impossible. The behavioursit approach of animal behaviour, because it denies an amotional life to the animals, reinfoce anthropomorphism instead of suppressing it. Empathy is seen as a less anthropomorphic stance. [less ▲]

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See detailEmpathie et Trouble Oppositionnel chez l'enfant de 8 à 12 ans
Dahmen, Caroline; Malpas, Anne; Etienne, Anne-Marie ULg et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2004), IX(1), 3-11

A literature review underlines strong links between facial expression recognition difficulty, lack of empathy and behaviour disorder. The main goal of this study was to assess if, as it is suggested in ... [more ▼]

A literature review underlines strong links between facial expression recognition difficulty, lack of empathy and behaviour disorder. The main goal of this study was to assess if, as it is suggested in the literature, oppositional children presented an empathy deficit that can make them more aggressive. Forty children between 8 and 10 years old (15 control children and 15 oppositional children) were subjected to the “Empathy Response Task” from Ricard et Kamberk-Kilicci (1995). As expected, results show that oppositional children are significantly less empathic that control children. Anger is often assigned to protagonists even when it isn’t present. This can be interpreted by the “hostile attribution distortion” according to wich the children with behaviour disorders tend to allocate hostile intentions to others (Milich & Dodge, 1984). Working on empathy must be integrated in behaviour disorder children therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailEmpathizing with the disembodied
Delville, Michel ULg; Norris, Andrew

Conference (2012, June 15)

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See detailEmpathy and social relationships in suicidal adolescents
Jadin, Aurore ULg; Vermaelen, Noémie; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

Poster (2014, May 27)

Empathy and suicide among minor people are two research topics currently very explored. Psychologists often speak about suicide because it represents the second cause of mortality among 15-24-year-old ... [more ▼]

Empathy and suicide among minor people are two research topics currently very explored. Psychologists often speak about suicide because it represents the second cause of mortality among 15-24-year-old adolescents (Delvenne, 2005). Several studies have already analyzed the links between empathy skills and some psychopathology (behavioral disorders, hyperactivity and alcoholism) but no research before this one has developed empathic abilities in suicidal adolescents. The aims of the present study were respectively to examine suicidal adolescents’ empathy skills, interpersonal capacities and to investigate the quality of their social relationships. [less ▲]

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See detailEmpathy for pain and Alexithymia : a rTMS study
Lemaire, Morgan ULg

Poster (2012, December 12)

Empathy is a multi-facet function regulating social life. In this study, we investigated empathy in relation to alexithymia. Alexithymia is considered as a state showing difficulties in identification and ... [more ▼]

Empathy is a multi-facet function regulating social life. In this study, we investigated empathy in relation to alexithymia. Alexithymia is considered as a state showing difficulties in identification and distinction of one’s own emotional life, as well as difficulties in identification/distinction of others emotions. Thus, alexithymia is considered as an empathy trouble. Previous studies demonstrated that alexithymia is characterized by a particular pattern of cerebral activation comprising some important zones of emotional control (i.e., left DLPFC hyperactivation, left ACC hypoactivation). In the present study, we investigated the electrodermal response of participants during an empathy for pain task before and after an inhibiting rTMS on the right DLPFC to facilitate the ACC activation, with the aim to enhance the emotional expression for alexithymic population. Results showed that rTMS on the right DLPFC increase the relaxation of the alexithymic participants facing the stimuli. This can match our assumptions but further research is needed to clarify this situation. [less ▲]

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See detailLes empereurs julio-claudiens et les lettres grecques
Rochette, Bruno ULg

Conference (2013, April)

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See detailLes empereurs romains et la défense de l'imperium sur le Rhin
Dignef, Anthony ULg

in Congrès de Namur organisé par la Société Archéologique de Namur en collaboration avec les Facultés universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix à Namur, 28-31 août 2008. Actes (2011)

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See detailEmpereurs, rois et conquérants antiques au Moyen Âge. Retour sur quelques publications récentes
Dumont, Jonathan ULg

in Moyen Age (Le) (2013), 119(2), 449-455

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See detailEmperipolesis of lymphoid cells by human follicular dendritic cells in vitro.
Tsunoda, R.; Nakayama, M.; Heinen, Ernst ULg et al

in Virchows Archiv. B : Cell pathology (1992), 62(2), 69-78

Isolated follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) showed true and pseudoemperipolesis of fresh tonsillar lymphocytes, even after long-term (50-day) cultivation. Emperipolesis by FDCs was not restricted by ... [more ▼]

Isolated follicular dendritic cells (FDCs) showed true and pseudoemperipolesis of fresh tonsillar lymphocytes, even after long-term (50-day) cultivation. Emperipolesis by FDCs was not restricted by allotype specificity, nor was it inhibited by the addition of antibodies against MHC-I & II antigens. Follicular dendritic cells predominantly engulfed B-cells; monocytes and macrophages were not found between FDC cytoplasmic extensions. When highly purified T-cell populations were added to FDC cultures emperipolesis of T-cells occurred, particularly those of the CD4-positive phenotype. Mitoses appeared within 6 h in the emperipolesed lymphocytes and, after an additional 18 h, some lymphocytes exhibited apoptosis. [less ▲]

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