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See detailEndogenous mode of competition in general equilibrium
Tharakan, Joseph ULg

Conference (2006, November)

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See detailEndogenous mode of competition in general equilibrium
Tharakan, Joseph ULg

Conference (2009, March)

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See detailEndogenous mode of competition in general equilibrium
Tharakan, Joseph ULg

Conference (2005, November)

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See detailEndogenous mode of competition in general equilibrium
Tharakan, Joseph ULg

Conference (2007, May)

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See detailEndogenous mode of competition in general equilibrium
Tharakan, Joseph ULg

Conference (2011, October)

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See detailEndogenous nitric oxide modulates acetylcholine-induced edema and vasoconstriction in isolated perfused rabbit lungs.
Delaunois, Annie ULg; Gustin, Pascal ULg; Ansay, Michel ULg

in Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics (The) (1995), 274(2), 559-97

The modulatory role of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) on pulmonary edema induced by acetylcholine (ACh), capsaicin, substance P (SP) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) was investigated by using an inhibitor of ... [more ▼]

The modulatory role of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) on pulmonary edema induced by acetylcholine (ACh), capsaicin, substance P (SP) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) was investigated by using an inhibitor of NO synthase, N-omega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA). The effects of endogenous NO on the hemodynamic response to ACh, 5-HT and SP were also investigated. The capillary filtration coefficient (Kf,c), the total pressure gradient (delta Pt) and its four components [arterial (delta Pa), pre- (delta Pa') and post-capillary (delta Pv'), and venous gradient (delta Pv)] were evaluated on isolated, ventilated, perfused rabbit lungs. ACh (10(-8) to 10(-4) M) and SP (10(-10) to 10(-6) M) induced a concentration-dependent increase in the Kf,c. Capsaicin (10(-4) M) and 5-HT (10(-4) M) also increased this parameter. L-NNA (10(-4) M) completely inhibited the effects of ACh and capsaicin on the Kf,c, without preventing the effects of SP and 5-HT. ACh induced a concentration-dependent vasoconstriction in the precapillary segment. Pretreatment with L-NNA enhanced this increase in delta Pa' but also increased delta Pv' and delta Pv. 5-HT increased delta Pt and delta Pa proportionally to the concentration. This effect was enhanced by L-NNA, which also increased delta Pa'. SP had no significant hemodynamic effect. Pretreatment with L-NNA did not modify the response to SP. Sodium nitroprusside (10(-5) M) induced a left shift of the concentration-response curve to ACh on the Kf,c, although it did not change the response to SP. Sodium nitroprusside also inhibited the hemodynamic effect of ACh. It was concluded that endogenous NO is involved in ACh-and capsaicin-induced edema via a prejunctional stimulatory effect on the C-fibers. Endogenous NO can also modulate ACh- and 5-HT-induced vasoconstriction by exerting a vasodilator action on the whole pulmonary vascular bed. [less ▲]

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See detailEndogenous nitric oxide production and atrial natriuretic peptide biological activity in infants undergoing cardiac operations
Seghaye, Marie-Christine ULg; Duchateau, J.; Bruniaux, J. et al

in Critical Care Medicine (1997), 25(6), 1063-1070

Objectives: To examine whether preoperative heart failure end cardiac surgery influence nitric oxide production and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) biological activity in infants and whether nitric oxide ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To examine whether preoperative heart failure end cardiac surgery influence nitric oxide production and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) biological activity in infants and whether nitric oxide and ANP participate in the control of postoperative pulmonary vascular tone. Design: Prospective, clinical study. Setting: Tertiary pediatric cardiac intensive care unit in a referral cardiosurgical center. Patients: Nineteen infants (median age 4 months) undergoing cardiac surgery: 13 infants with ventricular or atrioventricular septal defect associated with heart failure and pulmonary hypertension (group 1); and six infants with tetralogy of Fallot, without heart failure (group 2). Interventions: Blood samples obtained from indwelling catheters or bypass circuit outlets. Measurements and Main Results: Nitrite and nitrate blood concentrations (as a marker for nitric oxide synthesis) and the molar ratio of cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) to ANP (as a marker for ANP biological activity) were determined before, during, and up to 24 hrs after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). In group 1 patients, these biological parameters were related to postoperative pulmonary arterial pressure. Preoperative nitrite and nitrate concentrations were higher in group 1 patients than in group 2 patients (p < .02), and this difference persisted during CPB. Nitrite and nitrate concentrations 24 hrs postoperatively were lower than preoperative values in group 1 patients (p < .05) end were unchanged in group 2 patients. An inverse correlation was observed postoperatively between nitrite and nitrate concentrations and systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (r2 = 0.4, p < .05). Group 1 patients had a lower preoperative cGMP/ANP ratio than group 2 patients (p < .05), despite higher ANP levels (p < .005). The cGMP/ANP ratio decreased during CPB in both groups (p < .0001), and in group 2 patients, cGMP and ANP values remained below preoperative values ≤24 hrs postoperatively. A correlation was observed between ANP levels and systolic pulmonary arterial pressure 2 and 4 hrs postoperatively (r2 = .4, p < .05, respectively), but no correlation was observed between ANP biological activity and postoperative pulmonary arterial pressure. Conclusions: Infants with heart failure and pulmonary hypertension have increased nitric oxide synthesis and decreased ANP biological activity; both phenomena may be involved in the pathophysiology of this clinical condition. CPB has no detectable effect on nitric oxide production but does decrease ANP biological activity. In patients with preoperative heart failure and pulmonary hypertension, endogenous nitric oxide appears to play a role in the control of postoperative pulmonary vascular tone. [less ▲]

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See detailEndogenous Production of Specific Antibodies Does Not Decrease Hypocalcemic Response to Calcitonin in Young Rabbits
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Azria, M.; Lismonde, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Calcified Tissue International (1992), 50

In order to evaluate the potential inhibition of the acute anti-osteoclastic activity of salmon calcitonin (SCT) by specific antibodies (Ab), we compared the SCT-induced hypocalcemic effect in young male ... [more ▼]

In order to evaluate the potential inhibition of the acute anti-osteoclastic activity of salmon calcitonin (SCT) by specific antibodies (Ab), we compared the SCT-induced hypocalcemic effect in young male rabbits with significant titers of high affinity Ab and in matched animals without Ab. Immunization of rabbits was performed by repetitive s.c. injections of SCT and Freund adjuvant. Ab were present in four-fifths of SCT-treated rabbits (Ab+). Their titer varied from 0.8 x 10(-9) to 30 x 10(-9) M/liter and their constant of affinity from 0.97 x 10(9) to 4.2 x 10(9) L/M. Intravenous injection of 1 IU/kg SCT to Ab+ rabbits induced a significant decrease (P less than 0.01) of ionized serum calcium (Ca2+) after 30 minutes (mean +/- SD: -9 +/- 0.6%) and until the 240th minute of the test (-16.7 +/- 4.7%), with a maximum after 120 minutes (-22.6 +/- 2%). This was not significantly different from the hypocalcemic effect measured after the same procedure performed in matched animals without Ab (Ab-): significant decrease in Ca2+ (P less than 0.01) after 30 minutes (-8.2 +/- 2.2%), maximal after 150 minutes (-23.2 +/- 4.9%), and lasting until 210 minutes (-14.5 +/- 3.7%). We conclude that, in the particular model of the male young rabbit, specific anti-SCT Ab do not block or reduce the acute anti-osteoclastic activity of SCT. [less ▲]

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See detailEndogenous reproductive hormones and nocturnal rhythms in partner preference and sexual behavior of ATD-treated male rats.
Bakker, Julie ULg; van Ophemert, J.; Timmerman, M. A. et al

in Neuroendocrinology (1995), 62(4), 396-405

Male rats received subcutaneously silastic capsules, containing the aromatase inhibitor 1,4,6-androstatriene-3,17-dione (ATD), shortly after birth. Control males were given silastic capsules containing ... [more ▼]

Male rats received subcutaneously silastic capsules, containing the aromatase inhibitor 1,4,6-androstatriene-3,17-dione (ATD), shortly after birth. Control males were given silastic capsules containing cholesterol. The capsules were removed at the age of 21 days. In adulthood, blood serum was collected early and late in the dark phase of the light/dark cycle (experiment I). Testosterone and luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) fluctuated nocturnally, both in ATD and control males, with highest levels late in the dark phase. FSH levels were significantly higher in ATD males. Nocturnal levels of inhibin, a selective suppressor of pituitary FSH secretion, also fluctuated in both ATD and control males, with lowest levels late in the dark phase. In experiment II, ATD and control males were tested for partner preference behavior in a three-compartment box (choice: sexually active male vs. estrous female) early and late in the dark phase. When gonadally intact, ATD males, but not controls, showed a clear nocturnal rhythmicity in partner preference behavior and sexual behavior. Early in the dark phase, such ATD males preferred the vicinity of and interaction with a sexually active male. Late in the dark phase, this preference for the active male shifted to a preference for the estrous female. Control males preferred the estrous female. After castration and subsequent treatment with testosterone via silastic capsules, which ensured constant blood serum levels, ATD males continued to show their nocturnal rhythms in partner preference behavior and in sexual behavior. Thus, the underlying mechanism of the nocturnal rhythmicity phenomenon is an organizational effect of neonatal ATD treatment rather than an activational effect of fluctuating serum hormone levels. [less ▲]

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See detailEndogenous substrate oxidation during exercise and variations in breath 13CO2/12CO2.
Gautier, J. F.; Pirnay, Freddy ULg; Jandrain, Bernard ULg et al

in Journal of Applied Physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) (1993), 74(1), 133-8

This study attempted to induce a major shift in the utilization of endogenous substrates during exercise in men by the use of a potent inhibitor of adipose tissue lipolysis, Acipimox, and to see to what ... [more ▼]

This study attempted to induce a major shift in the utilization of endogenous substrates during exercise in men by the use of a potent inhibitor of adipose tissue lipolysis, Acipimox, and to see to what extent this affects the 13C/12C ratio in expired air CO2. Six healthy volunteers exercised for 3 h on a treadmill at approximately 45% of their maximum O2 uptake, 75 min after having ingested either a placebo or 250 mg Acipimox. The rise in plasma free fatty acids and glycerol was almost totally prevented by Acipimox, and no significant rise in the utilization of lipids, evaluated by indirect calorimetry, was observed. Total carbohydrate oxidation averaged 128 +/- 17 (placebo) and 182 +/- 21 g/3 h (Acipimox). Conversely, total lipid oxidation was 84 +/- 5 (placebo) and 57 +/- 6 g/3 h (Acipimox; P < 0.01). Under placebo, changes in expired air CO2 delta 13C were minimal, with only a 0.49/1000 significant rise at 30 min. In contrast, under Acipimox, the rise in expired air CO2 delta 13C averaged 1/1000 and was significant throughout the 3-h exercise bout; in these conditions calculation of a "pseudooxidation" of an exogenous sugar naturally or artificially enriched in 13C, but not ingested, would have given an erroneous value of 19.8 +/- 2.6 g/3 h. Thus under conditions of extreme changes in endogenous substrate utilization, an appropriate control experiment is mandatory when studying exogenous substrate oxidation by 13C-labeled substrates and isotope-ratio mass spectrometry measurements on expired air CO2. [less ▲]

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See detailEndokarsts and cryptokarsts in Cretaceous coarse and higly porous chalk at the Belgian-Dutch border
Willems, Luc ULg; Rodet, Joël

in Filippi, Michal; Bosák, Pavel (Eds.) Proceedings of the 16th International Congress of Speleology, July 21–28, Brno. Volume 3, p. 499. Czech Speleological Society. Praha. (2013, July 21)

Since 2003, the study of several quarries at the Belgian-Dutch border has made it possible to identify numerous karsts essentially developed in coarse chalk (calcarenites) of the Maastricht Formation ... [more ▼]

Since 2003, the study of several quarries at the Belgian-Dutch border has made it possible to identify numerous karsts essentially developed in coarse chalk (calcarenites) of the Maastricht Formation (Upper Cretaceous). This lithology is highly porous and is often considered unfavorable to karstification. However, caves, solution pipes, sponge networks, roof channel, pockets (alveoli) several meters in diameter developed inside without connection to fractures. These karsts belong to flooded karsts (caves and pockets) or to younger cryptokarsts (input karst type – thousands of solution pipes). When the endokarsts dewater, the high porosity of calcarenites inhibits closed caves from evolving. Tubular solution pipes are produced by the seepage water under fluvial terrace gravels and can exceed 30 m deep under the surface plateau. Sometimes, they encounter caves which are consequently filled and fossilized. By this process, they preserve caves from further collapsing inside a crumbly lithology. [less ▲]

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See detailEndometrial laser interstitial hyperthermy: a potential modality for endometrial ablation.
Donnez, Jacques; Polet, Roland; Mathieu, Pierre-Emmanuel et al

in Obstetrics & Gynecology (1996), 87(3), 459-64

This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an intrauterine device designed for endometrial ablation by Nd-YAG laser interstitial hyperthermy. Eight hysterectomy specimens were ... [more ▼]

This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an intrauterine device designed for endometrial ablation by Nd-YAG laser interstitial hyperthermy. Eight hysterectomy specimens were treated in vitro with an output power of 30 W for 5 minutes; tissue temperatures, recorded by thermocouples, were plotted to draw time-temperature and time-distance curves. As a preliminary series, ten patients were treated, with the first five subjected to local temperature monitoring; all ten were followed-up for 6-17 months. Immediate and delayed (6 weeks) histologic data were obtained. The intramural temperature at 6 mm from the fibers ranged from 55-60C). In vivo, the cooling effect of the arterial blood flow lowered the serosal temperatures under 41C. The histologic data and the hysterographic pictures suggest that endometrial ablation was effective. This new device does not require distending medium, hysteroscopic control, or high-powered Nd-YAG laser machines. Preliminary long-term results suggest that the device could be used for endometrial ablation. [less ▲]

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See detailEndometrial laser intrauterine thermo-therapy (ELITT™): a revolutionary new approach to the elimination of menorrhagia
Donnez, Jacques; Polet, Roland; Squifflet, Jean et al

in Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology (1999), 11(4), 363-70

Various non-hysteroscopic procedures have been developed in the attempt to treat dysfunctional uterine bleeding that fails to respond to medical treatment efficiently and easily. Among these procedures is ... [more ▼]

Various non-hysteroscopic procedures have been developed in the attempt to treat dysfunctional uterine bleeding that fails to respond to medical treatment efficiently and easily. Among these procedures is low-dose laser radiation of the endometrium with the diode source, which is characterized by the highest incidence of amenorrhea. [less ▲]

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See detailEndometrial laser intrauterine thermotherapy: the first series of 100 patients observed for 1 year
Donnez, Jacques; Polet, Roland; Rabinovitz, Rafi et al

in Fertility and Sterility (2000), 74(4), 791-6

Objective: To describe a new instrument (GyneLase®) that offers a new approach (endometrial laser intrauterine thermal therapy [ELITT]) to treatment of menorrhagia and to evaluate the efficacy of ELITT in ... [more ▼]

Objective: To describe a new instrument (GyneLase®) that offers a new approach (endometrial laser intrauterine thermal therapy [ELITT]) to treatment of menorrhagia and to evaluate the efficacy of ELITT in the management of dysfunctional uterine bleeding. Design: Prospective study. Setting: University hospital. Patient(s): 100 premenopausal women with dysfunctional uterine bleeding were observed for 1 year. Intervention(s): Intrauterine laser thermotherapy with a diode laser. Main Outcome Measurement(s): Amenorrhea rate after 1 year. Result(s): The amenorrhea rate after 1 year of follow-up was 71%, and the rate of amenorrhea/severe hypomenorrhea rate was >90%; these rates are much higher than those in the literature after such procedures as electrosurgery or intrauterine thermal balloon therapy. The ELITT procedure is an inherently safe and simple alternative, providing controlled and effective treatment of the entire endometrium. In contrast to traditional endometrial ablation using a neodymium yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser, the ELITT procedure does not require intensive training or hysteroscopic control; it is also far less risky, because the power used per unit area is 1,000 times lower. Conclusion(s): The ELITT procedure is a new nonhysteroscopic technique for endometrial ablation. The technique is very safe and offers the highest amenorrhea rate to date in the literature. [less ▲]

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See detailEndometrial thickness in different cut-off points for predicting abnormal endometrium in Vietnamese women with postmenopausal bleeding
To, Hong ULg

in Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology (2011, August 26), 37(8S), 118

Purpose: The aim of this study is to find the suitable cutoff point of endometrial thickness (ET) for predicting abnormal endometrium in Vietnamese women with postmenopausal bleeding (PMB). Material ... [more ▼]

Purpose: The aim of this study is to find the suitable cutoff point of endometrial thickness (ET) for predicting abnormal endometrium in Vietnamese women with postmenopausal bleeding (PMB). Material & Methods: A prospective study was carried out during 2 years. 308 women, who did not use any hormone therapy, were suffered from PMB. All of them were measured ET by transvaginal sonography before an endometrial biopsy. Dilation and curettage (D&C) was indicated in women with ET ≥ 3 mm to diagnose an abnormal endometrium (hyperplasia atypia or cancer). We compared the sensitivity and false-negative rate at each 1-mm interval cutoff point of ET for detecting these histopathologies. Results: 292 women gave their consent to perform an endometrial biopsy (D&C). Their mean age was 59.4 ± 9.3 years. The median time of amenorrhea was 5 years (range 2-13 years); 12.67% (95%CI 9.10-17.04) of cases were diagnosed an abnormal ET in which the mean of endometrial thickness found was 4.0±1.7 mm (95% CI 3.8-11.8). In comparison to seven cutoff points, the ET at 4 mm showed the highest detection rate of abnormal endometrium in women with PMB (95% of sensitivity for 4% false-negative rate) Conclusion: The ET at 4 mm is the most suitable cutoff point for predicting an abnormal endometrium in Vietnamese women with PMB. [less ▲]

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See detailEndometrial vessel maturation in women exposed to levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system for a short or prolonged period of time
Ravet, Stéphanie ULg; Labied, Soraya ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in Human Reproduction (2007), 22(12), 3084-3091

BACKGROUND: Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), although inserted to reduce heavy menstruation, causes irregular early transient bleeding. The objective of the study was to document ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), although inserted to reduce heavy menstruation, causes irregular early transient bleeding. The objective of the study was to document quantitative changes in endometrial vessels of short- (< or =3 months) and long-term (> or =12 months) LNG users. The area, density and maturation of endometrial vessels were quantified in 19 endometrial biopsies of women with LNG-IUS and in 10 normally ovulating patients during mid-luteal phase. METHODS: Vessel maturation was evaluated by double immunostaining using anti-von Willebrand factor (endothelial cell marker) and anti-alpha Smooth Muscle Actin (vascular smooth muscle cells) antibodies. Vessel area, number and density were quantified with a novel computer-assisted image analysis system. RESULTS: Endometrium exposed to LNG-IUS for 1-3 months displayed a 11.5-fold increase in small naked vessel number. The partially mature vessel (alphaSMA partially positive) number increased six times. After long-term LNG-IUS treatment, the immature and partially mature vessel number remained four times higher than in the control group. Vessel area and density also increased dramatically in a time-dependent pattern with LNG-IUS use. CONCLUSIONS: Levonorgestrel affects blood vessel number, area, density and maturation in a time-dependent pattern that may explain the early transient increase in breakthrough bleeding with the LNG-IUS. [less ▲]

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See detailEndométriose : pourquoi se développe-telle ?
BELIARD, Aude ULg; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg; Nisolle, Michelle ULg

in Références en Gynécologie Obstétrique (2012), 14

Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent disorder that can result in substantial morbidity, including multiple operations, and pelvic pain. New findings on the genetics, the possible roles of the ... [more ▼]

Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent disorder that can result in substantial morbidity, including multiple operations, and pelvic pain. New findings on the genetics, the possible roles of the environment, the immune system, and the inflammation have given insight into the pathogenesis of this disorder and serve as the background for new treatments and new diagnostic approach. [less ▲]

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