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See detailEndotoxin-induced microvascular injury in isolated and perfused pig lungs
Urbain, B.; Gustin, Pascal ULg; Ansay, Michel ULg

in Veterinary Research Communications (1992), 16(6), 453-464

The lungs of 13 healthy Landrace piglets were isolated, perfused and maintained in an isogravimetric state under zone III conditions. By applying vascular occlusion methods, the total blood flow ... [more ▼]

The lungs of 13 healthy Landrace piglets were isolated, perfused and maintained in an isogravimetric state under zone III conditions. By applying vascular occlusion methods, the total blood flow resistance (Rt) was partitioned into four components: arterial (Ra), pre- (Ra') and post-capillary (Rv'), and venous (Rv). The capillary filtration coefficient (Kfc) was evaluated using a gravimetric technique. A bolus of 55 micrograms of Escherichia coli endotoxins (LPS) per 100 g of lung was injected into the arterial reservoir of eight lungs, followed by an infusion of LPS at a rate of 55 micrograms per 100 g of lung per hour for 180 min. A bolus of theophylline (85 mg per 100 g of lung weight) was injected into the arterial reservoir after the last determination of the Kfc value. All the parameters were evaluated again when the lungs reached a new steady state. Endotoxin induced a significant increase in Rt from 54.7 +/- 7.0 at zero time to 184.7 +/- 44.2 cmH2O min L-1 (100 g)-1 180 minutes later, which can be ascribed to the increase in Ra' and Rv'. These haemodynamic modifications were related to the increases in the arterial pressure and in the pressure at the distal end of the arterial segment and to the decreases in the pressure at the proximal end of the venous segment and in the blood flow. The capillary pressure and the lung weight remained unchanged. Endotoxin infusion induced an increase in the Kfc value from 0.208 +/- 0.011 (at t = 0) to 0.391 +/- 0.034 ml min-1 (cmH2O)-1 (100 g)-1 (at t = 180). Administration of theophylline significantly reduced Rt,Ra,Ra' and Rv' towards or under the baseline values and also induced a significant increase in the lung weight and in the Kfc value. It was concluded that the endotoxin-induced increase in the total blood flow resistance can be ascribed to a vasospasm occurring at the level of the pre- and post-capillary small vessels and that changes in the permeability of the endothelium greatly contribute to the development of the pulmonary oedema observed in endotoxaemic pigs [less ▲]

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See detailEndovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR): does it fulfil all its promises?
Van Damme, Hendrik ULg; Creemers, Etienne ULg; Defraigne, Jean-Olivier ULg

in Acta Chirurgica Belgica (2009), 109(4), 436-43

In the trend of the endovascular revolution for occlusive arterial disease, management of aneurysmal disease has known an analogous change in the nineties. Elective endo-aneurysmal stentgrafting (EVAR or ... [more ▼]

In the trend of the endovascular revolution for occlusive arterial disease, management of aneurysmal disease has known an analogous change in the nineties. Elective endo-aneurysmal stentgrafting (EVAR or endovascular aneurysm repair) is nowadays of widespread application in contemporary practice all over the world, sometimes by over-enthusiast proponents. There is a burden of recent publications on that topic. Critical analysis of relevant data reveal compelling evidence that elective EVAR is a safe procedure with a threefold reduced 30-day morbidity-mortality, when compared to conventional open aneurysm repair. EVAR also deemed efficace in terms of AAA rupture prevention. At the other hand, mid-term follow-up revealed that EVAR does not endure at the long-term in any late survival benefit, compared to open AAA repair. The major concern and drawback of EVAR is its higher cost and the need for indefinite, life-long surveillance, with a 20% reintervention rate (almost catheter-based endovascularly) at 5-year follow-up. In this review-paper, short-term gains of EVAR are balanced against the inherent disadvantages and long-term losses. According best available evidence, EVAR should not longer be the first choice for high-risk patients, judged unfit for open aneurysm repair. There also exist doubt on the use of EVAR in young fit patients with an anticipated long life expectancy. In approximately half of the AAA patients, EVAR can be considered as the appropriate treatment option. [less ▲]

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See detailEndovascular repair of the left subclavian artery after gunshot wound: an alternative to surgical treatment.
Martinez, Christophe; Maazoun, Yamen; Durieux, Rodolphe et al

in Acta cardiologica (2012), 67(5), 609-12

Penetrating injuries of the subclavian artery are associated with a high morbidity and mortality rate. Endovascular treatment with covered stents (stent grafts) has emerged as an effective alternative to ... [more ▼]

Penetrating injuries of the subclavian artery are associated with a high morbidity and mortality rate. Endovascular treatment with covered stents (stent grafts) has emerged as an effective alternative to surgery, but this new technique is not exempt from complications. We report the case of a male gunshot victim, treated by a covered stent for haemorrhagic shock due to partial subclavian rupture. [less ▲]

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See detailEndovascular stent-graft for thoracic aorta aneurysm caused by Salmonella
Kotzampassakis, Nicos; Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Masy, François et al

in European Journal of Cardio - Thoracic Surgery (2004), 26(1), 225-227

We describe the placement of an endovascular stent-graft in a patient with mycotic aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta caused by Salmonella. Endovascular grafting combined with antibiotic therapy in ... [more ▼]

We describe the placement of an endovascular stent-graft in a patient with mycotic aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta caused by Salmonella. Endovascular grafting combined with antibiotic therapy in thoracic mycotic aneurysms might represent an alternative to conventional surgery in patients with high operative risk. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEndurance apres propranolol chez l'homme effectuant un exercice dynamique general.
Camus, G.; Scheen, André ULg; Cession-Fossion, A. et al

in Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie et de ses Filiales (1980), 174(5), 919-24

The effects of a single oral dose of 40 mg propranolol on endurance time and on the maximum oxygen consumption were studied in eight healthy young men. They were running on a motor-driven treadmill (work ... [more ▼]

The effects of a single oral dose of 40 mg propranolol on endurance time and on the maximum oxygen consumption were studied in eight healthy young men. They were running on a motor-driven treadmill (work rate from 80 to 150% VO2 max. The VO2 max and endurance time were decreased to an average of 10 and 30% of controls respectively. The relationship between the endurance time and the relative work load (VO2/VO2 max) remained unchanged after beta-adrenoceptor blockade. The reduction of the endurance time following beta-adrenoceptor blockade is a consequence of the reduction of the VO2 max. [less ▲]

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See detailEndurance training versus combined strength and endurance training in leisure-time cyclists
Weiler, B.; Urhausen, A.; Dahm, C. et al

in International Journal of Sports Medicine (1999, October), 20

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See detailENEAS: the European Network of Excellence in AsteroSeismology
Aerts, C.; Baglin, A.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J. et al

in Favata, F.; Aigrain, S.; Wilson, A. (Eds.) Second Eddington Workshop: Stellar structure and habitable planet finding, 9 - 11 April 2003, Palermo, Italy (2004, January 01)

Asteroseismology is one of the major important science topics in astrophysics in the coming decade. Several recent breakthroughs have indeed been made in Europe in this field. The observational data will ... [more ▼]

Asteroseismology is one of the major important science topics in astrophysics in the coming decade. Several recent breakthroughs have indeed been made in Europe in this field. The observational data will improve significantly in the near future, as upgraded ground-based instruments are being built and two European asteroseismic space missions are planned for launch between 2005 and 2008. They will provide us for the first time with ultra-high-accuracy, high-temporal resoluton data from space for stars other than the Sun. A successful asteroseismic study involves many different steps, from state-of-the-art raw data treatment to theoretical physical modelling of the oscillation frequencies. Our network is set up to meet the needs of combining and exchanging the different expertises of the participating institutes, of training PhD students and of both training and exchanging post-doctoral researchers. This will guarantee the most fruitful and efficient exploitation of the very substantial investments that are being made in Europe in future observations of stellar oscillations, strengthening Europe's leading position in this research field. Also, it will be a test-bed for the development of efficient procedures for collaboration across the internet, involving a vast range of procedures and skills, as well as extensive common use of a broad variety of data. Furthermore, procedures will be incorporated for the joint training of students, which is an essential part of our project. [less ▲]

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See detailL'Enéide des papyrus. Le destin d'une oeuvre littéraire en Egypte gréco-romaine
Rochette, Bruno ULg

Master's dissertation (1987)

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See detailEnergetic and conformational study of four benzylimidazole compounds with alpha 2 agonist profile: The mivazerol and three methylated derivatives
Vancampenhout, Nathalie; Dive, Georges ULg; Dehareng, Dominique ULg

in International Journal of Quantum Chemistry (1996), 60(4), 911-930

The mivazerol and three of its methylated derivatives are studied at the ab initio SCF level within the MINI-1 and 6-31G basis sets. This study aimed at determining some probable conformations, either ... [more ▼]

The mivazerol and three of its methylated derivatives are studied at the ab initio SCF level within the MINI-1 and 6-31G basis sets. This study aimed at determining some probable conformations, either neutral or protonated, that could interact with the alpha 2 adrenoceptors. The solvent effect was also studied within the Onsager's solvent model at the two dielectric constant (epsilon) values of 4 and 80. The interaction with the environment (either solvent or receptor) is schematically studied by positioning either two water molecules or one formamide or/and one formic add near the amide and the imidazole for few isomers. The medium polarization, through epsilon, and the solvation effect, through the interaction with the solvent molecules or the receptor side chains, stabilize the same isomers. Post-SCF calculations are performed at the CISD level, the first excited singlet and triplet states energies are determined, and the question of the wave-function stability is addressed. The results indicate the probability of a spin-orbit coupling with the first excited triplet state, thus opening the question of such a possibility within an enzyme active site. (C) 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergetic and Environmental Aspects of a Diesel Engine Using Rapeseed Oil as Fuel
Christiaens, Sébastien; Bruylants, Grégory; Ngendakumana, Philippe ULg

in 19th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization , Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems (ECOS 2006) (2006, July)

This paper describes the experiment that was carried out at the Thermodynamics Laboratory of the University of Liège (Belgium) to study the impact of the use of vegetable oil as a substitute for light oil ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the experiment that was carried out at the Thermodynamics Laboratory of the University of Liège (Belgium) to study the impact of the use of vegetable oil as a substitute for light oil on the short-term performance of Diesel engines for cars. The vegetable oil selected is derived directly from rapeseed without any refinement processes. Five tests were carried out, going from 0% rapeseed oil blended in conventional Diesel fuel (reference fuel) up to 100% rapeseed oil. For each test, the whole operating range of the engine was swept and the fuel consumption and exhaust emissions measured simultaneously. The study concludes that the engine used during the research can be run with 100% unrefined rapeseed oil. Nevertheless, using 100% oil is not considered as a valid large scale solution. However, using a smaller percentage of rapeseed oil gives promising results in terms of reduction of CO2 emission as well as reduction of the opacity of the exhaust gases. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergetic approach for the characterization of taps in granular compaction
Ludewig, François ULg; Dorbolo, Stéphane ULg; Gilet, Tristan ULg et al

in Europhysics Letters [=EPL] (2008), 84(4),

We report numerical investigations for the compaction dynamics of dense granular assemblies. The studies are based on the non-smooth contact dynamics model. Our work suggests that the dimensionless ... [more ▼]

We report numerical investigations for the compaction dynamics of dense granular assemblies. The studies are based on the non-smooth contact dynamics model. Our work suggests that the dimensionless acceleration parameter Gamma, used by a large majortiy of authors, is not appropriate for rescaling the data. We prove that the dimensionless energy Xi, injected in the granular system at lift-off, is more appropriate and leads to robust interpretations of the compaction dynamics. Indeed, the injected energy allows to pass energy barriers that separate local equilibrium states. Using the Eyring picture of relaxation dynamic, we show that the consideration of Xi leads to a new law for compaction. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergetic Aspects of Non-Radial Solar-Like Oscillations in Red Giants
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Belkacem, Kevin; Montalbán, Josefina et al

in Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings (2012)

The non-radial oscillations discovered by CoRoT (see e.g. de Ridder et al. (2009)) and by Kepler(see e.g. Bedding et al. (2010)) in thousands of red giants constitute a wonderful mine of information to ... [more ▼]

The non-radial oscillations discovered by CoRoT (see e.g. de Ridder et al. (2009)) and by Kepler(see e.g. Bedding et al. (2010)) in thousands of red giants constitute a wonderful mine of information to determine their global characteristics and probe their internal structure. A. Miglio and J. Montalbán have presented in detail in this conference the seismic structure of red giants, the information hold by their oscillation frequencies, and how it can be used. An adiabatic analysis of the oscillations was sufficient at this level as the frequencies are mainly determined by the deep layers were the oscillatons are quasi-adiabatic. We consider here energetic aspects of non-radial oscillations in red-giants. Non-adiabatic models of solar-like oscillations are required to determine the theoretical amplitude and lifetimes of the modes. These parameters allow us to determine how power spectra are expected to look like, depending on the structure of the red giant. Comparison with the observed measures gives thus additional constraints on the models. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergetic effects in classical pulsators
Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Grigahcène, A.; Théado, S. et al

in Proceedings of SOHO 18/GONG 2006/HELAS I, Beyond the spherical Sun (2006, October 01)

Not Available

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See detailEnergetic ion composition during reconfiguration events in the Jovian magnetotail
Radioti, Aikaterini ULg; Woch, J.; Kronberg, E. A. et al

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics (2007), 112(A6),

[1] On the basis of the first 15 orbits of the Galileo spacecraft the composition of the energetic ion population of the Jovian magnetosphere is studied on a global scale. Analyzing data from the ... [more ▼]

[1] On the basis of the first 15 orbits of the Galileo spacecraft the composition of the energetic ion population of the Jovian magnetosphere is studied on a global scale. Analyzing data from the energetic particles detector onboard Galileo, we study the relative ion abundance ratios of S/O, S/He, O/He and p/He at various energy/ nucleon values. Prominent enhancements of S/O, S/He, and O/He abundance ratios are observed in the predawn sector and are associated with substorm-like events in the Jovian magnetotail. During these reconfiguration events, frequent small-scale variations of the south-north component of the magnetic field are present. Acceleration by such magnetic field variations is examined as a possible mechanism for particle energization in that region. When the timescale of the magnetic field variation is comparable to the particle gyro period, the particle is accelerated by the induced electric field. It is shown that, during the Jovian substorm-like events, the heavier ions are more efficiently energized than the lighter leading to the observed ion abundances. Ion composition measurements in other parts of the magnetosphere have shown quasiperiodic 3-day modulations suggesting that the internally driven processes affect the ion composition in the whole magnetosphere. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergetic oxygen atoms in the polar geocorona
Shematovich, V. I.; Bisikalo, D. V.; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg

in Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics (2006), 111

The role of the auroral sources induced by the electron and proton precipitation in the formation of the hot oxygen corona in the polar upper atmosphere is studied. It is found that both electron ... [more ▼]

The role of the auroral sources induced by the electron and proton precipitation in the formation of the hot oxygen corona in the polar upper atmosphere is studied. It is found that both electron precipitation through exothermic chemistry and proton precipitation through atmospheric sputtering significantly contribute to the population of the hot oxygen geocorona. It is also found that only atmospheric sputtering results in the formation of the escape flux of energetic oxygen atoms, providing an important source of heavy atoms for the magnetosphere. The exothermic chemistry induced by the electron precipitation and/or by the absorption of the solar UV radiation is operating continuously in the polar upper atmosphere and results in a steady population of the very near-Earth environment by suprathermal oxygen atoms with energies below a few eV. By contrast, atmospheric sputtering by magnetospheric protons provides a more variable contribution, strongly coupled with the cusp region. It produces the more energetic oxygen atoms that populate the external regions of the hot oxygen geocorona. The results of calculations are in a good agreement with the analysis of the low-latitude perigee Low Energy Neutral Atom (LENA) images showing that the instrument signal consists of low to medium energy (5-30 eV) oxygen atoms produced in and near the cusp region. The more energetic (>30 eV) fraction of energetic oxygen atoms produced by the ion-induced atmospheric sputtering could be responsible for the energetic neutrals observed by the instrument far away from the cusp or oval regions. The total escape flux of oxygen atoms associated with atmospheric sputtering by protons is found about 8 × 10[SUP]23[/SUP] s[SUP]-1[/SUP] therefore this mechanism may provide a substantial contribution to the magnetospheric oxygen population. [less ▲]

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See detailThe energetic state of mitochondria modulates complex III biogenesis through the ATP-dependent activity of Bcs1.
Ostojić, Jelena; Panozzo; Lasserre, JP et al

in Cell Metabolism (2013), 18/4

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See detailEnergetic systems evaluation using Life Cycle Assessment
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

Scientific conference (2012, February 08)

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