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See detailEffect of pavement temperature on the macrotexture of a semidense asphalt surface
Luong, Jeanne ULg; Bueno, M.; Vazquez, V.F. et al

Poster (2012)

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See detailEffect of Pear, Apple and Date Fibres from Cooked Fruit By-products on Dough Performance and Bread Quality
Bchir, Brahim ULg; Rabetafika, Holy-Nadia ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg et al

in Food and Bioprocess Technology (2013)

Abstract This study examined the effect of the incorporation of flesh fibre concentrate (FFC) from apple, pear, and date pomaces on wheat bread dough performance and bread quality. The nutritional ... [more ▼]

Abstract This study examined the effect of the incorporation of flesh fibre concentrate (FFC) from apple, pear, and date pomaces on wheat bread dough performance and bread quality. The nutritional composition and techno-functional properties (water-holding capacity, oil-holding capacity, swelling capacity) of FFC were determined beforehand. Dough performance was evaluated by farinograph, alveograph and visco-amylograph. Bread quality was assessed by physical (weight, specific volume, and color) and textural (hardness and elasticity) parameters. Digital imaging analysis was also performed in order to better understand the observed effects. Results showed that the addition of FFC in wheat flour significantly improved (P<0.05) dough properties inducing an increase of water absorption (from 55 to 60 %), of stability (from 4 to 31 min),of tenacity (from 83 to 116 mmH2O) , a reduction of extensibility (from 69 to 29 mm), of softening (from 60 to 20 BU), of breakdown (from 34 to 25 BU) and of setback (from 103 to 93 BU) in comparison to the control dough (without fibre). The formulation containing FFC produced loaves that had various colors (crust, 0<ΔE*<10 and crumb, 0<ΔE*<20;ΔE* corresponding to color variation), a comparable specific volume (2.7 vs 2.9 cm3/g for control) and a more aerated internal crumb structure compared to the control. During storage of breads at 20 °C, there was no significant difference [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of pedological conditions on the sources and sinks of silicon in the Vertic Planosols in south-western Ethiopia
Cornelis, Jean-Thomas ULg; Dumon, M.; Tolossa, A.R. et al

in Catena (2014), 112(1), 131-138

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See detailEffect of pentoxifylline on radiation-induced G2-phase delay and radiosensitivity of human colon and cervical cancer cells.
Li, Y-X; Weber-Johnson, K; Sun, L-Q et al

in Radiation Research (1998), 149(4),

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See detailEffect of perioperative infusion of antioxidants on neutrophil activation during liver transplantation in humans
Biasi, F.; Poli, G.; Salizzoni, M. et al

in Transplantation Proceedings (2002), 34(3), 755-758

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See detailEffect of pH and water activity on the growth limits of Listeria monocytogenes in a cheese matrix at two contamination levels.
Schvartzman Echenique, Maria Sol ULg; Belessi, C.; Butler, F. et al

in Journal of food protection (2011), 74(11), 1805-13

Listeria monocytogenes can proliferate at the beginning of cheesemaking as the conditions favor growth. The objective of this study was to establish the growth limits of L. monocytogenes in a cheese ... [more ▼]

Listeria monocytogenes can proliferate at the beginning of cheesemaking as the conditions favor growth. The objective of this study was to establish the growth limits of L. monocytogenes in a cheese matrix, in case of potential contamination of the milk prior to cheese manufacture. A semisoft laboratory scale model cheese system was made at different initial pH and water activity (a(w)) levels with a mix of two strains of L. monocytogenes. A factorial design of five pH values (5.6 to 6.5), four a(w) values (0.938 to 0.96), and two L. monocytogenes inoculation levels (1 to 20 CFU/ml and 500 to 1,000 CFU/ml) was carried out. Each combination was evaluated in six independent replicates. In order to determine if there was a dominant strain, isolated colonies from the cheeses were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The data relating to growth initiation were fitted to a logistic regression model. The a(w) of milk influenced the probability of growth initiation of L. monocytogenes at both low and high contamination levels. The pH, at the concentrations tested, had a lower effect on the probability of growth initiation. At pH 6.5 and a(w) of 0.99 for low contamination levels and pH 6.5 and a(w) of 0.97 for high contamination levels, increases in population of up to 4 and 2 log were observed at low and high contamination levels, respectively. This shows that if conditions are favorable for growth initiation at the early stages of the cheesemaking process, contamination of milk, even with low numbers, could lead to L. monocytogenes populations that exceed the European Union's microbiological limit of 100 CFU/g of cheese. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of pH on CN-resistant respiratory activity and it's regulation on Vigna uniguiculata mitochondria
Lima-junior, A.; Fernandes de Melo, D.; Costa, J. H. et al

in Moller, I. M.; Gardestrom, P.; Glimelius, K. (Eds.) et al Plant mitochondria : from gene to function (1993)

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See detailEffect of pH on CN-resistant respiratory activity and regulation on Vigna uniguiculata mitochondria
Lima-junior, A.; Fernandes de melo, D.; Costa, J. H. et al

in Plant Physiology & Biochemistry (2000), 38

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See detailEffect of pH on glucose and starch fermentation in batch and sequenced-batch mode with a recently isolated strain of hydrogen-producing Clostridium butyricum CWBI1009
Masset, Julien ULg; Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Hamilton, Christopher ULg et al

in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy (2010), 35(8), 3371-3378

This paper reports investigations carried out to determine the optimum culture conditions for the production of hydrogen with a recently isolated strain Clostridium butyricum CWBI1009. The production ... [more ▼]

This paper reports investigations carried out to determine the optimum culture conditions for the production of hydrogen with a recently isolated strain Clostridium butyricum CWBI1009. The production rates and yields were investigated at 30 °C in a 2.3 l bioreactor operated in batch and sequenced-batch mode using glucose and starch as substrates. In order to study the precise effect of a stable pH on hydrogen production, and the metabolite pathway involved, cultures were conducted with pH controlled at different levels ranging from 4.7 to 7.3 (maximum range of 0.15 pH unit around the pH level). For glucose the maximum yield (1.7 mol H2 mol-1 glucose) was measured when the pH was maintained at 5.2. The acetate and butyrate yields were 0.35 mol acetate mol-1 glucose and 0.6 mol butyrate mol-1 glucose. For starch a maximum yield of 2.0 mol H2 mol-1 hexose, and a maximum production rate of 15 mol H2 mol-1 hexose h-1 were obtained at pH 5.6 when the acetate and butyrate yields were 0.47 mol acetate mol-1 hexose and 0.67 mol butyrate mol-1 hexose. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of pH on the alternative oxidase activity in isolated Acanthamoeba castellanii mitochondria.
Jarmuszkiewicz, W.; Hryniewiecka, L.; Sluse, Francis ULg

in Journal of Bioenergetics & Biomembranes (2002), 34(3), 221-226

Mitochondria of Acanthamoeba castellanii possess a cyanide-resistant GMP-stimulated ubiquinol alternative oxidase in addition to the cytochrome pathway. In a previous work it has been observed that an ... [more ▼]

Mitochondria of Acanthamoeba castellanii possess a cyanide-resistant GMP-stimulated ubiquinol alternative oxidase in addition to the cytochrome pathway. In a previous work it has been observed that an interaction between the two ubiquinol-oxidizing pathways exists in intact A. castellanii mitochondria and that this interaction may be due to a high sensitivity of the alternative oxidase to matrix pH. In this study we have shown that the alternative oxidase activity reveals a pH-dependence with a pH optimum at 6.8 whatever the reducing substrate may be. The GMP stimulation of alternative oxidase is also strongly dependent on pH implicating probably protonation/deprotonation processes at the level of ligand and protein with an optimum pH at 6.8. The ubiquinone redox state-dependence of alternative oxidase activity is modified by pH in such a way that the highest activity for a given ubiquinone redox state is observed at pH 6.8. Thus pH, binding of GMP, and redox state of ubiquinone collaborate to set the activity of the GMP-stimulated alternative oxidase in isolated A. castellanii mitochondria. The high pH sensitivity of the alternative oxidase could link inactivation of the cytochrome pathway proton pumps to activation of the alternative oxidase with acceleration of redox free energy dissipation as a consequence. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of phospholipids on surface properties of rapeseed oleosins at two pH
Vaca Medina, Guadalupe; Mouloungui, Zéphirin; Roiz, Julie ULg et al

Poster (2009)

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See detailEffect of physicochemical characteristics of cellulosic substrates on enzymatic hydrolysis by means of a multi-stage process for cellobiose production
Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Jacquet, Nicolas ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

in Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology (2012), 166(6), 1423-1432

The effect of two types of cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose and paper pulp, on enzymatic hydrolysis for cellobiose production was investigated. The particle size, the relative crystallinity index and ... [more ▼]

The effect of two types of cellulose, microcrystalline cellulose and paper pulp, on enzymatic hydrolysis for cellobiose production was investigated. The particle size, the relative crystallinity index and the water retention value were determined for both celluloses. A previously studied multistage hydrolysis process that proved to enhance the cellobiose production was studied with both types of celluloses. The cellobiose yield exhibited a significant improvement (120% for the microcrystalline cellulose and 75% for the paper pulp) with the multistage hydrolysis process compared to continuous hydrolysis. The conversion of cellulose to cellobiose was greater for the microcrystalline cellulose than for the paper pulp. Even with high crystallinity, microcrystalline cellulose achieved the highest cellobiose yield probably due to its highest specific surface area accessible to enzymes and quantity of adsorbed protein. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect Of Pig Bodyweight On Ileal Amino Acid Endogenous Losses After Ingestion Of A Protein-Free Diet Enriched In Pea Inner Fibre Isolates
Leterme, Pascal; Thewis, André ULg

in Reproduction Nutrition Development (2004), 44(5), 407-417

The present study was conducted to evaluate whether bodyweight and the micronisation of dietary fibre affect the endogenous nitrogen and amino acid losses (ENL and EAAL) in pigs. The effect of the ... [more ▼]

The present study was conducted to evaluate whether bodyweight and the micronisation of dietary fibre affect the endogenous nitrogen and amino acid losses (ENL and EAAL) in pigs. The effect of the micronising process was tested by providing pigs with 90 g DM·kg–1 BW0.75 of a N-free diet supplemented with isolated pea inner fibres, presented in native or micronised form and with a water-holding capacity of 12 and 4 g water·g–1 DM, respectively. ENL and EAAL were measured on pigs weighing 24, 62 and 105 kg. In all cases, daily ENL increased linearly (P < 0.05) with BW, for the majority of the AA and total N. As BW increased, daily ENL, total EAAL and the majority of EAAL increased linearly independently of micronisation (P < 0.05). When expressed per kg DMI, total EAAL and the majority of each EAA decreased curvilinearly and reached nadir at around 100 kg BW. For ENL expressed per kg DMI, micronisation resulted in a curvilinear decrease with increasing BW, as compared to a linear decrease for pigs fed the native pea fibre diet (non-micronised). Micronisation of pea inner fibres did not decrease ENL or EAAL daily, except for proline. When the losses were expressed as g·k–1g DMI, micronisation did not decrease ENL but decreased (P < 0.05) endogenous losses for a majority of AA as well as for total AA. The results suggest that small pigs excrete more endogenous N per kg DMI than large pigs and that pea fibre micronisation reduces EAAL but not ENL when expressed per kg DMI. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of pig faecal donor and of pig diet composition on in vitro fermentation of sugar beet pulp.
Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; Buldgen, André; Lambotte, Damien et al

in Animal Feed Science & Technology (2007), 132

Two experiments were undertaken to investigate the influence of (1) pig bodyweight and (2) dietary fibre content of the diet on the in vitro gas production of sugar beet pulp fibre using faecal inoculum ... [more ▼]

Two experiments were undertaken to investigate the influence of (1) pig bodyweight and (2) dietary fibre content of the diet on the in vitro gas production of sugar beet pulp fibre using faecal inoculum. In the first experiment, inocula prepared from young pigs (Y; 16–50 kg), growing pigs (G; 62–93 kg) and sows (S; 216–240 kg) were compared. Sugar beet pulp, hydrolysed in vitro with pepsin and then pancreatin, was used as the fermentation substrate. The cumulated gas productions over 144 h were modelled and the kinetics parameters compared. Lag times (Y: 4.6 h; G: 6.4 h; S: 9.2 h) and halftimes to asymptote (Y: 14.7 h; G: 15.9 h; S: 20.8 h) increased with pig bodyweight (P<0.001) and the fractional degradation rates of the substrate differed between the pig categories (Y: 0.110 h−1; G: 0.115 h−1; S: 0.100 h−1; P<0.001). The final gas productionwas not affected (P=0.10) by the inoculum source. In the second experiment hydrolysed sugar beet pulp was fermented with four inocula prepared from pigs fed diets differing in their total and soluble dietary fibre contents, i.e. low fibre diet rich in soluble fibre (LOW-S) or in insoluble fibre (LOW-I) or high fibre diet rich in soluble fibre (HIGHS) or in insoluble fibre (HIGH-I). The total and the soluble dietary fibres influenced the kinetics of gas production. The presence of soluble fibres decreased the lag times, whatever the total dietaryfibre content (2.7 h for LOW-S versus 3.5 h for LOW-I, 4.0 h for HIGH-S versus 4.4 h for HIGH-I; P<0.001). The half-times to asymptote were higher with the low fibre diets (P<0.001) and, for similar total dietary fibre contents, they were lower when the proportion of soluble fibres increased (LOW-S: 9.9 h; LOW-I: 11.4 h; HIGH-S: 8.9 h; HIGH-I: 10.1 h; P<0.001). The fractional degradation rates of the substrate were the highest with the fibre-rich diet containing a high proportion of soluble fibres (0.158 h−1; P<0.001). In conclusion, the bodyweight of the faeces donors and the dietary fibre composition of the pig diet influence the in vitro fermentation kinetics of hydrolysed sugar beet pulp, but not the final gas production. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of pinealectomy on plasma levels of gonadotrophins and growth hormone in the pigeon (Columba livia).
Rintamaki, H.; Hissa, R.; Balthazart, Jacques ULg et al

in Journal of Pineal Research (1984), 1(4), 381-9

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See detailThe effect of PIT tags on growth and physiology of age-0 cultured Eurasian perch Perca fluviatilis of variable size
Baras, E.; Malbrouck, C.; Houbart, M. et al

in Aquaculture (2000), 185

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See detailEffect of pituitary somatotropin injections on plasma insulin-like growth factor-I and somatotropin profiles in growing heifers
Lemal, Dominique; Renaville, Robert ULg; Claes, Victor et al

in Journal of Animal Science (1989), 67

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See detailEffect of plant defence elicitor on aphid and disease cross infestations
Bosquée, Emilie ULg; Oumarou, Saadatou; Qiu, Dewen et al

Poster (2014, June)

Various bio-aggressors can infest potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L.) throughout its life cycle. In addition to aphids, in particular Myzus persicae Sulzer which transmits Potato virus Y (PVY), plant ... [more ▼]

Various bio-aggressors can infest potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L.) throughout its life cycle. In addition to aphids, in particular Myzus persicae Sulzer which transmits Potato virus Y (PVY), plant pathogenic fungus such as Botrytis cinerea are able to cause damage. To determine the interactions between various bio-aggressors on potato plant defence mechanisms, (1) the effect of an attack by M. persicae followed by an attack by B. cinerea and vice versa, as well as (2) the effect of an elicitor on biological parameters of M. persicae and development of B. cinerea were assessed. On the other hand, (3) the effect of Botrytis cinerea and an elicitor on the efficiency of transmission of PVY by M. persicae was examined. The previous infection by B. cinerea resulted in a significant decrease in growth rate and a sharp reduction of M. persicae fertility, while the infection level of B. cinerea followed by M. persicae infestation was non-significant. Despite a reduction in growth and fertility of M. persicae during the first days of observation, the effect of elicitor on the biological parameters of M. persicae as well as on the development of B. cinerea was non-significant. Regarding the investigations on the PVY transmission by M. persicae, when the elicitor or Botrytis is previously applied on the plant, a significant reduction in the rate of transmission was observed. [less ▲]

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