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See detailEncephalitozoonosis in a pet dwarf rabbit.
Caron, Yannick ULg; Abos, Romain ULg

Poster (2012, October 19)

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See detailEncéphalocéle frontoethimoidale: Encéphalite herpétique comme premier signe d'une méningite récurrente
Leroy, P.; Daron, A.; Weerts, E. et al

in Revista de Neurologia (2005)

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See detailEncéphalocèle orbitaire post-traumatique bilatéral
Racaru, Tudor ULg; Nguyen Khac, Minh-Tuan ULg; Scholtes, Félix ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65

L'encéphalocèle orbitaire aigu traumatique est une entité rare. Selon Pubmed moins de 25 cas ont été raportés. Nous présentons le premier cas d'encéphalocèle post-traumatique bilatéral provoqué par une ... [more ▼]

L'encéphalocèle orbitaire aigu traumatique est une entité rare. Selon Pubmed moins de 25 cas ont été raportés. Nous présentons le premier cas d'encéphalocèle post-traumatique bilatéral provoqué par une fracture enfoncement du toit de l'orbite. Un traitement rapide est nécessaire pour éviter l'hypertension intra-orbitaire qui peut être responsable de lésions dégénératives du nerf optique. La réparation du toit de l'orbite nécessite une reconstruction rigide pour éviter la transmission de variations de la pression intra-crânienne. Dans le cas rapporté, la reconstruction du toit de l'orbite a été effectuée par voie crânienne sous-frontale à l'aide d'un mélange de poudre d'os à la colle biologique soutenu par un treillis en titane fixé avec des vis [less ▲]

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See detailLes encéphalocèles antérieurs: à propos de deux cas.
Collignon, F.; Martin, Didier ULg; Stevenaert, Achille ULg

Conference (1999, March 13)

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See detailEncéphalopathie anoxo-ischémique et neuroprotection par hypothermie contrôlée
VIELLEVOYE, Renaud ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2011)

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See detailEncéphalopathie limbique paranéoplasique, secrétion inappropriée d'ADH et crises épileptiques subintrantes infracliniques: Corrélations cliniques, anatomo-pathologiques et métaboliques par tomographie à émission de positons
Franck, Georges ULg; Sadzot, Bernard ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in Revue Neurologique (1987), 143(10), 657-669

We report a case of limbic encephalopathy clinically characterized by a progressive amnestic syndrome and many EEG seizures mainly localized on the left temporal area. Biological investigations revealed ... [more ▼]

We report a case of limbic encephalopathy clinically characterized by a progressive amnestic syndrome and many EEG seizures mainly localized on the left temporal area. Biological investigations revealed diabetes mellitus and a syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (IADH). Haemodynamic and metabolic studies by positron-emission tomography showed an important increase in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen on the left anterior temporal region precisely where the electrical seizures were recorded. Nine months later, severe disorders of memory and a dramatic decrease in CBF and CMRO2 on the same area region were present. At autopsy, a small size oat cell bronchial carcinoma was found with metastases in two small adjacent lymph nodes. Neuropathological examination showed atrophy (neuronal loss, protoplasmic gliosis) in the amygdala; where there was in addition an area of nodular gliosis. The hippocampus and parahippocampal gyrus lesions were severe on the left and moderate on the right side. The authors discuss the nosology of their case in the paraneoplastic syndromes and, with a review of the literature, the role of ADH and cellular hyperactivity in the pathogenesis of specifically localized neuronal alterations. [less ▲]

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See detailLes encéphalopathies à herpèsvirus bovins
Meyer, Gilles; D'Offay, Jean; Thiry, Etienne ULg

in Point Vétérinaire (2000), 31

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See detailLes encéphalopathies spongiformes et leurs répercussions réglementaires
Pastoret, Paul-Pierre ULg; Falize, Françoise; Brochier, Bernard et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1998), 142

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See detailL'enchaînement des facteurs de défaillance de l'entreprise : une réconciliation des approches organisationnelles et financières
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg; Van Caillie, Didier ULg

Conference (2007, May)

The aim of this paper is to gather the findings from the multiple studies focused on the identification of failure paths, in order to propose an unifying model showing the chronological combination of the ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to gather the findings from the multiple studies focused on the identification of failure paths, in order to propose an unifying model showing the chronological combination of the diverse factors leading a company to bankruptcy. An in-depth analysis of the existing literature and of its limitations leads to the elaboration of an original model presenting the different phases through which a company goes by in its evolution towards its juridical failure. Moreover this model emphasizes the fact that all companies do not follow the same paths before they disappear (Argenti, 1976). [less ▲]

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See detailEnchanting and enchanted dolphins. An analysis of human/dolphin encounters.
Servais, Véronique ULg

in Knight, John (Ed.) Animals in person. Cultural perspectives on human-aniaml intimacies (2005)

In occidental countries, the figure of the dolphin is permeated with love. Not only do people love dolphins, but the dolphins' anthropophilia belongs to their natural history as well : they rescue men at ... [more ▼]

In occidental countries, the figure of the dolphin is permeated with love. Not only do people love dolphins, but the dolphins' anthropophilia belongs to their natural history as well : they rescue men at sea, play in the bow waves of boats, and sometime develop enduring friendships with humans. People who have encountered dolphins in the open sea regularly speak about "falling in love" or feeling "pure love" from the dolphin ; others report telepathy, trance or mystic revelations. The emotions that people might experiment in an encounter with a dolphin are very powerful and embedded in numerous wondrous stories about dolphins. The paper begins with first hand accounts of persons who have encountered dolphins. A description of the practices of the encounter follows. Then I discuss some distinctive features of the human/dolphin communication (ethological signals, interactional patterns, the awareness of an alien consciousness) which might be associated with the emotions involved. The last part of the paper addresses the main representations of the dolphin in occidental countries (a messenger, a saviour, a healer). Those representations play a crucial role when the emotions or experiences are to be given a meaning. [less ▲]

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See detailEnchanting gods and dolphins. A cross cultural analysis of uncanny encounters
Halloy, Arnaud; Servais, Véronique ULg

in Ethos (Berkeley, Calif.) (2015), 43(1),

Drawing on first–hand accounts of possession experiences in an Afro–Brazilian cult and Dolphin encounters at sea, we compare the two settings in order to identify the common features in people’s ... [more ▼]

Drawing on first–hand accounts of possession experiences in an Afro–Brazilian cult and Dolphin encounters at sea, we compare the two settings in order to identify the common features in people’s experiences, but also in the technologies of enchantment that make them possible. By “technology of enchantment”, we mean a space of practice, neither totally material, nor totally subjective, that supports “revelation”–like encounters with real or imagined intentional entities. Our analysis suggests that both types of experiences share at least five common traits: the presence of a prolific imagination marked by ontological and epistemological uncertainty; uncanny feelings; attentional focus on inner bodily and mental states; trance–like states; and an intentional shift from active to passive. The immersion of the individual in a sensorily organized environment (sensescape), made of distributed perceptual saliences, is found to play a central role in the merging of unusual body states with the imagination, which in turn enables the production of “new” embodied meanings belonging to enchantment. [less ▲]

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See detailEncheliophis chardewalli: A new species of carapidae (Ophidiiformes) from French Polynesia, with a redescription of Encheliophis vermicularis
Parmentier, Eric ULg

in Copeia (2004), (1), 62-67

A specimen of Encheliophis was found in the coelomic cavity of a sea cucumber in Moorea (French Polynesia). The skeletal morphology (skull, girdles, vertebrae) reveal it to be a new species, described ... [more ▼]

A specimen of Encheliophis was found in the coelomic cavity of a sea cucumber in Moorea (French Polynesia). The skeletal morphology (skull, girdles, vertebrae) reveal it to be a new species, described herein as Encheliophis chardewalli. It is separable from all described species of Encheliophis (except Encheliophis vermicularis) by the lack of pectoral fins and from E. vermicularis by the larger and fewer teeth on the lower jaw (14 vs more than 20 in E. vermicularis) and by seven branchiostegal rays (vs six in E. vermicularis). [less ▲]

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See detailL'enclave volontaire, une affaire à suivre...
Boufflette, Sophie ULg

in Revue Générale de Droit Civil Belge = Tijdschrift voor Belgisch Burgerlijk (2010), (10), 499

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See detailEnclave volontaire, utilisation normale de la propriété et tolérance : jus est ars boni et aequi
Boufflette, Sophie ULg

in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2007)

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See detailLES ENCLOS-EXCLOS : UNE TECHNIQUE ÉPROUVÉE POUR L’ÉVALUATION ET LE MONITORING DE L’ÉQUILIBRE FORÊT-GRANDE FAUNE
Lehaire, François ULg; Morelle, Kevin ULg; Licoppe, Alain ULg et al

in Forêt Wallonne (2013), 125

During the last decades, populations of large ungulate herbivores have increased and their influence on forest vegetation have been clearly highlighted. Therefore, monitoring game pressure have become ... [more ▼]

During the last decades, populations of large ungulate herbivores have increased and their influence on forest vegetation have been clearly highlighted. Therefore, monitoring game pressure have become unavoidable for sustainable forest management. Such monitoring require a rigorous approach in order to evaluate objectively the forest-game balance. Under these conditions, the use of exclosure experiment has appeared an interesting solution. They enable to observe the ecosystem evolution due to forest-game imbalance as well as to detect any early deterioration of a situation that was initially considered acceptable. The enclosure-exclosure devices compare, on the one hand, the real environment (exclosure) fully accessible by wildlife and, secondly, a “control” fenced habitat (enclosures) inaccessible to all populations of large ungulates (e.g. wild boar, red deer, roe deer and mouflon). In 2006, enclosure-exclosure devices (4 x 4 m) were installed within forest gaps in order to monitore the understory dynamic in Wallonia. Observations were collected until 2012 and we computed a set of indicators characterizing the ecological changes due to large herbivores pressure on forest ecosystems. Such devices played a key educational role as it provide a visual comparison of two contrasted situations. Additionally, quantitative information were collected to perform further analysis (floristic survey, as well as height, number of stems and the cover of vegetation). We identified indicators of the ecological changes that responded within two years whereas other indicators required at least 4 monitoring years in order to quantify correctly herbivore pressure. Short-term indicators allow a rapid detection, but they have the disadvantage of being very sensitive to exogenous factors (climate changes, site conditions). At the opposite, medium-term indicators, such as regeneration growth, require a longer monitoring period, but they are more robust (mitigation interannual variations of environmental factors) than the short-term indicators. We evaluated the relative efficiency of various indicators using 17 enclosures distributed in two zones with contrasted deer densities. Some of the tested indicators allowed detecting significant differences between the two zones (Student's t test). In particular, among the short-term indicators we obtained significant result with the ground vegetation richness, regeneration richness, seedling density and height of Rubus fruticosus L. and Rubus idaeus L.. Among the medium-term indicators, the most relevant indicators were the average height of beech and birch, ground vegetation richness, seedling density and total cover of vegetation. [less ▲]

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See detailEnclosure-exclosure : management tools of forest-ungulates
Lehaire, François ULg

Scientific conference (2012, October 04)

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See detailEncoded haplotype data as input to ipPCA can better resolve population clustering
Chaichoompu, Kridsadakorn ULg; Pongsakorn, Wangkumhang; Anunchai, Assawamakin et al

Poster (2012, October)

Background Studies in population genetics are mainly based on the analysis of genetic variations among different populations. With the advent of advanced genotyping technology, large number of Single ... [more ▼]

Background Studies in population genetics are mainly based on the analysis of genetic variations among different populations. With the advent of advanced genotyping technology, large number of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) can be used to capture the underlying population variations. Iterative pruning principal component analysis (ipPCA) is a very powerful tool to cluster subpopulations based on their SNP profiles. However, when several similar populations are considered in the analysis, differentiating these populations can become very challenging. Haplotype has been known to capture more segregation information and higher power than SNP but due to high inference complexity, this concept has not been widely used. Recently, haplotype sharing (HS) was reported as a good alternative method to evaluate variation among populations. HS interrogates the entire genotyping without estimating haplotype block, making it computational efficient, yet retaining population profile. Adopting HS technique and introducing a new haplotype encoding as the input to ipPCA to perform population clustering can yield very good outcomes. Results In this study we transformed an indigenous Thai SNP genotyping data, obtained from Pan Asian SNP consortium, into encoded haplotype profiles. The dataset include 13 indigenous populations (245 individuals) composing of approximately 54K SNPs for each individual. To do this, an encoded haplotype matrix was constructed by inferring overlapping haplotype based on sliding window approach in BEAGLE, an efficient haplotype inference tool. We fed this encoded haplotype matrix to ipPCA to cluster these individuals into sub-groups using only their genetic profiles. We compared the results obtained from standard protocol of ipPCA with the one that use the encoded haplotype matrix in terms of numbers of clustered subpopulations as well as the accuracy to correctly assign an individual to a correct subpopulation. Using the encoded haplotype matrix as input to ipPCA rendered the exact 13 subpopulations to be clustered with 99.18% of individual assignment accuracy, whereas the conventional ipPCA identified only 10 subpopulations with 93.47% of individual assignment accuracy. Conclusions Our result demonstrated the great potential of using the encoded haplotype matrix with ipPCA for population genetics studies. This new protocol can promote the clustering of individuals using only their genetic profiles. [less ▲]

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See detailLes encodeurs portables: une nouvelle voie pour l'enregistrement electronique des donnees en foret.
Rondeux, Jacques ULg; Fagot, Jean ULg

in Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen = Journal Forestier Suisse (1984), 135(1), 27-35

Tragbare Datenregistriergeräte gleichen kleinen Rechenmaschinen; sie weisen eine grosse Speicherkapazität auf und können direkt mit einem Computer gekoppelt werden. Dieses System zur Datenerfassung ... [more ▼]

Tragbare Datenregistriergeräte gleichen kleinen Rechenmaschinen; sie weisen eine grosse Speicherkapazität auf und können direkt mit einem Computer gekoppelt werden. Dieses System zur Datenerfassung reduziert die Fehler bei der Codierung und der Kontrolle gegenüber den bisherigen Methoden. Zudem wird die Zeitspanne zwischen der Datenerfassung und der Auswertung wesentlich verkürzt. Nach unseren Erfahrungen sind die Datenregistriergeräte einfach in der Handhabung und eignen sich für zahlreiche forstliche Anwendungen. [less ▲]

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See detailEncoding Difficulty Promotes Postlearning Changes in Sleep
Schmidt, Christina ULg; Peigneux, Philippe ULg; Muto, Vincenzo ULg et al

in Journal of Neuroscience (2006), 26(35), 8976-8982

Learning-dependent increases in sleep spindle density have been reported during nocturnal sleep immediately after the learning session. Here, we investigated experience-dependent changes in daytime sleep ... [more ▼]

Learning-dependent increases in sleep spindle density have been reported during nocturnal sleep immediately after the learning session. Here, we investigated experience-dependent changes in daytime sleep EEG activity after declarative learning of unrelated word pairs. At weekly intervals, 13 young male volunteers spent three 24 h sessions in the laboratory under carefully controlled homeostatic and circadian conditions. At approximately midday, subjects performed either one of two word-pair learning tasks or a matched nonlearning control task, in a counterbalanced order. The two learning lists differed in the level of concreteness of the words used, resulting in an easier and a more difficult associative encoding condition, as confirmed by performance at immediate cued recall. Subjects were then allowed to sleep for 4 h; afterward, delayed cued recall was tested. Compared with the control condition, sleep EEG spectral activity in the low spindle frequency range and the density of low-frequency sleep spindles (11.25–13.75 Hz) were both significantly increased in the left frontal cortex after the difficult but not after the easy encoding condition. Furthermore, we found positive correlations between theseEEG changes during sleep and changes in memory performance between pre nap and post-nap recall sessions. These results indicate that, like during nocturnal sleep, daytime sleep EEG oscillations including spindle activity are modified after declarative learning of word pairs. Furthermore, we demonstrate here that the nature of the learning material is a determinant factor for sleep-related alterations after declarative learning. [less ▲]

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