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See detailDetermining the competence of mountainous Mediterranean streams using lichenometric techniques
Gob, F.; Jacob, N.; Bravard, J. P. et al

in International Association of Hydrological Sciences : “River Catchment Dynamics : Natural Processes and Human Impacts (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (7 ULg)
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See detailDetermining the Geographical Origin of a Serial Offender Considering the Temporal Uncertainty of the Recorded Crime Data
Trotta, Marie ULg; Bidaine, Benoît ULg; Donnay, Jean-Paul ULg

in GEOProcessing 2011 : The Third International Conference on Advanced Geographic Information Systems, Applications, and Services (2011, February)

Since the days the investigating officers used ”pin maps” to locate and to think about crime events, crime mapping has become widespread thanks to spatial analysis mainly supplied by GIS-like software. In ... [more ▼]

Since the days the investigating officers used ”pin maps” to locate and to think about crime events, crime mapping has become widespread thanks to spatial analysis mainly supplied by GIS-like software. In particular these methods suit well to geographic profiling devoted to crime series characterised by a single offender and hence limited space and time variability. Although spatial techniques are now regularly performed to delineate an offender’s area of residence, the temporal dimension is underemployed due to the wider uncertainty of time records. This paper proposes a methodology based on a least-squares adjustment in order to cope with this temporal issue for determining the most probable offender’s residence. Moreover, a chi-square test is described to check the significance of the solutions suggested by the method. The process is carried out on the real road network which has been discretised (rasterised) for computing convenience. Three simulations show the validity of the reasoning. Finally the main time and speed assumptions introduced in the model are discussed paving the way for further research. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermining the reactivity of concrete aggregates for Nuclear Power Plant concrete structures
Jackiewicz-Rek, Wioletta; Piotrowski, Tomasz; Courard, Luc ULg et al

in Budowa Elektowni Jadrowych (2016), 529(9), 99-102

The authors describe the additional requirements to ensure durability of concrete related to probability of corrosion due to alkali-silica reactivity of aggregates based on French Rules for Design and ... [more ▼]

The authors describe the additional requirements to ensure durability of concrete related to probability of corrosion due to alkali-silica reactivity of aggregates based on French Rules for Design and Construction of PWR nuclear civil works RCC-CW. Since these requirements are based both on European standards and the French experience they are not fully compatible with the conditions and requirements in other countries, including Poland. In the paper the RILEM methodology and assessment according to American ASTM standards are presented as well. The article is an introduction to the discussion on adapting to Polish conditions the guidelines for the reactivity assessment of aggregate for concrete resulting from RCC-CW. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermining the Substorm Onset Instability Using Ground and Space-Based Measurements
Rae, Jonathan; Watt, Clare; Murphy, Kyle et al

Poster (2016, December 16)

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See detailDeterminism in tropical forest biomass distribution due to forest spatial structure, highlighted by the study of the edge effect.
Bastin, Jean-François ULg; Bogaert, Jan; De Cannière, Charles

in Islands in land- and seascape: the challenges of fragmentation, Erlangen February 2012 (2012, February)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (5 ULg)
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See detailDeterminisme de la derive lente de la frequence cardiaque pendant l'exercise musculaire.
Cornet, Françoise ULg; Scheen, André ULg; Juchmes, J. et al

in Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie et de ses Filiales (1978), 172(3), 569-74

The slow increase in heart rate which is observed in normal man submitted to heavy muscular exercise is due for a part to an activation of orthosympathetic cardiac activity which is blocked by beta ... [more ▼]

The slow increase in heart rate which is observed in normal man submitted to heavy muscular exercise is due for a part to an activation of orthosympathetic cardiac activity which is blocked by beta antagonists. It is also explained by direct action of hyperthermia on the heart. [less ▲]

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See detailLe determinisme genetique de la differenciation sexuelle humaine.
Ectors, Fabien ULg

in Revue Médicale de Bruxelles (1995), 16(6), 404-10

The genetic mechanism controlling sexual differentiation had remained unknown for a long time. Karyotype analysis of sex-inverted patients or individuals with ambiguous sexual differentiation has enabled ... [more ▼]

The genetic mechanism controlling sexual differentiation had remained unknown for a long time. Karyotype analysis of sex-inverted patients or individuals with ambiguous sexual differentiation has enabled the localization and identification of genes involved. It is currently known that the SRY gene is responsible for the initiation of a cascade reaction leading to male differentiation of the primitive gonad. SRY is a +/- 820 base pairs gene located on the small arm of the Y chromosome, more precisely within the 1A1 alpha sub-segment. Although a few other genes are known to be involved in the downstream regulation of SRY, their precise mode of action is yet unknown. [less ▲]

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See detailDéterminisme multifactoriel de l'héliodermie
QUATRESOOZ, Pascale ULg; uhoda, I.; PIERARD-FRANCHIMONT, Claudine ULg et al

in Actualités en Ingéniérie Cutanée (2006)

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See detailDeterministic and stochastic behaviour of L. monocytogenes suspended cells or detached from stainless steel surfaces during cheese manufacture
Belessi, C; Gounadaki, A; Schvartzman Echenique, Maria Sol ULg et al

Conference (2010, May)

Growth probability and kinetic models for Listeria monocytogenes in response to multiple hurdles occurring during cheese anufacturing are mainly focused on suspended L. monocytogenes cells. This study ... [more ▼]

Growth probability and kinetic models for Listeria monocytogenes in response to multiple hurdles occurring during cheese anufacturing are mainly focused on suspended L. monocytogenes cells. This study aimed to compared: (i) the growth/no growth interface of L. monocytogenes cells attached on stainless steel (SS) surfaces, or in suspension, within adjusted media and (ii) the behavior of planktonic and detached Listeria cells during manufacturing and ripening of two popular Greek cheeses: Feta and Graviera. A multi-strains composite of L. monocytogenes isolates from cheese, factory and farm in Greece and Ireland, were grown in TSBYE, MRD, Milk, Feta and Graviera cheese in the presence of SS coupons (2x5cm) for 3d at 20 °C, to obtain the following inocula: planktonic cells (P), and cells detached from the SS coupons (D). Detachment took place by the bead vortexing method. For growth/no growth evaluation P and D cells were inoculated in TSBYE, adjusted to 5 pH (6.8-4.8) by lactic acid and at 4 aw (0.945-0.995) by NaCl. For evaluation of L. monocytogenes kinetics in cheese, P and D cells were inoculated at three simulated stages of Feta and Graviera manufacture: in pasteurized milk, after cutting the curd and after the first ripening. The growth of D cells slightly delayed compared to P cells while it was more affected by aw than pH. On cheese, L. monocytogenes survived throughout the ripening at low levels. The differences in probability of growth of single cells for both inocula (P and D) were assessed by stochastic approaches. Furthermore, PFGE analysis resulted that 91 % of the cells of any tested condition belonged to the cheese factory isolate. The re- sults may address safety implications relevant to the potential of attached cells to proliferate, whereas data may contribute to filling data gaps on risk assessment of L. monocytogenes isolates from the dairy industry. [less ▲]

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See detailDeterministic and stochastic modelling for protection zone delineation
Rentier, Céline; Dassargues, Alain ULg

in Calibration and Reliability in Groundwater Modelling: A Few Steps Closer to Reality (2002)

Protection zones delimited by isochrones are often computed using calibrated groundwater flow and transport models. In heterogeneous formations, all direct (hard) and indirect (soft) data must be used ... [more ▼]

Protection zones delimited by isochrones are often computed using calibrated groundwater flow and transport models. In heterogeneous formations, all direct (hard) and indirect (soft) data must be used optimally. Approaches involving in situ pumping and tracer tests, combined with geophysical and/or other geological observations, should be developed. In a deterministic framework, the calibrated model is considered to be the best representation of reality at the current investigation stage, but uncertainty of the results is not quantified. Using stochastic methods, a range of equally likely isochrones can be produced, allowing us to quantify the influence of our knowledge on the aquifer parameters on protection-zone uncertainty. Furthermore, integration of soft data in a conditioned stochastic generation process, possibly associated with an inverse modelling procedure, can reduce the resulting uncertainty. Proposed is a stochastic methodology for protection-zone delineation, integrating hydraulic conductivity measurements (hard data), head observations and electrical resistivity data (soft data). [less ▲]

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See detailDeterministic generation of arbitrary symmetric states and entanglement classes
Lamata, Lucas; Lopez, C E; Lanyon, B P et al

in Physical Review. A (2013), 87

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See detailDeterministic Manufacturing constraints for Optimal Distribution in the Case of Additive Manufacturing
Bauduin, Simon ULg; Collet, Maxime ULg; Duysinx, Pierre ULg et al

Conference (2015, July 09)

An overview of the difficulties of coupling additive manufacturing to topology optimization with various solution founded and implemented.

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See detailA deterministic/stochastic model to predict the variation in bulk modulus of chalk
Collin, Frédéric ULg; Schroeder, Christian ULg; De Gennaro, Vincenzo et al

in Geotechnique (2005), 55(2), 135-141

Ekofisk, located 200 km west of the Norwegian coast, is one of the main oilfields in the North Sea. Since the early 1980s severe compaction of chalk reservoir layers has been observed as a consequence of ... [more ▼]

Ekofisk, located 200 km west of the Norwegian coast, is one of the main oilfields in the North Sea. Since the early 1980s severe compaction of chalk reservoir layers has been observed as a consequence of reservoir depletion during oil production. Subsequently, this compaction has been amplified by assisted oil recovery using seawater flooding. The development of our understanding of the inherent mechanisms of this phenomenon has been the objective of extensive experimental investigations in the last two decades. Owing to the very high cost of cored material from the reservoir, experiments are usually performed on chalk samples from an outcrop in Belgium lying at the same stratigraphic level as the Ekofisk reservoir chalks. However, even at the laboratory sample scale,. experimental variability of material response is observed. From a theoretical and numerical point of view, the determination of the mechanical properties of the material is of utmost importance for accurate modelling at both sample scale (laboratory tests) and reservoir scale. The aim of this paper is to introduce a stochastic approach within a deterministic constitutive model of chalk to enable the influence of material heterogeneity to be included in analyses for the range of observed mechanical responses. In modelling the random distribution of material parameters, the time-consuming Monte Carlo simulation method is replaced by a more efficient stochastic modelling technique. The results are given in the form of statistical parameters for the experimental laboratory test responses. The parameters of the distribution law (mean value, range of variation, spatial correlation structure) are fitted to reproduce the range of experimental responses observed at sample scale. Interest is focused on the variability of the chalk bulk modulus, as observed during isotropic compression tests. The proposed methodology provides a satisfactory explanation for the variability of response observed at the sample scale. The potential for extending the proposed approach to reservoir scale is briefly discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailDeterring the State Versus the Firm: Soft and Hard Deterrence Regimes in EU Law
Petit, Nicolas ULg; Bogojević, Sanja

in Columbia Journal of European Law (2016), Vol. 23

This paper sheds light on the existence of a differential deterrence regime in EU law, depending on whether the State or the firm is the addressee of a legal obligation. To that end, we review two areas ... [more ▼]

This paper sheds light on the existence of a differential deterrence regime in EU law, depending on whether the State or the firm is the addressee of a legal obligation. To that end, we review two areas of EU law – environmental law and competition law. Both disciplines employ fines to deter the State and the firm respectively from violating their specific duties under the Treaty: the ‘duty to transpose’ with regard to State obligation under environmental law, and the ‘duty to compete’ in relation to firms under competition law. We show how the deterrence regime is softer on the State in at least three ways: functionally (purpose ascribed to the penalties), operationally (method followed to set and liquidate the penalty), and procedurally (requiring prior judicial approval as opposed to having immediate applicability). These findings are significant for two reasons: they suggest a State versus firm discrepancy in the EU’s deterrence regime, and serve to initiate a debate on the desirability of such a divide. [less ▲]

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See detailDétestation de la mélancolie. Note sur la mémoire et sur l'oubli
Havelange, Carl ULg

in vu d'ici (2005), 19

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 ULg)
See detailDetonator and Bomb of Streptomyces coelicolor development
Rigali, Sébastien ULg

Scientific conference (2014, November 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (6 ULg)
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See detailDétourage d'arbres-objectif : enseignements des dispositifs installés en Wallonie après six années
De Potter, Benjamin; Perin, Jérôme ULg; Ponette, Quentin et al

in Forêt Wallonne (2012), (119), 43-54

Différents dispositifs illustrant la sylviculture d'arbres-objectif appliquée aux chênes indigènes et au hêtre sont suivis depuis plus de six ans en Wallonie. Ce type de sylviculture concentre les soins ... [more ▼]

Différents dispositifs illustrant la sylviculture d'arbres-objectif appliquée aux chênes indigènes et au hêtre sont suivis depuis plus de six ans en Wallonie. Ce type de sylviculture concentre les soins sur certains arbres choisis notamment pour leurs critères de bonne qualité (vigueur et forme), les éclaircies étant appelées détourages car elles sont concentrées autour des arbres-objectif. Ce recul permet déjà de tirer quelques enseignements sur la réaction des arbres-objectif aux détourages. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (13 ULg)