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See detailElectroencephalographic profiles for differentiation of disorders of consciousness.
Malinowska, U; Chatelle, Camille ULg; Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg et al

in BioMedical Engineering OnLine (2013), 12

BACKGROUND: Electroencephalography (EEG) is best suited for long-term monitoring of brain functions in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). Mathematical tools are needed to facilitate efficient ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Electroencephalography (EEG) is best suited for long-term monitoring of brain functions in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). Mathematical tools are needed to facilitate efficient interpretation of long-duration sleep-wake EEG recordings. METHODS: Starting with matching pursuit (MP) decomposition, we automatically detect and parametrize sleep spindles, slow wave activity, K-complexes and alpha, beta and theta waves present in EEG recordings, and automatically construct profiles of their time evolution, relevant to the assessment of residual brain function in patients with DOC. RESULTS: Above proposed EEG profiles were computed for 32 patients diagnosed as minimally conscious state (MCS, 20 patients), vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS, 11 patients) and Locked-in Syndrome (LiS, 1 patient). Their interpretation revealed significant correlations between patients' behavioral diagnosis and: (a) occurrence of sleep EEG patterns including sleep spindles, slow wave activity and light/deep sleep cycles, (b) appearance and variability across time of alpha, beta, and theta rhythms. Discrimination between MCS and VS/UWS based upon prominent features of these profiles classified correctly 87 % of cases. CONCLUSIONS: Proposed EEG profiles offer user-independent, repeatable, comprehensive and continuous representation of relevant EEG characteristics, intended as an aid in differentiation between VS/UWS and MCS states and diagnostic prognosis. To enable further development of this methodology into clinically usable tests, we share user-friendly software for MP decomposition of EEG (http://braintech.pl/svarog) and scripts used for creation of the presented profiles (attached to this article). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (7 ULg)
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See detailL'électroencéphalographie dans l'étude de la conscience
Cologan, Victor ULg

Conference (2010, March 17)

Présentation au grand public de l'étude électrophysiologique du patient cérébrolésé, en particulier par les techniques d'électroencéphalographie.

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See detailElectroencéphalographie du prématuré et du nouveau-né à terme
Dubru, Jean-Marie ULg; Leroy, Patricia; Misson, Jean-Paul ULg

in Percentile (1998), 3

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
See detailElectrografting and LbL deposition for the elaboration of antimicrobial coatings
Aqil, Abdelhafid ULg; Cécius, Michaël; Jérôme, Christine ULg

Poster (2010, November 29)

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See detailElectrografting method for forming and regulating a strong adherent nanostructured polymer coating
Jérôme, Robert ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Serwas, Harry ULg et al

Patent (2008)

Electrografting method for forming and regulating a strongly adherent nanostructured polymer coating onto an electro-conductive surface profile characterized in that the surface profile is regulated by ... [more ▼]

Electrografting method for forming and regulating a strongly adherent nanostructured polymer coating onto an electro-conductive surface profile characterized in that the surface profile is regulated by electrodeposition of nanometre- and/or micrometre-scale nuclei onto the surface profile prior to or simultaneously to the formation of the polymer coating. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrografting method for forming and regulating a strong adherent nanostructured polymer coating
Jérôme, Robert ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Serwas, Harry et al

Patent (2009)

Electrografting method for forming and regulating a strongly adherent nanostructured polymer coating onto an electro-conductive surface profile characterized in that the surface profile is regulated by ... [more ▼]

Electrografting method for forming and regulating a strongly adherent nanostructured polymer coating onto an electro-conductive surface profile characterized in that the surface profile is regulated by electrodeposition of nanometre- and/or micrometre-scale nuclei onto the surface profile prior to or simultaneously to the formation of the polymer coating. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrografting method for forming and regulating a strong adherent nanostructured polymer coating
Voccia, Samuel; Serwas, Harry ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

Patent (2009)

Electrografting method for forming and regulating a strongly adherent nanostructured polymer coating onto an electro-conductive surface profile characterized in that the surface profile is regulated by ... [more ▼]

Electrografting method for forming and regulating a strongly adherent nanostructured polymer coating onto an electro-conductive surface profile characterized in that the surface profile is regulated by electrodeposition of nanometre- and/or micrometre-scale nuclei onto the surface profile prior to or simultaneously to the formation of the polymer coating. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (8 ULg)
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See detailElectrografting method for forming and regulating a strong adherent nanostructured polymer coating
Jérôme, Robert ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Serwas, Harry ULg et al

Patent (2007)

Electrografting method for forming and regulating a strongly adherent nanostructured polymer coating onto an electro-conductive surface profile characterized in that the surface profile is regulated by ... [more ▼]

Electrografting method for forming and regulating a strongly adherent nanostructured polymer coating onto an electro-conductive surface profile characterized in that the surface profile is regulated by electrodeposition of nanometre- and/or micrometre-scale nuclei onto the surface profile prior to or simultaneously to the formation of the polymer coating. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrografting of acrylic and methacrylic monomers onto metals: influence of the relative polarity and donor-acceptor properties of the monomer and the solvent
Baute, Noëlle; Teyssié, Philippe; Martinot, Lucien et al

in European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry (1998), 1998(11), 1711-1720

The possibility of grafting a series of alkyl polyacrylates and polymethacrylates onto a nickel cathode by electropoly-merization of the parent monomers has been investigated and has emphasized the ... [more ▼]

The possibility of grafting a series of alkyl polyacrylates and polymethacrylates onto a nickel cathode by electropoly-merization of the parent monomers has been investigated and has emphasized the critical importance of the solvent used. Indeed, the intensity of the inhibition peak, which is the electrochemical mark of the cathode passivation as result of the polymer grafting, clearly depends on both the polarity and the donor-acceptor properties of the solvent. The Gutmann concept is used to account for these experimental results. An increase in the donicity of the solvent used for the electrochemical medium has allowed, for the very first time, several polyacrylates and polymethacrylates [such as poly(ethyl acrylate), poly(methyl methacrylate), and poly(2-trimethylsilyloxyethyl methacrylate)] to be electrografted onto Ni. This observation is consistent with a competition process between the monomer and the solvent for being adsorbed on the cathode and amassing in its very close vicinity. The outcome of this competition is controlled by the relative polarity (in case of low donicity) and the relative donor-acceptor properties (when the difference is high enough) of the monomer/solvent pair, and by the monomer concentration (in case of weak competition). A semiquantitative relationship has also been observed between the monomer ability to be electrografted and the electron-accepting character of the vinyl β-carbon atom as measured by 13C NMR. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (10 ULg)
See detailElectrografting of conducting polymers onoto ITO surfaces
Labaye, David Emmanuel; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Demoustier-Champagne, Sophie et al

Poster (2001, May 16)

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See detailElectrografting of Poly(ethylene glycol) Acrylate : A One-Step Strategy for the Synthesis of Protein-Repellent Surfaces
Gabriel, Sabine ULg; Dubruel, Peter; Schacht, Etienne et al

in Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English) (2005), 44(34), 5505-5509

Electrografting of acrylate end-capped poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is an important technique for the one-step coating of electroconductive substrates by an adherent hydrophilic coating (see figure). This ... [more ▼]

Electrografting of acrylate end-capped poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) is an important technique for the one-step coating of electroconductive substrates by an adherent hydrophilic coating (see figure). This technique is very efficient for the production of new protein-repellent surfaces. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrografting of poly(ethylene glycol) acrylate: a novel one-step strategy for protein repellent surfaces
Gabriel, Sabine ULg; Dubruel, P.; Schacht, Etienne et al

Conference (2005, June 01)

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See detailElectrografting of polymers onto AFM tips: A novel approach for chemical force microscopy and force spectroscopy
Jérôme, Christine ULg; Willet, Nicolas ULg; Jérôme, Robert ULg et al

in Chemphyschem : A European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry (2004), 5(1), 147-149

Polymer-modified AFM tips have been prepared through an easily implemented and versatile electrochemical method (see graphic). The authors describe the electropolymerization process of acrylic-based ... [more ▼]

Polymer-modified AFM tips have been prepared through an easily implemented and versatile electrochemical method (see graphic). The authors describe the electropolymerization process of acrylic-based monomers onto gold-coated tips (see graphic) and show force curves obtained during approach-retraction cycles between the modified tips and a bare silicon surface. This direct chemical grafting creates new possibilities for single-molecule force spectroscopy. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (19 ULg)
See detailElectrografting of polythiophenes on zinc oxide nanorods for photovoltaic cells
Demarteau, Jérémy ULg; Ouhib, Farid ULg; Henrist, Catherine ULg et al

Poster (2014, May 20)

As the rarefaction of fossil energies, photovoltaic cells are certainly amongst the most important energy sources for the future. Our work concentrated on hybrid photovoltaic cells that are based on ... [more ▼]

As the rarefaction of fossil energies, photovoltaic cells are certainly amongst the most important energy sources for the future. Our work concentrated on hybrid photovoltaic cells that are based on organic (polythiophene) and inorganic components (ZnO nanorods). The technology that maximizes the contact area between the two semi-conductor n and p while maintaining two separate components is the interdigital configuration. As the inorganic part, perfectly well aligned zinc oxide (ZnO) 1D nanostructures have been synthesized by hydrothermal growth on ZnO-seeded FTO substrates. SEM, AFM and XRD characterizations evidence patterned well- aligned nanorods with high c-axis, their roughness of surface and the length of their nanostructure. Concerning the organic component, we synthetize polythiophenes based diblock copolymer with high degree of regioregularity and predetermined molecular weight using Grignard Methatis (GRIM) process. Diblock polythiophene based copolymers are of interest because of the possibility of generating multifunctional materials (by associating the specific properties of each block), including their ability for self-assembly into well-defined nanostructures (fibrils or micelles) with controllable dimensions. Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) composes the first block and the second block is either a polythiophene bearing an acrylate group on each monomer unit (PAcET), or a polythiophene bearing both acrylate and poly(ethylene glycol) side chains (P(AcET-co-PEGET)). Typically, the acrylates are used to fixe in a covalent way the copolymer to ZnO nanorods, while the PEG grafts are necessary for the solubilisation of the copolymer in the electrografting medium. 1H NMR and DLS characterizations allow us to find the backbone and the micellar structure of the copolymer. Cathodic polarization (electrografting) of ZnO nanorods induces electropolymerization of acrylate groups, leading to an adherent organized film of poly(thiophene)-based micelles. During the illumination tests, we obtained a typical response of a photovoltaic despite the low yields. This promising synthetic route opens exciting perspectives for the production and the electrochemical functionalization of different lengths of ZnO nanowires, which seems to be promising candidate for hybrids photovoltaic cells. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrografting of preformed aliphatic polyesters onto metallic surfaces
Lou, Xudong; Jérôme, Christine ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg et al

in Langmuir (2002), 18(7), 2785-2788

Preformed aliphatic polyesters bearing pendent acrylate groups, poly(4-acryloyloxy-epsilon-caprolactone)co-epsilon-caprolactone) [poly(ACL-co-epsilonCL)], were grafted onto metallic surfaces by a cathodic ... [more ▼]

Preformed aliphatic polyesters bearing pendent acrylate groups, poly(4-acryloyloxy-epsilon-caprolactone)co-epsilon-caprolactone) [poly(ACL-co-epsilonCL)], were grafted onto metallic surfaces by a cathodic electrochemical process. Content of acrylates must exceed a lower limit for them to be adsorbed on the cathode with the proper orientation and for the grafting to be successful. The strongly adhering films were analyzed by IR reflection-absorption spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. As a result of the known miscibility of poly-e-caprolactone with poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC), the pregrafting of poly(ACL-co-epsilonCL) imparts strong adhesion to PVC topcoats. [less ▲]

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See detailElectrografting of thermo-responsive polymer film on conductive substrate
Gabriel, Sabine ULg; Stach, M.; Zhang, T. et al

Poster (2006, May 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)
See detailElectrografting of thermo-responsive polymer films on conducting surfaces
Gabriel, Sabine; Stach, M.; Confortini, O. et al

Poster (2008, November 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (2 ULg)
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See detailElectrografting of thin polymer films: Three strategies for the tailoring of functional adherent coatings
Voccia, Samuel; Gabriel, Sabine ULg; Serwas, Harry et al

in Progress in Organic Coatings (2006), 55(2), 175-181

Cathodic electrografting is an efficient technique to impart adhesion to poly(meth)acrylate coatings onto inorganic conducting surfaces. Although this technique was restricted for many years to very few ... [more ▼]

Cathodic electrografting is an efficient technique to impart adhesion to poly(meth)acrylate coatings onto inorganic conducting surfaces. Although this technique was restricted for many years to very few monomers ((meth)acrylonitrile and (meth)acrylates) and to deposition of very thin polymer films, recent developments have overcome these limitations. First of all, classical controlled/living polymerization techniques have been combined with cathodic electrografting as a powerful strategy for tuning thickness, properties and reactivity of the chemisorbed organic films. Secondly, thanks to the successful electrografting of a new reactive monomer bearing an activated ester, electrografted surfaces are now available for further derivatization by a wide variety of nucleophiles. Finally, the electrografting process has been extended to the direct electrografting of reactive polymers, i.e. preformed polymers beating pendant acrylic functions, which opens the way to the grafting of, e.g., polycondensates. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (2 ULg)