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See detailEffects of feed supplementation with specific hen egg yolk antibody (immunoglobin Y) on Salmonella species cecal colonization and growth performances of challenged broiler chickens
Chalghoumi, Raja; Marcq, Christopher ULg; Thewis, André ULg et al

in Poultry Science (2009), 88(10), 2081-2092

Anti-Salmonella spp. egg yolk antibodies (IgY) simultaneously directed against Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium were tested to determine if their inclusion in feed decreased Salmonella ... [more ▼]

Anti-Salmonella spp. egg yolk antibodies (IgY) simultaneously directed against Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium were tested to determine if their inclusion in feed decreased Salmonella spp. cecal colonization in experimentally infected broiler chickens. Egg yolk powder (EYP) was obtained by freeze-drying egg yolks containing anti-Salmonella spp. Immunoglobin Y was included in feed at 5 levels of concentration (0 to 5%). Feeds were formulated to similar nutrient levels and provided for ad libitum intake from d 1 to 28. Three days after initiation of feed treatments (d 4), chickens were co-challenged with equal numbers of Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium (2x10(6) cfu/bird). Cecal samples were recovered weekly over the experimental period (d 7 to 28) to enumerate Salmonella spp. The effect of anti-Salmonella spp. IgY feed supplementation on growth performance of infected chickens was also evaluated during the same period. In comparison with the positive control treatment (PC), treatments involving EYP (T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5), whether containing anti-Salmonella spp. IgY or not, significantly improved (P<0.05) the growth performance of challenged chickens, but without reaching the performance levels of nonchallenged chickens (NC1 and NC2). However, no link can be established between the enhancement in growth performance of challenged birds and their contamination levels by Salmonella because in-feed incorporation of EYP had no significant effect on cecal colonization by Salmonella. Furthermore, the comparison of the 5 anti-Salmonella spp. IgY concentration levels in feed did not reveal any anti-Salmonella spp. IgY concentration effect on growth performance and Salmonella cecal colonization. These results suggest that anti-Salmonella spp. IgY would undergo denaturation and degradation after their passage through the animal gastrointestinal tract and reveal that components of EYP other than specific antibodies have a beneficial effect on growth performance. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of feeding frequency on water intake in cats
Kirschvink, N.; Lhoest, E.; Leemans, J. et al

in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2005, May)

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See detailEffects of FeSO4 on B16 melanoma cells differentiation and proliferation
Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg; Siwek, Brigitte; Pozzi, G. et al

in Anticancer Research (1990), 10(4), 1029-1033

The paper shows that FeS04 can increase or reduce B16 cell proliferation and melanogenesis. Vitamin C toxicity for B16 cells was reduced in the presence of FeSO4.

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See detailEffects of fetal bovine serum, FSH and 17ß-Estradiol on the culture of bovine preantral follicles
Hulshof, S. C. J.; Figueiredo, J. R.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Theriogenology (1995), 44(2), 217-226

We describe a 7-d culture in droplets of collagen gel of isolated small bovine preantral follicles in medium with or without 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). In addition, the effect of human recombinant FSH ... [more ▼]

We describe a 7-d culture in droplets of collagen gel of isolated small bovine preantral follicles in medium with or without 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). In addition, the effect of human recombinant FSH and 17beta-estradiol on the morphology and growth of the preantral follicles was investigated in medium without FBS. After culture in medium with 10% FBS, the increase in follicle diameter was 13.1 +/- 8.4 microm, the percentage of BrdU-labeled cells was 49.9 +/- 11.3 and the number of cells per area granulosa was 11.1 +/- 1.8. Omission of serum from the culture medium had no effect on the percentage of labeled cells, but the diameter increase was lower and the cells were smaller. Apparently, serum affects the size of the granulosa cells from small preantral follicles rather than the stimulation of cell proliferation. Addition of human recombinant FSH and/or 17beta-estradiol to serum-free medium resulted in a larger diameter increase during culture compared with that of the control. With FSH, this was due to an increase in cell proliferation, while with estradiol this was caused by an increase in granulosa cell size. The effects of simultaneous treatment with FSH and estradiol was simply the combination of their individual effects. In conclusion, small bovine preantral follicles can be cultured for 7 d in the absence of serum and hormones. The follicles increase in diameter and react to FSH with enhanced cell proliferation and to estradiol with an increase in cell size. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of fibrates on cardiovascular outcomes.
Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Scheen, André ULg

in Lancet (2010), 376(9746), 1051

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See detailEffects of fish size on agonistic sounds in the clownfish Amphiprion akallopisos : implications for the role of the swimbladder in the sound production mechanism?
Colleye, Orphal ULg; Vandewalle, Pierre ULg; Frederich, Bruno ULg et al

Conference (2008)

Clownfishes (i.e. Amphiprion akallopisos) are territorial fishes that use sound production to defend their anemone territory. They live in social groups which display a size-based dominance hierarchy. In ... [more ▼]

Clownfishes (i.e. Amphiprion akallopisos) are territorial fishes that use sound production to defend their anemone territory. They live in social groups which display a size-based dominance hierarchy. In such a system, agonistic interactions are frequent and play an important role in the social organization. In addition, these interactions are often associated with sounds. In this study, we compared the sonic features between individuals of different sizes and in different sexual status (juvenile, male and female). The existent relationship between fish size and swimbladder size also implied to seek the swimbladder role in the sound production. Sound analyses showed that juveniles, males and females had distinct sounds in the dominant frequency and pulse duration. These differences were however not in relation to the sexual state; influence of sex on sonic features being mainly the result of a size dimorphism between sexes. Differences in calls were therefore due to the respective size of the emitter. This observation highlighted the role of the swimbladder as a resonance chamber. This role was also reinforced because the experimental filling of the swimbladder with physiological liquid significantly modified the acoustic features. In A. akallopisos, frequency and pulse duration are directly related to swimbladder size, and thus to fish size. This relationship provides strong evidence that the emitter could be identified by its calls. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of flowering on root development in Arabidopsis
Mathieu, Laura ULg; Lobet, Guillaume ULg; Périlleux, Claire ULg

Poster (2013, July 05)

Flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana is controlled by photoperiod. In long days, the mobile proteins FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and TWIN SISTER OF FT (TSF) are produced in the leaves and transported in the ... [more ▼]

Flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana is controlled by photoperiod. In long days, the mobile proteins FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and TWIN SISTER OF FT (TSF) are produced in the leaves and transported in the phloem toward the shoot apical meristem (SAM). In the SAM, FT and TSF interact with the transcription factor FD to activate the expression of genes responsible for floral meristem identity [1]. Since the formation of flowers and fruits is a costly and critical stage for the plant, it is expected to be supported by a well developed root system to insure the increase in plant’s needs. As a first step to understand the effects of flowering on root growth, we compared root development in long days, promoting flowering, and in short days (16h and 8h days, respectively). [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of flowering signals on root architecture in Arabidopsis
Mathieu, Laura ULg; Lobet, Guillaume ULg; Périlleux, Claire ULg

Poster (2014, May 15)

Roots are responsible for water and nutrient uptake and hence are critical to sustain the whole plant life cycle. This study aims at characterizing how root development is affected by flowering. We ... [more ▼]

Roots are responsible for water and nutrient uptake and hence are critical to sustain the whole plant life cycle. This study aims at characterizing how root development is affected by flowering. We therefore focused on the effects of systemic signals produced in the leaves at floral transition, namely the proteins FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) and TWIN SISTER OF FT (TSF), on root growth and branching. These proteins act in the shoot apical meristem as potent promoters of flowering [1] but their effects in other parts of the plant are still unknown. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of formoterol and ipratropium bromide on repeated cadmium inhalation -induced pulmonary inflammation and emphysema in rats
Zhang, Whenhui; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Zhang, F. et al

in European Journal of Pharmacology (2010), 25(647), 178-187

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See detailEffects of formoterol on repeated cadmium inhalation-induced lung inflammation and emphysema in rats
Zhang, W.; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Cheu, Esteban ULg et al

in Proceedings : Congrès de physiologie, de pharmacologie et de thérapeutique P2T (2007)

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See detailThe effects of forodesine in murine and human multiple myeloma cells
Bieghs, Liesbeth; Caers, Jo ULg; De Bruyne, Elke et al

in Advances in Hematology (2010)

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See detailEffects of fruit maturity on oxidative stability of Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) standl. seed oil extracted with hexane
Loukou, A.L.; Lognay, Georges ULg; Baudoin, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Food Biochemistry (2013), 37(4), 475-484

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See detailEffects Of Fungicide Treatment, N-Fertilisation And Harvest Date On Arabinoxylan, Endoxylanase Activity And Endoxylanase Inhibitor Levels In Wheat Kernels
Dornez, Emmie; Gebruers, Kurt; Joye, Iris J. et al

in Journal of Cereal Science (2008), 47(2), 190-200

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See detailEffects Of Galanin Infusion On Gh Secretion And Ghrh-Induced Gh Release In Prepubertal Male Lambs
Saleri, R.; Baratta, M.; Renaville, Robert ULg et al

in Small Ruminant Research (1999), 33(3),

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See detailEffects of gastrointestinal helminth infections and plane of nutrition on the health and productivity of F1 (West African Dwarf x Sahelian) goat crosses in The Gambia
Faye, D.; Leak, S.; Nouala, S. et al

in Small Ruminant Research (2003), 50(1-2), 153-161

A two by two factorial design including natural helminth infections (dewormed 'D' or not dewormed 'ND') and different levels of diet (basal 'B' or basal diet plus supplement 'S') was used to assess the ... [more ▼]

A two by two factorial design including natural helminth infections (dewormed 'D' or not dewormed 'ND') and different levels of diet (basal 'B' or basal diet plus supplement 'S') was used to assess the effect of helminth infections and plane of nutrition on health and productivity of F1 (West African Dwarf (WAD) x Sahelian) crosses. The pasture composed the basal diet and supplemented animals received cottonseed and rice bran. Feed composition analysis revealed that the pasture did not provide sufficient nutrients for reproduction requirements. Feed supplementation had a significant effect on weight gain of does during pregnancy and lactation, and milk off-take was significantly higher in supplemented does compared to non-supplemented ones (31.3 +/- 2.5 1 versus 17.7 +/- 2.5 1 respectively, P < 0.01). A peri-parturient rise in strongyle egg output was noted, and diet supplementation tended to reduce faecal egg count and to increase packed cell volume (PCV), mainly during the dry season. Deworming had a significant effect on red blood cell (RBC) count, PCV and haemoglobin (Hb) concentration, mainly during the period of peak strongyle egg output (season x deworming: P < 0.001 for RBC and PCV and P < 0.05 for Hb). Helminth infections combined with a basal diet seriously affected weight gain but the interaction of deworming and diet was not significant. In groups receiving the basal diet, dewormed animals had a significantly higher milk yield than those that were not dewormed (23.5 +/- 3.31 versus 12.0 +/- 3.71, respectively; interaction diet x deworming: P < 0.05). The higher daily weight gains of offspring born from dewormed does might be explained by the fact that, in addition to the effect of deworming on milk yield in animals receiving basal diet, the kids were less exposed to helminth eggs, whereas does that were not dewormed constituted a greater source of helminth infection for their kids. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of gastroplasty on body weight and related biological abnormalities in morbid obesity.
Luyckx, Françoise ULg; Scheen, André ULg; Desaive, Claude ULg et al

in Diabètes & Métabolism (1998), 24(4), 355-61

Obesity is a prevalent metabolic disorder associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Medical treatment rarely succeeds, and bariatric surgery has been proposed as an alternative therapy. The ... [more ▼]

Obesity is a prevalent metabolic disorder associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Medical treatment rarely succeeds, and bariatric surgery has been proposed as an alternative therapy. The purpose of this non-controlled retrospective study was to evaluate time-course changes in body weight in severely obese patients who underwent vertical ring gastroplasty or adjustable silicone gastric banding, and to assess the prevalence and potential reversibility of several of the biological abnormalities associated with morbid obesity. From an initial cohort comprising 658 patients, regular body weight measurements and biological data were obtained in 505 patients [419 females, 86 males; age 36 +/- 11 years; body mass index 42.7 +/- 6.9 kg/m2; (mean +/- SD)] with a mean follow-up of 26 +/- 14 months. Mean weight loss was 32 +/- 16 kg. Most weight reduction occurred within the first 6 months, followed by near-stabilisation or even slight weight regain. Most biological parameters were obtained before surgery and after at least 6 months of follow-up. The high prevalence and severity of metabolic disturbances associated with the insulin resistance syndrome (hyperglycaemia, hyperinsulinaemia, decreased HDL cholesterol, hypertriglyceridaemia, elevated fibrinogen levels and hyperuricaemia) before gastroplasty were significantly decreased after weight loss. No major biological deficiencies were observed following gastroplasty, except low iron serum levels. It is concluded that marked weight loss associated with gastroplasty involved a remarkable reduction in the prevalence and severity of several biological abnormalities classically considered as cardiovascular risk factors. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of genotype and nutrition on growth performance,carcass characteristics, and meat properties of goats in Laos
Nguyen Xuan, Trach; Phiovankham, Bounmy; Do Duc, Luc ULg

in Journal of Southern Agriculture (2011), 42(7), 786-790

【Objective】A 2×2 factorial trial was carried out to determine effects of genotype and nutrition on improved growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat properties of goats in Laos. 【Method】The ... [more ▼]

【Objective】A 2×2 factorial trial was carried out to determine effects of genotype and nutrition on improved growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat properties of goats in Laos. 【Method】The indigenous goat breed (Lat) was used as the control in comparison with F1 (BT×L) as a result of crossbreeding Lat does with Bach Thao bucks imported from Vietnam. For each genotype, 30 growing male goats at age of 7 months were chosen and equally divided into 2 groups, one was raised according to the traditional feeding regime (free ranging only) and the other with an improved feeding regime including cassava hay and mineral block provided ad libitum in addition to free ranging. The animals were observed for the average daily gain (ADG) and at the end, three animals per group were slaughtered to determine carcass characteristics (physical composition, primal cuts), and meat properties (shear force, color, pH, drip loss, and cooking loss). 【Result】The results showed that the ADG of F1(60.02 g/head/day) was very much higher (56.09%) than that of the indigenous goat (38.45 g/head/day). The ADG of goats supplemented with cassava hay and mineral block (55.45g/head/day)was also significantly higher (28.89%) than that of those not supplemented (43.02 g/head/day). No significant (P >0.05)effects of the crossbreeding and supplementation were found for dressing percentage and percentages of shoulder-foreleg, rump-rearleg, and breast-rip cuts in the carcass; however, the F1 had a bigger neck (P<0.01) but a smaller loin-abdomen cut (P<0.01) compared with the indigenous goat. No significant differences were observed for the parameters of meat characteristics between Lat and F1 goats under the two different feeding regimes. 【Conclusion】It was therefore concluded that crossbreeding with Bach Thao bucks and supplementation of cassava hay and mineral block improved meat yield without negative effects on meat quality of goats in Laos. [less ▲]

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